DANIEL L. DUMBACHER, Chair, is executive director of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Formerly, he was a professor of engineering practice in the School of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Purdue University. At Purdue, Mr. Dumbacher specialized in program and project management, complex, state-of-the-art systems engineering, and propulsion and power systems engineering. He was instrumental in the development of the Purdue Systems Collaboratory, an effort to integrate better the engineering disciplines with business, political science, communications, and philosophy. Prior to Purdue, Mr. Dumbacher served as deputy associate administrator in the Exploration Systems Development Division, for the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate at NASA headquarters. Mr. Dumbacher earned his B.S. in mechanical engineering at Purdue University and an M.B.A. in business administration from the University of Alabama, Huntsville. For the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, he has served on the Committee on a Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA as a co-chair.
STEVEN J. BATTEL is president of Battel Engineering and an Adjunct Clinical Professor of Engineering at the University of Michigan. His areas of specialization include program management, systems engineering, advanced technology development, spacecraft avionics, precision electronics, and scientific instrument design. Prior to Battel Engineering, Mr. Battel worked as an engineer, researcher, and manager at the University of Michigan, the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Arizona’s Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. Mr. Battel earned his B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on many committees of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the Committee on NASA Astrophysics Performance Assessment, the Committee on Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope, the Committee on Decadal Survey on Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010, the Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applications from Space. He has also served as a member of the Space Studies Board (SSB) and is a current member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (ASEB) and Committee on Solar and Space Physics (CSSP).
MARTIN J. CURRAN is executive vice president and innovation officer at Corning. He was appointed Corning’s first innovation officer six years ago. In this role, Mr. Curran manages a portfolio of programs to increase the probability of success for new business opportunities. The innovation office was created to build an entrepreneurial-
focused organization that could operate across all business segments to identify and develop near-term revenue opportunities. Prior to joining Corning, Mr. Curran has held a variety of executive roles in finance, manufacturing, and marketing. He holds a B.B.A. in finance from Notre Dame University and an M.B.A. from the University of Virginia.
JANICE L. FRASER is a chief product officer with Bionic in New York. She installs entrepreneurship and venture capital as forms of growth management in Fortune 100 companies, which enables them to launch new billion-dollar businesses. Ms. Fraser is also a serial entrepreneur and an expert on the management practices needed to support innovation at scale. Her clients have included the Obama White House, Procter and Gamble, Lyft, and the Navy Seals Training Command. She sits on growth boards at Nike and Levi Strauss & Co. Previously, Ms. Fraser was director of innovation and transformation at Pivotal Software. For 16 years before that, she started numerous businesses. Among them, Ms. Fraser was founder/CEO of Luxr, an early Lean Startup firm (sold to Pivotal), and Adaptive Path, the world’s first UX firm (sold to Capital One). She served as an adviser to more than 50 start-up companies in a 10-week product-acceleration program. With backing by leading Silicon Valley investors including 500 Startups, Mitchell Kapor, Bill Gross’s Idealab, and Tony Hsieh’s Vegas Tech Fund, Luxr reached entrepreneurs around the world. She is a frequent keynote speaker on topics surrounding the management of innovation, and is a deeply respected member of the Lean Startup community. Ms. Fraser earned a B.A. in English from Ohio University.
LINDA A. HILL is the Wallace Brett Donham Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School, where she is also chair of the Leadership Initiative. Dr. Hill specializes in leadership, global business strategies, and governing innovation. She has authored several critically acclaimed books on leadership, including Collective Genius: The Art and Practice of Leading Innovation. Drawing from her experience in consulting, Dr. Hill designed the management development program Breakthrough Leadership, and she has worked professionally with organizations including General Electric, IBM, Merck, the National Bank of Kuwait, and The Economist. She earned both her Ph.D. in behavioral sciences and her M.A. in educational psychology from the University of Chicago.
FRED KENNEDY III has served as the director of Tactical Technology Office (TTO) for the past two years within the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), after previously serving as TTO deputy director. Prior to his work at DARPA, Kennedy served as a senior policy adviser in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). In this role, Mr. Kennedy advised the president on space and aviation policy and led the “Harnessing the Small Satellite Revolution” initiative. He served 23 years in the U.S. Air Force, where he retired as a colonel. He holds an M.A. in organizational management from George Washington University, an M.A. in strategic studies from the U.S. Army War College, an M.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a Ph.D. in electronics and physical sciences from the University of Surrey.
