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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×

Index

Italicized page numbers indicate that the subject appears in a table.

A

academic specializations, 36-37, 49-51, 109-113

trends, 44, 47, 49-51

administration, college, 84, 85-87

Agency for International Development, 61, 80

agriculture

concentrations, 26, 27, 28, 31

consultants, 70

engineering, 40, 88-89

faculty specialization, 84, 88-89

productivity, 19, 20

research categories, 62

specializations, 26, 27, 28, 36-37

agronomy, 35, 84, 88

animal science, 84, 88, 93, 93, 95, 118-123

research, 62, 64

associate's degree programs, 38, 45, 46

B

bachelor's degree programs, 45

enrollment, 38

specializations, 46, 49-51

trends, 52

bioengineering, 20

biotechnology, 20, 22

C

colleges of agriculture

locations, 3, 8

names, 3-7, 83, 84

commodity research, 93, 93-96, 94, 96, 97, 128-131

competitive grants, 59, 76, 98-99

consumers

concerns about food, 23-24

food spending, 22, 22

research benefits for, 62

cooperative extension

funding, 75, 76, 76

funding trends, 68, 68, 69

USDA funding, 70

see also extension

crop consultants, 70

crop science, 93, 93, 95, 118-123

Current Research Information Service (CRIS), 61, 91-92, 118-123

D

degree programs

concentrations, 45, 46, 47

non-land grant schools, 44, 46

regional specialization, 47, 48

specializations, 46, 49-51

trends, 47, 52

demographics

doctorate degree recipients, 53, 54, 54, 55, 56

student, 41-42, 44-45

Department of Agriculture, U.S.

Agricultural Research Service (ARS), 58, 59

cooperative extension funding, 70

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) , 58, 61

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×

Cooperative State Research Service (CSRS), 58n, 59

Economic Research Service (ERS), 58

formula funds, 79

National Agricultural Library (NAL), 58

research funding, 100, 101, 101-102, 102

diet and health, 23-24, 29

extension staff allocations, 73, 74

research, 62, 64, 118-123

doctorate degree

employment, 53, 54

graduate demographics, 53, 54, 54, 55, 56

number of programs, 45

regional distribution of graduates, 48

specializations, 46, 47, 49-51, 66

trends, 40, 52

E

employment trends, 18

doctorate degree recipients, 53, 54

enrollment

concentration, 41, 43

degree programs, 38

ethnic and gender diversity, 41-42, 44-45

foreign-born students, 42

graduate, 37, 39-40, 40

regional, 39-40, 40, 42

trends, 38, 38

undergraduate, 37, 39-40

environmental concerns, 20

research, 62, 64

ethnic minorities

doctorate degree recipients, 55, 55

enrollment, 41-42, 44-45

foreign-born students, 42

history of land grant system, 1

Experiment Station Committee on

Organization and Policy (ESCOP), 62, 63, 64, 64-65

extension

evolution of, 8, 15, 67-68

goals, 67, 68

regional distribution of staff, 71, 71, 72, 114-116

relation to research, 15

resource allocations, 72, 73, 74, 114-116

within college structure, 84

see also cooperative extension

F

factor productivity, 19

faculty

appointment types, 89

specialization, 84, 88-89

farm inputs

chemical, 19

labor, 19

farm-related industries, 31, 32

farming

and the environment, 20

and state economies, 26, 29, 31

and U.S. economy, 27, 29, 29

farms

employment, 31, 32

income, 24, 25, 26, 30

number of, 18, 25

population trends, 18

size, 24, 25

fellowships and scholarships, 35

food

consumer attitudes, 23-24

expenditures, U.S. consumer, 22, 22

safety, 23-24, 62

Food and Agriculture Education Information System (FAEIS), 34, 38

food science, 84, 88-89

forest resources research, 92, 92-93, 118-123, 124-127

forestry schools/colleges

faculty, 89

graduate students, 89

locations, 3-7, 16

names, 3-7

relation to colleges of agriculture, 16

research expenditures, 61, 62, 64-65, 89-91, 126-127

research funding, 16, 79

specializations, 36-37

formula funds, 76, 77, 78, 79, 97, 98-99, 100

funding

agencies, 61, 80, 82, 102

agriculture education, 35

commodity research, 93, 93

Congressional, 69, 79, 79, 80

extension, 68, 68, 69, 70

extramural research, 59

federal, 69, 75, 76, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 98-99, 100, 101, 102

