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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4963.
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References Adams, R. L., F. N. Andrews, J. C. Rogler, and C. W. Carrick. 1962. The protein requirement of 4-week old chicks as affected by temperature. J. Nutr. 77:121. Ahmad, M. M., F. B. Mather, and E. W. Gleaves. 1974. Effect of environmental temperature and dietary energy on dwarf and normal hens and normal roosters. Poult. Sci. 53:927. Alexander, G. 1962. Temperature regulation in the new-born lamb. V. Summit metabolism. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 13:100. Alexander, G. 1968. The environment and neo-natal survival in sheep in Australia. Proc. Ecol. Soc. Aust. 3:125. Alexander, G. 1974. Heat 1QSS from sheep. In J. L. Monteith and L. E. Mount, eds., Heat Loss from Animals and Man. Butterworth, London. Allden, W. G. 1968. Undernutrition of the Merino sheep and its sequelae. I. Growth and devel- opment of lambs following prolonged periods of nutritional stress. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 19:621. Ames, D. R. 1969. Normal responses of sheep to acute thermal stress. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Michigan State University, East Lansing. Ames, D. R. 1980. Thermal environment affects livestock performance. BioScience 30:457. Ames, D. R., and D. R. Brink. 1977. Effect of temperature on lamb performance and protein efficiency ratio. J. Anim. Sci. 44:136. Ames, D. R., and L. W. Insley. 1975. Wind-chill effect for cattle and sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 40:161. Ames, D. R., J. E. Nellor, and T. Adams. 1971. Energy balance during heat stress in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 32:784. Ames, D. R., D. R. Brink, and R. R. Schalles. 1975. Relationship of temperature and ADG. J. Anim. Sci. 41:263. (Abstr.) Ames, D. R., D. R. Brink, and C. L. Willms. 1980. Adjusting protein in feedlot rations during thermal stress. J. Anim. Sci. 50:1. ARC. 1963. The nutrient requirements of farm livestock. No. 1 (Poultry). Agric. Res. Counc., London. ARC. 1965. The nutrient requirements of farm livestock. No. 2 (Ruminants). Agric. Res. Counc., London. 137

138 References ARC. 1966. The nutrient requirements of farm livestock. No. 3 (Pigs). Agric. Res. Counc., Lon- don. Armstrong, D. G., K. Blaxter, N. McC. Graham, and F. Wainman. 1959. The effect of envi- ronmental conditions on food utilization by sheep. Anim. Prod. 1:1. Ascarelli, I., and I. Bartov. 1963. Vitamin A requirements of chicks at moderately elevated temperature. Poult. Sci. 42:232. Attebery, J. T., and H. D. Johnson. 1969. Effect of environmental temperature, controlled feed- ing and fasting on rumen motility. J. Anim. Sci. 29:727. Baccari, F., H. D. Johnson, and G. L. Hahn. 1980. Compensatory growth of young dairy heifers subjected to heat stress. J. Anim. Sci. 51:4. (Abstr.) Bailey, C. B., R. Hironaka, and S. B. Slen. 1962. Effects of the temperature of the environ- ment and the drinking water on the body temperature and water consumption of sheep. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 42:1. Batch, C. C. 1950. Factors affecting the utilization of food by dairy cows. 1. Rate of passage of food through the digestive tract. Br. J. Nutr. 4:361. Balnave, D. 1974. Biological factors affecting energy expenditure, p. 25-46. In T. R. Morris and B. M. Freeman, eds., Energy Requirements of Poultry. Br. Poult. Sci. Ltd., Edinburgh. Balnave, D., D. J. Farrell, and R. B. Cumming. 1978. The minimum metabolizable energy re- quirement of laying hens. World's Poult. Sci. J. 34(3):149. Bates, D. W. 1974. Future direction of dairy cattle environment research and needs for addi- tional knowledge. Proc. Intern. Livestock Environ. Symp., p. 416. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng., St. Joseph, Mich. Bell, J., and B. M. Freeman. 1971. Physiology and Biochemistry of the Domestic Fowl. Aca- demic Press, Inc., Ltd., London. Bennett, J. W. 1972. The maximum metabolic response of sheep to cold: Effects of rectal tem- perature, shearing, feed consumption, body posture and body weight. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 23:1045. Berry, I. L., M. D. Shanklin, and H. D. Johnson. 1964. Dairy shelter design based on milk pro- duction decline as affected by temperature and humidity. Trans. ASAE 7:329. Bhattacharya, A. N., and F. Hussain. 1974. Intake and utilization of nutrients in sheep fed dif- ferent levels of roughage under heat stress. J. Anim. Sci. 38:877. Bhattacharya, A., and M. Uwayjan. 1975. Effect of high ambient temperature and low humidity on nutrient utilization and on some physiological responses in Awasi sheep fed different levels of roughage. J.