JENNIE S. HWANG, Chair, is CEO of H-Technologies Group, and board trustee and distinguished adjunct professor at Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Hwang’s career encompasses corporate and entrepreneurial businesses, international collaboration, research management, technology transfer and global leadership positions, as well as corporate and university governance. Among her many honors and awards are U.S. Congressional Certificates of Recognition; induction into the International Hall of Fame—Women in Technology and Ohio Women Hall of Fame; named in the R&D-Stars-to-Watch; distinguished alumni awards; honorary doctoral degree; and YWCA Achievement Award. She was the CEO of International Electronic Materials and has held senior executive positions with Lockheed Martin, Hanson PLC, and Sherwin-Williams and co-founded entrepreneurial businesses. Dr. Hwang is internationally recognized as a pioneer and long-standing leader in the infrastructure development of electronics miniaturization and green manufacturing. She has served as global president of the Surface Mount Technology Association and in other global leadership positions. An international speaker and author of more than 475 publications, including several internationally available books, Dr. Hwang has lectured to tens of thousands of managers, engineers, and researchers on professional development courses. Her speeches range from university commencement addresses to the keynote at the Department of Defense (DoD) Federal Women’s Program to tutorials at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. She is also a prolific author and speaker on education, workforce, and social and business issues. Additionally, Dr. Hwang has served as a board director for Fortune 500 NYSE-traded and private companies and various university and civic boards, and on the International Advisory Board of the Singapore Advanced Technology and Manufacturing Institute and a number of international industry boards. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and chairs the Technical Assessment Board of the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and has served as NAE Membership Search Executive (Materials Section) and on the National Materials and Manufacturing Board, DoD R&D Globalization Board, Committee on Forecasting Future Disruptive
Technologies, and NAE Award Committee, among others. Dr. Hwang also has served as a reviewer for National Academies reports and other national and international publications. Her formal education includes the Harvard University Executive Program, Columbia University Business School Governance Program, and four academic degrees (Ph.D., M.A., M.S., and B.S.) in materials science and metallurgical engineering, chemistry, and liquid crystal science. The Dr. Jennie S. Hwang Award for Faculty Excellence was established at her alma maters. The Dr. Jennie S. Hwang YWCA Award established in her honor and now running for 17 years, encourages and recognizes outstanding women students in STEM.
FREDERICK R. CHANG is the executive director of the Darwin Deason Institute for Cyber Security, the Bobby B. Lyle Centennial Distinguished Chair in Cyber Security, and professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering in the Lyle School of Engineering at Southern Methodist University (SMU). Dr. Chang is also a senior fellow in the John Goodwin Tower Center for Political Studies in SMU’s Dedman College. Additionally, his career spans service in the private sector and in government, including as the former director of research at the National Security Agency (NSA). Dr. Chang is currently the co-chair of the Intelligence Community Studies Board of the National Academies. He has also served as a member of the Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th Presidency, and as a member of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies. Dr. Chang is a member of the NAE (2016), and he has been awarded the NSA Director’s Distinguished Service Medal. Dr. Chang received his B.A. from the University of California, San Diego, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Oregon. He has also completed the senior executive program at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
MARK EBERHART is a professor in the Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry at the Colorado School of Mines, where he directs the Molecular Theory Group (MTG). At the MTG, knowledge of bonding is obtained through detailed topological analyses of the spatial distribution of electrons in molecules and solids. Many subtle aspects of the distribution become obvious when viewed from a topological perspective. The accompanying topological formalism gives well-defined, unambiguous, meaningful, and consistent definitions to previously indeterminate quantities such as atomic bonds and basins. Dr. Eberhart’s work is based primarily on first principles computations, which provide the electron charge densities, and topological analysis software developed at the MTG. He is also exploring the topological and geometric origins responsible for the stability of amorphous metallic alloys. In addition to his work on condensed phase systems, Dr. Eberhart’s group has active research programs exploring the relationships between charge density and the chemical properties of molecular systems, both organic and inorganic. Dr. Eberhart holds a B.S. in chemistry and applied mathematics from the University of Colorado, an M.S. in physical biochemistry from the University of Colorado, and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from MIT.
