National Academies Press: OpenBook

Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust (2011)

Chapter: Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms

« Previous: 7 Development, Identification, and Evaluation of Trustworthy Clinical Practice Guidelines
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×

Appendix A
Abbreviations and Acronyms

AAN American Academy of Neurology

AANN American Association of Neuroscience Nurses

ACC American College of Cardiology

ACCF American College of Cardiology Foundation

ACCP American College of Chest Physicians

ACP American College of Physicians

ACR American College of Radiology

ACS American Cancer Society

A/F audit and feedback

AGA American Gastroenterology Association

AGO Attorney General’s Office

AGREE Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation instrument

AGS American Geriatrics Society

AHA American Heart Association

AHCPR Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

AHIP America’s Health Insurance Plans

AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AMA American Medical Association

ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

ASCO American Society for Clinical Oncology

ATS American Thoracic Society

BCBS Blue Cross Blue Shield

BMD bone mineral density

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×

CAD coronary artery disease

CADTH Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technology in Health

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDS computer-aided decision support

CDSC CDS Consortium

CEBM Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine

CER comparative effectiveness research

CHF chronic heart failure

CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CMSS Council of Medical Specialty Societies

COGS Conference on Guideline Standardization

COI conflict of interest

COMPUS Canadian Optimal Medication Prescribing and Utilization Service

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPG clinical practice guideline

DoD Department of Defense

EBM evidence-based medicine

EHR electronic health record

EPC evidence-based practice center

ESC European Society of Cardiology

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization

FTE full-time equivalent

GAP Guidelines Applied in Practice

GDG Guideline Development Group

GEM Guideline Elements Model

GIN Guidelines International Network

GLIF Guideline Interchange Format

GRADE Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation

GWTG American Heart Association’s Get with the Guidelines

HHS Department of Health and Human Services

HIT health information technology

ICSI Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement

IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×

IOM Institute of Medicine

INQRI Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative

KFF Kaiser Family Foundation

KDIGO Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes

KDOQI Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative

KWW Knowing What Works in Health Care

MeSH medical subject headings

MIPPA Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act

MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

MSTF U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer

NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network

NEJM New England Journal of Medicine

NGC National Guideline Clearinghouse

NGT Nominal Group Technique

NHS National Health System (UK)

NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (UK)

NIH National Institutes of Health

NINR National Institute of Nursing Research

NKF National Kidney Foundation

NQF National Quality Forum

NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NTIS National Technical Information Service

NZGG New Zealand Guidelines Group

PCORI Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute

PGA performance gap assessment

PRD patient-reported data

QIO quality improvement organization

RCT randomized controlled trial

REM risk evaluation and management plan

SCCM Society for Critical Care Medicine

SIGN Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network

SORT Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy

SR systematic review

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×

USPSTF U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

VA Veterans Administration

WHO World Health Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×
Page 205
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×
Page 206
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×
Page 207
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13058.
×
Page 208
Next: Appendix B: Workshop Agenda and Questions to Panelists »
Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $59.00 Buy Ebook | $47.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Advances in medical, biomedical and health services research have reduced the level of uncertainty in clinical practice. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) complement this progress by establishing standards of care backed by strong scientific evidence. CPGs are statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care. These statements are informed by a systematic review of evidence and an assessment of the benefits and costs of alternative care options. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust examines the current state of clinical practice guidelines and how they can be improved to enhance healthcare quality and patient outcomes.

Clinical practice guidelines now are ubiquitous in our healthcare system. The Guidelines International Network (GIN) database currently lists more than 3,700 guidelines from 39 countries. Developing guidelines presents a number of challenges including lack of transparent methodological practices, difficulty reconciling conflicting guidelines, and conflicts of interest. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust explores questions surrounding the quality of CPG development processes and the establishment of standards. It proposes eight standards for developing trustworthy clinical practice guidelines emphasizing transparency; management of conflict of interest ; systematic review--guideline development intersection; establishing evidence foundations for and rating strength of guideline recommendations; articulation of recommendations; external review; and updating.

Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust shows how clinical practice guidelines can enhance clinician and patient decision-making by translating complex scientific research findings into recommendations for clinical practice that are relevant to the individual patient encounter, instead of implementing a one size fits all approach to patient care. This book contains information directly related to the work of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), as well as various Congressional staff and policymakers. It is a vital resource for medical specialty societies, disease advocacy groups, health professionals, private and international organizations that develop or use clinical practice guidelines, consumers, clinicians, and payers.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!