National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Concluding Remarks
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×

References

Barrett-Connor E , Kritz-Silverstein D. Estrogen replacement therapy and cognitive function in older women . Journal of the American Medical Association 269 : 2637-41 , 1993 .

Bush TL , Cowan LD , Barrett-Connor E , Criqui MH , Karon JM , Wallace RB , Tyroler HA , Rifkind BM . Estrogen use and all-cause mortality . Preliminary results from the Lipid Research Clinics Program follow-up study . Journal of the American Medical Association 249 : 903-6 , 1983.

Christiansen C. Hormone replacement therapy for established osteoporosis in elderly women . Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology 5 : 853-6 , 1991 .

Devor M , Barrett-Connor E , Renvall M , Feigal D , Ramsdell J. Estrogen replacement therapy and the risk of venous thrombosis . American Journal of Medicine 92 : 275-82 , 1992 .

Henderson MM , Kushi LH , Thompson DJ , Gorbach SL , Clifford CK , Insull W , Moskowitz M , Thompson RS. Feasibility of a randomized trial of a low-fat diet for the prevention of breast cancer: Dietary compliance in the Women's Health Trial Vanguard Study . Preventive Medicine 19 : 115-133 , 1990 .

Howe GR , Hirohata T , Hislop TG , Iscovich JM , Yuan J-M , Katsouyanni K , Lubin F , Marubini E , Modan B , Rohan T , Toniolo P , Shunzhang Y. Dietary factors and risk of breast cancer: Combined analysis of 12 case-control studies . Journal of the National Cancer Institute 82(7) : 561-569 , 1990 .

Howe GR , Benito E , Castelleto R , Cornee J , Esteve J , Gallagher RP , Iscovich JM , Deng-ao J , Kaaks R , Kune GA , Kune S , L'Abbe KA , Lee HP , Lee M , Miller AB , Peters RK , Potter JD , Riboli E , Slattery ML , Trichopoulos D , Tuyns A , Tzonou A , Whittemore AS , Wu-Williams AH , Shu Z. Dietary intake of fiber and decreased risk of cancers of the colon and rectum: Evidence from the combined analysis of 13 case-control studies . Journal of the National Cancer Institute 84(24) : 1887-1896 , 1992 .

Lakatos E. Sample sizes based on the log-rank statistic in complex clinical trials . Biometrics 44 : 229-241, 1988 .

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×

National Cancer Institute . Repository Feasibility Study . May 1991 .

Potter JD,Slattery ML,Bostick RM ,Gapstur SM.Cancer: A review of the epidemiology.Forthcoming in Epidemiological Reviews15(2), 1993.

Prentice RL , Kakar F , Hursting S , Sheppard L , Klein R , Kushi LH. Aspects of the rationale for the Women's Health Trial . Journal of the National Cancer Institute 80(11) : 802-814 , 1988 .

Prentice RL. Aspects of the science of cancer prevention trials: Lessons from the conduct and planning of clinical trials of a low-fat diet intervention among women . Preventive Medicine 20 : 147-157 , 1991 .

Prentice RL. Letter to Dr. Susan Thaul . July 8, 1993 . Attachments .

Quigley MET , Martin PL , Burnier AM , Brooks P. Estrogen therapy arrests bone loss in elderly women . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 156 : 1516-23 , 1987 .

Self S , Prentice R , Iverson D , Henderson M , Thompson D , Byar D , Insull W , Gorbach SL , Clifford C , Goldman S , Urban N , Sheppard L , Greenwald P. Statistical design of the Women's Health Trial . Controlled Clinical Trials 9 : 119-136 , 1988 .

Stampfer MJ , Colditz GA. Estrogen replacement therapy and coronary heart disease: a quantitative assessment of the epidemiologic evidence . Preventive Medicine 20 : 47-63 , 1991 .

Stangel JJ , Innerfield I , Reyniak JV , Stone ML. The effect of conjugated estrogens on coagulability in menopausal women . Obstetrics and Gynecology 49 : 314-16 , 1977 .

United States House of Representatives' Appropriations Committee Report 102-708 . July 23, 1992 .

Wilson PWF . Postmenopausal estrogen use, cigarette smoking, and cardiovascular morbidity in women over 50: The Framingham Study . New England Journal of Medicine 313 : 1038-43 , 1985 .

Women's Health Initiative . Community Prevention Studies Description . June 1993 .

Women's Health Initiative. Concept Review Document on the Community Prevention Study . March 9, 1992 .

Women's Health Initiative . Concept Review Document on the Clinical Trial and the Observational Studies . March 9, 1992 .

Women's Health Initiative . Manual of Operations and Procedures , Volume 2 . Draft , May 1993 .

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×

Women's Health Initiative . Protocol . June 28, 1993 .

Wren BG. The effect of oestrogen on the female cardiovascular system . Medical Journal of Australia 157 : 204-8 , 1992 .

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×
Page 91
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×
Page 92
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×
Page 93
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 1993. An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2271.
×
Page 94
Next: Appendix A: Clinical Trial Exclusion Criteria »
An Assessment of the NIH Women's Health Initiative Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $45.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The National Institutes of Health Women's Health Initiative (WHI) is the largest research study ever funded by NIH ($625 million over 14 years) and is designed to test strategies to prevent cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and osteoporotic fractures—leading causes of death, disability, and decreased quality of life for older women. Although the WHI has already begun, serious questions remain about its design, cost, and the likelihood that it can answer the questions it asks. This book evaluates whether the effort can be justified scientifically.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!