National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 5 Overcoming Challenges and Identifying New Opportunities
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

References

Abraham, J. P., M. Baringer, N. L. Bindoff, T. Boyer, L. J. Cheng, J. A. Church, J. L. Conroy, C. M. Domingues, J. T. Fasullo, J. Gilson, G. Goni, S. A. Good, J. M. Gorman, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, S. Kizu, J. M. Lyman, A. M. Macdonald, W. J. Minkowycz, S. E. Moffitt, M. D. Palmer, A. R. Piola, F. Reseghetti, K. Schuckmann, K. E. Trenberth, I. Velicogna, and J. K. Willis. 2013. A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change. Reviews of Geophysics 51(3):450-483.

AGU (American Geophysical Union). 2017. Data Management Assessment Program. https://dataservices.agu.org/dmm/. Retrieved May 9, 2017.

Alley, R. B., P. A. Mayewski, T. Sowers, M. Stuiver, K. C. Taylor, and P. U. Clark. 1997. Holocene climatic instability: A prominent, widespread event 8200 yr ago. Geology 25(6):483-486.

Alley, R. B., S. Anandakrishnan, K. Christianson, H. J. Horgan, A. Muto, B. R. Parizek, D. Pollard, and R. T. Walker. 2015. Oceanic forcing of ice-sheet retreat: West Antarctica and more. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 43:207-231.

Anderson, W., R. Seager, W. Baethgen, and M. Cane. 2017. Life cycles of agriculturally relevant ENSO teleconnections in North and South America. International Journal of Climatology 37(8):3297-3318.

Arntz, W. E., and J. Tarazona. 1990. Effects of El Niño 1982-83 on benthos, fish and fisheries off the South American Pacific coast. Pp. 323-360 in Global ecological consequences of the 1982-83 El Nino-Southern Oscillation, edited by P. W. Glynn. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

AST (Argo Science Team). 1998. On the design and implementation of Argo: An initial plan for a global array of profiling floats. Melbourne Australia: GODAE International Project Office.

Baker, D. J., R. W. Schmitt, and C. Wunsch. 2007. Endowments and new institutions for long-term observation. Oceanography 20(Special Issue 4):10-14.

Bates, N. R., Y. M. Astor, M. J. Church, K. Currie, J. E. Dore, M. González-Dávila, L. Lorenzoni, F. Muller-Karger, J. Olafsson, and J. M. Santana-Casiano. 2014. A time-series view of changing surface ocean chemistry due to ocean uptake of anthropogenic CO2 and ocean acidification. Oceanography 27(1):126-141.

Bauer, P., A. Thorpe, and G. Brunet. 2015. The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction. Nature 525(7567):47-55.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Bell, M. J., M. Lefebvre, P.-Y. Le Traon, N. Smith, and K. Wilmer-Becker. 2009. GODAE: The Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment. Oceanography 22(3):14-21.

Bell, M., P.-Y. Le Traon, K. Wilmer-Becker (Eds.). 2009. Special Issue: The Revolution in Global Ocean Forecasting—GODAE: 10 Years of Achievement. Oceanography 22(3).

Bell, M., A. Schiller, P.-Y. Le Traon, N. Smith, E. Dombrowsky, and K. Wilmer-Becker. 2015. An introduction to GODAE OceanView. Journal of Operational Oceanography 8(Suppl):S2-S11.

Benway, H. M., P. G. Coble. 2014. Report of The U.S. Gulf of Mexico Carbon Cycle Synthesis Workshop, March 27-28, 2013. Washington, DC: Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program and North American Carbon Program.

Benway, H., S. Alin, E. Boyer, W.-J. Cai, P. Coble, J. Cross, M. Friedrichs, M. Goñi, P. Griffith, M. Herrmann, S. Lohrenz, J. Mathis, G. McKinley, R. Najjar, C. Pilskaln, S. Siedlecki, and R. Smith. 2016. A science plan for carbon cycle research in North American coastal waters. Report of the Coastal CARbon Synthesis (CCARS) community workshop, August 19-21, 2014. Washington, DC: Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program and North American Carbon Program.

