David A. Savitz, Ph.D. (Chair), is a professor of epidemiology in the Brown University School of Public Health, where he serves as the interim chair of the Department of Epidemiology and holds joint appointments as a professor of obstetrics and gynecology and pediatrics in the Alpert Medical School. From 2013 to 2017, Dr. Savitz served as the vice president for research at Brown University. He came to Brown in 2010 from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, where he had served as the Charles W. Bluhdorn Professor of Community and Preventive Medicine and the director of the Disease Prevention and Public Health Institute since 2006. Before that appointment, he taught and conducted research at the University of North Carolina School of Public Health and at the Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Dr. Savitz received his undergraduate training in psychology at Brandeis University, holds a master’s degree in preventive medicine from The Ohio State University, and received his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. His epidemiologic research has addressed a wide range of environmental and perinatal health issues, including exposures related to military deployments, the environmental effects of energy development, pesticides and breast cancer, risks from environmental exposures during pregnancy, and drinking water safety. Dr. Savitz has directed 31 doctoral dissertations and 15 master’s theses. He is the author of nearly 350 papers in professional journals and the editor or author of 3 books on environmental epidemiology. He has served as the editor at the American Journal of Epidemiology and Epidemiology and as a member of the Epidemiology and Disease
Control-1 study section of the National Institutes of Health. He has served as the president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research, the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research, and the North American Regional Councilor for the International Epidemiological Association. Dr. Savitz is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and has previously served on 11 National Academies consensus committees, five of which he chaired or was the vice-chair, in addition to serving on several other National Academies convening activities.
Sara L. Dolan, Ph.D., is an associate professor of psychology and neuroscience and the graduate program director at Baylor University. She completed her Ph.D. in clinical psychology at the University of Iowa and completed her clinical internship in the Division of Substance Abuse at Yale University, and her postdoctoral fellowship at Brown University. Her early research primarily focused on substance use disorders, but more recently her work has focused on neurocognitive function in substance use disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI). The goal of her research is to improve diagnosis and treatment of substance use disorders, PTSD, and TBI to improve overall functioning and well-being. Dr. Dolan has authored or co-authored more than 40 peer-reviewed journal articles.
Marie R. Griffin, M.D., M.P.H., is a professor of health policy and medicine, holds the directorship in public health research and education, and directs the master of public health program at Vanderbilt University. She received her M.D. from Georgetown University and her master’s in public health from Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Griffin completed her medical residency at Emory University, served as an epidemic intelligence service officer through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and was a clinical epidemiology fellow at Johns Hopkins. She is a general internist and pharmacoepidemiologist whose research focuses on the safety and effectiveness of drugs and vaccines, program evaluation, and methods in pharmacoepidemiology. She has served on Food and Drug Administration committees, including the Nonprescription Drugs Advisory Committee and the Vaccine and Related Products Advisory Committee, and she continues to serve as a member of the Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee. She also serves as a work group member of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for respiratory syncytial virus vaccine. She has worked extensively with administrative data from the Tennessee Medicaid program and the Department of Veterans Affairs to analyze data on the comparative effectiveness and safety of drugs and vaccines. Her work has consistently provided scientific evidence that has been used to drive policy. Dr. Griffin has authored or co-authored more than 350 peer-reviewed journal articles. She has previously served as a member of the National Academies’ Committee to Review the Adverse Consequences of Pertussis and Rubella Vaccines.
James P. Herman, Ph.D., is the Flor van Maanen professor, the chair of the Department of Pharmacology and Systems Physiology, and the director of the Neurobiology Research Center and the Stress Neurobiology Laboratory at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Herman’s research examines the relationship between the physiologic actions of central nervous system stress circuits and their place in the central nervous system. His work primarily focuses on two areas. The first area is limbic system regulation of the stress response and, consequently, on the generation of stress-related disorders, ranging from major depressive illness to posttraumatic stress disorder to essential hypertension, to neurodegeneration and aging. The second focus of his research is on defining the role of central adrenocorticosteroid receptors in transducing stress-related signals in normal physiology, aging, and disease states. Dr. Herman completed his Ph.D. at the University of Rochester and his postdoctoral training at the Mental Health Research Institute at the University of Michigan. He has received several awards for his research and he has authored or co-authored more than 240 peer-reviewed journal articles.
