William Y. Brown is the chief environmental officer of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management in the U.S. Department of the Interior, where he oversees science and regulation for protection of the environment in energy and non-energy minerals development on the Outer Continental Shelf of the United States. Dr. Brown’s former positions include nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution; science advisor to Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt; president and chief executive officer of the Woods Hole Research Center in Massachusetts; president and chief executive officer of The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University in Philadelphia; president and chief executive officer of the Bishop Museum in Hawaii; vice president of the National Audubon Society; vice president of Waste Management, Inc.; senior scientist and acting executive director of the Environmental Defense Fund; executive secretary of the U.S. Endangered Species Scientific Authority; and assistant professor, Mount Holyoke College. Dr. Brown is a member of the District of Columbia Bar, a fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, and a member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Environmental Law Commission. He is a former member of the advisory committee for the Division on Earth and Life Studies of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He is a former president of the Natural Science Collections Alliance, former chairman of the Ocean Conservancy, and former chairman of the Global Heritage Fund. He is a former board member of the Environmental and Energy Study Institute, Environmental Law Institute, U.S. Committee for the United Nations Environment Programme, U.S. Environmental Training Institute, and The Wistar Institute. He is the author of two novels: Valley of the Scorpion and Ruffner’s Cave. He is a graduate of the University of Virginia (B.A. biology, with highest distinction), Johns Hopkins University (M.A.T.), University of Hawaii (Ph.D., zoology), and Harvard Law School (J.D.).
Benjamin Coco currently serves as a senior associate in the American Petroleum Institute’s (API) Standards Department. His responsibilities include managing the standards development process in accordance with API’s procedures by providing leadership and support to API’s committees that develop technical standards to the oil and gas industry. In doing so, Mr. Coco facilitates industry participation in global standards activities and coordinates joint activities with oth-
er industry or standards developing organizations. He promotes the role of technical standards in support of public policy goals and identifies technical areas where standards development initiatives can support API’s objectives. Additionally, Mr. Coco is responsible for identifying, proposing, and supporting the implementation of new initiatives in programmatic areas such as derivative publications, training seminars and certification programs, and research opportunities that are in support of standards development activities. Prior to joining API, Mr. Coco worked for 10 years with the U.S. federal government, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement and Minerals Management Service. During his time with the agency, Mr. Coco conducted inspections and reviewed permit applications related to production safety systems and drilling/ completion/workover/decommissioning operations, as well as conducted accident/incident investigations, for both the shelf and deepwater in the Gulf of Mexico. Mr. Coco also provided support in matters related to policy and regulation development, and on international special assignments that represented the agency. Mr. Coco is a graduate from Louisiana State University with a B.S. and an M.S. in petroleum engineering. During this time he worked both offshore and onshore in roles as a roustabout, roughneck, wireline logging engineer, production engineer, and laboratory and teaching assistant.
Elmer “Bud” Danenberger III is currently a consultant specializing in offshore safety, pollution prevention, and regulatory policy. He has worked for the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, major and independent oil companies, state and federal agencies, law firms, and a safety equipment manufacturer. He was part of the first panel to testify before the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources following the Macondo blowout. He is a member of the Marine Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and served on the National Academies’ panel that published the report (2016) titled Beyond Compliance: Strengthening the Safety Culture of the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry. After a 38-year career, Mr. Danenberger retired from the U.S. Department of the Interior’s offshore oil and gas program in January 2010. During his career, he served as a staff engineer in the Gulf of Mexico regional office, chief of the Technical Advisory Section at the headquarters office of the U.S. Geological Survey, district supervisor for Minerals Management Service (MMS) field offices in Hyannis, Massachusetts, and Santa Maria, California, and chief of the Engineering and Operations Division and chief of Offshore Regulatory Programs at MMS Headquarters. Mr. Danenberger received the Distinguished Service Award, the U.S. Department of the Interior’s highest honor award, was inducted into the Offshore Energy Center’s Hall of Fame as a Technology Pioneer for Health, Safety, and the Environment, and in 2015 received the Offshore Technology Conference’s Distinguished Achievement Award. Mr. Danenberger earned a B.S. in petroleum and natural gas engineering and a master’s degree in environmental pollution control, both from The Pennsylvania State University.
