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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Restoring and Improving Nuclear Forensics to Support Attribution and Deterrence: Public Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26167.
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References

CWMD (Office of Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction). (2018). CWMD Congressional Budget Justification FY2019. Washington, DC: Department of Homeland Security. Available at https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/CWMD%20OHA%20DNDO%20Combined.pdf.

CWMD. (2020). NTNF Budget Crosscuts from FY2014 to FY2019. Washington, DC: Department of Homeland Security. Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

GAO (Government Accountability Office). (2007). Nuclear Weapons: Annual Assessment of the Safety, Performance, and Reliability of the Nation’s Stockpile GAO-07-243R. Released March 5. Available at https://www.gao.gov/assets/gao-07-243r.pdf.

Joint Interagency Annual Review of the National Nuclear Forensics and Attribution Capabilities of the United States. (2019). Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

NAS (National Academy of Sciences). (2010). Nuclear Forensics: A Capability at Risk. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

NASEM (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine). (2021). Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control Monitoring, Detection, and Verification: A National Security Priority: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NDRD (Nuclear Defense Research and Development). (2008). Roadmap for Nuclear Defense Research and Development for Fiscal Years 2010-2014. Committee on Homeland and National Security, Washington, DC. National Science and Technology Council. Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

NDRD. (2011). Nuclear Defense Research and Development Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2013-2017. Committee on Homeland and National Security, Washington, DC. National Science and Technology Council. Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

NDRD. (2019). Nuclear Defense Research and Development Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2020-2024. Committee on Homeland and National Security. Washington, DC: National Science and Technology Council. Available at: https://trumpwhitehouse.archives.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Nucleardefense-research-development-strategic-plan-2019-1.pdf.

NNSA (National Nuclear Security Administration). (2020). Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation FY 2019 Annual Report. Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

NSPM-35 IP (National Security Presidential Memorandum Implementation Plan). (October 13, 2020). Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

NSPM-35 (National Security Presidential Memorandum 35. (2021) “National Technical Nuclear Forensics.” January 19. Approved for release to U.S. government agencies and their contractors.

OSD (Office of the Secretary of Defense). (2018a). National Defense Strategy (Unclassified Synopsis). Washington, DC: Department of Defense. Available at https://dod.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2018-National-Defense-Strategy-Summary.pdf.

OSD. (2018b). Nuclear Posture Review. Washington, DC: Department of Defense. Available at https://media.defense.gov/2018/Feb/02/2001872886/-1/-1/1/2018-NUCLEAR-POSTURE-REVIEWFINAL-REPORT.PDF.

Tilden, J., and D. Boyd. (2021). The Evolving Missions of Technical Nuclear Forensics. The National Interest. Available at https://nationalinterest.org/feature/evolving-missions-technicalnuclear-forensics-189058.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Restoring and Improving Nuclear Forensics to Support Attribution and Deterrence: Public Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26167.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Restoring and Improving Nuclear Forensics to Support Attribution and Deterrence: Public Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26167.
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Page 31
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Restoring and Improving Nuclear Forensics to Support Attribution and Deterrence: Public Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26167.
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Nuclear forensics is the analysis of nuclear materials, devices, emissions, and signals to determine the origin and history of those nuclear materials and devices. At the request of the Secretary of Energy, and in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security, Restoring and Improving Nuclear Forensics to Support Attribution and Deterrence evaluates the U.S. government's nuclear forensics capabilities. A 2010 National Academies report, Nuclear Forensics: A Capability at Risk, characterized the precarious state of the national technical nuclear forensics (NTNF) program at that time: NTNF relied almost entirely on staff dedicated to and residual funding from other related programs. This summary report addresses the current state of U.S. NTNF capabilities relative to the National Academies evaluation in 2010 and recommends ways to improve the NTNF program through improvements in policy, operations, and research and development efforts.

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