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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
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APPENDIX A


Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches

TUBA ÖZKAN-HALLER (Committee Chair) is a Professor and Associate Dean for Research and Faculty Advancement at the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences and School of Civil and Construction Engineering at Oregon State University. Her research program focuses on the use of numerical, field, laboratory, and analytical approaches to predict water motion and bathymetric change in bays, inlets, and the continental shelf. She has developed models to predict surf zone wave fields, conducted research to understand the effects of wave energy converters on the nearshore wave field, and investigated the mechanisms that control nearshore rip currents. Dr. Özkan-Haller has more recently been involved in studies dealing with oxygen consumption in the coastal ocean. She is a member of the Ocean Studies Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and served on the Committee on an Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments for the National Academies. Dr. Özkan-Haller is the recipient of the Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award and the Outstanding Faculty Member Award at the University of Michigan. She holds a B.S. in Civil Engineering from Boğaziçi University in Istanbul, Turkey, and an M.C.E. and a Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from the University of Delaware.

GREGORY A. CARTER is a Professor of Geography in the Department of Geography and Geology and a Chief Scientist of the Gulf Coast Geospatial Center at the University of Southern Mississippi. He and his students study the ecological communities of barrier islands and wetlands in the northern Gulf of Mexico. They apply present-day and historical remote sensing, as well as field sampling techniques, to investigate relationships among ecosystems, elevation, sea level rise, and the impact of tropical storms. Dr. Carter received B.S. and M.S. degrees in Botany from Auburn University and a Ph.D. in Botany from the University of Wyoming.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
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JUST CEBRIAN is a Professor in the Department of Marine Sciences at the University of South Alabama and a Senior Marine Scientist at the Dauphin Island Sea Lab in Alabama. His research focuses on the impacts that humans have on the functioning of coastal ecosystems to better understand coastal resiliency and help generate cost-effective management policies. His field and experimental work follows a community-integrated approach and covers the main communities of coastal ecosystems, including phytoplankton communities, sediment flats inhabited by benthic microalgae, macroalgal beds, seagrass meadows, and marshes. Dr. Cebrian also studies how coastal ecosystems compare with terrestrial ecosystems using a number of functional metrics, including trophic processes and energy flows. Dr. Cebrian serves on the editorial boards of the journals Marine Ecology Progress Series, Estuaries and Coasts, PLOS ONE, and Gulf and Caribbean Research. He obtained a B.A. in Biology from the University of Barcelona, Spain, and an M.S. in Oceanology from the University of Perpignan in France. He received his Ph.D. in Marine Sciences at the University of Politecnica Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain.

ROBERT (TONY) A. DALRYMPLE (NAE) is the Willard and Lillian Hackerman Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at Johns Hopkins University and a Distinguished Professor of Coastal Engineering at Northwestern University. His major research interests are in the areas of coastal engineering, wave mechanics, fluid mechanics, littoral processes, and tidal inlets. His research currently explores water wave modeling, including tsunamis and their impacts on shorelines. Dr. Dalrymple was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2006. He chaired the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on the Review of the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Program and the Committee on Sea Level Rise in California, Oregon, and Washington. Dr. Dalrymple received his A.B. degree in Engineering Sciences from Dartmouth College, his M.S. degree in Ocean Engineering from the University of Hawaii, and his Ph.D. degree in Civil and Coastal Engineering from the University of Florida.

JORDAN R. FISCHBACH is a Senior Policy Researcher at the RAND Corporation, Co-Director of the Water and Climate Resilience Center, and an affiliate faculty member at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. Dr. Fischbach has expertise in risk analysis, exploratory simulation modeling, and Robust Decision Making, a method designed to better manage deep uncertainty and develop robust and adaptive plans through quantitative scenario analysis. He currently serves as Co-Program Manager, Science and Analysis, and Co-Investigator for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Mid-Atlantic Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Center, and is leading an assessment of damage and needs after Hurricane Maria to support Puerto Rico’s recovery planning. Dr. Fischbach recently served as the principal investigator for the flood risk and damage assessment supporting the State of Louisiana’s 2017 Coastal Master Plan, and co-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×

led an investigation of future climate impacts and coastal resilience options in Queens after Hurricane Sandy. Dr. Fischbach earned a B.A. in History from Columbia University and a Ph.D. in Policy Analysis from the Pardee RAND Graduate School, where he was awarded the Herbert Goldhamer Memorial Award.