Yuval Neria, Ph.D., is a professor of medical psychology in the Department of Psychiatry and Epidemiology at the Columbia University Medical Center and the director of the PTSD Research Program at the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Dr. Neria completed his doctoral studies at the Haifa University in Israel and has led and collaborated on numerous epidemiologic, clinical, and neuroimaging studies of trauma and PTSD. His research focuses on translational research aiming to identify behavioral and neural markers for trauma-related psychopathology. Dr. Neria uses multimodal brain imaging and a number of novel paradigms focusing on fear circuitry to probe new biomarkers of PTSD and to identify structural and functional neural markers of clinical response to PTSD treatment. He is primarily interested in clarifying the clinical, behavioral, and neural signatures of trauma and PTSD. He is the recipient of the Medal of Valor for his military service in Israel. Dr. Neria is the author of more than 180 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters and a war novel and co-edited 4 textbooks focusing on the mental health consequences of exposure to trauma.
Andy Stergachis, Ph.D., M.S., directs the Global Medicines Program in the Department of Global Health at the University of Washington (UW). He is professor of pharmacy and global health and an associate dean in the School of Pharmacy. His research focuses on pharmacoepidemiology, global drug and vaccine safety, and pharmaceutical outcomes research. He is the author of 160 peer-reviewed publications in areas such as pharmacovigilance, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmaceutical outcomes, and clinical epidemiology, and he served as the editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. He presently serves as a co-investigator with the UW Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation for a study on Mapping and Monitoring the Global Burden of Antimicrobial Resistance. He recently directed a study on the safety of antimalarial drugs
used during pregnancy conducted in three sub-Saharan African countries and has developed novel approaches for malaria and HIV pharmacovigilance and strengthening pharmacy services in that region. Through his affiliation with the Northwest Center for Public Health Practice, he works on workforce development and public health systems research in emergency preparedness with the public health community. He is also affiliated with the UW Comparative Health Outcomes, Policy, and Economics (CHOICE) Institute. He is the chair of the Expert Panel to Review Surveillance and Screening Technologies for the Quality Assurance of Medicines for USP and the chair of the Low-Dose Primaquine Safety Study Group for the WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network, and he has served as a member of the Access and Product Management Advisory Committee for Medicines for Malaria Venture. He is a fellow of the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology and of the American Pharmacists Association-Academy of Pharmaceutical Research and Science. Dr. Stergachis is a member of the National Academy of Medicine (elected 2012). He has served on numerous National Academies committees, including the Committee on Interactions of Drugs, Biologics, and Chemicals in U.S. Military Forces and the Committee on the Assessment of the U.S. Drug Safety System. Dr. Stergachis received his bachelor’s of pharmacy from Washington State University and both his master’s degree in pharmacy administration and his doctorate in social and administrative pharmacy from the University of Minnesota.
Elizabeth A. Stuart, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Mental Health in the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH) with joint appointments in the departments of biostatistics and of health policy and management, and she is also the associate dean for education at JHSPH. Dr. Stuart has an undergraduate degree in mathematics from Smith College and completed her Ph.D. in statistics at Harvard University. Her research focuses on the use of different design and analysis methods for estimating causal effects, especially in terms of improving the internal validity of non-experimental studies and the external validity of randomized studies. She also researches methods for addressing missing data and non-compliance. She has made important contributions to collaborative and methodologic research in the area of causal inference applied to mental health, substance use, health care policy, and education. Dr. Stuart is affiliated with several Johns Hopkins centers, including the Center for Drug Safety and Effectiveness, the Center for Mental Health and Addiction Policy Research (which she co-directs), and the Bloomberg American Health Initiative. She is an elected fellow of the American Statistical Association, for which she was a founding member of the Mental Health Statistics Section and has received the Gertrude Cox Award for applied statistics and the Myrto Lefkopoulou award from the Harvard University Department of Biostatistics, and she has been consistently recognized for her teaching and mentoring. She is an associate editor and a reviewer for several journals related to statistics, epidemiologic methods,
and mental health, and she has contributed to more than 200 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Stuart has previously served as a panel member for the National Academies on an activity related to methodologies for studying commercial motor vehicle driver fatigue.
