ROBERT SCHAFRIK, Chair, is a consultant and recently retired general manager of the Materials and Process Engineering Department at GE Aviation. As such he was responsible for developing advanced materials and processes used in GE’s aeronautical turbine engines and their marine and industrial derivatives. He oversaw Materials Application Engineering activities supporting GE Aviation’s global design engineering, manufacturing, and field support activities. He also operated a state-of-the-art in-house laboratory for advanced materials development, characterization, and failure analysis. Prior to joining GE in 1997, he served in two concurrent positions within the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, which he joined in 1991: staff director, National Materials Advisory Board, and staff director, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design. Under his direction, 33 final reports for studies were issued that addressed significant national issues in materials and manufacturing. Dr. Schafrik also served in the U.S. Air Force in a variety of R&D and system acquisition capacities; he retired as a lieutenant colonel, while recently he served as a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, 2009-2013. He received his Ph.D. in metallurgical engineering from Ohio State University in 1979, an M.S. in information systems from George Mason University in 1996, an M.S. in aerospace engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1974, and a B.S. in metallurgy from Case Western Reserve University in 1967. Dr. Schafrik is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE).
ROBERT POHANKA, Vice Chair, was the director (retired) at the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office. He received his Ph.D. from Pennsylvania State
University in 1972. He served from 2012 until 2014 as the director of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office, within the National Science and Technology Council, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President. From January 2009 to March 2012, he served as the research director for the Hybrid Complex Warfare Sciences within the Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare and Combating Terrorism Science and Technology Department, Office of Naval Research (ONR). Dr. Pohanka served as the director of the Defense Venture Catalyst Initiative (DeVenCI), on assignment from ONR to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Science and Technology. He led and directed the strategy for finding private-sector technologies, developed independently of the Department of Defense (DoD), and transitioned them to DoD Research, Development, and Acquisition. From June 2004 to May 2006, he was head of the Engineering Materials and Physical Sciences Department at ONR. During this period, Dr. Pohanka also served as director for the Materials Science and Technology Division and as director for the Ship, Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical Division. Dr. Pohanka is a recipient of the U.S.-Japan Electroceramic Bridge Building Award (2005), presented the E.F. Osborn Memorial Lecture (2001), and was selected as a Senior Executive Service Meritorious Executive (2000) and Centennial Fellow at Pennsylvania State University (1996). He is a fellow of the American Ceramic Society (ACerS) and a life member of the American Physical Society. He has chaired international symposia for ACerS, IEEE, SPIE, and the Materials Research Society.
CLYDE L. BRIANT is the Otis E. Randall University Professor at Brown University. He received his Ph.D. in materials science from Columbia University in 1974 and was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Pennsylvania from 1974 to 1976. From 2003 to 2006, he served as dean of engineering at Brown University, and from 2006 to 2013, he served as vice president for research. His primary research interest has been in the area of structural materials, and more recently he has begun to study engineering design and the evolution of innovative technological systems. In engineering education, he seeks to provide an education for the public engineer who is extremely well versed technically and who is also concerned about the societal impact and public understanding of engineering achievements. He is a member of the NAE.
WILLARD C. CAPDEVIELLE is a semi-retired upstream oil and gas professional with over 40 years’ experience. Mr. Capdevielle has served in many technical and managerial roles in Mobil, Exxon-Mobil (contractor), and Hess Corporation. He has spent his career in upstream technology centers, operations and operations support, and major capital project support. Mr. Capdevielle has spent significant time working on offshore drilling rigs and production platforms, including 4 years as an offshore installation manager on one of Mobil’s North Sea platforms. He has been a
member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers for over 45 years, having served as a chapter officer, on conference committees, on one of the forum committees, and as a peer reviewer for technical papers. For the past 5 years, Mr. Capdevielle has served as a cochair for the Oil and Gas Symposium at the TechConnect Nanotechnology Conference. He is also a volunteer energy champion at the Houston Technology Center, mentoring start-up companies in the energy industry.