forestry research, 16

intramural research, 59, 60

land grant system legislation, 9-14, 15

mechanisms, 96-97, 98-99, 100, 100-102, 101, 102

private, 75, 76, 76, 98-99, 100, 101

research, 60, 61, 75, 76, 76, 77, 78, 79, 79, 80

state, 75, 76, 76, 98-99, 100, 100

G

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 31

graduates

regional distribution, 44, 109-113

specializations, 44, 46, 109-113

grants

competitive, 59, 76, 77, 98-99

private, 75, 76

research funding mechanisms, 76

H

history

extension, 8

land grant system, 1-2, 8, 15

teaching of agriculture, 34-35

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×

I

international issues

population and food needs, 22, 31

students, 42

trade, 19, 31

investments, annual rates of return on research, 21

L

land grant colleges of agriculture

1862s, 1, 44, 45

1890s, 1, 44, 45

history, 1-2, 8, 15

legislation and funding mechanisms, 9-14, 15, 76, 77, 77

locations, 3-7

names, 3-7, 83

Native American, 15

M

master's degree programs, 45

enrollment, 38

natural resources, 47

non-land grant schools, 46

number of, 46

specializations, 49-51

trends, 52

N

National Research Initiative (NRI), 59

natural resources

degree programs, 47, 49-51

degrees conferred, 47

faculty, 84, 88-89

research, 62, 64, 90, 91, 118-123

non-land grant colleges

degree programs, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48

graduates, 44, 46

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 31

P

plant science, 84, 88

research, 62, 64

population

farm, 18, 19, 31, 32

rural, 31, 106-107

state distribution, 106-107

total U.S., 19

urban, 31, 106-107

production

faculty specialization, 84, 88-89

specialization, 27

R

regional

college enrollment, 39-40, 40, 42

commodity production, 26, 27, 28, 128-130

extension staff distribution, 71, 71, 72, 73, 114-116

forest resources, 92, 92-93

graduate distribution, 44, 48

graduate specialization, 47, 48, 109-113

research allocations, 91, 93, 95, 96, 97

research

allocation of scientist time, 64-65, 66

categories, 62

at colleges of agriculture, 60, 61, 62, 64-65

commodity, 93, 93-96, 94, 96, 97, 128-131

consumer benefits, 62

ESCOP program areas, 63, 64-65

extramural, 59

forest resources, 16, 118-123, 124-127

funding, 60, 61, 75, 76, 76, 77, 78, 79, 79, 80, 96-97, 98-99, 100 , 100-102, 101, 102

historical development, 8

institutional distribution of Congressional grants, 80, 81

intramural, 59, 60

and productivity, 19, 21, 74

program area allocations, 73, 74, 90, 90-91, 118-123

rates of return, 21

school/college expenditures, 62

trends, 61, 62, 64

USDA structure, 58

veterinary medicine, 61, 62, 64-65, 79, 91

S

scientists

agricultural, 53

demographics, 53, 54, 54, 55, 55, 56

doctorate degree recipients, 53-56

employment, 54

research allocations in schools of agriculture, 64-65, 66

trends, 53, 53

social issues

community, 71, 72, 73, 114-117

ESCOP research, 64

extension staff allocations, 72, 73

family, 71, 72, 73, 114-117

leadership, 71, 72, 73, 114-117

research expenditures by institutions, 118-123

SAES research allocations, 73, 74

youth, 71, 72, 73, 114-117

socioeconomic factors, 18

staff

extension, 71, 71-74, 72, 73, 114-116

regional breakdown, 72, 114-116

research, 89

resident extension, 89

SAES resource allocations, 73, 74

see also faculty

State Agricultural Experiment Stations

commodity research, 94, 94-96, 96, 97

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×

federal funding, 77, 80, 82

funding mechanisms, 96-97, 98-99, 100, 100-101, 101

historical development, 8

private funding, 75

research allocations by program area, 73, 74

research expenditures, 98-99, 124-125

strategic planning, 63

USDA funding, 59, 60, 61

T

teaching, 34-35

V

vertical integration, 27

veterinary medicine schools/colleges

locations, 3-7, 16

names, 3-7

relation to colleges of agriculture, 15-16, 84

research expenditures, 61, 62, 64-65, 91

research funding, 79

W

women, 41, 55, 55

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×

Recent Publications of the Board on Agriculture

Policy and Resources

Investing in the National Research Initiative: An Update of the Competitive Grants Program in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1994), 64 pp., ISBN 0-309-05235-1

Rangeland Health: New Methods to Classify, Inventory, and Monitor Rangelands (1994), 180 pp., ISBN 0-309-04879-6

Soil and Water Quality: An Agenda for Agriculture (1993), 516 pp., ISBN 0-309-04933-4

Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children (1993), 408 pp., ISBN 0-309-04875-3

Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and Policies (1993), 450 pp., ISBN 0-309-04430-8

Managing Global Genetic Resources: Livestock (1993), 294 pp., ISBN 0-309-04394-8

Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics (1993), 720 pp., ISBN 0-309-04749-8

Agriculture and the Undergraduate: Proceedings (1992), 296 pp., ISBN 0-309-04682-3