ANNE S. MINER is the Ford Motor Company Professor of Management and Human Resources, emerita, at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Her involvement includes the Initiative for Studies in Transformational Entrepreneurship (INSITE), the G. Steven Burrill Technology Business Plan Competition, and the coordination of the Management and Human Resources’ Certificates in Strategic Innovation and Entrepreneurship. She was named Scholar of the Year by the Technology and Innovation Management of the Academy of Management. She has presented papers at schools such as Stanford University, Carnegie Mellon, MIT, INSEAD, Harvard, Wharton, UCLA, and the University of Minnesota. Dr. Miner received grants to conduct research on technology entrepreneurship, product development, and university start-ups. Her publications tackle issues including organizational learning from failure, organizational improvisation, organizational adaptation, industry-level learning and technological evolution, and product development. Dr. Miner has served as associate editor of Management Science and Organization Science and served on the editorial boards of Administrative Science Quarterly, American Sociological Review, Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, and Strategic Organization. She has made study trips to Singapore, China, Thailand, France, England, Canada, and Finland. Dr. Miner teaches courses on
the management of innovation and technology, including an introductory course on entrepreneurship in business, nonprofits, and the arts. She has offered graduate seminars in strategy, organizational learning, entrepreneurship, and research methods. She is one of the architects of the business curriculum in the University of Wisconsin, Madison’s M.S. in biotechnology. Dr. Miner previously served as the executive vice president for a small, closely held California start-up firm that provided information services to technical firms. She provided human resource consulting for firms involved in product development and manufacturing, and worked as assistant to the president at Stanford University on human resources issues across the university. She received her B.S. in English from Harvard University and her M.S. for sociology and Ph.D. for business organization theory from Stanford University.
MONA M. VERNON is the head of Fidelity Labs, the business incubator at Fidelity Investments, a leading provider of investment management, retirement planning, portfolio guidance, brokerage, benefits outsourcing, and other financial products and services to more than 28 million individuals, institutions, and financial intermediaries. Prior to joining Fidelity, Ms. Vernon was the chief technology officer of Thomson Reuters Labs. She founded and scaled the Thomson Reuters network of global innovation labs and oversaw the research and development function, including the Center for Cognitive Computing and blockchain engineering. She also managed the corporate startup investment fund. Ms. Vernon holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in mechanical engineering from Tufts University and an M.S. in engineering and management from MIT. She is an executive board member of the FinTech Sandbox and a corporate council member at Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College.
DANIEL B. WARD is a consultant with Dan Ward Consulting, LLC. He is also a principal systems engineer at MITRE. Mr. Ward is the author of The Simplicity Cycle: A Field Guide To Making Things Better Without Making Them Worse and F.I.R.E.: How Fast, Inexpensive, Restrained and Elegant Methods Ignite Innovation. Prior to launching Dan Ward Consulting, he served for more than 20 years as an acquisition officer in the U.S. Air Force, where he specialized in leading high-speed, low-cost technology development programs and retired at the rank of lieutenant colonel. While on active duty, Mr. Ward helped establish the Air Force Research Laboratory’s rapid innovation process. His expertise on defense acquisition reform has been featured in publications from the White House, the U.S. Senate, and the British Parliament. Mr. Ward has earned an M.S. in systems engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology. He has served on the National Academies’ Committee on the Role of Experimentation Campaigns in the Air Force Innovation Life Cycle.
ROBERT POOL is a science writer and author based in Tallahassee, Florida. As a frequent contributor to publications by the National Academies, he has served as a rapporteur for nearly two dozen National Academies workshops, whose subject matter has included various technologies, defense issues, and the environment. He is the author of Beyond Engineering, a book about the intersection between society and technology that is still in print 25 years after its initial publication. He received both his B.A. in physics, mathematics, and history and his Ph.D. in mathematics from Rice University.
SANDRA J. GRAHAM, Study Director, has served as a senior program officer at the SSB since 1994. During that time, Dr. Graham has directed a large number of major studies, many of them focused on space research in biological and physical sciences and technology, including the comprehensive 2011 decadal survey, Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration—Life and Microgravity Sciences Research for a New Era. High-profile studies in other areas have included an assessment of servicing options for the Hubble Space Telescope, a study of the societal impacts of severe space weather, and the Pathways to Exploration report reviewing the U.S. human space program. Prior to joining the SSB, Dr. Graham held the position of senior scientist at the Bionetics Corporation, where she provided technical and science management support for NASA’s Microgravity Science and Applications Division. Dr. Graham’s honors include the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Distinguished Service Award,
the NRC Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences Exceptional Achievement Award, and the Orr-Reynolds Distinguished Service Award from the American Society for Gravitational and Space Research. She is a member of the American Chemical Society and the Project Management Institute. She received her Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Duke University, where her research focused on rate modeling and reaction chemistry for biological metal complexes and their analogs.
SARAH C. BROTHERS was an associate program officer with the ASEB and the SSB. In this role she managed federal advisory committees providing policy advice on diverse topics ranging from civil space research, to space system technical requirements, to innovation, diversity, and inclusion in government agencies. Previously, Dr. Brothers worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Texas A&M University, where she conducted change analysis using synthetic aperture radar and images of Earth’s surface, and as an intern with BHP Billiton and Hess Corporation in petroleum exploration and production. She completed her doctoral research in geology, processing and analyzing ground- and orbital-based ground-penetrating radar data in geospatial environments with time-lapse surface imagery and topography. She holds a Ph.D. in geology from the University of Texas, Austin, and a B.A. in geology from Bryn Mawr College.
DIONNA WISE is a program coordinator with the SSB, having previously worked for the National Academies’ Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education for 5 years. Ms. Wise has a long career in office administration, having worked as a supervisor in a number of capacities and fields. She attended the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, and majored in psychology.