National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
Page R12

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Understanding the Long-term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast Committee on Long-term Coastal Zone Dynamics: Interactions and Feedbacks between Natural and Human Processes along the U.S. Gulf Coast Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Ocean Studies Board Division on Earth and Life Studies Board on Environmental Change and Society Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education A Consensus Study Report of PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by the Gulf Research Program Fund. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25108 Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2018 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System. The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast: Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25108. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

COMMITTEE ON LONG-TERM COASTAL ZONE DYNAMICS: INTERACTIONS AND FEEDBACKS BETWEEN NATURAL AND HUMAN PROCESSES ALONG THE U.S. GULF COAST TUBA ÖZKAN-HALLER (Chair), Oregon State University GREGORY A. CARTER, University of Southern Mississippi JUST CEBRIAN, Dauphin Island Sea Lab and University of South Alabama ROBERT (TONY) A. DALRYMPLE (NAE), Johns Hopkins University JORDAN R. FISCHBACH, Water and Climate Resilience Center and RAND Corporation JENNIFER L. IRISH, Virginia Tech ALEXANDER S. KOLKER, Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium and Tulane University SHUBHRA MISRA, Chevron Energy Technology Company (until May 2018) LAURA J. MOORE, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill MARTIN D. SMITH, Duke University TORBJÖRN E. TÖRNQVIST, Tulane University GABRIELLE WONG-PARODI, Carnegie Mellon University National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff DEBORAH GLICKSON, Senior Program Officer HEATHER KREIDLER, Associate Program Officer COURTNEY DEVANE, Administrative Coordinator JAMES HEISS, Postdoctoral Fellow v PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES GENE WHITNEY (Chair), Congressional Research Service (Retired) R. LYNDON ARSCOTT, International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (Retired) BRENDA B. BOWEN, The University of Utah CHRISTOPHER CAMERON, GeoLogical Consulting, LLC RODNEY C. EWING, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and Stanford University CAROL P. HARDEN, Department of Geography, The University of Tennessee THORNE LAY, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz ANN S. MAEST, Buka Environmental ZELMA MAINE-JACKSON, Washington State Department of Ecology, Nuclear Waste Program MARTIN W. MCCANN, Jack R. Benjamin and Associates and Stanford University JAMES M. ROBERTSON, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey (Retired) JEFFREY N. RUBIN, Tualatin Valley Fire and Rescue JAMES A. SLUTZ, National Petroleum Council SHAOWEN WANG, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ELIZABETH J. WILSON, Dartmouth College National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff ELIZABETH EIDE, Director ANNE LINN, Scholar DEBORAH GLICKSON, Senior Program Officer SAMMANTHA MAGSINO, Senior Program Officer COURTNEY DEVANE, Administrative Coordinator NICHOLAS ROGERS, Financial and Research Associate YASMIN ROMITTI, Research Associate CARLY BRODY, Senior Program Assistant RAYMOND (REMY) CHAPPETTA, Senior Program Assistant ERIC EDKIN, Senior Program Assistant vi PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