Biogeochemical-Argo Planning Group. 2016. The scientific rationale, design and implementation plan for a Biogeochemical-Argo float array. Available at http://doi.org/10.13155/46601.

Bork, K., J. Karstensen, M. Visbeck, and A. Zimmermann. 2008. The legal regulation of floats and gliders—In quest of a new regime? Ocean Development and International Law 39(3):298-328.

Bower, A. S., M. S. Lozier, S. F. Gary, and C. W. Boning. 2009. Interior pathways of the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Nature 459(7244):243-247.

Boyer, T. P., S. Levitus, J. I. Antonov, R. A. Locarnini, and H. E. Garcia. 2005. Linear trends in salinity for the World Ocean, 1955–1998. Geophysical Research Letters 32(1):L01604, doi:10.1029/2004GL021791.

Boyer, T., C. M. Domingues, S. A. Good, G. C. Johnson, J. M. Lyman, M. Ishii, V. Gouretski, J. K. Willis, J. Antonov, S. Wijffels, J. A. Church, R. Cowley, and N. L. Bindoff. 2016. Sensitivity of global upper-ocean heat content estimates to mapping methods, XBT bias corrections, and baseline climatologies. Journal of Climate 29(13):4817-4842.

Branch, T. A., B. DeJoseph, L. Ray, and C. Wagner. 2013. Impacts of ocean acidification on marine seafood. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28(3):178-186.

Broecker, W. S. 1987. The biggest chill. Natural History 96(10):74.

Caldwell, P. C., M. A. Merrifield, and P. R. Thompson. 2015. Sea level measured by tide gauges from global oceans—the Joint Archive for Sea Level Holdings (NCEI Accession 0019568) Version 5.5, NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset.

Chambers, D. P., A. Cazenave, N. Champollion, H. Dieng, W. Llovel, R. Forsberg, K. von Schuckmann, and Y. Wada. 2017. Evaluation of the global mean sea level budget between 1993 and 2014. Surveys in Geophysics 38(1):309-327.

Chen, X., X. Zhang, J. A. Church, C. S. Watson, M. A. King, D. Monselesan, B. Legresy, and C. Harig. 2017. The increasing rate of global mean sea-level rise during 1993-2014. Nature Climate Change 7(7):492-495.

Church, J. A., P. U. Clark, A. Cazenave, J. M. Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M. A. Merrifield, G. A. Milne, R. S. Nerem, P. D. Nunn, A. J. Payne, W. T. Pfeffer, D. Stammer, and A. S. Unnikrishnan. 2013. Sea level change. Pp 1137-1216 in Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by T. F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex, and P. M. Midgley. Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Ciais, P., C. Sabine, G. Bala, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, J. Canadell, A. Chhabra, R. DeFries, J. Galloway, M. Heimann, C. Jones, C. Le Quéré, R. B. Myneni, S. Piao. and P. Thornton. 2013. Carbon and other biogeochemical cycles. Pp 465-570 in Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by T. F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex, and P. M. Midgley. Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press.

CLIVAR (Climate and Ocean: Variability, Predictability, and Change). 2017. About CLIVAR. Available at http://www.clivar.org/about/about-clivar. Retrieved March 27, 2017.

Cooley, S., J. Rheuban, D. Hart, V. Luu, D. Glover, J. Hare, and S. Doney. 2015. An integrated assessment model for helping the United States sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) fishery plan ahead for ocean acidification and warming. PLoS ONE 10(5):e0124145.

Cravatte, S., W. S. Kessler, N. Smith, S. E. Wijffels, and Contributing Authors. 2016. First Report of TPOS 2020. GOOS-215. Available at http://tpos2020.org/first-report/.

Crutzen, P. J., and E. F. Stoermer. 2000. The “Anthropocene.” Global Change Newsletter 41:17-18.

Cunningham, S. A., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, M. O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, J. Marotzke, H. R. Longworth, E. M. Grant, J. J. M. Hirschi, L. M. Beal, C. S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden. 2007. Temporal variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N. Science 317(5840):935-938.

Doney, S. C., V. J. Fabry, R. A. Feely, and J. A. Kleypas. 2009. Ocean acidification: The other CO2 problem. Annual Review of Marine Science 1:169-192.

