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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×

Optimizing the Air Force
Acquisition Strategy of Secure and
Reliable Electronic Components

Proceedings of a Workshop

Committee on Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and
Reliable Electronic Components: A Workshop

Air Force Studies Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

image

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Washington, DC
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Grant FA9550-14-1-0127 with the U.S. Air Force. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the view of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-44518-4
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-44518-3
Digital Object Identifier: 10.17226/23561

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/23561.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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COMMITTEE ON OPTIMIZING THE AIR FORCE ACQUISITION STRATEGY OF SECURE AND RELIABLE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS: A WORKSHOP

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates, Chair

MICHAEL ETTENBERG, NAE,1 Dolce Technologies

CRAIG L. KEAST, MIT Lincoln Laboratory

RANDAL W. LARSON, MITRE Corporation

TERRY P. LEWIS, Raytheon Company

CELIA MERZBACHER, Semiconductor Research Corporation

BERNARD S. MEYERSON, NAE, IBM

PAUL D. NIELSEN, NAE, Software Engineering Institute

STARNES E. WALKER, University of Delaware

Staff

JOAN FULLER, Director, Air Force Studies Board

CARTER W. FORD, Program Officer

MARGUERITE E. SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator

STEVEN G. DARBES, Research Assistant

DIONNA C. ALI, Research Assistant

______________________

1 NAE, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×

AIR FORCE STUDIES BOARD

DOUGLAS M. FRASER, Doug Fraser, LLC, Chair

DONALD C. FRASER, NAE,1 Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (retired), Vice Chair

BRIAN A. ARNOLD, Peachtree City, Georgia

ALLISON ASTORINO-COURTOIS, National Security Innovations, Inc.

TED F. BOWLDS, The Spectrum Group

STEVEN R.J. BRUECK, University of New Mexico

FRANK J. CAPPUCCIO, Cappuccio and Associates, LLC

BLAISE J. DURANTE, U.S. Air Force (retired)

BRENDAN B. GODFREY, University of Maryland, College Park

MICHAEL A. HAMEL, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company

DANIEL E. HASTINGS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

RAYMOND E. JOHNS, JR., Flight Safety International

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates

NANCY G. LEVESON, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MARK J. LEWIS, Institute for Defense Analyses Science and Technology Policy Institute

ALEX MILLER, University of Tennessee

OZDEN OCHOA, Texas A&M University

RICHARD V. REYNOLDS, The VanFleet Group, LLC

STARNES E. WALKER, University of Delaware

DEBORAH WESTPHAL, Toffler Associates

DAVID A. WHELAN, NAE, Boeing Defense, Space, and Security

REBECCA WINSTON, Winston Strategic Management Consulting

MICHAEL I. YARYMOVYCH, NAE, Sarasota Space Associates

Staff

JOAN FULLER, Director

ALAN H. SHAW, Deputy Director

GEORGE COYLE, Senior Program Officer

CARTER W. FORD, Program Officer

ANDREW J. KREEGER, Program Officer

DIONNA C. ALI, Research Assistant

STEVEN G. DARBES, Research Assistant

CHRIS JONES, Financial Manager

MARGUERITE E. SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator

ADRIANNA HARGROVE, Senior Program Assistant/Financial Assistant

______________________

1 NAE, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This proceedings has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Kent E. Devenport, Kansas City National Security Campus, Department of Energy,

Michael Fritze, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies,

Butler W. Lampson, NAS/NAE, Microsoft Research, and

Henry I. Smith, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the views presented at the workshop, nor did they see the final draft of the workshop proceedings before its release. The review of this workshop proceedings was overseen by Robert J. Hermann, NAE, Independent Consultant, Bloomfield, Connecticut, who was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop proceedings was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this proceedings rests entirely with the committee and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Contents

