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Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea (1989)

Chapter: Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Dispersant Products Information." National Research Council. 1989. Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/736.
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APPENDIXES

APPENDIX A Dispersant Products Information TABLE A-1 Product Schedule of the Environmental Protection Agency's National Contingency Plan, July 1987 Bulletin Dispersant Dispersant Number Product Name Manufacturer Previous Acceptance Date BPllOOX (hydrocarbon solvent based) 2 Cold Clean 500 (water based) Conco Dispereant K (concentrate) 4 Corexit 7664 (water based) BP Detergents Ltd. Pumpherston Works Livingston, West Lothian Scotland EH53 OLQ Tel: 0506 31111 Telex: 72278 (John R. Nicol) 10/20/77 Essex Fire and Safety Co. 10/7/77 P.O. Box 87709 Houston, TX 77287 (713) 641-3616 (Virginia A. Watters) Continential Chemical Co. 4/25/78 270 Clifton Bled. Clinton, NJ 07011-3686 (202) 472-5000 (P. D. Turite) Exxon Chemical Co. 8230 Stedman Street Houston, TX 77029 (713) 670-1702 (Don Jacques) 309 11/1/78

310 TABLE A-1 (Continued) APPENDIX A Previous Bulletin Dispersant Dispersant Acceptance Number Product Name Manufacturer Date 5 Corexit 8667 Exxon Chemical Co. 11/1/78 (hydrocarbon 8230 Stedman Street solvent based) Houston, TX 77029 (713) 670-1702 (Don Jacques) 6 Corexit 9527 Exxon Chemical Co. 3/10/78 (hydrocarbon 8230 Stedman Street solvent based) Houston, TX 77029 (713) 670-1702 (Don Jacques) 7 EC. O ATALN 'TOL ASPRA, Inc. 11/13/70 AT7 (water based) 4401 - 23rd Avenue West Seattle, WA 98199 (206) 284-9838 (A. I. Janofsky) Finanol OSR-7 American Petrofina, Inc. 5/21/80 (water-based P.O. Box 2159 concentrate) Dallas, TX 75221 (214) 750-2640 (Jerry W. Johnson) Gold Crew Ara Chem, Inc. 8/31/77 Dispersant P.O. Box 5031 (water-based San Diego, CA 92105-0001 concentrate) (619) 286-4131 (Rite Jimenez McNeely) 10 Magnotox (water-based concentrate) 11 OFC D-609 (concentrate) 12 Magnus Maritec Int'l., Inc. 7/1/81 150 Roosevelt Place P.O. Box 150 Palisades Park, NJ 07650 (201) 592-0700 (Andreas C. Ladjias) Chem Link Petroleum, Inc. 8/20/79 P.O. Box 370 Sand Springs, OK 74063 (918) 245-2224 (Glenn D. Fielder) Oil Spill Eliminator N/T No. 4 (hydrocarbon solvent based) Petrocon Marine and 5/21/80 Chemical Corp. 243-44th Street Brooklyn, NY 11232 (212) 499-3111 (Frank B. Sidoti)

APPENDIX A TAT3LE A-1 (Continued) 311 Precarious Bulletin Dispersant Dispersant Acceptance Number Product Name Manufacturer Date 13 OSD/LT Oil Spill Dispereant (concentrate) Drew Chemical Corp. 5/11/79 1 Drew Chemical Plaza P.O. Box 157 Boonton, NJ 07005 (202) 263-7817 (Rochelle Caliber Asbell) 14 Petro-Green Petro-Green, Inc. 9/30/84 ADP-7 3952 Candlenut Lane P.O. Box 814665 Dallas, TX 75381 (214) 484-7336 (Arnold Paddock) 15 Petromend, Petromend, Inc. 9/30/84 MP-900-W P.O. Box 47532 (water-based 8300 Sovereign Row concentrate) Dallas, TX 75247 (214) 630-1330 (Alan Cohn) 16 17a Proform-Pollu- tion Control Agent (water- based concentrate) Proform Products Corp. 5/9/79 220 California Avenue Suite 100 Palo Alto, CA 94306 (415) 321-5207 (Rudolf Kruska) 18 Slik-A-Way MI-DEE Products, Inc. 10/5/78 (water-baned) 5253 Springdale Avenue Pleasanton, CA 94566 (415) 846-8166 (Paul Spellman) 19 Dispereant 11 Dubois Chemicals 10/16/84 (concentrate) 1100 Dubois Tower Cincinnati, OH 45202 (513) 762-6894 (W. N. Grawe) 20 Topsail No. 30 (oil and petroleum cleaning agent) Stutton North Corp. 1/7/85 P.O. Box 724 Mande~rille, LA 70448 (504) 626-3900 (Sic Studin)

