National Academies Press: OpenBook
Page 1
Suggested Citation:"Report Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24873.
×
Page 1
Page 2
Suggested Citation:"Report Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24873.
×
Page 2
Page 3
Suggested Citation:"Report Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24873.
×
Page 3

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles: Briefing Document CONTENTS AVs and CVs are coming. Why should I care? .................................................................................1 Technology Context ............................................................................................................................2 Regulatory Context .............................................................................................................................3 How AVs and CVs Could Lead to Positive Societal Outcomes ............................................3 Foundational Research: Social Welfare and Market Economics ........................................6 Importance of Strategic Goals .........................................................................................................8 High-Level Summaries of Policy and Planning Strategies ..................................................8 Conclusions ............................................................................................................................................... 10 Policy Strategy Summaries ................................................................................................................. 12

Cover photos, L to R: 1000 Words/Shutterstock.com; jamesteohart/Shutterstock.com Sebastian Duda/Shutterstock.com, Chatchai Kritsetsakul/Shutterstock.com. Briefing Document This briefing document concisely conveys the key findings of NCHRP Research Report 845: Advancing Automated and Connected Vehicles: Policy and Planning Strategies for State and Local Transportation Agencies. The research report and briefing document were created, and the research behind the report was conducted, under NCHRP Project 20-102 (01) by Texas A&M Transportation Institute, RAND Coproration, and Southwest Research Institute (please see NCHRP Research Report 845 for full authorship and publication information). NCHRP Research Report 845 NCHRP Research Report 845 assesses policy and planning strategies at the state, regional, and local levels that could influence private-sector automated vehicle (AV) and connected vehicle (CV) choices to positively affect societal goals. The researchers identified and described mis- matches between potential societal impacts and factors that influence private-sector decisions on CV and AV technologies. Policy and planning actions that might better align these interests were then identified. Researchers and the project oversight panel identified the promising actions and then conducted in-depth evaluations of the feasibility, applicability, and impacts of 18 strategies. NCHRP Research Report 845 can be purchased or downloaded from the TRB website (www.trb.org). Acknowledgment This work was sponsored by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration, and was conduct- ed in the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), which is administered by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Disclaimer The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied in this material are those of the researchers who performed the research. They are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board, the Academies, or the program sponsors. ©2017 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

1AVS AND CVS ARE COMING. WHY SHOULD I CARE? Private companies producing automated vehicles (AVs) and connected vehicles (CVs) are investing billions in a race to market. New consumer products promise to fix intractable transportation challeng- es and make our lives easier. New business models in mobility are introducing market-based services and transforming travel behavior. Vehicles that are increasingly automated and connected have the potential to change personal, freight, and public transportation profoundly. Some impacts of those vehicles can be foreseen, others are uncertain, and all are complex. The benefits to consumers are tangible and immense, but what about society writ large? Social benefits for safety, congestion, emissions, and mobility seem intuitive. At the same time, it is unclear to what degree these issues will be addressed through new vehicle technologies and to what extent these technologies pose risks to public safety, security, health and social equity. Technology will solve some problems, but could also create new ones. Disruption is upon us. As a public official, how will I respond? The transportation industry has moved gradually and deliberately forward since the introduction of the modern highway system. New ideas emerge methodically; standards are fine-tuned and evolve at a measured pace. Transportation projects can take a decade or more to implement. On the other hand, the start-up culture moves nimbly, fails quickly, and learns rapidly. Vehicle technology is advancing at a startling, uncontrolled pace. The transportation community can choose to wait and react. Or, decision makers can reframe the conventional public policy discussion to responsibly and assertively advance AV and CV technologies in light of social interests, adopting the principles of rapid learning and shared knowledge creation. This document helps decision makers assess and leverage the policy tools they have and consider how to align traditional public policy interests with rapidly emerging AV and CV technologies, even amid a high level of uncertainty. Nolte Lourens/Shutterstock.com

Next: Technology Context »
Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) has released Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles: Briefing Document. It is intended for state, regional, and local agency and political decision makers who are framing public policy making for these transformational technologies. The briefing document makes the case for taking action in spite of uncertainties and presents 18 policy and planning strategies that may be useful in advancing societal goals.

The briefing document is based on NCHRP Research Report 845: Advancing Automated and Connected Vehicles: Policy and Planning Strategies for State and Local Transportation Agencies. The report assesses policy and planning strategies at the state, regional, and local levels that could influence private-sector automated vehicle (AV) and connected vehicle (CV) choices to positively affect societal goals. The report aims to assist agencies with exploring actions that might increase the likelihood that AV and CV technologies will have beneficial impacts on traffic crashes, congestion, pollution, land development, and mobility (particularly for older adults, youths under the age of 16, and individuals with disabilities).

TRB will be hosting a webinar about this report and NCHRP Research Report 845 from 1:00 PM to 3:00 PM ET on November 8, 2017. The webinar will discuss the state and local policy and planning actions that can help make sure that the introduction of automated vehicles and connected vehicles will advance community and agency objectives. Register for the webinar through mytrb.org.

TRB has partnered with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) to develop a Transportation TV Special Report on Automated Vehicles in America, featuring the results of this briefing document.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!