National Academies Press: OpenBook

Shaping Summertime Experiences: Opportunities to Promote Healthy Development and Well-Being for Children and Youth (2019)

Chapter: Appendix B: Characteristics of American Camp Association Accredited Day and Overnight Camps in 2016

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Characteristics of American Camp Association Accredited Day and Overnight Camps in 2016." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Shaping Summertime Experiences: Opportunities to Promote Healthy Development and Well-Being for Children and Youth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25546.
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Page 168
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Characteristics of American Camp Association Accredited Day and Overnight Camps in 2016." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Shaping Summertime Experiences: Opportunities to Promote Healthy Development and Well-Being for Children and Youth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25546.
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Page 169

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Appendix B Characteristics of American Camp Association Accredited Day and Overnight Camps in 2016 Day camps Overnight camps Of the 14,000 day and 5,600 operate as day camps. 8,400 operate as overnight overnight camps in the camps. U.S. … Sessions typically last 8 or more weeks for day camp 1 week or less (29% of all for… sessions (39% of all day camps). overnight camps) or 7–8 weeks (20% of all overnight camps). The most common recreational and instructional recreational swimming, programs offered swimming, arts/crafts, basketball, arts/crafts, archery, canoeing, are… archery, Ga-Ga ball, camping skills, team-building, baseball/softball, theatre/drama, hiking, fishing, basketball, and soccer. leadership training, and challenge/ropes course. Time spent outdoors is 5–6 hours outdoors daily for 32% 5 hours or more outdoors daily … of day campers. for 96% of youth attending overnight camp; and 8 hours daily for 68% of youth attending overnight camp. Time spent in intense An average of at least 3 hours in An average of at least 3 hours in physical activity is… intense physical activity daily for intense physical activity daily 47% of children during day camp. for 49% of children during overnight camp. Most popular watersports/waterfront programs, watersports/waterfront programs, activities are… field trips, and arts/crafts. archery, and challenge/ropes course. The program development of social and development of social and outcomes most likely emotional skills, character, and emotional skills, character, and to be targeted are… physical activity. physical activity. Age 18 or older 1% 13% 13–17 11% 34% 10–12 31% 37% 6–9 44% 16% Under 6 13% 1% Gender Female 49% 53% Male 51% 47% PREPUBLICATION COPY, UNCORRECTED PROOFS B-1

Race/Ethnicity Caucasian/White 68% 72% Black/African 12% 10% American Hispanic/Latino 8% 8% Biracial or multiracial 6% 4% Asian 6% 3% Other 1% 1% Health Youth with special 13% 20% health care needs or disabilities (e.g. physical, mental, emotional, cognitive) Most common disability designations Attention-deficit 35% 25% disorder/attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder Autism spectrum 27% 17% disorders Food allergies/dietary 22% 25% issues Asthma/respiratory 21% 17% ailment Intellectual disabilities 14% 11% Diabetes 13% 15% Epilepsy 12% SOURCE: American Camp Association, 2016 Sites, Facilities, & Programs Study Report: Overnight Camps (Martinsville, IN: 2017); American Camp Association. 2016 Sites, Facilities, & Programs Study Report: Day Camps (Martinsville, IN: 2017). PREPUBLICATION COPY, UNCORRECTED PROOFS B-2

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For children and youth, summertime presents a unique break from the traditional structure, resources, and support systems that exist during the school year. For some students, this time involves opportunities to engage in fun and enriching activities and programs, while others face additional challenges as they lose a variety of supports, including healthy meals, medical care, supervision, and structured programs that enhance development. Children that are limited by their social, economic, or physical environments during the summer months are at higher risk for worse academic, health, social and emotional, and safety outcomes. In contrast, structured summertime activities and programs support basic developmental needs and positive outcomes for children and youth who can access and afford these programs. These discrepancies in summertime experiences exacerbate pre-existing academic inequities. While further research is needed regarding the impact of summertime on developmental domains outside of the academic setting, extensive literature exists regarding the impact of summertime on academic development trajectories. However, this knowledge is not sufficiently applied to policy and practice, and it is important to address these inequalities.

Shaping Summertime Experiences examines the impact of summertime experiences on the developmental trajectories of school-age children and youth across four areas of well-being, including academic learning, social and emotional development, physical and mental health, and health-promoting and safety behaviors. It also reviews the state of science and available literature regarding the impact of summertime experiences. In addition, this report provides recommendations to improve the experiences of children over the summertime regarding planning, access and equity, and opportunities for further research and data collection.

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