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D Parties to MARPOL Annex V and Members of Regional Fisheries Management Organizations Countries and fishing entities that are participants or parties to four key Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs): the Inter- American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC), the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC), the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), and the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC). These RFMOs are highlighted here because they all have FAD fisheries. 189
190 TACKLING MARINE DEBRIS IN THE 21ST CENTURY IATTC WCPFC Member countries Member countries Colombia + Australia + Costa Rica Canada Ecuador + China + El Salvador + Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) France + Cook Islands Guatemala + European Union* Japan + Federated States of Micronesia Korea, Republic of + Fiji Mexico + France + Nicaragua + Japan + Panama + Kiribati + Peru + Korea, Republic of + Spain + Republic of the Marshall Islands + United States + Nauru Vanuatu + New Zealand + Venezuela + Niue Palau Cooperating nonparties and Papua New Guinea fishing entities Philippines + Belize + Samoa + Canada Solomon Islands + China + Tonga + Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) Tuvalu + European Union* United States + Vanuatu + Cooperating nonparties Belize + Indonesia Participating territories American Samoa + Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands + French Polynesia + Guam New Caledonia Tokelau Wallis and Futuna + Party to MARPOL Annex V, according to the International Maritime Organization (2008). * While the European Union is not a party to MARPOL Annex V, several EU nations are parties.
APPENDIX D 191 ICCAT IOTC Member countries Member countries Angola + Australia + Albania + Belize + Algeria + China + Barbados + Comoros + Belize + Eritrea Brazil + European Community Canada France + Cape Verde + Guinea + China + India + CÃ´te dâIvoire + Indonesia Croatia + Iran + Egypt + Japan + European Union* Kenya + France (St. Pierre and Miquelon) + Korea, Republic of + Gabon + Madagascar + Ghana Malaysia Guatemala + Mauritius + Guinea, Equatorial Oman, Sultanate of + Guinea, Republic of + Pakistan + Honduras + Philippines + Iceland + Seychelles Japan + Sri Lanka + Korea, Republic of + Sudan Libya + Tanzania Morocco Thailand Mexico + United Kingdom + Namibia + Vanuatu + Nicaragua + Nigeria + Cooperating noncontracting parties Norway + Senegal + Panama + South Africa + Philippines + Uruguay + Russia + St Vincent and the Grenadines + SÃ£o TomÃ© e Principe + Senegal + South Africa + Syria + Trinidad and Tobago + Tunisia + Turkey + United States + United Kingdom + Uruguay + Vanuatu + Venezuela + Cooperating noncontracting parties Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) Guyana Netherlands Antilles +
192 TACKLING MARINE DEBRIS IN THE 21ST CENTURY Reference International Maritime Organization. 2008. Status of Conventions by Country. [Online]. Available: http://www.imo.org/includes/blastDataOnly.asp/data_id%3D22499/ status-x.xls [August 4, 2008].