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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
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Appendix E

Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACEEE

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

AEE

Advanced Energy Economy

AEIC

American Energy Innovation Council

AEO

Annual Energy Outlook

AMI

advanced metering infrastructure

APPA

American Public Power Association

ARPA-E

Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

ARRA

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ASCE

American Society of Civil Engineers

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

BEETIT

Building Energy Efficiency Through Innovative Thermodevices

BLS

Bureau of Labor Statistics

BNEF

Bloomberg New Energy Finance

Btu

British thermal unit

CAFE

Corporate Average Fuel Economy

CBO

Congressional Budget Office

CCS

carbon capture and storage

CCSP

Climate Change Science Program

CEER

Council of European Energy Regulators

CEIR

Center for Integrative Environmental Research

CES-21

California Electric Systems for the 21st Century

CESP

customer energy service provider

CHP

combined heat and power

CO2

carbon dioxide

COP21

21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

C-PACE

commercial property assessed clean energy

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
CPP

Clean Power Plan

CSP

concentrating solar power

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DELTA

Delivering Efficient Local Thermal Amenities

DG

distributed generation

DHS

Department of Homeland Security

DoD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DSM

demand-side management

DSO

distribution system operator

EAC

electricity advisory committee

EDA

Economic Development Agency

EEG

Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (German Renewable Energy Sources Act)

EEI

Edison Electric Institute

EERE

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

EERS

energy-efficiency resource standard

EIA

Energy Information Administration

ELCON

Electric Consumers Resource Council

ELI

Environmental Law Institute

EOR

enhanced oil recovery

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPACT

Energy Policy Act of 2005

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

ERCOT

Electric Reliability Council of Texas

ESCO

energy service company

ESPC

energy savings performance contract

ETIS

energy technology innovation system

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FEMP

Federal Energy Management Program

FERC

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

FY

fiscal year

GAO

Government Accountability Office

GB

Great Britain

GDP

gross domestic product

GENI

Green Electricity Network Integration

GHG

greenhouse gas

GPT

general-purpose technology

GSA

General Services Administration

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
GW

gigawatt

GWh

gigawatt hours

HECA

Hydrogen Energy California Project

HUD

Department of Housing and Urban Development

HVAC

heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

HVDC

high-voltage, direct current

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICC

International Commerce Commission

ICS-CERT

Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team

IDC

intangible drilling cost

IDDRI

Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations

IEA

International Energy Agency

IECC

Interventional Energy Conservation Code®

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IGCC

integrated gasification (coal)-combined cycle

IOU

investor-owned electric company

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRC

Internal Revenue Code

IRM

Innovation Roll-out Mechanism

IRS

Internal Revenue Service

ISO

independent system operator

ITC

investment tax credit

kWh

kilowatt hour

LACE

levelized avoided cost of electricity

LBD

learning by doing

LBS

learning by (re)searching

LBW

learning by waiting

LCOE

levelized cost of electricity

LED

light-emitting diode

LEED

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

LLNL

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

LTC

load tap changer

LWR

light water reactor

MACRS

Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System

MEPS

minimum efficiency performance standards

METI

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (Japan)

MHK

marine hydrokinetic

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
MIT

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MLP

master limited partnership

MMBtu

1 million British thermal units

MMcf

1 million cubic feet

Mtpa

million tons per annum

MW

megawatt

MWh

megawatt hour

NAE

National Academy of Engineering

NAECA

National Appliance Energy Conservation Act

NAM

National Academy of Medicine

NAREIT

National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts

NARUC

National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCRDS

National Coal Resources Data System

NEI

Nuclear Energy Institute

NEMS

National Energy Modeling System

NERC

North American Electric Reliability Corporation

NETL

National Energy Technology Laboratory

NGO

nongovernmental organization

NH3

ammonia

NIA

Network Innovation Allowance

NIC

Network Innovation Competition

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NMSS

Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards

NNATCET

National Network for Advancing Translational Clean Energy Technologies

NNMI

National Network for Manufacturing Innovation

NOx

oxide of nitrogen

NRC

National Research Council

NREL

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

NSF

National Science Foundation

O&M

operations and maintenance

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Ofgem

Office of Gas and Electric Markets (United Kingdom)

PAA

Price-Anderson Act

PACE

property assessed clean energy

PCAST

President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

PLR

private letter ruling

PM

particulate matter

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
PNNL

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PPA

power purchase agreement

PSERC

Power Systems Engineering Research Center

PTC

production tax credit

PV

photovoltaic

R&D

research and development

RAP

Regulatory Assistance Project

RD&D

research, development, and demonstration

REC

renewable energy credit

REIDI

regional energy innovation and development institute

REIT

real estate investment trust

REV

“Reforming the Energy Vision”

RFF

Resources for the Future

RFI

request for information

RIDF

Regional Innovation Demonstration Fund

RIIO

Revenue set to deliver strong Incentives, Innovation and Outputs

RNM

reference network model

RPS

renewable portfolio standard

RTO

regional transmission organization

SBA

Small Business Administration

SBIC

Small Business Investment Company (program)

SBIR

Small Business Innovation Research

SDSN

Sustainable Development Solutions Network

SEIA

Solar Energy Industries Association

SF6

sulfur hexafluoride

SMR

small modular reactor

SOx

oxide of sulfur

SWITCHES

Strategies for Wide-Bandgap, Inexpensive Transistors for Controlling High-Efficiency Systems

TCEP

Texas Clean Energy Project

TRL

technology readiness level

U.S. NRC

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

UAE

United Arab Emirates

UESC

utility energy service contract

UN

United Nations

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USGS

United States Geological Survey

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
VAR

volt/volt ampere reactive

VDO

venture development organization

VOCs

volatile organic compounds

VVO

volt/volt ampere reactive optimization

WACC

weighted average cost of capital

WBDG

Whole Building Design Guide

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
Page 315
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
Page 316
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
Page 317
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
Page 318
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
Page 319
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Electric Power Technologies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21712.
×
Page 320
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Electricity, supplied reliably and affordably, is foundational to the U.S. economy and is utterly indispensable to modern society. However, emissions resulting from many forms of electricity generation create environmental risks that could have significant negative economic, security, and human health consequences. Large-scale installation of cleaner power generation has been generally hampered because greener technologies are more expensive than the technologies that currently produce most of our power. Rather than trade affordability and reliability for low emissions, is there a way to balance all three?

The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Energy Technologies considers how to speed up innovations that would dramatically improve the performance and lower the cost of currently available technologies while also developing new advanced cleaner energy technologies. According to this report, there is an opportunity for the United States to continue to lead in the pursuit of increasingly clean, more efficient electricity through innovation in advanced technologies. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Energy Technologies makes the case that America’s advantages—world-class universities and national laboratories, a vibrant private sector, and innovative states, cities, and regions that are free to experiment with a variety of public policy approaches—position the United States to create and lead a new clean energy revolution. This study focuses on five paths to accelerate the market adoption of increasing clean energy and efficiency technologies: (1) expanding the portfolio of cleaner energy technology options; (2) leveraging the advantages of energy efficiency; (3) facilitating the development of increasing clean technologies, including renewables, nuclear, and cleaner fossil; (4) improving the existing technologies, systems, and infrastructure; and (5) leveling the playing field for cleaner energy technologies.

The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Energy Technologies is a call for leadership to transform the United States energy sector in order to both mitigate the risks of greenhouse gas and other pollutants and to spur future economic growth. This study’s focus on science, technology, and economic policy makes it a valuable resource to guide support that produces innovation to meet energy challenges now and for the future.

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