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Appendix D List of Commissioned Background Papers On the Allocation of Federal R&D Christopher T. Hill, Professor of Public Policy and Technology George Mason University This paper provides a broad overview of the present-day allocations of federal research and development (R&D) funds among diverse national purposes, perform- ers, and sponsoring federal agencies. It sets out a number of general considerations in the formulation of federal R&D policies over the past 5 decades, and it describes and analyzes the historical processes through which the portfolio of federal R&D has been shaped. Previous Analyses of the U.S. R&D Allocation Process Robert M. Cook-Deegan, Senior Program Officer National Research Council This document reviews some major reports on U.S. federal science policy relevant to the committeeâs task. Its purpose is to review what others have said when con- fronted with tasks similar to the committeeâs mandate, or when given different tasks that required them to confront similar choices about R&D spending that must be made at the presidential or congressional level. Where Does the Federal Dollar for Basic Research Go? Michael G.H. McGeary, Consultant This paper describes the composition of the federal basic research budget and presents background information on federally funded basic researchâwho funds basic research and why, what mechanisms are used to provide support, who con- ducts basic research and how, and how performers spend the dollars. Survey of Reports on Federal Laboratories Robert M. Cook-Deegan, Senior Program Officer National Research Council This background paper summarizes the recent reviews of federal laboratories, both those operated by government and those conducted by contractors (whether corpo- rate or university). NOTE: Copies of all commissioned papers are available upon request from the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418. 95