GEORGE (RUSTY) T. GRAY III is a laboratory fellow and staff member in the Dynamic Properties and Constitutive Modeling Team within the Materials Science Division of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Dr. Gray came to LANL following a 3-year visiting scholar position at the Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg in Hamburg, Germany, having received his Ph.D. in materials science in 1981 from Carnegie Mellon University. As a staff member (1985-1987) and later team leader (1987-2003) in the Dynamic Materials Properties and Constitutive Modeling Team within the Structure/Property Relations Group (MST-8) at LANL, he has directed a research team working on investigations of the dynamic response of materials. Dr. Gray conducts fundamental, applied, and focused programmatic
research on materials and structures, in particular in response to high strain rate and shock deformation. His research is focused on experimental and modeling studies of substructure evolution and mechanical response of materials. These constitutive and damage models are utilized in engineering computer codes to support large-scale finite element modeling simulations of structures ranging from national defense (Department of Energy, DoD, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), industry (GM, Ford, Chrysler, and Bettis), foreign object damage, and manufacturing. Dr. Gray is a life member of Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, U.K., where he was on sabbatical in the summer of 1998. He co-chaired the Physical Metallurgy Gordon Conference in 2000. Dr. Gray is a fellow and member of the American Physical Society, ASM International, and the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS), and he serves on the International Scientific Advisory Board of the European DYMAT Association. In 2010, he served as the president of TMS. Starting in 2012, Dr. Gray became the chair of the Acta Materialia board of governors, which oversees the publication of the journals Acta Materialia, Scripta Materialia, and Acta Biomaterialia. He has authored or co-authored over 430 technical publications. In 2017, he was elected to the NAE.
PRABHAT HAJELA is provost and professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Hajela’s research interests include analysis and design optimization of multidisciplinary systems, system reliability, emergent computing paradigms for design, artificial intelligence, and machine learning in multidisciplinary analysis and design. Before joining Rensselaer, he worked as a research fellow at the University of California, Los Angeles, for a year and was on the faculty at the University of Florida for 7 years. Dr. Hajela has conducted research at NASA’s Langley and Glenn Research Centers and at the Eglin Air Force Armament Laboratory. In 2003, he served as a congressional fellow responsible for science and technology policy in the Office of U.S. Senator Conrad Burns (R-Mont.). Dr. Hajela worked on several legislative issues related to aerospace and telecommunications policy, including the anti-SPAM legislation that was signed into law in December 2003. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), a fellow of the Aeronautical Society of India, and a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Dr. Hajela has held many editorial assignments, including editor of Evolutionary Optimization and associate editor of the AIAA journal, and he is on the editorial board of six other international journals. He has published over 270 papers and articles in the areas of structural and multidisciplinary optimization and is an author or co-author of four books in these areas. In 2004, Dr. Hajela was the recipient of AIAA’s Biennial Multidisciplinary Design Optimization Award.
WESLEY L. HARRIS is the Charles Stark Draper Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics and director of the Lean Sustainment Initiative at MIT. Dr. Harris was elected to the NAE “for contributions to understanding of helicopter rotor noise, for encouragement of minorities in engineering, and for service to the aeronautical industry.” He has performed research and published in refereed journals in the following areas: fluid mechanics; aerodynamics; unsteady, nonlinear aerodynamics; acoustics; lean manufacturing processes; and military logistics and sustainment. Dr. Harris has substantial experience as a leader in higher education administration and management. He also has demonstrated outstanding leadership in managing major national and international aeronautical and aviation programs and personnel in the executive branch of the federal government. Dr. Harris is an elected fellow of the AIAA, American Helicopter Society, and National Technical Association for personal engineering achievements, engineering education, management, and advancing cultural diversity.
WILLIAM S. MARRAS is the Honda Chair Professor in the Department of Integrated Systems Engineering at Ohio State University and holds joint appointments in the Departments of Orthopedic Surgery, Physical Medicine, and Neurosurgery. Dr. Marras is also executive director and scientific director of the Spine Research Institute and the executive director of the Institute for Ergonomics. His research is centered on understanding the role of biomechanics in spine disorder causation and its role in the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of spine disorders. Dr. Marras’s research includes epidemiologic studies, laboratory biomechanics studies, mathematical modeling, and clinical studies. His findings have been published in over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, and have been cited over 15,000 times. Dr. Marras also has written numerous books and book chapters, including his most recent book, titled The Working Back: A Systems View. He is a member of the NAE and holds fellow status in six professional societies, including the American Society for the Advancement of Science, and has been widely recognized for his contributions through numerous national and international awards including two Volvo Awards for low back pain research. Dr. Marras has been active in the National Academies, having served on over a dozen boards and committees, and has served as chair of the Board on Human Systems Integration for multiple terms. He has also served as editor-in-chief of Human Factors, and he is currently deputy editor of Spine and is the immediate past president of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Dr. Marras recorded a TEDx talk titled “Back Pain and Your Brain” and was recently featured on NPR’s All Things Considered. He received a B.S. in engineering from Wright State University, an M.S. in industrial engineering from Wayne State University, a Ph.D. in bioengineering and ergonomics from Wayne State University, and a D.Sc. Honoris Causa from the University of Waterloo.