Water Transfers in the West: Efficiency, Equity, and the Environment (1992), 320 pp., ISBN 0-309-04528-2

Managing Global Genetic Resources: Forest Trees (1991), 244 pp., ISBN 0-309-04034-5

Managing Global Genetic Resources: The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (1991), 198 pp., ISBN 0-309-04390-5

Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education in the Filed: A Proceedings (1991), 448 pp., ISBN 0-309-04578-9

Toward Sustainability: A Plan for Collaborative Research on Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (1991), 164, pp., ISBN 0-309-04540-1

Investing in Research: A Proposal to Strengthen the Agricultural, Food, and Environmental System (1989), 156 pp., ISBN 0-309-04127-9

Alternative Agriculture (1989), 464 pp., ISBN 0-309-03985-1

Understanding Agriculture: New Directions for Education (1988), 80 pp., ISBN 0-309-03936-3

Designing Foods: Animal Product Options in the Marketplace (1988), 394 pp., ISBN 0-309-03798-0; ISBN 0-309-03795-6 (pbk)

Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness (1987), 224 pp., ISBN 0-309-03745-X

Regulating Pesticides in Food: The Delaney Paradox (1987), 288 pp., ISBN 0-309-03746-8

Pesticide Resistance: Strategies and Tactics for Management (1986), 480 pp., ISBN 0-309-03627-5

Pesticides and Groundwater Quality: Issues and Problems in Four States (1986), 136 pp., ISBN 0-309-03676-3

Soil Conservation: Assessing the National Resources Inventory, Volume 1 (1986), 134 pp., ISBN 0-309-03649-9; Volume 2 (1986), 314 pp., ISBN 0-309-03675-5

New Directions for Biosciences Research in Agriculture: High-Reward Opportunities (1985), 122 pp., ISBN 0-309-03542-2

Genetic Engineering of Plants: Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns (1984), 96 pp., ISBN 0-309-03434-5

Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series and Related Titles

Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals, Fourth Revised Edition (1995), 174 pp., ISBN 0-309-05126-6

Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, Ninth Revised Edition (1994), 156 pp., ISBN 0-309-04892-3

Nutrient Requirements of Fish (1993), 108 pp., ISBN 0-309-04891-5

Nutrient Requirements of Horses, Fifth Revised Edition (1989), 128 pp., ISBN 0-309-03989-4; diskette included

Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, Sixth Revised Edition, Update 1989 (1989), 168 pp., ISBN 0-309-03826-X; diskette included Nutrient Requirements of Swine, Ninth Revised Edition (1988), 96 pp., ISBN 0-309-03779-4

Vitamin Tolerance of Animals (1987), 105 pp., ISBN 0-309-03728-X Predicting Feed Intake of Food-Producing Animals (1986), 95 pp., ISBN 0-309-03695-X

Nutrient Requirements of Cats, Revised Edition (1986), 87 pp., ISBN 0-309-03682-8

Nutrient Requirements of Dogs, Revised Edition (1985), 79 pp., ISBN 0-309-03496-5

Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Sixth Revised Edition (1985), 106 pp., ISBN 0-309-03596-1

Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, Sixth Revised Edition (1984), 90 pp., ISBN 0-309-03447-7

Further information, additional titles (prior to 1984), and prices are available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, 202/334-3313 (information only); 800/624-6242 (orders only); 202/334-2451 (fax).

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×
Page 142
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×
Page 143
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×
Page 144
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1995. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4980.
×
Page 145
Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile Get This Book
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Although few Americans work as farmers these days, agriculture on the whole remains economically important--playing a key role in such contemporary issues as consumer health and nutrition, worker safety and animal welfare, and environmental protection. This publication provides a comprehensive picture of the primary education system for the nation's agriculture industry: the land grant colleges of agriculture.

Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities informs the public debate about the challenges that will shape the future of these colleges and serves as a foundation for a second volume, which will present recommendations for policy and institutional changes in the land grant system.

This book reviews the legislative history of the land grant system from its establishment in 1862 to the 1994 act conferring land grant status on Native American colleges. It describes trends that have shaped agriculture and agricultural education over the decades--the shift of labor from farm to factory, reasons for and effects of increased productivity and specialization, the rise of the corporate farm, and more.

The committee reviews the system's three-part mission--education, research, and extension service--and through this perspective documents the changing nature of funding and examines the unique structure of the U.S. agricultural research and education system. Demographic data on faculties, students, extension staff, commodity and funding clusters, and geographic specializations profile the system and identify similarities and differences among the colleges of agriculture, trends in funding, and a host of other issues.

The tables in the appendix provide further itemization about general population distribution, student and educator demographics, types of degree programs, and funding allocations. Concise commentary and informative graphics augment the detailed statistical presentations. This book will be important to policymakers, administrators, educators, researchers, and students of agriculture.

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