Durack, P. J., and S. E. Wijffels. 2010. Fifty-year trends in global ocean salinities and their relationship to broad-scale warming. Journal of Climate 23(16):4342-4362.

Durack, P. J., S. E. Wijffels, and R. J. Matear. 2012. Ocean Salinities reveal strong global water cycle intensification during 1950 to 2000. Science 336(6080):455-458.

Durack, P. J., T. Lee, N. T. Vinogradova, and D. Stammer. 2016. Keeping the lights on for global ocean salinity observation. Nature Climate Change 6(3):228-231.

Edwards, C. A., A. M. Moore, I. Hoteit, and B. D. Cornuelle. 2015. Regional ocean data assimilation. Annual Review of Marine Science 7:21-42.

ESIP (Earth Science Information Partners). 2017. About. Available at http://www.esipfed.org/about. Retrieved May 9, 2017.

Evans, K., J. Young, S. Nicol, D. Kolody, V. Allain, J. Bell, J. N. Brown, A. Ganachaud, A. Hob-day, and B. Hunt. 2015. Optimising fisheries management in relation to tuna catches in the western central Pacific Ocean: A review of research priorities and opportunities. Marine Policy 59:94-104.

Feely, R. A., R. R. Wanninkhof, B. R. Carter, J. N. Cross, J. T. Mathis, C. L. Sabine, C. E. Cosca, and J. A. Tirnanes. 2016. Global ocean carbon cycle. State of the climate in 2015, global oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 97(8):S89-S92.

Fischer, J., M. Visbeck, R. Zantopp, and N. Nunes. 2010. Interannual to decadal variability of outflow from the Labrador Sea. Geophysical Research Letters 37(24), doi/10.1029/2010GL045321.

Fyfe, J. C., G. A. Meehl, M. H. England, M. E. Mann, B. D. Santer, G. M. Flato, E. Hawkins, N. P. Gillett, S.-P. Xie, and Y. Kosaka. 2016. Making sense of the early-2000s warming slowdown. Nature Climate Change 6(3):224-228.

GCOS (Global Climate Observing System). 1999. GCOS Climate Monitoring Principles. Available at http://ane4bf-datap1.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wmocms/s3fs-public/ckeditor/files/GCOS_Climate_Monitoring_Principles.pdf.

GCOS. 2015. Status of the Global Observing System for Climate. GCOS-195. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization.

GCOS. 2016. The Global Observing System for Climate: Implementation needs. GCOS-200 (GOOS-214). Geneva: World Meteorological Organization.

GCOS. 2017. Global Climate Observing System. Available at https://public.wmo.int/en/programmes/global-climate-observing-system. Retrieved October 4, 2017.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Gleick, P. H. 1996. Water resources. In Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather, edited by S. H. Schneider. New York: Oxford University Press.

GODAE. 2010. GODAE OceanView Terms of Reference. Available at https://www.godae-oceanview.org/files/download.php?m=documents&f=100511120118-GOVSTTermsofReference.pdf.

GODAE OceanView Part 1. 2015. Journal of Operational Oceanography 8(Supplement 1).

Goni, G. J., and J. A. Trinanes. 2003. Ocean thermal structure monitoring could aid in the intensity forecast of tropical cyclones. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 84(51):573-578.

Gordon, A. L. 2016. The marine hydrological cycle: The ocean’s floods and droughts. Geophysical Research Letters 43(14):7649-7652.

GOOS (Global Ocean Observing System). 2017. Essential ocean variables. Available at http://www.goosocean.org/eov. Retrieved March 28, 2017.

Haigh, T., E. Takle, J. Andresen, M. Widhalm, J. S. Carlton, and J. Angel. 2015. Mapping the decision points and climate information use of agricultural producers across the US Corn Belt. Climate Risk Management 7:20-30.

Häkkinen, S., and P. B. Rhines. 2004. Decline of subpolar North Atlantic circulation during the 1990s. Science 304(5670):555-559.

Häkkinen, S., and P. B. Rhines. 2009. Shifting surface currents in the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 114(C4), doi:10.1029/2008JC004883.

