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Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 27 For each of the following airport classifications, check marks provide a weighting based on how often the issue was mentioned and how important stakeholders viewed the issue to that class of airports (from ï¼ being important to ï¼ï¼ï¼ being most important). Additional feedback was included from the 11-02/Task 33 Project Panel. C1 Strategic Theme 1: Landside Connectivity Table C.1: Landside Connectivity Issues and Research Ideas Issue/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 1: On-Airport Ground Transportation Movement Moving people around the airport campus ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï Some concern with physical security of airside access at GA airports. APMs ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Some concern that APMs are yesterday's technology Transportation centers/remote terminals/auxiliary curbs ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Landside operations control ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Operational staffing ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Some political limitations on using contractors Use of technologies, including "vectoring" ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Cooperation with other transportation agencies ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Trepidation, but concern that airports perceived as dumping traffic into community. Airports need coordination on emission inventories with state agencies as well. Issue 2: First to Last Mile Strategies â Managing How Customers Reach the Airport Mode share trends ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï Challenges of forecasting future airport access modal splits ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Great uncertainty C Research Ideas Database
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 28 Issue/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments How can airports drive demand into more sustainable modes? ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï Combination of HOV, transit Gateway constraints ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Where mentioned, major concern HOV strategies ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Where mentioned, major concern Congestion management ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï TDM ï¼ï ï ï ï Once issue was raised, airport staff were interested in reference to employees Multi-jurisdictional surface transportation governance and regional connectivity ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Uncertainty about what governance bodies would be Issue 3: Parking Planning and Inventory Management Capacity planning ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï Uncertainty of forecasting future parking demand ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï Smaller airports more concerned about revenue, most larger airports concerned about congestion Hedging bets by building parking garages for multi- purposes ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Both for multiple ground transportation uses and for potential offices, other uses Capacity service initiatives ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Wayfinding ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Reservation systems (pre- booking) ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Airport revenue ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï Challenge of off-airport parking operators competing against on-airport parking and providing capacity that land- constrained airports find challenging ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï Product development (i.e., valet, "park and go" lots) ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï Parking discounting and yield forecasting ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Source: Steer assembled (2018)
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 29 C2 Strategic Theme 2: Airside and Terminal Planning Table C.2: Airside and Terminal Planning Issues and Research Ideas Issue/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 1: Environmental Impacts â Air Quality, Noise, and the Impact of Climate Change Environmental review process ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Aligning long-term planning exercises with short-term policy foresight ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Impact of climate change on project planning and review ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï At some coastal airports, very important and top of mind. Also, impact of hotter temperatures on reduced aircraft payloads (problems at PHX and MEM, others?) Airports contribution to and impact to environment/climate change ï¼ï ï ï ï Localized and global impact on climate from aviation activity ï¼ï ï ï ï Issue 2: Inclusive Planning with New Business and Policy Developments for Airports Safety issues raised ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Runway incursions ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï FAA RIM program may affect all sizes of airports. FOD (systems for detecting) ï¼ï ï ï ï Drones ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï Lots of interest for maintenance, security, etc. Spaceports operations/impact on airports' airspace ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Localized SMS and management standards and application of management standards applied to third-party operators/ vendors on the airfield ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï¼ï Terminal planning with use of technology and shrinking of public areas ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Smart building design to maximize space and efficiency in terminals ï ï ï ï Identified in the Thought Leaders Forum.