-Anim. Sci. 40:320. Bianca, W. 1970. Animal responses to meteorological stress as a function of age. In Biometeo- rology, vol. 4. Part I: Proceedings of The Fifth International Biometeorological Congress held at Montreux, Switzerland, ed. by S. W. Tromp and W. H. Weihe, published as a Supplement to vol. 14 of the International Journal of Biometeorology, 1970, by Swets and Zeitlinger, Amsterdam. Pages 119- 131. Bierer, B. W., W. T. Carll, and T. H. Eleazer. 1966. A comparison of the survival time and gross pathology in producing and non-producing White Leghorn hens deprived of water. Poult. Sci. 45:65. Blaxter, K. L. 1962. The fasting metabolism of adult wether sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 16:615. Blaxter, K. L. 1967. The Energy Metabolism of Ruminants. Hutchinson and Co., London. Blaxter, K. L. 1977. Environmental factors and their influence on the nutrition of farm live- stock, p. 1. In W. Haresign, H. Swan, and D. Lewis, eds., Nutrition and the Climatic Envi- ronment. Butterworth, London. Blaxter, K. L. 1978. The effect of simulated altitude on the heat increment of feed in sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 39:659. Blaxter, K. L., and F. W. Wainman. 1961. Environmental temperature and the energy metabo- lism and heat emission of steers. J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 56:81.

References 139 Blaxter, K. L., N. McC. Graham, and F. W. Wainman. 1956. Some observations on the digest- ibility of food by sheep, and on related problems. Br. J. Nutr. 10:69. Blaxter, K. L., N. McC. Graham, and F. W. Wainman. 1959. Environmental temperature, en- ergy metabolism and heat regulation in sheep. III. Metabolism and thermal exchanges of sheep with fleeces. J. Agric. Sci. S2:41. Blaxter, K. L., J. L. Clapperton, and F. W. Wainman. 1966. The extent of differences between six British breeds of sheep in their metabolism, feed intake and utilization, and resistance to climate stress. Br. J. Nutr. 20:283. Bolton, W. 1958. The efficiency of food utilization for egg production by pullets. J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 50:97. Bond, J., and R. E. McDowell. 1972. Reproductive performance and physiological responses of beef females as affected by a prolonged high environmental temperature. J. Anim. Sci. 35:820. Bond, T. E., C. F. Kelly, and H. Heitman, Jr. 1963. Effect of diurnal temperature on heat loss and well-being of swine. Trans. ASAE 6:132. Bond, T. E., H. Heitman, and C. F. Kelly. 1965. Effects of increased air velocities on heat and moisture loss and growth of swine. Trans. ASAE 8:167. Bond, T. E., C. F. Kelly, and S. R. Morrison. 1967. Physiological response of swine to cycling environmental conditions. Anim. Prod. 9:453. Bray, D. J., and J. A. Gessel. 1961. Studies with corn soya diets. Environmental temperature a factor affecting performance of pullets fed diets sub-optimal in protein. Poult. Sci. 40:1328. Brink, D. R. 1975. Effect of ambient temperature on lamb performance. M.S. Thesis. Kansas State University, Manhattan. Brink, D. R., and D. R. Ames. 1975. Effect of ambient temperature on lamb performance. J. Anim. Sci. 41:264. (Abstr.) Brink, D. R., and D. R. Ames. 1978a. Thermal stress and NEm of lambs. 11th Annual Midwest ASAS . (Abstr. ) Brink, D. R., and D. R. Ames. 1978b. Effect of thermal stress on protein for maintenance. 70th ASAS, p. 407. Brody, S., A. Ragsdale, N. Thompson, and D. Worstell. 1954. The thermal effects of radiation intensity (light) on milk production, feed and water consumption, and body weight in Hol- stein, Jersey, and Brahman cows at air temperatures 45°, 70°, and 80°F. Mo. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 556. Brokken, R. F. 1971. Formulating beef rations for improved performance under environmental stress. Am. J. Agric. Econ. 53:79. Brouwer, E. 1965. Report of sub-committee on constants and factors, pp. 441~43. In K. L. Blaxter, ea., Energy Metabolism. Academic Press, London. Brown, D. E., R. R. Hacker, and G. J. King. 1976. Growth and ACTH responses to cold stress of young pigs fed ad libitum. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 56:365. Brown, W. O., J. J. Waring, and R. F. Addison. 1967. The utilization of energy by the laying hen, pp. 77-97. In Progress in Livestock Nutrition. U.S. Feed Grain Council, London. Buckebusch, Y., and J. P. Marguet. 1964. Recherches surle comportement alimentaire, chez les ruminants. 2. Influence de la temperature ambiante. Rev. Med. Vet. 115:397. Burman, A., and N. Snaper. 1965. The relation of fasting and resting metabolic rates to heat tolerance in the domestic fowl. Br. Poult. Sci. 6:207. Calder, F., J. Nicholson, and H. Cunningham. 1964. Water restrictions for sheep on pasture and rate of consumption with other feeds. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 44:266. Castle, M. E. 1972. A study of the intake of drinking water by dairy cows at grass. J. Br. Grassl. Soc. 27:207. Castle, M. E., and E. Macdaid. 1975. The intake of drinking water by dairy cows at grass. J. Br. Grassl. Soc. 30:7.