Hales, B., W. J. Cai, B. Mitchell, C. Sabine, and O. Schofield. 2008. North American Continental Margins: A synthesis and planning workshop, p. 3-13. In B. Hales, W. J. Cai, B. Mitchell, C. Sabine and O. Schofield [eds.], Report of the North American Continental Margins Working Group for the U.S. Carbon Cycle Scientific Group and Interagency Working Group. U.S. Carbon Cycles Science Program.

Hamlington, B. D., S. H. Cheon, P. R. Thompson, M. A. Merrifield, R. S. Nerem, R. R. Leben, and K. Y. Kim. 2016. An ongoing shift in Pacific Ocean sea level. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121(7):5084-5097.

Hasselmann, K. 1993. Optimal fingerprints for the detection of time-dependent climate change. Journal of Climate 6(10):1957-1971.

Hasselmann, K. 1997. Multi-pattern fingerprint method for detection and attribution of climate change. Climate Dynamics 13(9):601-611.

Houghton, J., J. Townshend, K. Dawson, P. Mason, J. Zillman, and A. Simmons. 2012. The GCOS at 20 years: The origin, achievement and future development of the Global Climate Observing System. Weather 67(9):227-235.

IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission). 1998. Strategic plan and principles for the Global Ocean Observing System: Version 1.0. GOOS Report No. 41. Paris: IOC.

IOC. 1999. The Argo Project. IOC Assembly Resolution XX-6. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO Assembly, 20th Session, Agenda Item 3.1.2, August 20.

IOC. 2008. Guidelines for the implementation of Resolution XX-6 of the IOC Assembly regarding the deployment of profiling floats in the high seas within the framework of the Argo pProgramme. IOC Executive Council Resolution EC-XLI.4, Executive Council of the IOC 41st Session, Agenda Item 4.2.2, July 29.

IOC. 2016. IOC capacity development strategy 2015-2021. IOC/INF-1332. Paris: IOC.

IOCCP (International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project). 2017. Terms of Reference. Available at http://www.ioccp.org/index.php/about-us/tors. Retrieved May 8, 2017.

IOOC (Interagency Ocean Observation Committee). 2017. Integated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Organization. Available at http://www.iooc.us/organizational-chart. Retrieved August 9, 2017.

IWG-FI (Interagency Working Group on Facilities and Infrastructure). 2016. Federal fleet status report: Current capacity and near-term priorities. Available at https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/federal_fleet_status_report_final.pdf.

JCOMMOPS (Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology in-situ Observing Programmes Support Centre). 2017. Main in situ elements of the Global Ocean Observing System. Available at http://www.jcommops.org/board.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, T. Boyer, C. M. Domingues, M. Ishii, R. Killick, D. Monselesan, and S. E. Wijffels. 2016a. Ocean heat content [in “State of the Climate in 2015”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97(8):S66-S70.

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and N. G. Loeb. 2016b. Improving estimates of Earth’s energy imbalance. Nature Climate Change 6(7):639-640.

Joughin, I., R. B. Alley, and D. M. Holland. 2012. Ice-sheet response to oceanic forcing. Science 338(6111):1172-1176.

Karl, T. R., A. Arguez, B. Huang, J. H. Lawrimore, J. R. McMahon, M. J. Menne, T. C. Peterson, R. S. Vose, and H. M. Zhang. 2015. Possible artifacts of data biases in the recent global surface warming hiatus. Science 348(6242):1469-1472.

Keeling, C. D. 1998. Rewards and penalties of monitoring the Earth. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 23(1):25-82.

Khan, S. A., I. Sasgen, M. Bevis, T. van Dam, J. L. Bamber, J. Wahr, M. Willis, K. H. Kjær, B. Wouters, and V. Helm. 2016. Geodetic measurements reveal similarities between post–Last Glacial Maximum and present-day mass loss from the Greenland ice sheet. Science Advances 2(9):e1600931.

Khatiwala, S., T. Tanhua, S. Mikaloff Fletcher, M. Gerber, S. C. Doney, H. D. Graven, N. Gruber, G. A. McKinley, A. Murata, A. F. Ríos, and C. L. Sabine. 2013. Global ocean storage of anthropogenic carbon. Biogeosciences 10(4):2169-2191.

