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Page 66
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Repair and Maintenance of Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26172.
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Page 66
Page 67
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Repair and Maintenance of Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26172.
×
Page 67
Page 68
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Repair and Maintenance of Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26172.
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Page 68

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

66 Ahmad, Irtishad et al. “Developing Guidelines for Epoxy Grout Pourback Systems for Controlling Thermal/ Shrinkage Cracking at Post-Tensioning Anchorages: Full-Scale Testing and Numerical Analysis.” Transpor- tation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2672, Issue 41, 2018, pp. 34–43. Alvarez, Gustavo A., and H. R. Hamilton. Post-Tensioning Grout Bleed, Duct, and Anchorage Protection Test. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2002. Anania, Laura, Antonio Badalà, and Giuseppe D’Agata. “Damage and Collapse Mode of Existing Post Tensioned Precast Concrete Bridge: The Case of Petrulla Viaduct.” Engineering Structures, Vol. 162 (January), 2018, pp. 226–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.02.039. Arup, H., and R.N. Parkins (eds.). Stress Corrosion Research. Sijthoff & Noordhoff International Publishers, the Netherlands, 1979. Ashby, M. F., and D. R. H. Jones. Engineering Materials 1: An Introduction to Their Properties and Applications (v. 1). 1986. Azizinamini, Atorod, and Jawad Gull. Improved Inspection Techniques for Steel Prestressing/Post-Tensioning Strand. Florida International University, Miami, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2012. Banks, Greg. RE: WSHB—Recommendation Update. Email, March 20, 2020. Bhatia, Rahul et al. Replaceable Unbonded Tendons for Post-Tensioned Bridges: Part I Mockup for Flexible Filler Injection. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2017. Bondy, Ken. “Post-Tensioned Concrete in Buildings: A Half-Century Overview.” 2018. https://youtu.be/KsJ9g_ DTMv0. Brenkus, Natassia R. et al. Replaceable Unbonded Tendons for Post-Tensioned Bridges: Part II Structural Testing. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2017a. ———. Replaceable Unbonded Tendons for Post-Tensioned Bridges Extended Summary. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2017b. Brenkus, Natassia R., Rahul Bhatia, Will A. Potter, and H. R. Hamilton. “Flexible Filler Mock-up Injections of Bridge Post-Tensioning Tendons.” PCI Journal, 2018. Cavell, D. G., and P. Waldron. “Residual Strength Model for Deteriorating Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges.” Computers and Structures, Vol. 79, Issue 4, 2001, pp. 361–73. Chauvin, Mark R. Considerations for Development of Inspection and Remedial Grouting Contracts for Post- Tensioned Bridges, 2017. Corven Engineering. Evaluation of Plymouth Avenue Bridge: Preliminary Investigations. 2010. ———. New Directions for Florida Volume 10 B: Load Rating Post-Tensioned Concrete Beam Bridges. Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2004. Department of Transport, United Kingdom. “Standards for Posttensioned Prestressed Bridges to Be Reviewed.” 1992. Florida Department of Transportation. Structures Manual: Structures Design Guidelines. 2020. fib (Fédération internationale du béton). fib Bulletin 33: Durability of Posttensioning Tendons. 2005. FHWA. “National Bridge Inspection Standards (NBIS).” 2020. ———. “Post-Tensioning Tendon Installation and Grouting Manual.” May 2013, p. 184. Fuzier, Jean-Philippe, Hans-Rudolf Ganz, and Peter Matt. Durability of Post-Tensioning Tendons. International Federation for Structural Concrete, 2005. Gee, King. “Memorandum HIBT-1: Elevated Chloride Levels in SikaGrout 300PT Cementitious Grout.” 2011. Ghorbanpoor, A., R. Borchelt, M. Edwards, and E. A. Salam. Magnetic-Based NDE of Prestressed and Post- Tensioned Concrete Members - The MFL System. University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis.; Federal Highway Administration, 2000. References

