National Academies Press: OpenBook

Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition (1989)

Chapter: Summary Tables

« Previous: Index
Suggested Citation:"Summary Tables." National Research Council. 1989. Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1349.
×

Page 284

SUMMARY TABLE Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes of Selected Vitamins and Mineralsa

   

Vitamins

Category

Age
(years)

Biotin
(µg)

Pantothenic
Acid (mg)

Infants

0-0.5

10

2

 

0.5-1

15

3

Children and

1-3

20

3

adolescents

4-6

25

3-4

 

7-10

30

4-5

 

11 +

30-100

4-7

Adults

 

30-100

4-7

   

Trace Elementsb

Category

Age
(years)

Copper
(mg)

Man-
ganese
(mg)

Fluoride
(mg)

Chromium
(µg)

Molybdenum
(µg)

Infants

0-0.5

0.4-0.6

0.3-0.6

0.1-0.5

10-40

15-30

 

0.5-1

0.6-0.7

0.6-1.0

0.2-1.0

20-60

20-40

Children and

1-3

0.7-1.0

1.0-1.5

0.5-1.5

20-80

25-50

adolescents

4-6

1.0-1.5

1.5-2.0

1.0-2.5

30-120

30-75

 

7-10

1.0-2.0

2.0-3.0

1.5-2.5

50-200

50-150

 

11 +

1.5-2.5

2.0-5.0

1.5-2.5

50-200

75-250

Adults

 

1.5-3.0

2.0-5.0

1.5-4.0

50-200

75-250

a Because there is less information on which to base allowances, these figures are not given in the main table of RDA and are provided here in the form of ranges of recommended intakes.

b Since the toxic levels for many trace elements may be only several times usual intakes, the upper levels for the trace elements given in this table should not be habitually exceeded.

Suggested Citation:"Summary Tables." National Research Council. 1989. Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1349.
×

Page 285

FOOD AND NUTRITION BOARD, NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES—NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCESa Revised 1989

Designed for the maintenance of good nutrition of practically all healthy people in the United States

 

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Water-Soluble Vitamins

Minerals

 

Vita-
min A
(mg RE)c

Vita-
min D
(mg)d

Vita-
min E
(mga-TE)e

Vita-
min K
(mg)

Vita-
min C
(mg)

Thia-
min
(mg)

Ribo-
flavin
(mg)

 

Vita-
min B6
(mg)

Fo-
late
(mg)

Vitamin
B12
(mg)

Cal-
cium
(mg)

Phos-
phorus
(mg)

Mag-
nesium
(mg)

 

Sele-
nium
(mg)

 

Age (years)

or Condition

Weightb

Heightb

Protein
(g)

             

Niacin
(mgNE/)f

           

Iron
(mg)

Zinc
(mg)

Iodine
(mg)

 

Category

 

(kg)

(lb)

(cm)

(in)

                                     

Infants

0.0-0.5

6

13

60

24

13

375

7.5

3

5

30

0.3

0.4

5

0.3

25

0.3

400

300

40

6

5

40

10

 

0.5-1.0

9

20

71

28

14

375

10

4

10

35

0.4

0.5

6

0.6

35

0.5

600

500

60

10

5

50

15

Children

1-3

13

29

90

35

16

400

10

6

15

40

0.7

0.8

9

1.0

50

0.7

800

800

80

10

10

70

20

 

4-6

20

44

112

44

24

500

10

7

20

45

0.9

1.1

12

1.1

75

1.0

800

800

120

10

10

90

20

 

7-10

28

62

132

52

28

700

10

7

30

45

1.0

1.2

13

1.4

100

1.4

800

800

170

10

10

120

30

Males

11-14

45

99

157

62

45

1,000

10

10

45

50

1.3

1.5

17

1.7

150

2.0

1,200

1,200

270

12

15

150

40

 

15-18

66

145

176

69

59

1,000

10

10

65

60

1.5

1.8

20

2.0

200

2.0

1,200

1,200

400

12

15

150

50

 