Lois Epstein, an Alaska-licensed engineer, is the Arctic Program Director for The Wilderness Society, a national conservation organization. Her efforts focus on ensuring that onshore and offshore Arctic oil and gas operations are as safe and environmentally sound as possible and protecting sensitive areas from new resource development. Previously, Ms. Epstein was a private consultant on environmental and policy issues and a senior engineer for several national and regional nonprofit advocacy organizations. Ms. Epstein has presented invited testimony before the U.S. Congress on more than a dozen occasions largely focusing on release prevention in the
oil and gas sector. Additionally, she has served on several federal advisory committees covering offshore operations, pipeline safety, and refineries; on the Transportation Research Board Committee for a Study of Performance-Based Safety Regulation; and currently is president of the board of the Bellingham, Washington-based, nonprofit Pipeline Safety Trust. Ms. Epstein has appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, BBC, and NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. In May 2010, Ms. Epstein advised the U.S. Department of the Interior on its safety report to the President following BP’s Gulf spill. Ms. Epstein has a master’s degree from Stanford University in civil engineering with a specialization in environmental engineering and science, and undergraduate degrees from both Amherst College (English) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (mechanical engineering).
Lisa Grant is considered an industry subject-matter expert on well integrity and wellbore positioning with extensive experience both domestically and internationally in deepwater and onshore operations. She started her career at Schlumberger in Drilling and Measurements working High Temperature and High Pressure projects and field testing new technologies. Ms. Grant joined Shell Oil in 2004 to work as an operations engineer in deepwater Gulf of Mexico. She continued in Shell as one of the global principal technical experts. In 2014 she moved to Noble Drilling as the global technology and assurance manager where she was responsible for quality, assurance, and targeted technologies for global drilling and completions operations. Ms. Grant has recently joined the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement as the subject-matter expert for well control and well integrity. Ms. Grant has pioneered extensive technology developments to better manage the ever-changing challenges of the downhole environment. She has been active in many industry organizations, including president of the American Association of Drilling Engineers–New Orleans chapter, various leadership roles in the Society of Petroleum Engineers, and the chair of an American Petroleum Institute technical workgroup on wellbore positioning and an officer or contributing member of other technical sections. Ms. Grant has numerous publications and patents related to her industry service. She graduated from Tulane University in 1995 with a B.S.E. in chemical engineering and is a registered Professional Engineer.
Robert S. Habel is currently the program manager over the Idle Well and Enforcement Programs for the Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources in California. He has worked in the oil, gas, and geothermal industry for more than 35 years. While working for the Division, he has been involved with permitting geothermal power plants, underground injection projects, including gas storage facilities, and permitting the drilling of oil, gas, and geothermal wells. Although he has worked in Oregon and Washington, he has primarily worked throughout California, addressing both onshore and offshore operations. He has extensive experience with writing regulations and was one of the primary authors to California’s well stimulation (hydraulic fracturing) regulations. He received a B.S. in geology from San Diego State University and is a registered geologist with the State of California.
Paul Andre Hebert has worked for 36 years with Chevron in Gulf of Mexico and Nigeria areas with predominance in deepwater drilling and subsea completions. Mr. Hebert has held both field operational and office engineering levels leading up to senior drilling superintendent and engineering manager positions. Mr. Hebert started working in deepwater in 1984 and has been actively engaged in the industry growth curve of deepwater drilling and subsea smartwell
completions over this 30-year deepwater time period. Mr. Hebert has served in multiple Society of Petroleum Engineers Advanced Technical Workshops related to subsea equipment and subsea smart well completions, and has served on the American Association of Drilling Engineers leading to president level at both New Orleans Chapter and National American Association of Drilling Engineers organizational levels. Mr. Hebert’s current role is Drilling and Completions Special Projects Manager focused on industry-wide related topics, supporting Chevron Projects, and Chevron internal processes. Mr. Hebert is currently based in Chevron’s Covington, Louisiana, office. He received his B.S. in petroleum engineering from Louisiana Tech University.
