National Academies Press: OpenBook

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (1996)

Chapter: Appendix C: Some Federal Laws Relevant to Animal Care and Use

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Some Federal Laws Relevant to Animal Care and Use." National Research Council. 1996. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5140.
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APPENDIX C:
Some Federal Laws Relevant to Animal Care and Use

ANIMAL WELFARE

The Animal Welfare Act of 1966 (P.L. 89-544)—as amended by the Animal Welfare Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-579); 1976 Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act (P.L. 94-279); the Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L 99-198), Subtitle F (Animal Welfare File Name: PL99198); and the Food and Agriculture Conservation and Trade Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-624), Section 2503, Protection of Pets (File Name: PL101624)—contains provisions to prevent the sale or use of animals that have been stolen, to prohibit animal-fighting ventures, and to ensure that animals used in research, for exhibition, or as pets receive humane care and treatment. The law provides for regulating the transport, purchase, sale, housing, care, handling, and treatment of such animals.

Regulatory authority under the Animal Welfare Act is vested in the secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and implemented by USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Rules and regulations pertaining to implementation are published in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 9 (Animals and Animal Products), Chapter 1, Subchapter A (Animal Welfare). Available from: Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care, APHIS, USDA, Unit 85, 4700 River Road, Riverdale, MD 20737-1234. File Name 9CFR93.

ENDANGERED SPECIES

The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (P.L. 93-205; 87 Statute 884) became effective on December 28, 1973, supplanting the Endangered Species Conserva

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Some Federal Laws Relevant to Animal Care and Use." National Research Council. 1996. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5140.
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tion Act of 1969 (P.L. 91-135; 83 Statute 275). The new law seeks ''to provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened species depend may be conserved, to provide a program for the conservation of such endangered species and threatened species, and to take such steps as may be appropriate to achieve the purposes of the treaties and conservation of wild flora and fauna worldwide."

Regulatory authority under the Endangered Species Act is vested in the secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior (USD1) and implemented by USD1' 5 Fish and Wildlife Service. Implementing rules and regulations are published in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 50 (Wildlife and Fisheries), Chapter 1 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior), Subchapter B, Part 17 (Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants). Copies of the regulations, including a list of species currently considered endangered or threatened, can be obtained by writing to the Office of Endangered Species, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC 20240.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Some Federal Laws Relevant to Animal Care and Use." National Research Council. 1996. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5140.
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Page 114
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Some Federal Laws Relevant to Animal Care and Use." National Research Council. 1996. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5140.
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Page 115
Next: Appendix D: Public Health Service Policy and Government Principles Regarding the Care and Use of Animals »
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A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been revised by a committee of experts, based on input from scientists and the public. The Guide incorporates recent research on commonly used species, including farm animals, and includes extensive references. It is organized around major components of animal use:

  • Institutional policies and responsibilities. The committee discusses areas that require policy attention: the role and function of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, protocols for animal care and use, occupational health and safety, personnel qualifications, and other areas.
  • Animal environment, husbandry, and management. The committee offers guidelines on how to design and run a management program, addressing environment, nutrition, sanitation, behavioral and social issues, genetics, nomenclature, and more.
  • Veterinary care. The committee discusses animal procurement and transportation, disease and preventive medicine, and surgery. The Guide addresses pain recognition and relief and issues surrounding euthanasia.
  • Physical plant. The committee identifies design and construction issues, providing guidelines for animal-room doors, drainage, noise control, surgery, and other areas. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities--a resource of proven value, now updated and expanded. This revision will be important to researchers, animal care technicians, facilities managers, administrators at research institutions, policymakers involved in research issues, and animal welfare advocates.
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