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Biographical Memoirs: V.60 (1991)

Chapter: Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
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Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
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This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Biographical Memoirs

VOLUME 60

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON D.C. 1991

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-04442-1 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 

Available from 
NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 
2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W.  WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
×

CONTENTS

 

 

PREFACE

 

vii

 

 

JOSEPH HALL BODINE
BY E. J. BOELL

 

3

 

 

ARTHUR CLAY COPE
BY JOHN D. ROBERTS AND JOHN C. SHEEHAN

 

17

 

 

PHILIP JACKSON DARLINGTON, JR.
BY EDWARD O. WILSON

 

33

 

 

JOHN FRANKLIN ENDERS
BY THOMAS H. WELLER AND FREDERICK C. ROBBINS

 

47

 

 

EDWARD CURTIS FRANKLIN
BY HOWARD M. ELSEY

 

67

 

 

SELIG HECHT
BY GEORGE WALD

 

81

 

 

LIBBIE HENRIETTA HYMAN
BY LIBBIE H. HYMAN AND G. EVELYN HUTCHINSON

 

103

 

 

FRANCIS WHEELER LOOMIS
BY FREDERICK SEITZ

 

117

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
×

 

 

JACOB MARSCHAK
BY KENNETH J. ARROW

 

129

 

 

DONALD HOWARD MENZEL
BY LEO GOLDBERG AND LAWRENCE H. ALLER

 

149

 

 

NATHAN M. NEWMARK
BY WILLIAM J. HALL

 

169

 

 

LARS ONSAGER
BY H. CHRISTOPHER LONGUET-HIGGINS AND MICHAEL E. FISHER

 

183

 

 

ALEXANDER PETRUNKEVITCH
BY G. EVELYN HUTCHINSON

 

235

 

 

KENNETH BRYAN RAPER
BY ROBERT H. BURRIS AND ELDON H. NEWCOMB

 

251

 

 

FRANCIS W. REICHELDERFER
BY JEROME NAMIAS

 

273

 

 

WILLIAM JACOB ROBBINS
BY FREDERICK KAVANAGH AND ANNETTE HERVEY

 

293

 

 

GEORGE GAYLORD SIMPSON
BY EVERETT C. OLSON

 

331

 

 

OWEN HARDING WANGENSTEEN
BY MAURICE B. VISSCHER

 

355

 

 

HENRY STEPHENS WASHINGTON
BY CHARLES MILTON

 

367

 

 

HOWEL WILLIAMS
BY ALEXANDER R. MCBIRNEY

 

395

 

 

CUMULATIVE INDEX

 

407

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
×

PREFACE

On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good.

The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subjects' work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world.

PETER H. RAVEN

Home Secretary

ELIZABETH J. SHERMAN

Editor

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Biographical Memoirs: V.60. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6061.
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Biographic Memoirs Volume 60 contains the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published works. Each biographical essay was written by a member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased. For historical and bibliographical purposes, these volumes are worth returning to time and again.

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