Mike Hecker has been with ExxonMobil since 1999 and currently provides completion support for drill teams around the world from concept selection through implementation. He began his career with Mobil in South Texas as a production engineer focusing on a wide range of workover, completion, and artificial lift design. He was later responsible for the stimulation design and completion of 450 Hugoton infill wells over 3 years in Kansas and for the completion/workover design and onsite technical supervision of high rate, high temperature/high pressure, sour gas wells in the Mobile Bay area while in New Orleans. After transferring to ExxonMobil with the merger, Mr. Hecker worked extensively with frac packs, providing design, real-time support, and post-job analysis on all of ExxonMobil’s frac packs. He later provided critical support in the conception, development, testing, and successful field installations of the NAFPac process, Internal Shunt Alternate Path Technology screen, Shunted Zonal Isolation openhole packers, and Mazeflo technology. Mr. Hecker established and coordinated the Completion Engineering Network within ExxonMobil in 2008 to further develop and sustain completion engineering knowledge and expertise. He assisted in the development of an ExxonMobil Sand Control manual and school where more than 350 ExxonMobil students have been trained through 17 sessions of the Sand Control School. In his current position, Mr. Hecker actively participates in industry trade groups. He is the co-author of 18 technical papers relating to sand control and hydraulic fracturing and co-inventor on 23 completion related patents. He graduated with a B.S. in petroleum engineering from The University of Texas.
Jill Lewandowski currently serves as the chief of the Division of Environmental Assessment in the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) where she leads a national-level team of experts in providing environmental science and policy advice to decision makers. In this role, Dr. Lewandowski manages strategic initiatives to strengthen scientific rigor, stakeholder engagement, and transparency in environmental risk assessments and overall improve the effectiveness of BOEM’s environmental policies. Dr. Lewandowski previously served as BOEM’s subject-matter expert on protected species and marine sound issues and also managed the Division’s compliance with environmental consultations. Prior to joining BOEM in 2005, Dr. Lewandowski worked as a marine biologist with the National Marine Fisheries Service and a conservation programs administrator for the National Wildlife Federation. Dr. Lewandowski received her Ph.D. in environmental science and policy at George Mason University where her research centered on transforming stakeholder conflict on complex environmental issues, particularly the effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals.
Dennis McDaniel is currently Anadarko Petroleum Corporation’s completion engineering manager for the Gulf of Mexico and International deepwater operations. He is a registered
professional engineer with 35 years of industry experience and his technical background involves design and operational execution in completion, drilling, production, and reservoir engineering on land and offshore locations. His areas of expertise are completions, workovers, stimulation, and well integrity, and he has co-authored two Society of Petroleum Engineers papers, helped develop and patent new tool technology, and made presentations at the Offshore Technology Conference, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management. He is an active member of the Texas Society of Professional Engineers, Society of Petroleum Engineers, and the American Association of Drilling Engineers. He has a B.S. in petroleum engineering from the University of Missouri–Rolla.
Paul Montagna is professor and endowed chair for ecosystems studies and modeling at the Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences and the Harte Research Institute for the Gulf of Mexico Studies at Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. His research on ecosystem studies of estuaries and the deep sea focuses on benthic components, freshwater resources, water quality, ecological modeling, environmental statistics, and integrating natural science with human dimensions research. Prior to joining Texas A&M, he served in various research, teaching, and management capacities with the Marine Science Institute and the Department of Marine Science at The University of Texas at Austin, Port Aransas. The author of numerous peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, he is also a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, the Coastal & Estuarine Research Federation, and the Gulf Estuarine Research Society, among others, and co-editor in chief for the journal Estuaries and Coasts. He received his B.S. from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, his M.S. from Northeastern University, and his Ph.D. from the University of South Carolina.
David Payne is the vice president of Drilling and Completions for Chevron. He assumed the position in May 2006 and is based in Houston, Texas. He began his career with the Getty Oil Company in Santa Maria, California in 1981. Prior to his current position he was the drilling manager in Bangkok, Thailand. He has held various engineering and management positions in California, Indonesia, Louisiana, Thailand, Tobago and Trinidad, and Vietnam. Mr. Payne graduated from The Pennsylvania State University in 1981 with a B.S. in petroleum and natural gas engineering. Mr. Payne is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers and has served in various roles for local chapters, including section chairman in Santa Maria, California. He currently serves on the board of directors for the Houston Food Bank.