19-24

72

160

177

70

58

1,000

10

10

70

60

1.5

1.7

19

2.0

200

2.0

1,200

1,200

350

10

15

150

70

 

25-50

79

174

176

70

63

1,000

5

10

80

60

1.5

1.7

19

2.0

200

2.0

800

800

350

10

15

150

70

 

51+

77

170

173

68

63

1,000

5

10

80

60

1.2

1.4

15

2.0

200

2.0

800

800

350

10

15

150

70

Females

11-14

46

101

157

62

46

800

10

8

45

50

1.1

1.3

15

1.4

150

2.0

1,200

1,200

280

15

12

150

45

 

15-18

55

120

163

64

44

800

10

8

55

60

1.1

1.3

15

1.5

180

2.0

1,200

1,200

300

15

12

150

50

 

19-24

58

128

164

65

46

800

10

8

60

60

1.1

1.3

15

1.6

180

2.0

1,200

1,200

280

15

12

150

55

 

25-50

63

138

163

64

50

800

5

8

65

60

1.1

1.3

15

1.6

180

2.0

800

800

280

15

12

150

55

 

51+

65

143

160

63

50

800

5

8

65

60

1.0

1.2

13

1.6

180

2.0

800

800

280

10

12

150

55

Pregnant

 

60

800

10

10

65

70

1.5

1.6

17

2.2

400

2.2

1,200

1,200

300

30

15

175

65

Lactating

1st 6 months

 

65

1,300

10

12

65

95

1.6

1.8

20

2.1

280

2.6

1,200

1,200

355

15

19

200

75

 

2nd 6 months

 

62

1,200

10

11

65

90

1.6

1.7

20

2.1

260

2.6

1,200

1,200

340

15

16

200

75

a The allowances, expressed as average daily intakes over time, are intended to provide for  individual variations among most normal persons as they live in the United States under usual environmental stresses. Diets should be based on a variety of common foods in order to provide other nutrients for which human requirements have been less well defined. See text for detailed discussion of allowances and of nutrients not tabulated.

b Weights and heights of Reference Adults are actual medians for the U.S. population of the designated age, as reported by NHANES II. The median weights and heights of those under 19 years of age were taken from Hamill et al. (1979) (see pages 16-17). The use of these figures does not imply that the height-to-weight ratios are ideal.

c Retinol equivalents. 1 retinol equivalent = 1 mg retinol or 6 mg b-carotene. See text for calculation of vitamin A activity of diets as retinol equivalents.

d As cholecalciferol. 10 mg cholecalciferol -- 400 IU of vitamin D.

e a-Tocopherol equivalents. 1 mg d-a tocopherol = 1 a-TE. See text for variation in allowances and calculation of vitamin E activity of the diet as a-tocopherol equivalents.

f 1 NE (niacin equivalent) is equal to I mg of niacin or 60 mg of dietary tryptophan.

Suggested Citation:"Summary Tables." National Research Council. 1989. Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1349.
×
Page 284
Suggested Citation:"Summary Tables." National Research Council. 1989. Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1349.
×
Page 285
Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $42.95 Buy Hardback | $65.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Since its introduction in 1943 Recommended Dietary Allowances has become the accepted source of nutrient allowances for healthy people.

These Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are used throughout the food and health fields. Additionally, RDAs serve as the basis for the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowances, the Food and Drug Administration's standards for nutrition labeling of foods.

The 10th Edition includes research results and expert interpretations from years of progress in nutrition research since the previous edition and provides not only RDAs but also "Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes"--provisional values for nutrients where data were insufficient to set an RDA.

Organized by nutrient for ready reference, the volume reviews the function of each nutrient in the human body, sources of supply, effects of deficiencies and excessive intakes, relevant study results, and more.

The volume concludes with the invaluable "Summary Table of Recommended Dietary Allowances," a convenient and practical summary of the recommendations.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!