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Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
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Page 234
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 235
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 236
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 237
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 238
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 239
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 240
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 241
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 242
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 243
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 244
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 245
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 246
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 247
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 248
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 249
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 250
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 251
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 252
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 253
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 254
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 255
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 256
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 257
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 258
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 259
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 260
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 261
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 262
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 263
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 264
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 265
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 266
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 267
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 268
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 269
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 270
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 271
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 272
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 273
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 274
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 275
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 276
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 277
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 278
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 279
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 280
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 281
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 282
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 283
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 284
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 285
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 286
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 287
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 288
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 289
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 290
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 291
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 292
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 293
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 294
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 295
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 296
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 297
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 298
Suggested Citation:"8 ASTROPHYSICS AND RELATIVITY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 299

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From the time of the ancient Greeks to the mid-twentieth century, the universe was conceived as of as an unchanging cosmos of fixed stars. The growth of technology, theoretical insight, and deeper understanding of the properties of matter, however, have replaced this view with a steadily expanding universe of galaxies--each galaxy a majestic, solely rotating collection of stars intertwined with dust and gases. Dramatic growth in the tools and techniques of observational astronomy have led to the discovery of explosive events, such as exploding galaxies and quasars, and an almost universal presence of high-energy particles and magnetic fields.

Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970s: Volume 2 discusses the future of astronomy and astrophysics and recommends new programs and increased funding of moderate research. It concludes that a balanced and well-planned space-astronomy program with adequate computational facilities is essential. The goal should be one large space telescope. The book also asserts that both large national centers and strong university groups are critical for health, balance and innovation.

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