JENNIFER L. IRISH is a Professor of Coastal Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Virginia Tech. Previously, she was the Coastal Engineering Regional Technical Specialist at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers North Atlantic Division and New York District, and a Research Coastal Engineer at the U.S. Army Coastal and Hydraulic Laboratory. Dr. Irish’s research involves the physical impacts of coastal hazards, including storm surge, tsunami inundation, and storm-induced erosion; coastal hazard probability and risk assessment; impacts of climate change and sea level rise at the coast; and the role of natural and nature-based features in coastal hazard mitigation, including wetlands, coastal forest, dunes, and beaches. She is a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and has received numerous awards, including the Department of the Army’s Superior Civilian Service Award. Dr. Irish serves on multiple editorial boards, including the journal Coastal Engineering. She was formerly Chair of ASCE’s Committee on Technical Advancement and Secretary of ASCE’s Coasts, Oceans, Ports, and Rivers Institute. Dr. Irish received her B.S. and M.S. in Civil Engineering from Lehigh University in Pennsylvania and her Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from the University of Delaware.

ALEXANDER S. KOLKER is an Associate Professor in the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium and teaches in the Department of Earth and Environmental Science at Tulane University. Dr. Kolker’s research lab investigates interactions among sedimentary, hydrological, and oceanographic processes in the coastal zone and the ways these processes affect and are affected by the morphology of coasts and wetlands. Dr. Kolker’s work spans the natural and anthropogenic processes that govern coastal systems and the role of atmospheric processes on short-term sea level dynamics, and works to understand how climate and other human activities influence coasts and wetlands. His current projects include the development of a subsidence map of the Louisiana coast; an examination of the influence of the Mississippi River and its delta on the oceanography and ecology of the Gulf of Mexico; investigations into natural analogues for coastal restoration in Louisiana; and studies investigating the pathways and processes associated with groundwater discharge in the Mississippi River Delta. He holds a B.A. in Biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz; an M.A. in Biological Sciences; and a Ph.D. in Marine and Atmospheric Science from the State University of New York, Stony Brook.

SHUBHRA MISRA worked as a marine and coastal subject-matter expert for 6 years at Chevron Energy Technology Company in Houston on Chevron’s oil, gas, and petrochemical

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×

infrastructure projects globally. Prior to Chevron, Dr. Misra worked at several marine and coastal infrastructure design and engineering consulting firms in New York and Houston as a Coastal Engineer. Dr. Misra is a Professional Engineer (Civil-Water Resources) registered in Texas. His primary experience is with multidisciplinary coastal and marine projects with a focus on site selection, conceptual and detailed design, constructability and operation of marine and coastal infrastructure (fixed and floating); intakes and outfalls; dredging and reclamation; numerical and physical laboratory modeling of coastal processes (e.g., waves, water levels, currents, sediments) and vessel motions; meteorological-ocean studies; risk assessments; computational fluid dynamics modeling including wave-structure interactions; landslide tsunamis; shipping waterway suitability assessments; and marine environmental impact assessments. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Delaware in Civil and Environmental Engineering (coastal engineering), followed by a brief stint as a postdoctoral researcher at the College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware, conducting laboratory experiments on air–sea interactions.

LAURA J. MOORE is an Associate Professor and Director of the Coastal Environmental Change Laboratory in the Department of Geological Sciences and the Curriculum for the Environment and Ecology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Her interdisciplinary research program focuses on the response of low-lying coastal environments to climate change. Recent and ongoing work relies on the merging of observational and numerical approaches to investigate barrier island response to sea level rise; coastal foredune dynamics; couplings among barriers, back-barrier marshes, and bays; large-scale coastline response to changing wave climate; two-way couplings between human activities and natural processes that affect coastline evolution; and novel arts-based approaches to climate change education. Her research involves collaboration with ecologists, social scientists, and performance artists. Dr. Moore has been a principal investigator at the Virginia Coast Reserve Long-Term Ecological Research site since 2008; is the co-editor of Barrier Dynamics and Response to Changing Climate, published in January 2008 by Springer; and is a recipient of the W.M. Keck Foundation Fellowship in Natural Sciences, among others. Dr. Moore has a B.A. in Geology from Colgate University and a Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from the University of California, Santa Cruz.

MARTIN D. SMITH is the George M. Woodwell Distinguished Professor of Environmental Economics in the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University and also has an appointment in the Department of Economics at Duke University. Dr. Smith’s research focuses on the economics of the oceans, including fisheries, marine ecosystems, seafood markets, and coastal climate adaptation. He has written on a range of policy-relevant topics, including economics of marine reserves, seasonal closures in fisheries, ecosystem-based management, nutrient pollution, the global seafood trade, organic

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×

agriculture, and coastal responses to climate change. He is best known for identifying unintended consequences of marine and coastal policies that ignore human behavioral feedbacks. Dr. Smith’s methodological interests span micro-econometrics, optimal control theory, time series analysis, and numerical modeling of coupled human-natural systems. He serves on the Ocean Studies Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; is an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow; and was selected for the Quality of Research Discovery Award from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. He is former Editor-in-Chief of Marine Resource Economics and has a B.A. in Public Policy from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Davis.