OCEAN STUDIES BOARD LARRY A. MAYER (Chair), University of New Hampshire E. VIRGINIA ARMBRUST, University of Washington KEVIN R. ARRIGO, Stanford University CLAUDIA BENITEZ-NELSON, University of South Carolina THOMAS S. CHANCE, ASV Global, LLC RITA R. COLWELL, University of Maryland SARAH W. COOKSEY, The Nature Conservancy JAMES A. ESTES, University of California, Santa Cruz DAVID HALPERN, Jet Propulsion Laboratory PATRICK HEIMBACH, The University of Texas at Austin SUSAN E. HUMPHRIS, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution BONNIE J. McCAY, Rutgers the State University of NJ (Retired) S. BRADLEY MORAN, University of Alaska Fairbanks STEVEN A. MURAWSKI, University of South Florida JOHN A. ORCUTT, Scripps Institute of Oceanography and University of California, San Diego TUBA ÖZKAN-HALLER, Oregon State University RUTH M. PERRY, Shell Exploration & Production Company MARTIN D. SMITH, Duke University MARK J. SPALDING, The Ocean Foundation MARGARET SPRING, Monterey Bay Aquarium DOUGLAS WARTZOK, Florida International University LISA D. WHITE, San Francisco State University and University of California, Berkeley ROBERT S. WINOKUR, Michigan Tech University Research Institute National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff SUSAN ROBERTS, Director CONSTANCE KARRAS, Program Officer EMILY TWIGG, Associate Program Officer JAMES HEISS, Postdoctoral Fellow PAMELA LEWIS, Administrative Coordinator SHUBHA BANSKOTA, Financial Associate TRENT CUMMINGS, Program Assistant vii PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND SOCIETY KRISTIE L. EBI (Chair), Professor, University of Washington, Seattle JOSEPH L. ARVAI, University of Michigan HALLIE C. EAKIN, Arizona State University LORI M. HUNTER, University of Colorado Boulder KATHARINE L. JACOBS, Center for Climate Adaptation Science and Solutions and University of Arizona MICHAEL ANTHONY MENDEZ, Yale University RICHARD G. NEWELL, Resources for the Future MARY D. NICHOLS, California Air Resources Board JONATHAN T. OVERPECK, University of Michigan ASEEM PRAKASH, University of Washington, Seattle MAXINE L. SAVITZ, Technology/Partnership Honeywell Inc. (Retired) MICHAEL P. VANDENBERGH, Vanderbilt University Law School JALONNE L. WHITE-NEWSOME, The Kresge Foundation ROBYN S. WILSON, The Ohio State University National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff TOBY WARDEN, Board Director HEATHER KREIDLER, Associate Program Officer JORDYN WHITE, Program Officer TINA M. LATIMER, Program Coordinator LETICIA GARCILAZO GREEN, Senior Program Assistant viii PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report was greatly enhanced by the participants of meetings held as part of this study. The committee would like to acknowledge those who gave presentations at committee meetings, in alphabetical order: Damarys Acevedo-Mackey (U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center), Mead Allison (The Water Institute of the Gulf), Phil Berke (Texas A&M University), Carl Bernier (Rice University), Cas Bridge (Chevron), Joe Calantoni (Naval Research Laboratory), Noreen Clancy (RAND Corporation), Craig Colten (Louisiana State University), Brady Couvillion (U.S. Geological Survey), Don Danmeier (Chevron), David Dismukes (Louisiana State University), Tom Drake (Office of Naval Research, Ocean, Atmosphere and Space Research), Nicole Elko (American Shore and Beach Preservation Association), Carl Ferraro (Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources), Angelina Freeman (Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority), Mathew Hauer (University of Georgia), David Kidwell (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science), Maria Lemos (University of Michigan), Kelli Levy (Environmental Management Division Director, Pinellas County), Tucker Mahoney (Federal Emergency Management Agency), John Alex McCorquodale (University of New Orleans), Ehab Meselhe (The Water Institute of the Gulf), Shahzaad Mohammed (Cheniere LNG), Ryan Moyer (Florida Department of Environmental Protection), Ray Newby (Texas General Land Office), LeighAnne Olsen (Gulf Research Program), Natalie Peyronnin (Environmental Defense Fund), George Ramseur (Mississippi Department of Marine Resources), Denise Reed (The Water Institute of the Gulf), Hugh Roberts (ARCADIS), Dano Roelvink (IHE Delft Institute for Water Education), Julie Dean Rosati (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory), Jim Schock (Florida Building Commission), Hilary Stockdon (U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program), Ariana Sutton-Grier (University of Maryland), LaDon Swann (Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium), Sherri Swanson (Environmental Project Manager, HDR Engineering, Inc.), Jason Theriot (historian and author), Elizabeth Vargas (Texas General Land Office), Jenneke Visser (University of Louisiana at Lafayette), Ian Voparil (Shell Deepwater Gulf of Mexico), George Voulgaris (National Science Foundation, Physical Oceanography Program), Ty Wamsley (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Mississippi Valley Division), and Eric White (The Water Institute of the Gulf). The committee would also like to thank Brad Murray of Duke University, who provided information to the committee via a webinar. This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: John Anderson, Rice University R. Lyndon Arscott, International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (retired) Craig Colten, Louisiana State University ix PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

Jamie Kruse, East Carolina University Nirnimesh Kumar, University of Washington Maria Carmen Lemos, University of Michigan Allen Marr, Geocomp Corporation Bonnie McCay (NAS), Rutgers University Richard McLaughlin, Texas A&M University Corpus Christi Denise Reed, University of New Orleans Mark Stacey, University of California, Berkeley Ariana Sutton-Grier, The Nature Conservancy Robert Weisberg, College of Marine Science, University of South Florida Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Michael C. Kavanaugh (NAE), Geosyntec Consultants, and Linda K. Blum, University of Virginia. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies. x PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

CONTENTS SUMMARY 1 1 INTRODUCTION 9 Study Origin, 10 Study Scope and Report Approach, 12 2 BACKGROUND OF THE GULF COAST SYSTEM 15 The Coupled Natural-Human System, 18 The Natural System, 22 The Human System, 39 Feedbacks Within the Coupled Natural-Human System, 47 3 RESEARCH GAPS 53 The Coupled Natural-Human System, 54 The Natural System, 54 The Human System, 66 Feedbacks Within the Coupled Natural-Human System, 71 4 BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN SCIENTISTS AND STAKEHOLDERS 73 Stakeholder Perspective, 75 Scientist Perspective, 81 Media and Communication, 83 5 DEFINING A RESEARCH AGENDA: PRIORITIES TO INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF LONG-TERM COASTAL ZONE DYNAMICS 85 Vision and Critical Areas of Research, 85 Guidelines for a Research Agenda, 86 Research Priorities by Critical Area, 90 Barriers and Opportunities to Effective Communication, 93 REFERENCES 97 APPENDIXES A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches 125 B People Who Provided Input to the Committee 131 xi PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

Next: Summary »
Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $60.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The U.S. Gulf Coast provides a valuable setting to study deeply connected natural and human interactions and feedbacks that have led to a complex, interconnected coastal system. The physical landscape in the region has changed significantly due to broad-scale, long-term processes such as coastal subsidence and river sediment deposition as well as short-term episodic events such as hurricanes. Modifications from human activities, including building levees and canals and constructing buildings and roads, have left their own imprint on the natural landscape. This coupled natural-human coastal system and the individual aspects within it (physical, ecological, and human) are under increased pressure from accelerating environmental stressors such as sea level rise, intensifying hurricanes, and continued population increase with its accompanying coastal development. Promoting the resilience and maintaining the habitability of the Gulf Coast into the future will need improved understanding of the coupled natural-human coastal system, as well as effective sharing of this understanding in support of decision-making and policies.

Understanding the Long-term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System presents a research agenda meant to enable a better understanding of the multiple and interconnected factors that influence long-term processes along the Gulf Coast. This report identifies scientific and technical gaps in understanding the interactions and feedbacks between human and natural processes, defines essential components of a research and development program in response to the identified gaps, and develops priorities for critical areas of research.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!