312 TABLE A-1 (Continued) APPENDIX A - Pre~rious Bulletin Dispereant Dispersant Number Product Name Manufacturer Acceptance Date 21 Corexit 9550 Exxon Chemical Co. 5/22/85 (hydrocarbon 8230 Stedman Street solvent based) Houston, TX 77029 (713) 670-1702 (Don Jacques) 22 Jansol~r-60 Dispersant (principally water- based with some solvent) 23 Ruffnek (oil and petroleum cleaning agent) Sunshine Technology Corp. 7/9/85 2475 Albany Avenue West Hartford, CT 06117 (203 232-9227 (Stephen Kaufmann) Matter International Corp. 7/16/85 80 First Street Gretna, LA 70053 (504) 362-3232 (Laboratory) 24 NEOS AB 3000 NEOS Company Limited 4/22/85 "hydrocarbon 8th Floor, Kanden Building solvent based) 2-1, Kano-cho 6-chome Chuo-ku, Kobe 650, Japan (078) 331-9381 (S. Miyoshi) 25 Crudex Environmental Security, Inc. 6/4/86 (organic surfactant 352 Abbey~rille Road based) Lancaster, PA 17603 (717) 392-1251 (Jay Greene) 26 Bio Solve Metra Chem Corp. 12/22/86 (water based) 792 Hartford Pike Shrewsbury, MA 01545 (617) 845-1193 (Mario J. Genduso) 27 NK-3 GFC Chemical Co. 2/19/87 (water based) P.O. Box 80537 Lafayette, LA 70598-0537 (318) 234-8262 (Joe Winkler) 28 Enereperee 700 BP Detergents Ltd. 7/27/87 (solvent based) Drun~horeland Road Pumpherston Works Li~ringeton, West Lothian Scotland EH53 OLQ (011-44-5016) 31111 (David Kerr)

APPENDIX A TABLE A-1 (Continued) 313 Previous Bulletin Dispersant Dispersant Acceptance Number Product Name Manufacturer Date 29 Slickgone NS DASIC International Ltd. 2/22/88 (solvent based) Winchester Hill - Romsey Hampshire S041 7YD England, U.K. (0794) 512419 (John L. Belk) 30 Mare Clean 505 (solvent based) Mitsubishi International Corp. 2/23/88 International Specialty Chemicals Department 520 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10022 (212) 605-2533 (K. Komatsu [FER]) aSea Master NS-555, bulletin number 17, is no longer manufactured and has been removed from the U.S. EPA Product Schedule. TABLE A-2 List of Dispersants Approved by the Environ- mental Protection Service of Canada, February 1987 Product Name Manufacturer Corexit 9527 Corexit 9550 Corexit CRX-8 Drew Oil Dispersant LT Enersperse 1100X Enersperse 700 Gamelin 2000 Oilsperse 43 SlickGone LTS Exxon/Esso Chemical Ex~con/Esso Chemical Ex~con/Esso Chemical Drew Chemical British Petroleum/ PetroCan chemicals British Petroleum/ PetroCan Chemicals Gamelin Chemical Diachem Industries Dasic International ~ . SOURCE: Eco/Log Week, February 6,1987

314 TABLE A-3 Composition of Some Currently Produced Oil Spill Dispersantsa APPENDIX A _ Base Product Composition Hydrocarbonb BPllOOX (British based Petroleum) Corexit 8667 (Exxon) Corexit 9550 Water basedC Corexit 7664 Corexit 9527 Concentrated BPllOOD Fatty acid ester (15 wt%) Hydrocarbon solvent (84%) (Aromatics in solvent < 3%) Additives (1%) Oxyalkylated surfactant in nonaromatic hydrocarbon solvent Amber liquid, mild odor Mixture of surfactant ester in mixed oxygenated and nonaromatic hydrocarbon solvents; contains glycol ethers Amber liquid Nonionic polyhydric alcohol ester of fatty acid + 20% isopropyl alcohol Ester surfactants in mixed oxygenated solvents Light-amber liquid, slight alcohol odor Glycols Yellow liquid, unique odor Surfactants have infrared spectra identical to those in BPllOOX Amber-colored clear liquid with odor bChemical composition terminology is that of the manufacturer. ~Water-immiscible, can be used on high-viscosity crude and residual oils, Weathered crudes, waxy crudes, and water-in-oil emulsions. dCan be used on light-distillate fuels and low-viscosity crude and product. ~Can be used on all types of oil. SOURCE: Wells, 1984.