Klemm, T., and R. A. McPherson. 2017. The development of seasonal climate forecasting for agricultural producers. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 232:384-399.

Kramer, D. 2016. Europeans shine in weather forecasting. Physics Today 69(1):22-24.

Lagerloef, G., F. R. Colomb, D. Le Vine, F. Wentz, S. Yueh, C. Ruf, J. Lilly, J. Gunn, Y. Chao, and A. deCharon. 2008. The Aquarius/SAC-D mission: Designed to meet the salinity remote-sensing challenge. Oceanography 21(1):68-81.

Lahoz, W., B. Khattatov, and R. Menard (eds.). 2010. Data assimilation: Making sense of observations: Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer.

Landerer, F. W., D. N. Wiese, K. Bentel, C. Boening, and M. M. Watkins. 2015. North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation variations from GRACE ocean bottom pressure anomalies. Geophysical Research Letters 42(19):8114-8121.

Lau, W. K., J. Shi, W. Tao, and K. Kim. 2016. What would happen to Superstorm Sandy under the influence of a substantially warmer Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 43(2):802-811.

Le Blanc, D., C. Freire, and M. Vierrosc. 2017. Mapping the linkages between oceans and other sustainable development goals: A preliminary exploration. Working Paper No. 149 ST/ESA/2017/DWP/149. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Legg, S., T. Ezer, L. Jackson, B. Briegleb, G. Danabasoglu, W. Large, W. Wu, Y. Chang, T. M. Özgökmen, and H. Peters. 2009. Improving oceanic overflow representation in climate models: The gravity current entrainment climate process team. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90(5):657-670.

Leuliette, E. W., and R. S. Nerem. 2016. Contributions of Greenland and Antarctica to global and regional sea level change. Oceanography 29(4):154-159.

Leuliette, E. W., and J. K. Willis. 2011. Balancing the sea level budget. Oceanography 24(2):122-129.

Levitus, S., J. I. Antonov, T. P. Boyer, O. K. Baranova, H. E. Garcia, R. A. Locarnini, A. V. Mishonov, J. R. Reagan, D. Seidov, E. S. Yarosh, and M. M. Zweng. 2012. World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0–2000 m), 1955–2010. Geophysical Research Letters 39(10), doi:10.1029/2012GL051106.

Lindstrom, E. J., J. J. Kendall, Jr., and B. Chicoski. 2009. Ten years of NOPP accomplishments. Oceanography 22(Special Issue 2):25-27.

Lindstrom, E., F. Bryan, and R. Schmitt. 2015. SPURS: Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study. The North Atlantic experiment. Oceanography 28:14-19.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Lindstrom, E., J. Gunn, A. Fischer, A. McCurdy, L. Glover, K. Alverson, B. Berx, P. Burkill, F. Chavez, and D. Checkley. 2012. A Framework for Ocean Observing. IOC/INF-1284. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.

Llovel, W., J. Willis, F. Landerer, and I. Fukumori. 2014. Deep-ocean contribution to sea level and energy budget not detectable over the past decade. Nature Climate Change 4(11):1031-1035.

Lozier, M. S. 2015. Overturning assumptions: Past, present, and future concerns about the ocean’s circulation. Oceanography 28(2):240-251.

Lozier, M. S., S. Bacon, A. S. Bower, S. A. Cunningham, M. F. De Jong, L. De Steur, B. Deyoung, J. Fischer, S. F. Gary, B. J. Greenan, P. Heimbach, N. Holliday, L. Houpert, M. Inall, W. E. Johns, H. L. Johnson, J. Karstensen, F. Li, X. Lin, N. Mackay, D. P. Marshall, H. Mercier, P. G. Myers, R. Pickart, H. R. Pillar, F. Straneo, V. Thierry, R. A. Weller, R. G. Williams, C. Wilson, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and J. D. Zika. 2017. Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program: A new international ocean observing system. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98(4):737-752.

