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Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles (2013)

Chapter: Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18335.
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Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms

GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS

The terms are defined in this glossary for the purpose of usage in this particular report.

Adaptive adversary An opponent that reacts to actions and protective measures by constantly adapting or inventing new pathways to do harm
Best practice An approach or method that has consistently proven to be exceptionally effective and is used as a standard against which other approaches are gauged
Case-by-case assessments A systematic analysis of a problem using multidisciplinary teams of subject matter experts assembled to address a specific problem
Decision maker Programmatic decision maker within the U.S. government
Extrinsic attributes Properties of a nuclear fuel cycle dependent on implementation of safeguards, operations, and facility details
Intrinsic attributes Properties inherent to a nuclear fuel cycle, usually related to materials and processes
Predefined framework A structured analysis used to assess the proliferation resistance of a fuel cycle, which contains predetermined lists of detailed attributes of the fuel cycle and a predetermined approach for scoring and combining these attributes to determine the cycle’s overall proliferation resistance
Policy maker A person within the U.S. government who is making policy decisions or is responsible for enacting policies
Political science A social science concerned primarily with the structure, behavior, and interactions of states, governments, and other political institutions
Probabilistic risk assessment A method of analyzing risks associated with complex, interrelated systems by assessing what can go wrong, how likely it is to occur, and what the consequences are if it does happen (Kaplan and Garrick 1981)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18335.
×
Proliferation The development of and/or acquisition of a nuclear weapon by a non–nuclear weapon state
Proliferation resistance “The characteristics of a nuclear energy system that impede the diversion or undeclared production of nuclear material or misuse of technology by states in order to acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices” (IAEA 2002)
Proliferation resistant Used to describe nuclear fuel cycles or components of a fuel cycle to indicate an increased barrier to proliferation, often misunderstood or misinterpreted as “proliferation proof”
Proliferation risk The committee purposefully did not define this term but suggests its definition be determined by analysts and users of the assessments. One definition introduced to the committee was, “The probability that a host-state will choose to proliferate along a particular or multiple pathways (L), the probability of success along that path (P), and the consequences of proliferation (C).” This definition is used throughout the report but should not be interpreted as endorsement by the committee
Social science An academic area of study that examines the behavior and development of human society and the interaction of individuals to and in society

ACRONYMS

CANDU CANada Deuterium Uranium reactor
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DOE-NE DOE Office of Nuclear Energy
DOE-NNSA DOE National Nuclear Security Administration
DUPIC direct use of pressurized water reactor spent fuel in CANDU
E&R enrichment and reprocessing
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FOM Figure of Merit
GEN III Generation III; current nuclear fuel cycles
GEN IIIa Generation III; advanced light water reactors
GEN IV Generation IV; future nuclear fuel cycles
GIF Generation IV International Forum
GNEP Global Energy Nuclear Partnership
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
INFCIRFC IAEA Information Circular
INPRO International Project on Innovative Reactors and Nuclear Fuel Cycles
JAEA Japan Atomic Energy Agency
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18335.
×
MYRRHA a flexible fast spectrum research reactor at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre in Mol
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NCA Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
NNWS non-nuclear weapons state
NPAS Nonproliferation Assessment Statement
NPT Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
NRC National Research Council
NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group
OUO official use only
PEIS programmatic environmental impact statement
PR&PP Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection
PRA probabilistic risk assessments
RIPA Risk-Informed Probabilistic Analysis
SAPRA Simplified Approach for Proliferation Resistance Assessment
SNM special nuclear material
TAMU MAUA Texas A&M University Multi-Attribute Utility Analysis
USNRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
TOPS Technical Opportunities to Increase Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18335.
×
Page 76
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18335.
×
Page 77
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18335.
×
Page 78
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The material that sustains the nuclear reactions that produce energy can also be used to make nuclear weapons—and therefore, the development of nuclear energy is one of multiple pathways to proliferation for a non-nuclear weapon state. There is a tension between the development of future nuclear fuel cycles and managing the risk of proliferation as the number of existing and future nuclear energy systems expands throughout the world. As the Department of Energy (DOE) and other parts of the government make decisions about future nuclear fuel cycles, DOE would like to improve proliferation assessments to better inform those decisions.

Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles considers how the current methods of quantification of proliferation risk are being used and implemented, how other approaches to risk assessment can contribute to improving the utility of assessments for policy and decision makers. The study also seeks to understand the extent to which technical analysis of proliferation risk could be improved for policy makers through research and development.

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