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Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 94
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 95
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 96
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 97
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 98
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 99
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 100
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 101
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 102
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 103
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 104
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 106
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 107
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 108
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 109
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 110
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 111
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 112
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 113
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 115
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 116
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 117
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 118
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 119
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 120
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 121
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 122
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 123
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 124
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 125
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 126
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 127
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 128
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 129
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 130
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 131
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 132
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 133
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 134
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 135
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 136
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 137
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 138
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 140
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 142
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 143
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 144
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 145
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 146
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 147
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 148
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 149
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 150
Suggested Citation:"4 SPACE ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 151

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From the time of the ancient Greeks to the mid-twentieth century, the universe was conceived as of as an unchanging cosmos of fixed stars. The growth of technology, theoretical insight, and deeper understanding of the properties of matter, however, have replaced this view with a steadily expanding universe of galaxies--each galaxy a majestic, solely rotating collection of stars intertwined with dust and gases. Dramatic growth in the tools and techniques of observational astronomy have led to the discovery of explosive events, such as exploding galaxies and quasars, and an almost universal presence of high-energy particles and magnetic fields.

Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970s: Volume 2 discusses the future of astronomy and astrophysics and recommends new programs and increased funding of moderate research. It concludes that a balanced and well-planned space-astronomy program with adequate computational facilities is essential. The goal should be one large space telescope. The book also asserts that both large national centers and strong university groups are critical for health, balance and innovation.

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