James Ray retired from Shell Oil in 2004 and started his consulting business, Oceanic Environmental Solutions, LLC. His recent interest has been the development of marine vibroseis as an alternative to air guns for offshore seismic surveying. His career at Shell included various roles as a technical specialist and an environmental manager. He was an integral member of environmental scientists from across the industry that assisted in building our knowledge base on the fate and effects of discharges related to offshore oil and gas operations. His career included the early research and offshore studies related to drill muds and cuttings discharges. In the following years, mostly under joint industry programs through the American Petroleum Institute and the Offshore Operators Committee, the focus switched to research related to the offshore discharges of produced water and sand. This included research involving radionuclides. Over a number
of years, the focus switched to issues related to the offshore discharge of synthetic based drill muds and associated cuttings. This research also included seafloor studies related to trace metal speciation, accumulation, and distribution. Dr. Ray served 6 years on the Minerals Management Services’ Environmental Studies Program Advisory Committee. He also served for 3 years on the Ocean Studies Board and 6 years on the Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee. He served on numerous National Academies’ panels and study groups, including issues such as drilling fluids, offshore environmental monitoring, and the National Academies’ Oil in the Sea reviews. He also served on the Marine Mammal Commissions Federal Advisory Committee on the effects of sound on marine mammals. He was chairman of the 1995 International Oil Spill Conference and the 2008 recipient of the Offshore Technology Conferences Individual Achievement Award. He received a Ph.D. in biological oceanography from Texas A&M University.
Michael Schexnailder is a completion technical sales manager for Halliburton Gulf of Mexico. He received a B.S. degree in mechanical engineering from Louisiana State University. He has 11 years of industry experience focused on deepwater completion work in the Gulf of Mexico. He has spent 3 years with various operators and 8 years working for Halliburton Energy Services. He supported the first installations of Single Trip Multizone fracpac completions in the Gulf of Mexico as outlined in OTC 27222-MS. His current role focuses on identifying operator challenges and development needs to assure future success for Gulf of Mexico completions.
Desikan Sundararajan is currently working with Statoil as a team lead and a technical program manager in the shale oil and gas research and technology sector in Austin, Texas. In his current role, his research is focused on investigating, developing, and implementing new technologies to facilitate clean oil and gas production from shale plays with specific emphasis production optimization and sustainability management. Methane and volatile organic compound emissions form the oil and gas industry have always been a focal point of his current work at Statoil. He is involved in developing various strategic policy and technology based alternatives to reduce Statoil’s carbon footprint. Dr. Sundararajan has more than 15 years of industrial and academic research and development experience across automotive, glass manufacturing, and oil and gas industries. He has served on advisory committees of several U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory and Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America studies and has authored numerous peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Sundararajan obtained his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Toledo in 2009, M.S. in environmental engineering from the University of Arizona in 2004, and B.E. in chemical engineering from the University of Pune.
Nancy T. Tippins is a principal consultant at CEB where she brings more than 30 years of experience to the company. She manages teams that develop talent acquisition strategies related to work force planning, sourcing, acquisition, selection, competency identification, succession planning, and employee and leadership development. She also conducts executive assessments and coaching and provides expert support in litigation matters. Active in professional affairs, Dr. Tippins has a longstanding involvement with the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology where she served as president (2000-2001). In addition, she served on the Ad Hoc Committee on the Revision of the Principles for the Validation and Use of Personnel Selection Procedures (1999) and is co-chairing the committee for the current revision of the Principles. She was one of the U.S. representatives on the International Organization for Standardization
9000 committee to establish international testing standards. She also served on the Joint Committee to revise the Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests (2014). She has served on a number of National Academies’ committees and recently chaired the Committee on Offshore Oil and Gas Industry Safety Culture. Dr. Tippins has authored numerous articles on tests and assessments. Recently, she co-authored Designing and Implementing Global Selection Systems, co-edited the Handbook of Employee Selection, and another edited volume, Technology Enhanced Assessments. Dr. Tippins received an M.S. and a Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology from the Georgia Institute of Technology, an M.Ed. in counseling and psychological services from Georgia State University, and a B.A. in history from Agnes Scott College.
