National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency (2008)

Chapter: Appendix A - Agroterrorism Policy Background

« Previous: References
Page 34
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Agroterrorism Policy Background." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2008. A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14184.
×
Page 34
Page 35
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Agroterrorism Policy Background." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2008. A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14184.
×
Page 35

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Federal Policy Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center buildings, the United States increased its focus on security; the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was established, and several presidential directives regarding national security, emergency response procedures, agroterrorism, and bioterrorism were written. Brief summaries of the Homeland Security Presidential Directives (HSPD) relevant to this guide are provided below. HSPD 5 (11) directs DHS to: 1. Develop and administer a National Incident Management System (NIMS), which includes a core set of concepts, principles, terminology, and technologies covering all aspects of emergency response, and provides a consistent approach for all levels of government to work effectively and efficiently together to prepare for, respond to, and recover from all types of domestic incidents. 2. Develop and administer a National Response Plan, now called the National Response Frame- work (NRF), which integrates all federal domestic prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery plans into a single plan encompassing all disciplines and all hazards. The NRP, using the NIMS, will provide the structure and mechanisms for national level policy and operational direction for federal support to state and local incident managers, and for exercising direct federal authorities and responsibilities, as appropriate. Recognizing the roles of state and local authorities in domestic incident management, DHS will coordinate with state and local governments to ensure adequate planning, equipment, train- ing, and exercise activities. The Secretary will also assist state and local governments in developing all-hazards plans and capabilities, including those of greatest importance to the security of the United States, and ensure that the state, local, and Federal plans are compatible. According to the directive, the NIMS and the NRP will be developed, reviewed, and approved by 2003, and federal departments must adopt NIMS as a requirement for participation in federal programs, grants, and contracts. The directive authorizes the Secretary of DHS to develop guide- lines for determining whether a state or local entity has adopted the NIMS. HSPD 8 (1) is a companion to HSPD 5 and directs the DHS to: 1. Establish a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal to help ensure the preparedness of the Nation to prevent, respond to, and recover from threatened and actual domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies. The directive states that federal preparedness assistance will be predicated on adoption of statewide comprehensive all-hazards preparedness strategies by September 30, 2005. The strate- gies should be consistent with the national preparedness goal; assess the most effective ways to 34 A P P E N D I X A Agroterrorism Policy Background

enhance preparedness; and address areas facing higher risk, especially to terrorism, as well as local government concerns and Citizen Corps efforts. Federal preparedness assistance will support state and local efforts, including planning, training, exercises, interoperability, and equipment acquisition for major events. However, such assistance is not primarily intended to support the existing capacity for addressing normal, local first responder operations, but to build the capacity for addressing major events, particularly those related to terrorism, and includes such prevention activities as terrorism-related information gathering, detection, deterrence, and collaboration. HSPD 9 (12) establishes a national policy to defend the agriculture and food system against terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies. The Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with the Secretaries of Agriculture, Health and Human Services, the Attorney General, and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, are directed to: 1. Ensure that the combined Federal, State, and local response capabilities are adequate to respond quickly and effectively to a terrorist attack, major disease outbreak, or other disaster affecting the national agriculture or food infrastructure. These activities will be integrated with other national homeland security preparedness activities developed under HSPD-8 on National Preparedness. 2. Develop a coordinated agriculture and food-specific standardized response plan that will be integrated into the National Response Plan. This plan will ensure a coordinated response to an agriculture or food incident; delineate the appropriate roles of Federal, State, local, and private sector partners; and address the subject of risk communication with the public. State and Local Policies In response to the presidential directives mandating that state and local agencies be NIMS- compliant in order to receive federal preparedness grants, states began to work on ensuring their own emergency response plans were NIMS compliant, and to assist their counties and cities in meeting the requirements, as well. At the state level, emergency management agencies maintain state emergency response plans. These plans are usually arranged by emergency type or response function, and they often include a chapter or an annex dedicated to animal or agricultural emergencies. Oftentimes, a state’s Department of Agriculture (or equivalent agency) maintains its own agricultural emergency response plan. This plan may be a public document or internal to the organization. It should comply with the principles of the NIMS and include incident command structures that assign response duties in accordance with the National Response Plan. Most state plans assume a response independent of federal government assistance to prepare to meet their citizens’ needs in the event that the federal government is overwhelmed and unable to provide assistance for a period of time. Many states assisted their counties in meeting the NIMS compliance requirements by offer- ing NIMS and ICS training, and developing templates of compliant response plans for counties to modify and adopt. In addition, some states are offering specific foreign animal disease response training, and helping counties to develop FAD response plans. Policies and plans vary from state to state, and the level of implementation at the county level varies even more. Even with assistance from the state, local agencies have to make choices on how to use their emergency preparedness resources, considering that agricultural emergency preparedness competes with natural disaster, human disease outbreak, and traditional terrorism preparedness. Agroterrorism Policy Background 35

Next: Appendix B - Terminology »
A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 525: Surface Transportation Security, Volume 13: A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency explores recommended practices and procedures associated with traffic control on local and state roads during agricultural emergencies. The report examines three levels of traffic control based on the type of disease and location of the traffic control point.

In the development of the NCHRP Report 525, Vol. 13, an annotated bibliography was prepared that reviews several state emergency response plans. This bibliography was published as NCHRP Web-Only Document 130.

NCHRP Report 525: Surface Transportation Security is a series in which relevant information is assembled into single, concise volumes—each pertaining to a specific security problem and closely related issues. The volumes focus on the concerns that transportation agencies are addressing when developing programs in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the anthrax attacks that followed. Future volumes of the report will be issued as they are completed.

A PowerPoint presentation describing the project is available online.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!