MacKinnon, J. A., M. H. Alford, J. K. Ansong, B. K. Arbic, A. Barna, B. P. Briegleb, F. O. Bryan, M. C. Buijsman, E. P. Chassignet, and G. Danabasoglu. 2017. Climate process team on internal-wave driven ocean mixing. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 9, doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0030.1.

Marshall, J., and K. Speer. 2012. Closure of the meridional overturning circulation through Southern Ocean upwelling. Nature Geoscience 5(3):171-180.

Martin, M., M. Balmaseda, L. Bertino, P. Brasseur, G. Brassington, J. Cummings, Y. Fujii, D. Lea, J.-M. Lellouche, and K. Mogensen. 2015. Status and future of data assimilation in operational oceanography. Journal of Operational Oceanography 8(Supp. 1):S28-S48.

Mateos, A., and M. Gorina-Ysern. 2010. Climate change and guidelines for Argo profiling float deployment on the high seas. American Society of International Law Insights 14(8).

McPhaden, M. J., A. J. Busalacchi, R. Cheney, J.-R. Donguy, K. S. Gage, D. Halpern, M. Ji, P. Julian, G. Meyers, G. T. Mitchum, P. P. Niiler, J. Picaut, R. W. Reynolds, N. Smith, and K. Takeuchi. 1998. The Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere observing system: A decade of progress. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 103(C7):14169-14240.

Meehl, G. A., L. Goddard, G. Boer, R. Burgman, G. Branstator, C. Cassou, S. Corti, G. Danabasoglu, F. Doblas-Reyes, and E. Hawkins. 2014. Decadal climate prediction: an update from the trenches. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95(2):243-267.

Mei, W., S.-P. Xie, F. Primeau, J. C. McWilliams, and C. Pasquero. 2015. Northwestern Pacific typhoon intensity controlled by changes in ocean temperatures. Science Advances 1(4):e1500014.

Mielke, C., E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Baehr. 2013. Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26°N and 41°N. Geophysical Research Letters 40(6):1159-1164.

Mitchum, G. T. 2000. An improved calibration of satellite altimetric heights using tide gauge sea levels with adjustment for land motion. Marine Geodesy 23(3):145-166.

Mitrovica, J. X., N. Gomez, E. Morrow, C. Hay, K. Latychev, and M. E. Tamisiea. 2011. On the robustness of predictions of sea level fingerprints. Geophysical Journal International 187(2):729-742.

Morrow, R., and P.-Y. Le Traon. 2012. Recent advances in observing mesoscale ocean dynamics with satellite altimetry. Advances in Space Research 50(8):1062-1076.

Murray, R. 2017. NSF/OCE update on the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI). Available at http://oceanobservatories.org/2017/07/nsf-oce-update-on-the-ocean-observatories-initiative-ooi/. Retrieved September 19, 2017.

Najjar, R.G., M. A. M. Friedrichs, W.-J. 2012. Report of The U.S. East Coast Carbon Cycle Synthesis Workshop, January 19-20, 2012. Washington, DC: Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program and North American Carbon Program.

NASEM (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine). 2016a. Frontiers in decadal climate variability: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

NASEM. 2016b. Next generation Earth system prediction: Strategies for subseasonal to seasonal forecasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Nicol, S. J., V. Allain, G. M. Pilling, J. Polovina, M. Coll, J. Bell, P. Dalzell, P. Sharples, R. Olson, and S. Griffiths. 2013. An ocean observation system for monitoring the effects of climate change on the ecology and sustainability of pelagic fisheries in the Pacific Ocean. Climatic Change 119(1):131-145.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). 2014. Recognizing Sandy 2012. Available at http://research.noaa.gov/News/NewsArchive/LatestNews/TabId/684/ArtMID/1768/ArticleID/10867/Recognizing-Sandy-2012.aspx.

NOAA. 2015. NOAA Climate Program Office Climate Observation Division 2015-2020 strategic plan. Available at http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/COD2/COD%20Strategic%20Plan_June2015_publicdraft%20(1).pdf.

NOAA. 2016a. National Centers for Environmental Information—Data Services. Available at https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/access/services.html. Retrieved December 21, 2016.