HOMERO CASTANEDA-LOPEZ is an associate professor and director at the National Corrosion and Materials Reliability Center within Texas A&M University (TAMU). He received his bachelor’s in chemical metallurgical engineering and his master’s in materials science from the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1994 and 1997, respectively. He then got his Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Pennsylvania State University in 2001. Dr. Castaneda has 15 years of experience using electrochemical and nondestructive techniques to monitor interfacial phenomena in materials and theoretical modeling of corrosion processes for different industries. He has been the principal investigator for multiple projects on corrosion science and engineering for the Department of Energy (DOE), DoD, the Department of Transportation (DOT), and several companies. Before joining TAMU, he worked for 5 years at the University of Akron (2011-2015) as an assistant professor, and before that at Battelle Memorial Institute as a senior scientist (2006-2010) in the Advanced Materials and Pipelines Center in Columbus, Ohio. Before Battelle, he was the technical director of Corrosion, Materials and Pipelines in the Mexican Petroleum Institute for 5 years. He has authored and coauthored more than 70 peer-reviewed papers in the areas of corrosion science and engineering, coatings degradation and reliability, materials characterization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. He has nine patents and copyrights.
NANCY J. COOKE is a professor of human systems engineering and the science director of the Cognitive Engineering Research Institute at Arizona State University. Dr. Cooke received a B.A. in psychology from George Mason University and received her M.A. and Ph.D. in cognitive psychology in 1983 and 1987, respectively, from New Mexico State University. Currently, she supervises postdoctoral, graduate, and undergraduate research on team cognition with applications in design and training for military command-and-control systems, emergency response, medical systems, cybersecurity systems, and remotely piloted aircraft systems. In particular, Dr. Cooke specializes in the development, application, and evaluation of methodologies to elicit and assess individual and team cognition. Her most recent work includes the development and validation of methods to measure team coordination, team communication, and team situation awareness and research on translating the science of teams to human-robot teaming. Dr. Cooke was editor-in-chief of Human Factors (2005-2009) and is the 2006 recipient of the Human
Factors and Ergonomics Society’s O. Keith Hansen Outreach Award where she has served as a member from 2007 to 2016 and has chaired the board from 2012 to 2016. She served the National Academies as a member of the panel on Human Factors Science at the Army Research Laboratory, as well as the study panels on Human-System Design Support for Changing Technology (2005-2007) and the Safety and Security of Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage (2004-2005). Dr. Cooke chaired the study panel on the Science of Team Science (2013-2014).
THOMAS W. EAGAR is a professor of materials engineering and engineering management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His past research has involved welding and joining, but an increasing amount of work involves other aspects of materials manufacturing and engineering systems, such as product design and development, alternate manufacturing processes, manufacturing management, materials systems analysis, selection of materials, and failure analysis. He is a member of the NAE. Recent research includes fundamentals of transient liquid phase diffusion bonding; control of melting during gas metal arc welding; effects of welding fume on health of workers; stresses generated during joining of dissimilar materials; improved methods of dimensional analysis of materials processing; design, forming, and assembly of automotive body components; and methods for successful product design and development.
BRUN L. HILBERT, JR., is a principal engineer at Exponent. He received his bachelor’s in mathematics and his master’s in mechanical engineering from the University of New Orleans in 1979 and 1981, respectively; he received his Ph.D. in materials science and mineral engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1995. Dr. Hilbert has been consulting at Exponent since 1996 in the fields of mechanical and petroleum engineering, with special applications to engineering mechanics and geomechanics. He has worked in the petroleum exploration and production industry for 30 years. Dr. Hilbert has expertise in stress analysis, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and structural component design. In the area of petroleum engineering, he has expertise in oil and gas well design and integrity, hydraulic fracturing, well production and wellhead equipment, well stability and sand production, well stimulation, drilling mechanics, petroleum rock mechanics, reservoir geomechanics, fixed and floating offshore platforms, and gas and liquid hydrocarbon storage in solution-mined salt caverns and hydrocarbon formations. In the area of geomechanics, Dr. Hilbert has expertise in evaluating the structural integrity of oil and gas wells in compacting or deforming reservoir rocks and in the stability of underground storage structures and nuclear waste repositories, and he assists clients in failure analysis involving soil-structure interaction, including pipelines. Dr. Hilbert has highly specialized expertise in the structural integrity and leak resistance of the threaded connections used to join
high-pressure pipe. He has conducted failure analyses of steel, rubber, and plastic structures. Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Hilbert was employed as an engineering specialist for Exxon Production Research Company, where he performed research and taught courses in Well Completions and Workers in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Australia, and North America. Dr. Hilbert was selected as a Society of Petroleum Engineers Distinguished Lecturer for 2015-2016.