140 References Castle, M. E., and J. N. Watson. 1973. The intake of drinking water by grazing dairy cows. The effect of water availability. J. Br. Grassl. Soc. 28:203. Castle, M. E., A. Foot, and R. Holley. 1950. Some observations on the behaviour of dairy cat- tle with particular reference to grazing. J. Dairy Res. 17(3):215. Cerniglia, G., K. L. Koonce, and A. B. Watts. 1978. Effects of ambient temperature on broilers. La. Agric. 21:14. Charles, D. R. 1974. The definition and measurement of the climatic environment in poultry houses, pp. 73-77. In T. R. Morris and B. M. Freeman, eds., Energy Requirements of Poul- try. Br. Poult. Sci. Ltd., Edinburgh. Christopherson, R. J. 1976. Effects of prolonged cold and the outdoor winter environment on apparent digestibility in sheep and cattle. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 56:201. Christopherson, R. J., R. J. Hudson, and M. K. Christopherson. 1979. Seasonal energy ex- penditures and thermoregulatory response of bison and cattle. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 59:611. Church, D. C., G. E. Smith, J. P. Fontenot, and A. T. Ralson. 1974. Water metabolism and requirements. In Digestive Physiology and Nutrition of Ruminants, vol. 2 (Nutrition). O&B Books, Corvallis, Oreg. Clark, C. E., and M. Amin. 1965. The adaptability of chickens to various temperatures. Poult. Sci. 44:1003. Close, W. H., and L. E. Mount. 1975. The rate of heat loss during fasting in the growing pig. Br. J. Nutr. 34:279. Close, W. H., and L. E. Mount. 1976. Gains in protein and fat in the growing pig in relation to environmental temperature. 7th Symposium on Energy Metabolism. EAAP Publ. No. 15, p. 173. Vichy INRA. Close, W., L. Mount, and I. Start. 1971. The influence of environmental temperature and plane of nutrition on heat losses from groups of growing pigs. Anim. Prod. 13:285. Close, W. H., M. W. A. Verstegen, and L. E. Mount. 1973. The energy costs of maintenance and production in the growing pig. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 32:72A. Colditz, P. J., and R. C. Kellaway. 1972. The effect of diet and heat stress on feed intake, growth and nitrogen metabolism in Friesian, Fl Brahman x Friesian, and Brahmar~ heifers. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 23:?17. Comberg, G., H.-F. Wolfermann, and H. Rundefeldt. 1967. The influence of temperature and relative humidity on weight gain and feed utilization in finishing swine. Z. Tierz. Zuchts Biol. 83 240. Combs, G. F. 1968. Amino acid requirements of broiler and laying hens. Proc. Md. Nutr. Conf., p. 86. Cotterill, O. J., W. W. Marion, and E. C. Naber. 1977. A nutrient reevaluation of shell eggs. Poult. Sci. 56:1927. Cowan, R. T., D. Shackel, and T. M. Davison. 1978. Water intakes, milk yield and grazing behaviour of Friesian cows with restricted access to water in a tropical upland environment. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 18:190. Crampton, E. W., and L. E. Harris. 1969. Applied Animal Nutrition, 2nd ed. W. H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco. Cunningham, M. D., F. A. Martz, and C. P. Merilan. 1964. Effect of drinking water tempera- ture upon ruminant digestion, intraruminal temperature, and water consumption of nonlactat- ing dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 47:382. Dale, N. M., and H. L. Fuller. 1980. Effect of diet composition on feed intake and growth of chicks under heat stress. II. Constant vs. cycling temperatures. Poult. Sci. 59:1434. Davis, R. H., O. E. M. Hassan, and A. H. Sykes. 1972. The adaptation of energy utilization in the laying hen to warm and cool ambient temperatures. J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 79:363. Davis, R. H., O. E. Hassan, and A. Sykes. 1973. Energy utilization in the laying hen in relation to ambient temperature. J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 80:173.

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