APPENDIX A TABLE A-4 Some Patented Oil Spill Dispersant Formulationsa Assignee Patent Number Active Ingredients Solvent ICI Brit. 1,338,385 Esters of tall oil fatty acid and Non. 73 polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether ICI Brit. 1,338,391 Esters of tall oil fatty acid and 1973 polyethylene glycol monobenzyl or monnonylphenyl ether BP Brit. 1,361,179 Ethoxylated fatty alcohol Kerosene, July 74 1.6-6.0 mol EO/mol alcohol isopropanol Exxon U.S. appl. 457,098 Sorbitan monooleate (April 74?) Ethoxylated sorbitan monooleate Na dioctyl sulfosuccinate Exxon U.S. 3,793,218 As above (Feb. 74?) IFP Fr. appl. Ethoxylated esters of saccharine 74/03.364 Feb.74 and oleic acid IFP Fr. appl. Esters of ethoxylated 74/43.200 1974 trimethylolpropane monooleate and glutamic acid Dasic Brit. 1,404,648 Polyethylene glycol monooleate Kerosene Intern May 75 (9%) sorbitan monooleate (3%), monopropylene glycol (2%) i% or ratio?] BP Brit. 1,399,80? Polyethylene glycol esters Kerosene July 75 of oleic acid IFP Belg. 886,656 Polyethylene glycol monooleate (1975?) Ethoxylated sorbitan oleate Ethoxylated octyl phosphate Ethoxylated tridecylphosphate BP Brit. 1,419,803 Polyethylene glycol esters Propoxylated Lankro Fr. 2,330,653 Monoester of polyethylene June 77 glycol and a fatty acid (R < 10 carbons, EO = 2) PCUK Fr. appl. Ethoxylated/propoxylated esters 78/27.894 of an alcohol ethoxylate and phosphoric acid Institute Ger. Off. Diester of an ethoxylated alcohol for Ocean- 2,626,552 and phosphoric acid ology, Dec. 78 USSR Institute U.S. 4,197,197 Diester of an ethoxylated alcohol for Ocean- April 80 and phosphoric acid (R = 7 to ology, 12 carbons, EO = 4 to 6) USSR PCUK Fr. 2,394,602 Mono and diesters of an alcohol Jan. 79 ethoxylate and phosphoric acid ICI Brit. appl. Hexamethylene diamine Hydrocarbon 79/17, 106 Ethylene/propylene oxide May 79 condensate, nonionic surfactant Shell Brit. 1,557,182 Mixtures of polyethylene glycol Dec. 79 monooleate, e.g., diethylene glycol monooleate, polyethylene glycol monooleate PCUK Fr. 2,439,817 Ethoxylated/propoxylateld esters (1980?) of an ethoxylated/propoxylated alcohol and phosphoric acid Labofina Fr. 2,479,251 Tall oil estere (35~), ethyldioxitol (1980?) (47~), sorbitan monolaurate (7~) water (1096), calcium sulfonate (1%) 315

316 TABLE A-4 (Continued) APPENDIX A Assignee Patent Number Acti~re Ingredients Sol~rent Coeden U.S. 469,603 Sorbitan monooleate Tech. Sept. 84 Ethoxylated sorbitan monooleate tFinasol) Sodium diethylhexyl sulfosuccinate Ex~con U.S. 4,502,962 Sorbitan monooleate Hydrocarbon March 85 Ethoxylated sorbitan monooleate (1976?) Ethoxylated sorbitan trioleate Sodium ditridecyl sulfosuccinate of fatty acide and aryl, Butanol alky., alkyl-ether, or alkyl- (m.w. 90-250) aryl sulfate/sulfonate; e.g., Na lauryl sulfate, alkyl bensene sulfonates KEY: ICI--Imperial Chemical Industries, United Kingdom; BP--British Petroleum, United Kingdom; IFP--Institute Francaise du Petrole, France; and PCUK--Produits Chemique Ugine Kuhlman, France. aChemical composition terminology is that of the manufacturer. SOURCES: Wells, 1984; Cane~rari, private communication.

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While major oil spills are rare, oil slicks can have disastrous environmental and economic consequences. This book summarizes research on the use of chemical dispersants: their effectiveness and limitations and the results of using them in different spill situations. Based on laboratory and field research as well as on actual case histories, this book contains a clear-cut set of recommendations for action, planning, and research. Of special interest is the chapter on the biological effects of oil itself and of oil treated with chemical dispersants.

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