DEREK J. HORTON is a materials research engineer at the Naval Research Laboratory. He has worked with naval materials compatibility programs for subsea applications covering nickel-based, cobalt-based superalloys, titanium, stainless steels and other materials for use as high-strength fasteners and structural materials. Dr. Horton also has additional experience with fracture mechanics-based investigation of high-strength fasteners materials, greater than 175 ksi yield, for subsea applications. He also served on the Railgun Corrosion Working Group, whose purpose was to provide guidance for high-strength material use in novel marine atmospheric and alternate immersion environments as well as a basic research study of optimizing the composition of titanium fastener materials to reduce galvanic corrosion in airframe aluminum alloys. Prior to being a materials research engineer, Dr. Horton was a research engineer in Navy’s Vision Point Systems group, where he studied environmental effects on fracture, including hydrogen embrittlement on a series of alloy systems, including stainless steels, Ni-based superalloys, and Ti, and several forensic analyses of material failures, including high-strength environmental fracture induced failures. As a research associate at the University of Virginia, he conducted a hydrogen embrittlement–based failure analysis of line pipe steel used in ocean water, including electrochemical measurements of hydrogen diffusion, hydrogen concentration, and in situ measurements of hydrogen embrittlement, and studied Cu-based antimicrobial alloys, including E. coli kill rate, cation release, and resistance to tarnishing.
DAVID W. JOHNSON, JR., is a senior adviser at the Stevens Institute of Technology and editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society. He earned a B.S. in ceramic technology and a Ph.D. in ceramic science from Pennsylvania State University in 1964 and 1968, respectively. Dr. Johnson is retired from Bell Laboratories, where he served as director of the applied materials research department. He is an NAE member, an ACerS fellow, and a past chair and member of the Electronics Division and member of the Basic Science and Glass and Optical Materials Divisions at the National Institute of Ceramic Engineers. Dr. Johnson served as president of ACerS (1994-1995) and is the recipient of numerous awards, including Distinguished Life Membership in ACerS.
DAVID K. MATLOCK is a university emeritus professor at Colorado School of Mines (CSM). He received his bachelor’s in engineering science from the University of Texas, Austin in 1968 and his master’s and Ph.D. in materials science and in engineering from Stanford University in 1970 and 1972, respectively. Dr. Matlock joined the CSM faculty in 1972 as a member of the physical and mechanical metallurgy program. He is a registered professional engineer in Colorado. From 1981 until his retirement in 2013, he held the Armco Foundation Fogarty Professorship at CSM. Dr. Matlock is a member of the NAE and is one of the cofounders of the Advanced Steel Processing and Products Research Center, an industry-university cooperative research center established at CSM in 1984, where he served as director from 1993 to 2013. In retirement, Dr. Matlock continues to be an active participant in all center operations. At CSM he has taught courses in mechanical properties of materials, fracture and fatigue, metallurgical failure analysis, and strengthening mechanisms in metals. He continues active in research in a variety of metallurgy programs that emphasize both fundamental and applied studies. Some of his current programs include deformation behavior and formability of steel, including coated sheet products; evaluation of the deformation behavior at interfaces in forming operations; and the analysis of fracture toughness in new bar and forging steels. In addition to his continuing activities at CSM, Dr. Matlock is a member of the technical management team of Lightweight Innovations for Tomorrow (LIFT) and is a coleader of the Thermo-Mechanical Processing Pillar, one of the six technology pillars on which LIFT is based. LIFT is a public-private partnership operated by the American Lightweight Materials Manufacturing Innovation Institute, one of the National Network of Manufacturing Institutes established by the U.S. government.
JYOTIRMOY MAZUMDER is the Robert H. Lurie Professor of Engineering at the University of Michigan. He has a D.I.C. in process metallurgy (1978) and a Ph.D. in process metallurgy (1978) from Imperial College and a B.E. in metallurgical engineering from Calcutta University, 1972. He is interested in transforming the field of materials processing by laser from a technological art to scientifically based engineering; laser-aided manufacturing; atom to application; and technical approach including online optical diagnostics, transport phenomena modeling, nonequilibrium synthesis of materials with tailored properties, and their evaluation and characterization. Some of his honors and awards are Distinguished University Innovator, Office of the Vice President for Research, 2012; member, NAE, 2012; Thomas A. Edison Patent Award, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010; fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2008; 22nd Arthur L. Schawlow Award, Laser Institute of America, 2003; and Inventor Recognition, University of Michigan Technology Transfer, Celebrate Invention, 2001.