NOAA. 2016b. The NOAA fleet plan: Building NOAA’s 21st century fleet. Available at https://www.omao.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/documents/The%20NOAA%20Fleet%20Plan_Final_31OCT.pdf.

NOAA. 2017a. Climate Program Office: About CPO. Available at http://cpo.noaa.gov/AboutCPO.aspx. Retrieved March 27, 2017.

NOAA. 2017b. Integrated Ocean Observing System: About us. Available at https://ioos.noaa.gov/about/about-us/. Retrieved January 8, 2017.

NOAA. 2017c. PMEL Carbon Program: Open ocean moorings. Available at https://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/Open+Ocean+Moorings. Retrieved April 12, 2017.

NRC (National Research Council). 2000. Illuminating the hidden planet: the future of seafloor observatory science. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 2002. Abrupt climate change: Inevitable surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2003. Enabling ocean research in the 21st century: Implementation of a network of ocean observatories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2007. Earth science and applications from space: National imperatives for the next decade and beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2010. Ocean acidification: A national strategy to meet the challenges of a changing ocean. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2012a. Earth science and applications from space: A midterm assessment of NASA’s implementation of the decadal survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2012b. Sea-level rise for the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington: Past, present, and future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2014. The Arctic in the Anthropocene: Emerging research questions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2015. Sea change: 2015-2025 Decadal survey of ocean sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NSF (National Science Foundation). 2015. NSF/Ocean Sciences reply to: NRC/NAS’s “Sea Change (2015-2025 Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences).”

OSTP (Office of Science and Technology Policy). 2014. National plan for civil earth observations. Available at https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/2014_national_plan_for_civil_earth_observations.pdf.

Pickart, R. S., and M. A. Spall. 2007. Impact of Labrador Sea convection on the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography 37(9):2207-2227.

POGO (Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans). 2017. POGO Training & Education. Available at http://www.ocean-partners.org/training-education. Retrieved March 1, 2017.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2013. Antarctic bottom water warming and freshening: Contributions to sea level rise, ocean fresh water budgets, and global heat gain. Journal of Climate 26(16):6105-6122.

Reul, N., S. Fournier, J. Boutin, O. Hernandez, C. Maes, B. Chapron, G. Alory, Y. Quilfen, J. Tenerelli, and S. Morisset. 2014. Sea surface salinity observations from space with the SMOS satellite: A new means to monitor the marine branch of the water cycle. Surveys in Geophysics 35(3):681-722.

Rhein, M., S. R. Rintoul, S. Aoki, E. Campos, D. Chambers, R. A. Feely, S. Gulev, G. C. Johnson, S. A. Josey, A. Kostianoy, C. Mauritzen, D. Roemmich, L. D. Talley, and F. Wang. 2013. Observations: Ocean. Pp. 255-316 in Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by T. F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex, and P. M. Midgley. Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Riser, S. C., H. J. Freeland, D. Roemmich, S. Wijffels, A. Troisi, M. Belbéoch, D. Gilbert, J. Xu, S. Pouliquen, A. Thresher, P. Y. Le Traon, G. Maze, B. Klein, M. Ravichandran, F. Grant, P. M. Poulain, T. Suga, B. Lim, A. Sterl, P. Sutton, K. A. Mork, P. J. Vélez-Belchí, I. Ansorge, B. King, J. Turton, M. Baringer, and S. R. Jayne. 2016. Fifteen years of ocean observations with the global Argo array. Nature Climate Change 6(2):145-153.

Scharroo, R., W. H. Smith, and J. L. Lillibridge. 2005. Satellite altimetry and the intensification of Hurricane Katrina. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 86(40):366-366.

Schmidt, S., A. Muller, J. Rochette, J. Lubchenco, B. Neumann, R. A. Kraemer, T. Thiele, S. Unger, and M. Visbeck. 2017. The Ocean dimension of the 2030 Agenda: Conservation and sustainable use of the ocean, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development. G20 Insights. Available at http://www.g20-insights.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/09a_Agenda-2030_Ocean-Dimension-of-the-2030-Agenda.pdf.