ALAN NEEDLEMAN is University Distinguished Professor and TEES Distinguished Research Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University. Topics of particular interest have been the micromechanics of ductile fracture by the nucleation, growth, and coalescence of microvoids; brittle-ductile transitions; material and structural instabilities; relations between microstructure and mechanical properties in heterogeneous solids; and dynamic crack growth. Dr. Needleman is a fellow of the ASME and the American Academy of Mechanics, and is a member of the NAE, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Academy of Medicine, Engineering, and Science of Texas.
DANIEL A. REED is the vice president for research and economic development at the University of Iowa (named in 2012). Dr. Reed is also the University Computational Science and Bioinformatics chair, and professor of computer science and electrical and computer engineering. He was corporate vice president at Microsoft from 2009 to 2012, responsible for global technology policy and extreme computing, and director of scalable and multicore computing at Microsoft from 2007 to 2009. Dr. Reed founded the Renaissance Computing Institute in 2004 and served as its director through 2007. He was also Chancellor’s Eminent Professor and served as senior adviser for strategy and innovation to Chancellor James Moeser, University of North Carolina (UNC), Chapel Hill. Dr. Reed served as CIO and vice chancellor for information technology services at UNC Chapel Hill from 2004 to 2007. Prior to that, he was director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, Gutgsell Professor and head of the Department of Computer Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Dr. Reed was appointed to the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) by President George W. Bush in 2006, and he served on the President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) from 2003 to 2005. As chair of PITAC’s computational science subcommittee, he was lead author of the report Computational Science: Ensuring America’s Competitiveness. On PCAST, Dr. Reed co-chaired
the Networking and Information Technology subcommittee (with George Scalise of the Semiconductor Industry Association) and co-authored a report on the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development program called Leadership Under Challenge: Information Technology R&D in a Competitive World. He is also a member of PCAST’s Personalized Medicine subcommittee. Dr. Reed is the past chair of the board of directors of the Computing Research Association (CRA) and currently serves on its Government Affairs Committee. CRA represents the research interests of the university, national laboratory, and industrial research laboratory communities in computing across North America. Dr. Reed received his B.S. (summa cum laude) in computer science from the University of Missouri, Rolla, in 1978, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from Purdue University in 1980 and 1983.
AZEB GETACHEW is a senior program assistant at the Laboratory Assessments Board (LAB). Ms. Getachew joined the LAB in March 2017 and is responsible for administrative and logistical planning for project meetings and other activities. She previously worked as an interim administrative assistant in several administrative capacities at the National Academies including the LAB, the Naval Studies Board, and the Institute of Medicine. Ms. Getachew has an associate of applied science degree in information systems from Columbia Union College, which is now Washington Adventist University.
EVA LABRE is the administrative coordinator for the LAB. Since 2009, Ms. Labre has been responsible for assisting in the management of the administrative aspects of panel formation, panel meetings, report publication and dissemination, and program development. In addition, she has been responsible for travel expense accounting. In 2014, she was promoted and has recently taken on more responsibilities related to financial aspects of the work of the LAB. Ms. Labre previously held administrative positions at the National Academies on the staff of the Committee on International Organizations and Programs in the Office of International Affairs and on the staff of the Research Associateship Program in the Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel. Ms. Labre has a B.A. in art history from George Washington University.
JAMES P. McGEE is the director of the LAB, the Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board (ARLTAB), and the Committee on the National Institute of Standards and Technology Technical Programs, all within the Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences at the National Academies. Since 1994, Dr. McGee has been a senior staff officer at the National Academies, directing projects in the areas of systems engineering and applied psychology, including activities of ARLTAB and projects of the Committee on National Statistics’ Panel on Operational Testing and Evaluation of the Stryker Vehicle and the Committee on Assessing the National Science Foundation’s Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System, the Committee on the Health and Safety Needs of Older Workers, and the Steering Committee on Differential Susceptibility of Older Persons to Environmental Hazards. He has also served as staff officer for the National Academies’ projects on air traffic control automation, musculoskeletal disorders and the workplace, and the changing nature of work. Prior to joining the National Academies, Dr. McGee held technical and management positions in systems engineering and applied psychology at IBM, General Electric, RCA, General Dynamics, and United Technologies. He received his B.A. from Princeton University and his Ph.D. from Fordham University, both in psychology, and for several years instructed postsecondary courses in applied psychology and in organizational management.
ARUL MOZHI is senior program officer at the LAB. Since 1999, Dr. Mozhi has been directing projects in the areas of defense science and technology, including those carried out by numerous study committees of the LAB, the ARLTAB, the Naval Studies Board, and the National Materials and Manufacturing Board. Prior to joining the National Academies, Dr. Mozhi held technical and management positions in systems engineering and applied materials research and development at UTRON, Roy F. Weston, and Marko Materials. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees (the latter in 1986) in materials engineering from the Ohio State University and then served as a postdoctoral research associate there. Dr. Mozhi received his B.Tech. in metallurgical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, in 1982.