ROGER L. McCARTHY is a consultant at McCarthy Engineering. He received his bachelor’s in mechanical engineering from the University of Michigan in 1972 and his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from MIT in 1977. Dr. McCarthy specializes in mechanical, machine, and mechanism design analysis, including issues related to fabrication, manufacturing, fire and explosion, warnings, risk analysis, and hazards evaluation. His research has focused on the safety and risk analysis of mechanical designs and the engineering of the man/machine interface, particularly on issues related to information transfer, such as on-product warnings. He also has experience in the intellectual property issues associated with these areas. Dr. McCarthy has investigated some of the major disasters in modern times that were precipitated by the failure of a bolted connection, such as the collapse of the Hyatt Walkways in Kansas City that killed 116 and the steering gear failure on the Amoco Cadiz that ultimately led to its grounding and loss. Dr. McCarthy is the founder and owner of McCarthy Engineering. He serves on the board of Shui on Land (SOL), Ltd., which is publicly traded on the Hong Kong Exchange. SOL won the Hong Kong Corporate Governance Excellence Award in 2007. He is a member of the NAE.
JOHN R. SCULLY is the interim department chair, the Charles Henderson Chaired Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, and codirector of the Center for Electrochemical Science and Engineering at the University of Virginia (UVa). He received his bachelor’s, master’s, and Ph.D. degrees in materials science and engineering from Johns Hopkins University in 1980, 1982, and 1987, respectively. He had appointments with the Naval Ship R&D center and Sandia National Laboratories prior to joining the faculty at UVa. Dr. Scully’s work is closely linked to technological advancements that improve the standards of living, safety, and the quality of life. His primary research interest is to understand the relationships between a material’s structure and composition and properties related to environmental degradation, aging, and life prediction. He is technical editor-in-chief of CORROSION: The Journal of Science and Engineering. His technical focus includes most forms of corrosion and environmentally assisted cracking in numerous environments, including seawater focusing on a wide variety of materials ranging from high-strength steels and precipitation-aged hardened alloys to metallic glasses and high-entropy alloys. He has served on numerous government review boards and in industries in five different countries concerned with materials reliability, aging, and failure, including either spent nuclear fuel engineered waste canisters, aircraft, and bolt failures.
POL D. SPANOS is the Lewis B. Ryon Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Rice University. He received his M.S. in civil engineering in 1974 and Ph.D. in applied mechanics from the California Institute of Technology in 1976. Professor Spanos’s research efforts focus on the dynamics and vibrations of
structural and mechanical systems under a variety of loads. He develops primarily analytic and numerical methods that often require advanced scientific computation packages and supercomputers. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Mechanics (AAM), the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and the Alexander von Humboldt Association of America. He is a member (by invitation) of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, the International Association for Structural Safety and Reliability, the American Society of Engineering Education, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is a corresponding member of the National Academy of Greece (Academy of Athens); a member of Academia Europaea (Academy of Europe); a foreign member of the Indian National Academy of Engineering; and a member of the NAE (USA). He has served as chair of both the ASCE Engineering Mechanics Division and the ASME Applied Mechanics Division. He has held distinguished visiting professor positions in numerous prestigious institutions worldwide. Further, he has served in leadership/mentorship positions for a plethora of diversity-enhancing initiatives and organizations.
NEIL G. THOMPSON is senior vice president of Det Norske Veritas (USA) (DNV GL) and head of Pipeline Services Department, including the Materials and Corrosion Technology Center (MCTC) located in Dublin, Ohio. Dr. Thompson is a graduate of the University of Alabama and Vanderbilt University, with a Ph.D. in materials science engineering. He has worked in corrosion and materials research and forensic analysis for over 30 years. He is past president of NACE International and the NACE Foundation. He directs and oversees forensic investigations in a variety of business segments, including pipelines, oil and gas, and petrochemical/chemical processing. Dr. Thompson was the project manager for the forensic investigation of the blowout preventer recovered from the Deep Water Horizon drilling rig failure (2010 Gulf oil spill) for the Department of the Interior and Department of Homeland Security Joint Investigation Team and contracted through the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement. Dr. Thompson has directed 32 major research projects and numerous field studies and testing projects examining various aspects of corrosion science, corrosion monitoring, and cathodic protection. He is coauthor of DC Electrochemical Test Methods and more than 70 technical publications. A large portion of his research has been in the area of underground corrosion and cathodic protection for the pipeline industry, with numerous projects performed for the Pipeline Research Council International, the Gas Research Institute, and the Gas Technology Institute.
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