National Academies Press: OpenBook

An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology (2003)

Chapter: Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2003. An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10538.
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Page 174
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2003. An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10538.
×
Page 175
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2003. An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10538.
×
Page 176
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2003. An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10538.
×
Page 177
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2003. An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10538.
×
Page 178
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2003. An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10538.
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Page 179

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E Acronyms and Abbreviations ABL ACTD AD AFRL Ar ATD AT/FP ATL BAA BDA BOSS C2 CAPS CCI CEP CETO CFACCEP CFR CINC CLADS CLF CM CN s airborne laser advanced concept technology demonstration area denial Air Force Research Laboratory argon advanced technology demonstration antiterrorism/force protection advanced tactical laser broad area announcement battle damage assessment battlefield optical surveillance system command and control coastal area protection system command capability issue concept exploration program Center for Emerging Threats and Opportunities clear facilities concept exploration program Council on Foreign Relations commander in chief canister-launched area denial system combat logistics forces diphenylamine arsenic chloride chloroacetophenone 174

APPENDIX E CNO COE COIL CONOPS COTS CPR CRD CS CSIS CSL CWC CWL DARPA DEW DF DF/HF DOD DOE DPB DTRA EBACS ECBC EMP ERGM ESB ESS EW . FASM FLIR FNC FYDP GOTS GPS GVS HALT HEAP HECOE HEL 175 Chief of Naval Operations center of excellence chemical oxygen iodine laser concept of operations commercial off-the-shelf cardio-pulmonary resuscitation capstone requirements document o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (tear gas) Center for Strategic and International Studies Commander, Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet Chemical Weapons Convention Chemical Warfare Convention Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency directed-energy weapon deuterium-fluoride deuterium -fluoride/hydrog en -fluori de Department of Defense Department of Energy deployable pursuit boat Defense Threat Reduction Agency electronic badge/access control system Edgewood Chemical and Biological Command electromagnetic pulse extended-range guided munition exhaust stack blocker electronic security system electronic warfare forward air support munition forward-looking infrared future naval capability future year defense program government off-the-shelf Global Positioning System ground vehicle stopper hinder adversaries with less-than-lethal technology Human Effects Advisory Panel Human Effects Center of Excellence high-energy laser

176 APPENDIX E HEPAT Human Effects Process Action Team HERB Human Effects Review Board HICAP high capacity artillery projectile HMMWV highly mobile multipurpose wheeled vehicle HPM high-power microwave HQMC Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps INEEL OLETC Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Office of Law Enforcement Technology Commercialization IOC IPT IR JCATS JCIDO JCIG JCS JFC JFCOM JIATF-E JIATF-W JMAA JNLWD JROC JSOW KE . .~ initial operational capability integrated product team infrared joint conflict and tactical simulation Joint Combat Identification Office joint coordination and integration group Joint Chiefs of Staff joint force commander Joint Forces Command Joint Inter-Agency Task Force-East Joint Inter-Agency Task Force-West joint mission area analysis Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate Joint Requirements Oversight Council joint standoff weapon kinetic energy LEWK LIGA LLNL LOCAAS LOE LTA MAIS MASSAF MAV MCM MCCM MCWL MDAP loitering electronic warfare killer Lithographie, Galvanoformung und Abformung Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory low cost autonomous attack system limited-objective experiment limited technology assessment major automated information systems maritime ships security augmentation force micro air vehicle mine countermeasures modular crowd control munition Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory major defense acquisition program

l :+ APPENDIX E MEMS MMCM MNS MOA MOOTW MOUT MTBI MTW NAVSEASYSCOM Nd:YAG NEMP NGO NIJ NLDEWS NED IV NLRF NEW NOOTW-TC NRL NSC NSWC NSWCDD NVA OC OCONUS OD OICW OLDS ONR OOTW OPNAV OPTION ORD OSD OS&T/ARL PEP PIKL POM PVAB 177 microelectromechanical system modular crowd control munition mission needs statement memorandum of agreement military operations other than war military operations in urban terrain mild trauma brain injury major theater war Naval Sea Systems Command neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet non-lethal electromagnetic purser non-governmental organization National Institute of Justice non-lethal directed-energy barrier system Non-Lethal Defense Conference IV non-lethal rigid foam non-lethal weapon Naval Operations Other Than War-Technical Center Naval Research Laboratory National Security Council Naval Surface Warfare Center Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division North Vietnamese Army oleoresin capsicum (in pepper spray) outside (the) continental United States optical density objective individual combat weapon overhead liquid dispersal systems Office of Naval Research operations other than war Office of the Chief of Naval Operations OC optional round for USMC service weapon operational requirement document Office of the Secretary of Defense Office of Science and Technology, Army Research Laboratory pulsed-energy projectile pulsed impulsive kill laser program objective memorandum portable vehicle arresting barrier

178 PVC PWC RCA R&D RDA RDT&E RESS RF RGES RHIB ROE SAB SASO SBIR SDV SEAL SECNAV SRDC SSC SSG S&T SULNT T&E TF THEL TIP TSWG APPENDIX E polyvinyl chloride personal watercraft riot control agent research and development research, development, and acquisition research, development, testing, and evaluation regional electronic security system radio frequency running gear entanglement system rubber hull inflatable boat rules of engagement Scientific Advisory Board (Air Force) Southeast Asia Support Organization Small Business Innovation Research (program) swimmer delivery vehicle sea, air, land (team) Secretary of the Navy Systems Research and Development Corporation small-scale contingency Strategic Studies Group science and technology small unit leaders non-lethal trainer testing and evaluation task force theater high-energy laser technology investment program technical support working group UAV UGV UN USAREUR USAFRL USCG USD (A&T) USMCSC USNC UUV UV unmanned aerial vehicle unmanned ground vehicle United Nations U.S. Army Europe U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory U.S. Coast Guard Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) U.S. Marine Corps Systems Command U.S. Naval Forces, Central Command unmanned underwater vehicle ultraviolet

APPENDIX E VC VCNO VF VMADS WBS WMD WSESRB WSS ., 179 . . . VISCOUS CrlterlOI1 Vice Chief of Naval Operations ventricular fibrillation vehicle-mounted active denial system waterside barrier system weapon of mass destruction Weapon System Explosives Safety Review Board waterside security system

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Non-lethal weapons (NLWs) are designed to minimize fatalities and other undesired collateral damage when used. Events of the last few years including the attack on the USS Cole have raised ideas about the role NLWs can play in enhancing support to naval forces. In particular to what extent and in what areas should Department of the Navy (DoN) -sponsored science and technology (S&T) provide a research base for developing NLW capabilities? To assist with this question and to evaluate the current NLWs program, the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD) and the Office of Naval Research (ONR) requested the National Research Council perform an assessment of NLWs science and technology. The report presents the results of that assessment. It discusses promising NLW S&T areas, development accomplishments and concerns about NLW, and series of recommendations about future NLW development and application.

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