TORBJÖRN E. TÖRNQVIST is the Vokes Geology Professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Tulane University. Dr. Törnqvist is a Quaternary scientist who studies sea level change, coastal subsidence, delta evolution, and paleoclimatology. More specifically, he examines the sedimentary record of the Louisiana coast to investigate sea level change over timescales ranging from the past decade to the past 10,000 years. Sea-level records provide insights on a variety of issues, including rates of ice sheet melt during past warm periods, as well as subsidence mechanisms, rates, and their spatial patterns. Dr. Törnqvist’s research group also examines the response of coastal and deltaic environments to accelerated rates of sea level rise, including studies that seek to assess how deltaic processes can be harnessed to benefit coastal restoration. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Physical Geography from Utrecht University.

GABRIELLE WONG-PARODI is an Assistant Research Professor in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). Her research focuses on applying behavioral decision research methods to promote environmental sustainability and community resiliency along the coastline. Dr. Wong-Parodi uses behavioral science approaches to create evidence-based strategies for informed decision making across a range of domain areas. These include energy resources, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and emerging technologies, such as autonomous vehicles and unconventional shale gas development. She was an invited speaker at the Sackler Colloquia on the Science of Science Communication at the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Wong-Parodi is a faculty affiliate at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and is the social science research liaison for CMU at the Climate Advocacy Lab. Dr. Wong-Parodi received her B.A. in Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, and her M.A. and Ph.D. in Risk Perceptions and Communication from the University of California, Berkeley.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×

National Academies Staff

DEBORAH GLICKSON (Study Director) is a Senior Program Officer with the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. She received an M.S. in Geology from Vanderbilt University and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington. Her doctoral research focused on magmatic and tectonic contributions to mid-ocean ridge evolution and hydrothermal activity at the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. After finishing her Ph.D., she participated in the Dean John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship and worked on coastal and ocean policy and legislation in the U.S. Senate. Prior to her Ph.D. work, she was a Research Associate in Physical Oceanography at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Since joining the National Academies staff in 2008, she has worked on several ocean and Earth science studies, including such topics as scientific ocean drilling, critical ocean science research needs and infrastructure, the academic research fleet, marine hydrokinetic energy, methane hydrates, coal mining and human health, and geoscience education.

HEATHER KREIDLER is an Associate Program Officer for the National Academies’ Board on Environmental Change and Society and the Board on Human-Systems Integration. She joined the National Academies in 2008 and has worked on wide-ranging topics including public health, nutrition, and dietary guidance, and issues facing children, youth, and families. Her current projects examine and advance the social and behavioral sciences at the intersection of human activity and global environmental change and issues concerning the relationship of individuals and organizations to technology and the environment. Ms. Kreidler received a B.S. in Business Management from Kutztown University in Pennsylvania and an M.S. in Environmental Science and Policy from George Mason University.

COURTNEY DEVANE is the Administrative Coordinator for the National Academies’ Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and the Water Science and Technology Board. She received an A.A. in Graphic Design from Pittsburgh Technical Institute. She joined the National Academies staff in 2004 and has worked across the institution on a wide variety of projects and subjects—most notably with the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, the Naval Studies Board, the Board on Radiation Effects Research, and the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board.

JAMES HEISS was a Postdoctoral Fellow with the National Academies’ Ocean Studies Board. He graduated with an M.S. and a Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Delaware. His research involved understanding the role of waves and tides on controlling the temporal and spatial variability of groundwater flow and saltwater-freshwater mixing in

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×

coastal aquifers. He has also researched linkages between groundwater hydrology and bio-geochemical cycling in beach groundwater systems. At the National Academies, he worked on studies dealing with the use of chemical dispersants in oil spill response and the NASA Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applications from Space.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25108.
×
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Next: Appendix B People Who Provided Input to the Committee »
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The U.S. Gulf Coast provides a valuable setting to study deeply connected natural and human interactions and feedbacks that have led to a complex, interconnected coastal system. The physical landscape in the region has changed significantly due to broad-scale, long-term processes such as coastal subsidence and river sediment deposition as well as short-term episodic events such as hurricanes. Modifications from human activities, including building levees and canals and constructing buildings and roads, have left their own imprint on the natural landscape. This coupled natural-human coastal system and the individual aspects within it (physical, ecological, and human) are under increased pressure from accelerating environmental stressors such as sea level rise, intensifying hurricanes, and continued population increase with its accompanying coastal development. Promoting the resilience and maintaining the habitability of the Gulf Coast into the future will need improved understanding of the coupled natural-human coastal system, as well as effective sharing of this understanding in support of decision-making and policies.

Understanding the Long-term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System presents a research agenda meant to enable a better understanding of the multiple and interconnected factors that influence long-term processes along the Gulf Coast. This report identifies scientific and technical gaps in understanding the interactions and feedbacks between human and natural processes, defines essential components of a research and development program in response to the identified gaps, and develops priorities for critical areas of research.

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