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 30 Issue/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Use of beacons and other tracking and passenger guidance technologies ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Cited for new terminal developments. Ways to manage changing security and facilitation standards ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Connectivity of concourses ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Localized Biometrics and impacts to airport operations and service delivery ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Impact of new technology on airport jobs ï ï ï ï Identified in the Thought Leaders Forum. Improved Passenger Amenities, Walking Distances, Disabled Access Improvements ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Issue 3: Evolution of Air Traffic Management Airport Collaborative Decision Making ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Increase use of airport hardstands and remote parking positions ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Remote Air Traffic Towers and Technologies ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Additional safety and IFR capacity for airports ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Major concern at slot constrained airports Value to small airports ï ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Use for larger airports, addressing "blind spots" ï¼ï ï ï ï Localized Source: Steer assembled (2018) C3 Strategic Theme 3: Air Service Management Table C.3: Air Service Management Issues and Research Ideas Issue/Research Idea Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 1: Congestion Management Maximizing the Airport's Assets ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 31 Issue/Research Idea Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 2: Airline Business Models and Their Impacts on Air Service Interlining, JVs ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï Cargo ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Fleet Evolution ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï Pilot Shortage ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï Part 135 Operators ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï Self-Connecting Passengers ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Issue 3: Air Service to Smaller Markets Decline of connectivity ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï Connectivity cited as serious as air passenger levels for small airports Industry consolidation ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï Up gauging ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï The Impacts of the Retirement of 50-seat regional aircraft ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï Incentives, and what value are origin and destination flights to airports that are not hubs? ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï¼ï EAS ï ï ï¼ï¼ï Cited equally as positive and negative, depending if airport had service or competed with it (none of the EAS airports are small hubs. Most are GA or non-hub primary airports). Source: Steer assembled (2018) C4 Strategic Theme 4: Airport Business Models Table C.4: Airport Business Models Issues and Research Ideas Issues/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 1: Airport Financing VFM ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï Developing a P3 and financing handbook ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 32 Issues/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 2: Airport Management How are use and lease agreements evolving? ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï Fixed-base operator management ï ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï Increase of scrutiny by GA of airport pricing and access ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï Raised by American Association of Airport Executives and Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Handbook of new models of management ï ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï Opportunity of airports to use their proprietor exemption to exclusively operate FBOs ï ï ï¼ï ï Raised by American Association of Airport Executives and Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Flow management ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Aligning ground transportation, terminal and airfield constraints (supply) with customer (passenger and airline) movements ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Identifying bottlenecks to allow seamless movement and future growth ï¼ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Should airports exercise more innovative pricing and incentives to manage terminal and groundside movements (given tighter airfield regulation)? ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Emerging technology and potential impacts on revenue (remote ATCs, UAS, wayfinding apps, BIM, etc.) ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï Source: Steer assembled (2018)
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 33 C5 Strategic Theme 5: Governance and Community Engagement Table C.5: Governance and Community Engagement Issues and Research Ideas Issues/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments Issue 1: Airports Are Increasingly Multi-Jurisdictional With changes in ground transportation (see above), airports are being pushed into leading and participating in regional transportation planning and operations. ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï How can airports reduce the externalities from ground transportation? ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï ï¼ï Issue 2: The Impact of Increasing Commercialization on Airport Governance P3s potentially tie up assets for decades, removing control and perceptions of control from policymakers (especially in airports operated with boards that are traditionally more political) and for succeeding airport managers. How should these issues be managed? ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï In what ways might these developments shift the ways in which airports work with neighboring jurisdictions and communities? ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï Issue 3: Community Relations How are community expectations shifting as airports grow and commercialize? ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï How are methods of engagement shifting? ï¼ï¼ï ï ï ï Does the perceived value and economic impact of the airport change with private operation and the use of P3s? ï¼ï ï ï ï Does the perceived value and economic impact of the airport change with private operation and the use of P3s? How are these handled and measured in other countries? ï¼ï ï¼ï ï ï
Policy and Planning Issues Roadmap Report 34 Issues/Research Ideas Large Hubs Medium Hubs Small Hubs GA Airports Comments How does the communityâs role change, as airports and parts of airports are shifted from public to private management? ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï How are passengerâs amenities protected when an airport assigns operations of a facility to a third party (P3)? ï¼ï¼ï ï¼ï¼ï ï ï Source: Steer assembled (2018)