Carol Tamminga, M.D., is a professor, chairman of psychiatry, and chief of translational neuroscience research in schizophrenia at the University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical School. She holds the Communities Foundation of Texas Chair in Brain Science along with the Lou and Ellen McGinley Distinguished Chair in Psychiatric Research. She directs clinical and preclinical research in schizophrenia focused on identifying disease mechanisms and on improving treatments. Dr. Tamminga graduated from Vanderbilt Medical School and completed a psychiatry residency at the University of Chicago and spent many years at the University of Maryland’s Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, then moved to UT Southwestern Medical School to continue her research. Dr. Tamminga has been the recipient of numerous federal and foundation grants as well as awards in the field. She has served on the National Advisory Mental Health Council of the National Institute of Mental Health and on the Council of the National Institute of Drug Abuse. Dr. Tamminga was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 1998 and has served on several Institute of Medicine committees in that capacity. The goal of Dr. Tamminga’s research is to examine and understand the mechanisms underlying schizophrenia, especially its most prominent symptoms, psychosis and memory dysfunction, in order to build rational treatments for the illness. She evaluates the function of the living human brain in individuals with and without schizophrenia using brain imaging techniques. Then, building on this knowledge, she uses human postmortem brain tissue to translate the functional alterations from the living human patient into molecular observations of the illness. Now she is using case-specific neuronal cultures to address molecular and cellular questions. Her ultimate goal is to use the alterations in in vivo imaging, postmortem molecular changes, and cultured neuronal characteristics as biomarkers and targets for identifying animal models of disease and novel active pharmaceuticals for psychosis.
Jonathan L. Vennerstrom, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences in the College of Pharmacy at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. He received his Ph.D. in medicinal chemistry from the University of Minnesota and completed his postdoctoral training at Walter Reed. Dr. Vennerstrom’s work focuses on anti-infective drug discovery, particularly the medicinal chemistry of antiparasitic agents and the investigation of heme as a mechanistic intersection for antimalarial drugs. His work has led to the discovery of new mechanisms of action of chloroquine (and other antimalarial quinolines) and new understanding of mechanisms of how hemozoin is formed in the malaria parasite.
His research has comprehensively characterized the structural features of chloroquine associated with its antimalarial properties and shown that peroxide antimalarial activity depends on parasite hemoglobin digestion. Two antimalarial drug candidates were discovered during his work with the Medicines for Malaria Venture; one is now available in India and the other is in phase IIb trials as a potential single-dose malaria treatment. Both of these drugs are outside of the committee’s Statement of Task. Dr. Vennerstrom continues to use the knowledge generated by his research to discover other antimicrobial drug candidates for several infectious diseases, including malaria. He is a member of the American Society for Microbiology, the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and the American Chemical Society (ACS) from which he received the ACS Award for Creative Innovation in 2019. He has received several other awards, including the Medicines for Malaria Venture Project of the Year Award twice (2001, 2006), the Alvin M. Earle Outstanding Health Science Educator Award, the University of Nebraska Medical Center Distinguished Scientist Award, the UNeMed Lifetime Achievement Award, and the University of Nebraska Innovation, Development, and Engagement (IDEA) Award. His work continues to drive innovation in the drug discovery field. Dr. Vennerstrom has authored or co-authored more than 130 peer-reviewed journal articles.
Christina M. Wolfson, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Medicine and the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health at McGill University and a senior scientist in the Brain Repair and Integrative Neuroscience (BRAIN) Program at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre. She is an associate member in the departments of neurology and neurosurgery and mathematics and statistics at McGill University. A neuroepidemiologist, her program of research lies in population-based research in neurodegenerative disorders, including multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson disease, and epilepsy. She is a co-principal investigator on the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA), a 20-year study of 50,338 participants aged 45–85 in which she leads the Neurological Conditions Initiative and the Veterans’ Health Initiative and is the director of the CLSA Statistical Analysis Centre. Dr. Wolfson is a co-principal investigator on a five-country MS risk factor study (Environmental Risk Factors in Multiple Sclerosis, EnvIMS) completed in Canada, Italy, Norway, Serbia, and Sweden. She is also the program director of the endMS National Training Program. Dr. Wolfson received her undergraduate degree in mathematics, her master’s degree in mathematical statistics, and her Ph.D. in epidemiology and biostatistics from McGill University. She has published more than 220 peer-reviewed journal articles and has previously served as a member on four National Academies’ consensus committees related to health effects in U.S. veterans who served in the 1990–1991 Gulf War and post-9/11 conflicts.