References 67   Giannopoulos, A. “Modelling Ground Penetrating Radar by GprMax.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 10, 2005, pp. 755–62. Gupta, P. “Field Evaluation of the Prestressing Force in Unbonded Tendons.” PTI Journal August 2003, pp. 9–14. Hall, Christy. Wando Bridge Inquiries, Response Letter to Representative Nancy Mace. 2018. Hamilton, H. R., A. Piper, A. Randell, and B. Brunner. Simulation of Prepackaged Grout Bleed under Field Condi- tions. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2014. Harries, Kent A., J. Kasan, and Can John Aktas. Repair Method for Prestressed Girder Bridges. Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Harrisburg, Pa., Federal Highway Administration, 2009. Hartt, William H., and Siva Venugopalan. Corrosion Evaluation of Post-Tensioned Tendons on the Mid Bay Bridge in Destin, Florida. 2002. Hurlebaus, S., M. B. D. Hueste, M. M. Karthik, and T. Terzioglu. NCHRP Research Report 848: Inspection Guidelines for Bridge Post-Tensioning and Stay Cable Systems Using NDE Methods. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2017. Iyer, Shivprakash, Andrea J. Schokker, and Sunil K. Sinha. “Ultrasonic Imaging: A Novel Way to Investigate Corrosion Status in Post-Tensioned Concrete Members.” Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, Vol. 82, Issue 5–6, 2002, pp. 197–217. Karthik, Madhu M. et al. “Magnetic Flux Leakage Technique to Detect Loss in Metallic Area in External Post- Tensioning Systems.” Engineering Structures, Vol. 201 (January), 2019. Li, Fumin, Xiaoya Luo, and Zhenguo Liu. “Corrosion of Anchorage Head System of Post-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete Structures under Chloride Environment.” Structural Concrete, Vol. 18, Issue 6, 2017, pp. 902–13. Muldoon, R. et al. “Identifying Voids in Plastic Ducts in Post-Tensioning Prestressed Concrete Members by Resonant Frequency of Impact-Echo, SIBIE and Tomography.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 3, 2007, pp. 527–37. Nagatani, Toshihiko, and Takeharu Tajiri. “Replacing the Deck Slab on a Post-Tensioned, Prestressed-Concrete Composite Girder Bridge in Japan.” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Forensic Engineering, Vol. 172, Issue 1, 2019, pp. 3–10. Naito, Clay, Lawrence Jones, and Ian Hodgson. “Inspection Methods and Techniques to Determine Non Visible Corrosion of Prestressing Strands in Concrete Bridge Components Task 3 – Forensic Evaluation and Rating Methodology.” June 2010. http://www.lehigh.edu/∼cjn3/penndot.shtml. Naito, Clay, and Jordan Warncke. Inspection Methods and Techniques to Determine Non Visible Corrosion of Prestressing Strands in Concrete Bridge Components. 2008. Parsons Brinckerhoff. Varina-Enon Bridge I-295 over James River Final Report: Evaluation of Grout and Strands at 13 Tendon Locations and Selected PT Bars at Fixed Piers. 2013. ———. Varina-Enon Bridge I-295 over James River Final Report: Stage I Study Report for Evaluation of Bridge Deficiencies and Recommendations. 2010. Perrin C., S. Berbenni, H. Vehoff, and M. Berveiller. “Role of Discrete Intragranular Slip on Lattice Rotations in Polycrystalline Ni: Experimental and Micromechanical Studies.” Acta Mater Vol. 58, 2010, p. 4649. Pielstick, Brett, and Glenn Peterson. Grouting of Bridge Post-Tensioning Tendon: Training Manual. Florida Department of Transportation, July 2002. http://www.fdot.gov/construction/training/SelfStudy/Tutorial/ Final Grouting Training Manual 7-30-02.pdf. PTI/ASBI. PTI M50.3-12: Guide Specification for Grouted Post-Tensioning. 2012. http://www.post-tensioning. org/store/PTI_M50.3-12:_Guide_Specification_for_Grouted_PT?filter_name=M50.3-12. PTI. PTI M55.1-12: Specification for Grouting of Post-Tensioned Structures. 2012. http://www.post-tensioning. org/store/PTI_M55.1-12:_Specification_for_Grouting_of_PT_Structures?filter_name=PTI M55.1-12. Puri, Sunil, and Daniel E. Moser. “Condition Assessment of Unbonded Post-Tensioning Strands.” Concrete International, 2007, pp. 60–64. Raiss, M. E. “Durable Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges.” Concrete Society, Vol. 27, Issue 3, 1993, pp. 15–18. Randell, Alex, Marcelino Aguirre, and H. R. Hamilton. “Effects of Low Reactivity Fillers on the Performance of Post-Tensioning Grout.” PTI Journal, August 2015. Robbins, H. “Department of Transport Backs External Tendons.” Memorandum, 1991, p. 5. Robertson, Robert. “Structures Design Bulletin 14-06: Revisions to Policy for Post-Tensioning Tendons.” Florida Department of Transportation, Research Center, 2014. https://www.fdot.gov/research/default.shtm. Russell, Henry G. 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68 Repair and Maintenance of Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges Smith, J. L., and Y. P. Virmani. Materials and Methods for Corrosion Control of Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Structures in New Construction. Federal Highway Administration, 2000. South Carolina Department of Transportation. James B. Edwards I-526 over the Wando River Inspection Findings, Summaries for 1992–2018. Columbia, 2018. Tabatabai, H., A. T. Ciolko, and T. J. Dickson. Implications of Test Results from Full-Scale Fatigue Tests of Stay Cables Composed of Seven-Wire Prestressing Strands. Presented at Fourth International Bridge Engineering Conference, 1995. Theryo, T. Presentation: Walk-through Inspection Brief Report. 2010. Theryo, T., W. H. Hartt, and P. Paczkowski. Guidelines for Sampling, Assessing, and Restoring Defective Grout in Prestressed Concrete Bridge Post-Tensioning Ducts. Federal Highway Administration, 2013. Toribio, J., and E. Ovejero. “Failure Analysis of Cold Drawn Prestressing Steel Wires Subjected to Stress Corrosion Cracking.” Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 12 (5 SPEC. ISS.), 2005, pp. 654–61. Torres, Eduardo, Marcelino Aguirre, Christopher Ferraro, and H. R. Hamilton. Evaluation of Shelf Life in Post- Tensioning Grouts. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2018. Torres, Eduardo, and William Potter. Evaluation of Techniques to Remove Defective Grout from Post-Tensioning Tendons. University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.; Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2020. Virmani, Paul Y., and H. Ghasemi. Literature Review of Chloride Threshold Values for Grouted Post-Tensioned Tendons. 2012. Vu, A., A. Castel, and R. François. “Global Behaviour Prestressed Beam after Broken Prestressing Cables by Corrosion.” Presented at 1st International Conference on Modern Design: Construction and Maintenance of Structures, 2007. Woodward, R. J. “Collapse of a Segmental Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridge.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 1211, 1989, pp. 38–59.

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The use of post-tensioning in concrete structures has allowed for the construction of economical long-span bridges. However, very limited information is available to guide bridge owners on how to maintain existing structures or, more specifically, to repair degraded post-tensioned structures.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Synthesis 562: Repair and Maintenance of Post-Tensioned Concrete Bridges gathers information on the practices used by bridge owners to repair and maintain post-tensioned bridges and facilitates knowledge transfer across state departments of transportation (DOTs), aiding bridge owners in the identification of repair practices that are working and that will extend the useful life of the bridges.

Supplemental materials to the report include appendices containing the survey and the survey responses.

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