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Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis (2021)

Chapter: Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Page 41
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
Page 42
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
Page 43
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
Page 44
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms)." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
Page 45

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Appendix C List of Actions Per Timeframe (Near, Short, and Medium Terms) Timeframe Action Actor Partners Page Key state and federal 1A-1: Establish a national task force to Executive Office of agencies that administer NEAR prevent eviction and mitigate its effects the President and coordinate major during the pandemic and beyond. social programs Local public housing 1A-3: Provide landlords with authorities (PHAs), NEAR information on tenant assistance state housing Landlord associations programs. agencies, local governments 1B-1: Provide support to community- In consultation with based organizations (CBOs) to State and local NEAR landlords and in support establish automatic processes for governments of CBOs tenant legal assistance. 1B-2: Partner to connect with Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC), immigrants, and refugees State and local NEAR that may not be covered by public CBOs governments assistance programs, as well as people living with disabilities and historically marginalized communities. 1C-6: Consider policy options to connect unemployment insurance and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance NEAR Program (SNAP) beneficiaries with Congress Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) and Wagner-Peyser Act (WPA) services. PHAs, local and state governments, landlords 2A-2: Establish a federal reporting U.S. Department of and their legal NEAR standard and online reporting portal for Housing and Urban representatives, sheriff's evictions data. Development (HUD) departments and law enforcement agencies, state and local courts HUD, U.S. 2B-2: Publish guidelines on when Health care nonprofits, Department of Health short-term COVID-19 protections such housing services, health and Human Services NEAR as eviction moratoriums can be lifted care companies, and (HHS), U.S. based on local health metrics and state health care and Department of Labor employment statistics. social service agencies (USDOL) 40 Prepublication Copy

3A-1: Increase the number of Housing Choice Vouchers (HCVs) to guarantee that households with incomes below 50 Local public housing NEAR Congress and HUD percent of the area median receive agencies housing assistance during the pandemic. 3B-2: Implement HUD’s Small Area Congress, HUD, state PHAs, property owners, SHORT Fair Market Rents to allow the use of housing agencies and landlord associations HCVs throughout metropolitan areas. 1A-2: Use current administrative State and federal SHORT infrastructures to allocate emergency social service Landlords rental assistance toward tenant arrears. administrators 1A-5: Distribute federal relief funds to U.S. Department of SHORT legal aid programs for tenant HUD Justice (DOJ) assistance. 1C-1: Extend federally funded support of unemployment insurance and SNAP State public health SHORT Congress programs, contingent on state-by-state agencies economic improvement. 1C-3: Extend eligibility for USDOL and state SHORT unemployment insurance to workers Congress governments traditionally uncovered. 1C-5: Reauthorize the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act SHORT (WIOA) and increase funding for Congress Wagner-Peyser Act (WPA)-authorized job search programs. 2A-1: Establish a temporary Eviction HUD, U.S. Census Data Collection Assistance Program to SHORT Congress Bureau, and housing assess data needs and modernize experts electronic filing systems. Research institutes, 2A-3: Launch and coordinate a U.S. Census Bureau, comprehensive quantitative research SHORT HUD philanthropies, landlords program on evictions and housing and property managers, instability. nonprofits, and CBOs 2A-4: Launch and coordinate a CBOs, PHAs, comprehensive qualitative research SHORT HUD philanthropies, and program on evictions and housing research institutes instability. 2B-1: Fund research to compile HUD and HHS State health care strategies and ordinances to mitigate (Centers for Disease SHORT agencies and health care the risk of COVID-19 in housing Control and companies unstable populations. Prevention [CDC]) (Continued) Prepublication Copy 41