Anne N. Styka, M.P.H., study director, is a senior program officer in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies. Over her tenure she has worked on more than 10 studies, 5 of which she has directed or co-directed, on a broad range of topics related to the health of military and veteran populations. The subjects of the studies have included mental health treatment offered in the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs; designing and evaluating epidemiologic research studies of health outcomes and their association with deployment-related exposures, including burn pits, herbicides, and other chemicals; and directing a research program that fostered new research studies using data and biospecimens collected as part of the 20-year Air Force Health Study. Before coming to the National Academies, Ms. Styka spent several years working as an epidemiologist for the New Mexico Department of Health and the Albuquerque Area Southwest Tribal Epidemiology Center specializing in survey design and the analysis of behavioral risk factors and injury. She also spent several months in Zambia as the epidemiologist on a study of silicosis and other nonmalignant respiratory diseases among copper miners. She has written several peer-reviewed publications and has contributed to numerous state and national reports. She received her B.S. in cell and tissue bioengineering from the University of Illinois at Chicago and has an M.P.H. in epidemiology from the University of Michigan. Ms. Styka was the 2017 recipient of the Division of Earth and Life Sciences Mt. Everest Award, the 2015 recipient of the Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Medicine Multitasker Award, and a member of the 2011 National Academies’ Distinguished Group Award.
Kristin E. White is an associate program officer in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies. Previously a medical writer and editor, she worked across numerous medical specialties and drug classes to create materials for, and resulting from, continuing medical education programs, international medical symposia, and drug and research advisory board meetings. She worked on programs at the annual meetings of the American Academy of Allergy, American College of Cardiology, American College of Gastroenterology, American College of Rheumatology, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Heart Association, American Diabetes Association, Asthma & Immunology, European College of Cardiology, European Society for Sexual and Impotence Research, Heart Failure Society of America, and International Congress of Cardiology. She received an A.B. from Princeton University.
Stephanie J. Hanson, M.P.H., is a research associate in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies. Before joining the National Academies, Ms. Hanson worked at Save the Children U.S. in the Department of Humanitarian Response where she assisted on contracts related to food aid in complex
emergencies. She also worked with the Peace Corps headquarters to conduct a gap analysis on training objectives and outcomes for information given to new Peace Corps volunteers before they begin their roles at post. Her work focused on training materials for malaria, mental health, substance and alcohol use, and HIV/AIDS. Ms. Hanson completed her B.S. in biology at the University of Nebraska–Omaha and has an M.P.H. in global health epidemiology and disease control from The George Washington University. Ms. Hanson has an interest in maternal mental health and has examined existing barriers in low- and middle-income countries surrounding the discussion, diagnosis, or treatment of mental illness, with a focus on postpartum depression, and the exacerbating effects of a complex emergency on these barriers. She plans to pursue her doctoral degree in epidemiology and continue her work on mental illness in low- and middle-income countries.
Rebecca F. Chevat is a senior program assistant in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies. Ms. Chevat is a graduate of American University where she received her B.A. in public health with concentrations in psychology and political science. During her undergraduate career, she worked in the Office of the Secretary and in the Office of Health Affairs at the Department of Homeland Security where she examined public–private partnerships and their role on point-of-dispensing models during emergencies. Ms. Chevat also has experience working on Capitol Hill and on a political campaign. She plans to pursue her M.P.H. in global health. Ms. Chevat is a recipient of a 2019 Health and Medicine Division Spot Award.
Rose Marie Martinez, Sc.D., has been senior board director of the National Academies’ Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice (BPH) since 1999. BPH has a vibrant portfolio of studies that address high-profile and cutting-edge issues that affect population health. It addresses the science base for population health and public health interventions and examines the capacity of the health system, particularly the public health infrastructure, to support disease prevention and health promotion activities, including the education and supply of health professionals necessary for carrying them out. BPH has examined such topics as the safety of childhood vaccines and other drugs; systems for evaluating and ensuring drug safety postmarketing; the health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids; health effects of environmental exposures; population health improvement strategies; integration of medical care and public health; women’s health services; health disparities; health literacy; tobacco control strategies; and chronic disease prevention, among others. Dr. Martinez was awarded the 2010 Institute of Medicine (IOM) Research Cecil Award for significant contributions to IOM reports of exceptional quality and influence. Prior to joining the National Academies, Dr. Martinez was a senior health researcher at Mathematica Policy Research (1995–1999) where she conducted research on the impact of health
system change on public health infrastructure, access to care for vulnerable populations, managed care, and the health care workforce. Dr. Martinez is a former assistant director for health financing and policy with the U.S. General Accounting Office, where she directed evaluations and policy analysis in the area of national and public health issues (1988–1995). Her experience also includes 6 years directing research studies for the Regional Health Ministry of Madrid, Spain (1982–1988). Dr. Martinez is a member of the Council on Education for Public Health, the accreditation body for schools of public health and public health programs. She received the degree of doctor of science from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
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