Azra N. Tutuncu is a professor, the Harry D. Campbell chair, and the director of the Unconventional Natural Gas and Oil Institute at the Colorado School of Mines Petroleum Engineering Department. Before joining the Colorado School of Mines faculty, Dr. Tutuncu held various research and leadership assignments in well engineering, rock physics, geomechanics, and subsurface research and development groups at Shell International Exploration and Production Company and Shell Oil Company in Houston and in the Netherlands. Her interest areas include rock-fluid interactions, integrated borehole stability, geomechanics, reservoir characterization, and formation damage detection, mitigation, and removal. She has more than 200 publications in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings in addition to more than 150 reports in research and implementation of novel technologies in deepwater Gulf of Mexico, unconventional gas and oil shale, heavy oil sands and carbonates integrated borehole stability, in situ stress and rock property determination, nonlinear rock deformation and failure, pore pressure and fracture gradient prediction, stimulation, drilling and drill in fluid design and compatibility analysis. She holds several patents on pore pressure prediction, attenuation, and acoustic stimulation. Dr. Tutuncu is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG), Sigma Xi, Association of Records Managers and Administrators (ARMA), American Association of Drilling Engineers, and Pi Epsilon Tau and has been actively involved in SEG, SPE, and ARMA organizations for more than 25 years. She is a licensed Professional Petroleum Engineer and Geoscientist in the State of Texas and received her B.S. from Istanbul Technical University, two M.S. degrees from Stanford University and The University of Texas at Austin, and also her Ph.D. from The University of Texas at Austin.
Bradley Watson is Coastal States Organization’s acting executive director. Spanning parts or all of four Congresses, Mr. Watson worked for the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure under the late Chairman James L. Oberstar, as a member of the investigations team for the Senate Armed Services Committee under Senator Carl Levin, and as a senior legislative staffer for Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson. Mr. Watson is a graduate of Gonzaga College High School in Washington, DC; Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana; and the evening program at the Columbus School of Law at The Catholic University of America. Mr. Watson is a native of Prince Georges County, Maryland, is admitted to the bar in the State of Maryland, and resides on Capitol Hill.
Charlie Williams was named the executive director for the Center for Offshore Safety (COS) in March 2012. Prior to joining COS, he retired from Shell Oil as chief scientist—well engineering after a 40-year career. At Shell he held other senior management positions, including vice president—global research and development. Mr. Williams received the 2012 Offshore
Technology Conference Special Citation and the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) Regional Safety Award for his offshore safety work. He serves on the U.S. Department of the Interior Ocean Energy Safety Federal Advisory Committee, and he has presented extensively on safety management and drilling technology, including to the Presidential Commission, Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the National Academy of Sciences. Mr. Williams chaired the post-Horizon Joint Industry Task Force—Subsea Well Control and Containment and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement/Argonne Labs Workshop—Effects of Water Depth on Offshore Equipment and Operations. Mr. Williams is a recipient of the U.S. Department of the Interior Corporate Citizenship Award and has been awarded the National Ocean Industries Association Safety in the Seas Award. He has also served on the Petroleum Engineering curriculum advisory committee at The University of Texas. He has been a lifetime member of SPE. He is a mechanical engineering graduate of the University of Tennessee and a Professional Mechanical Engineer.
George Wong is a faculty member of the Petroleum Engineering Department at the University of Houston (UH). Prior to joining UH he worked with Shell R&D and producing companies for 31 years. He served as the Deepwater Completion/Sand Control Technology Lead and the Production Engineering Advisor in Shell E&P Company, USA. Dr. Wong also held the position of principal technical expert (PTE) in Sand Control and Sand Management for the global Shell organizations. PTE is the highest technical expert for a given technical area in Shell. Dr. Wong has played key roles in the development and deployment of frac pack completion and the current maximum rate operating guidelines in Shell’s deepwater operations. His expertise is in areas of production engineering, sand control completion design and execution for producers and injectors, production operations on bean-up and ramp-up, geomechanics and fracture mechanics for both consolidated and unconsolidated sand formations. He received the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) Distinguished Membership in 2015 and the SPE Gulf Coast Regional Completion Optimization and Technology Award in 2013. Dr. Wong has been the chairperson for the last four SPE-Applied Technology Workshops (ATWs) on Injectors Requiring Sand Control since 2009. He has also served as technical committee member, session chair, discussion leader, moderator, and speaker in different SPE conferences, ATWs, and forums. Dr. Wong received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of California, Davis, and his Ph.D. from Stanford University, all in civil engineering. He is also a registered Civil Engineer from the State of California.
Evan H. Zimmerman is the executive director of the Offshore Operators Committee and has two decades of experience in offshore related engineering, technology development, and risk management. Mr. Zimmerman has held senior management roles in the offshore oil and gas service sector in the United States, North Sea, and Australia. He has received numerous patents for offshore related technology, served in key roles in many industry and academic initiatives, and received many awards for service or accomplishments including a Corporate Leadership Award from the U.S. Department of the Interior. Mr. Zimmerman holds a J.D. from the South Texas College of Law and a B.S. in ocean engineering from Texas A&M University.