Schneider, T., P. A. O’Gorman, and X. J. Levine. 2010. Water vapor and the dynamics of climate changes. Reviews of Geophysics 48(3), doi:1029/2009RG000302.

Science International. 2015. Open data in a big data world—An international accord. Available at https://opendri.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/open-data-big-data-world-full-accord.pdf.

Seeyave, S., and T. Platt. 2012. POGO—Joining forces to observe the ocean for science and society. Marine Scientist 38:8-11.

Smith, N. R., and. C. Koblinsky. 1999. The first international conference on the ocean observing system for climate. In Proceedings of the OceanObs’99, Saint Rapahel, France, October.

Smith, N. R., and M. Lefebvre. 1997. The Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE). Paper presented at Monitoring the Oceans in the 2000s: An Integrated Approach, Biarritz, France.

Speers, A., E. Besedin, J. Palardy, and C. Moore. 2016. Impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on coral reef fisheries: An integrated ecological economic model. Ecological Economics 128:33-43.

Srokosz, M. A., and H. L. Bryden. 2015. Observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation yields a decade of inevitable surprises. Science 348(6241):655-657.

Stammer, D., A. Cazenave, R. M. Ponte, and M. E. Tamisiea. 2013. Causes for contemporary regional sea level changes. Annual Review of Marine Science 5(1):21-46.

Stammer, D., M. Balmaseda, P. Heimbach, A. Köhl, and A. Weaver. 2016. Ocean data assimilation in support of climate applications: Status and perspectives. Annual Review of Marine Science 8:491-518.

Storlazzi, C. D., C. M. Willis, and G. B. Griggs. 2000. Comparative impacts of the 1982-83 1997-98 El Niño winters on the central California coast. Journal of Coastal Research 16(4):1022-1036.

Tack, J. B., and D. Ubilava. 2015. Climate and agricultural risk: Measuring the effect of ENSO on US crop insurance. Agricultural Economics 46(2):245-257.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

Talley, L. D. 2013. Closure of the global overturning circulation through the Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans. Oceanography 26(1):80-97.

Tamburri, M. N., T. H. Johengen, M. J. Atkinson, D. W. H. Schar, C. Y. Robertson, H. Purcell, G. J. Smith, A. Pinchuk, and E. N. Buckley. 2011. Alliance for coastal technologies: Advancing moored pCO2 instruments in coastal waters. Marine Technology Society Journal 45(1):43-51.

Thacker, W. C., and R. B. Long. 1988. Fitting dynamics to data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 93(C2):1227-1240.

Ubilava, D. 2017. The ENSO effect and asymmetries in wheat price dynamics. World Development 96:490-502.

US CLIVAR. 2013. US Climate Variability & Predictability Program science plan. Report 2013-7. Washington, DC.

Valle, C. A., F. Cruz, J. B. Cruz, G. Merlen, and M. C. Coulter. 1987. The impact of the 1982–1983 El Niño-Southern Oscillation on seabirds in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 92(C13):14437-14444.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 109
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 110
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 111
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 112
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 113
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 115
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 116
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 117
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24919.
×
Page 118
Next: Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies »
Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $58.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The ocean is an integral component of the Earth’s climate system. It covers about 70% of the Earth’s surface and acts as its primary reservoir of heat and carbon, absorbing over 90% of the surplus heat and about 30% of the carbon dioxide associated with human activities, and receiving close to 100% of fresh water lost from land ice.

With the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, notably carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, the Earth’s climate is now changing more rapidly than at any time since the advent of human societies. Society will increasingly face complex decisions about how to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change such as droughts, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, species loss, changes to growing seasons, and stronger and possibly more frequent storms.

Observations play a foundational role in documenting the state and variability of components of the climate system and facilitating climate prediction and scenario development. Regular and consistent collection of ocean observations over decades to centuries would monitor the Earth’s main reservoirs of heat, carbon dioxide, and water and provides a critical record of long-term change and variability over multiple time scales. Sustained high-quality observations are also needed to test and improve climate models, which provide insights into the future climate system. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth’s Climate considers processes for identifying priority ocean observations that will improve understanding of the Earth’s climate processes, and the challenges associated with sustaining these observations over long timeframes.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!