Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
TCRP A-41: Final Research Report 1 Background and Research Approach Most scientists agree that some level of climate change has already occurred, weather patterns are changing, and these changes are expected to continue or accelerate in the future. Past weather and climate patterns appear to be much less reliable indicators of future weather and climate than in recent decades, which necessitates greater flexibility in planning and decision-making processes. Building resilience to climate and extreme weather events is vital to protect future and current investments and maintain safe operational capabilities of current systems. Adaptation to climate change can include adjusting how transportation infrastructure is planned for, designed, built, maintained and operated. Making resilience to extreme weather and natural disasters a standard part of agency planning can ensure that resources are invested wisely and that services and operations remain effective. The prospect of extreme weather events and severe funding shortages would seem to compel transit agencies to build resilience into their strategic, capital, and operational plans. After all, proactive spending on resilience saves money in the longer run and enables transit agencies to rebound more quickly and serve their customers more effectively. While some agencies have risen to the challenges posed by climate change and the impacts of extreme weather, many or most transit agencies have not made the transition from âeverydayâ practices into a comprehensive, forward-looking, risk-based approach to resilience. TCRP A-41, Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, was initiated on February 14, 2015. The project included an extensive literature review, 17 transit agency case studies, a workshop to test the proposed framework for the Guide, and the development of the Guide itself, with its accompanying Webpage and database of tools and resources. The project also included extensive interaction with APTA to develop a way to incorporate resilience into APTA standards and guidance, as a long-term tactic to institutionalize resilience practices within transit agencies. This report summarizes the major elements of the research effort, with references to full documentation where appropriate. The final section of the report (prior to the bibliography) identifies additional research needs that have been identified during the course of the study. Guidebook The signature product of the research is the guidebook, Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. A link to this Guide and a Transit Resilience Website with a database of easily downloaded information, is available at resilienttransit.org. The guidebook includes a preface, introduction and four chapters. Chapter 1 demonstrates different paths agencies have taken to work toward resilience, such as sustainability, asset management, and emergency response. Chapter 2 provides a step by step process with tools to promote resilience within the agency. Chapter 3 provides a parallel process to link the agency into regional resilience, with recommendations for types of advance agreements to improve readiness. Chapter 4 profiles tools, case studies, and resources that are housed on the project webpage.