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96 / APPENDIX E Appendix E Acronyms AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency ATP Advanced Technology Program CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COSEPUP Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy CRADA Cooperative research and development agreement DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DVA Department of Veterans Affairs EPA Environmental Protection Agency FDA Food and Drug Administration FFRDC Federally funded research and development center FS&T1 Federal science and technology GDP Gross domestic product GOCO Government-owned, contractor-operated laboratory GOGO Government-owned, government-operated laboratory GPRA Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 GPS Global positioning system HIV Human immunodeficiency virus HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development MEP Manufacturing Extension Partnerships program NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIH National Institutes of Health NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NSF National Science Foundation 1 A term introduced by the committee to denote the science and technology base that underlies the broader national R&D enterprise, as well as the pool of federal funding that supports that base. 96 96
APPENDIX E / 97 NSTC National Science and Technology Council ODDR&E Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering OMB Office of Management and Budget ONR Office of Naval Research OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy R&D Research and development RISC Reduced instruction set computing TRP Technology Reinvestment Program USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey VLSI Very large scale integrated circuit program 97