OVERVIEW

1 WORKSHOP CONTEXT AND ISSUES

2 WORKSHOP DISCUSSIONS AND KEY THEMES

Current Technological and Government Policy Challenges

Current Technology Capabilities to Detect Fraud and Counterfeits

Current Government Acquisition Challenges

Options for Possible Business Models within the National Security Complex

3 PRESENTATION ABSTRACTS

Day 1—March 16, 2016

Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Science, Technology, and Engineering—David Walker (SES)

Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering and Principal Deputy Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering—Kristen Baldwin (SES)

Defense MicroElectronics Activity—Dan Marrujo

Naval Surface Warfare Center—Brett Hamilton

Air Force Office of Special Investigations—Michael Lyden

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency—Kerry Bernstein

Day 2—March 17, 2016

MITRE Corporation—Harriet Goldman

National Defense Industries Association—Holly Dunlap

Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center—David Davis

Kansas City National Security Campus—Kent Devenport

IBM—Bernard Meyerson

Day 3—March 18, 2016

Institute for Defense Analyses—Brian Cohen

National Institute for Standards and Technology—Jon Boyens and Celia Paulsen

Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity—Carl McCants

APPENDIXES

A Terms of Reference

B Committee Member Biographies

C Workshop Agenda

D Workshop Attendees

E Potential Terms of Reference for Follow-on Study

F Projected Advancements of Existing Technology

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Acronyms

AFOSI Air Force Office of Special Investigations
ASIC application-specific integrated circuit
ASSP application-specific standard product
BEOL back end of line
CFIUS Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
CNCI Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative
COTS commercial-off-the-shelf
CPU central processing unit
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency
DMEA Defense MicroElectronics Activity
DoD Department of Defense
DoDI DoD Instruction
DRAM dynamic random-access memory
DSP digital signal processor
FEOL front end of line
FPGA field-programmable gate array
FY fiscal year
GPU graphic processing unit
HW hardware
IA information assurance
IARPA Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
IC integrated circuit; Intelligence Community
ICT Information and Communications Technology
IP intellectual property
JFAC Joint Federated Assurance Center
KCNSC Kansas City National Security Campus
MPU multi-core processing unit
MTO Microsystems Technology Office
NDAA National Defense Authorization Act
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×
NDIA National Defense Industry Association
NEA Nuclear Enterprise Assurance
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NNSA National Nuclear Safety Administration
NSA National Security Agency
NSE Nuclear Security Enterprise
NSS National Security Space
NSWC Naval Surface Warfare Center
OEM original equipment manufacturer
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense
PPP program protection planning
R&D research and development
RFP request for proposal
ROI return on investment
RSA Rivest-Shamir-Adleman
SCRM Supply Chain Risk Management
SES Senior Executive Service
SHIELD Supply Chain Hardware Integrity for Electronics Defense
SMC Space and Missile Systems Center
SOC system on a chip
SP Special Publication
SRAM static random-access memory
SSE Security Systems Engineer
SWaP size, weight, power
TAC Threat Assessment Center
TAPO Trusted Access Program Office
TIC Trusted Integrated Chips
WTA Weapon Trust Assurance
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Air Force Acquisition Strategy of Secure and Reliable Electronic Components: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23561.
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In 2012, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), section 818, outlined new requirements for industry to serve as the lead in averting counterfeits in the defense supply chain. Subsequently, the House Armed Services Committee, in its report on the Fiscal Year 2016 NDAA, noted that the pending sale of IBM’s microprocessor fabrication facilities to Global Foundries created uncertainty about future access of the United States to trusted state-of-the-art microelectronic components and directed the Comptroller General to assess the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) actions and measures to address this threat.

In this context, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to facilitate an open dialogue with leading industry, academic, and government experts to (1) define the current technological and policy challenges with maintaining a reliable and secure source of microelectronic components; (2) review the current state of acquisition processes within the Air Force for acquiring reliable and secure microelectronic components; and (3) explore options for possible business models within the national security complex that would be relevant for the Air Force acquisition community. This publication summarizes the results of the workshop.

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