Timeframe Action Actor Partners Page 2C-3: Create interdisciplinary research agendas for the evaluation of health, Research institutes Tenant advocates and social, and economic interventions funded by rental property SHORT used to reduce housing instability philanthropies, state developers, investors, during crises that reflect the diversity and federal housing and operators and lived experiences of the most agencies affected communities. Research institutes 2C-4: Support efforts to collect the Tenant advocates and funded by evidence needed to fill gaps in rental property SHORT philanthropies and knowledge about differential outcomes developers, investors, state and federal of eviction by race and ethnicity. and operators housing agencies 3A-2: Permanently increase the number of HCVs after the pandemic to Local public housing SHORT guarantee that households with Congress, HUD agencies incomes below 50 percent of the area median receive housing assistance. 3B-1: Expand the HCV program to include robust housing counseling for Congress, HUD, state PHAs, property owners, SHORT both tenants and landlords to improve housing agencies and landlord associations uptake. 3B-3: Implement landlord recruitment and retention strategies to increase the HUD, state housing Property owners and SHORT number of housing units that accept agencies landlord associations HCVs through education, incentives, and reduced administrative burdens. 3C-1: Amend the Fair Housing Act to include discrimination based on source of income as a prohibited factor in SHORT rental screening and the Equal Credit Congress Opportunity Act (ECOA) to include rental agreements as credit transactions. 3C-2: Amend federal fair housing laws to create a path to prosecution for SHORT Congress landlords who abuse the eviction process. 3C-3: Increase the internal resources available to enforce federal fair SHORT housing laws that support localities in Congress providing legal assistance and protection for tenants. 3D-1: Establish a program under HUD to provide free credit counseling for SHORT Congress, HUD renters in utility or housing arrears who apply for rental assistance. 42 Prepublication Copy

3D-2: Integrate free credit counseling Credit counseling HUD, USDOL, HHS, services with application for agencies and state and SHORT U.S. Department of unemployment insurance benefits or local social service Agriculture (USDA) housing assistance benefits. administrators 4B-1: Expand the U.S. Treasury Department’s (Treasury’s) Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund, HUD’s HOME Investments Partnership program, and Congress, Treasury, SHORT the National Housing Trust Fund, HUD which support CDFIs and for- and nonprofit housing developers to develop and invest in affordable housing. 4B-2: Fund academic or other research SHORT institutions to study the Capital Magnet Philanthropies Fund (CMF) to understand its impacts. 4C-3: Encourage governors, mayors, and city councils to continue working State and local SHORT to eliminate exclusionary land-use governments regulations. 1A-4: Develop web-based tools and provide technical support for MEDIUM HUD individuals seeking social services to better connect to benefits. 1C-2: Comprehensively reform USDOL and state MEDIUM unemployment insurance to increase Congress governments accessibility and benefits. 1C-4: Modernize SNAP by updating USDA Food and MEDIUM the Thrifty Food Plan. Nutrition Service 1C-7: Use the infrastructure in Action 1A-1 and the dashboard in 2A-5 to integrate unemployment insurance State social service and MEDIUM USDOL with other social insurance programs, labor agencies such as SNAP and housing assistance programs. USDOL, USDA, 1C-8: Improve infrastructure for HUD, Internal bridging services and delivering MEDIUM Revenue Service payments to households to mitigate (IRS), state economic damage in future crises. governments 2A-5: Build a publicly accessible National Housing Security Dashboard, Data scientists from the MEDIUM combining information sought in HUD private, academic, and Actions 2A-1, 2A-2, 2A-3, and 2A-4 nonprofit sectors into a usable online interface. (Continued) Prepublication Copy 43

Timeframe Action Actor Partners Page 2C-1: Perform a gap analysis of all Research institutes Tenant advocates and programs that provide housing support funded by rental property MEDIUM to identify needs, overlaps, philanthropies, state developers, investors, inefficiencies, and gaps in outreach and federal housing and operators during the pandemic and other crises. agencies 2C-2: Use the data available on the Research institutes proposed eviction dashboard (see Tenant advocates and funded by Action 2A) to develop metrics for the rental property MEDIUM philanthropies, state evaluation of housing support developers, investors, and federal housing programs for both tenants and property and operators agencies owners (in support of Action 2A-4). 4A-1: Extend and improve the Low- Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program to ensure that LIHTC units MEDIUM Congress are prioritized and subsidized for the lowest-income individuals and families. 4A-2: Ensure that the LIHTC expands recapitalization and preservation of Federal policy MEDIUM existing affordable housing nearing the makers end of compliance periods. 4A-3: Prioritize preservation in LIHTC MEDIUM State governments Qualified Allocation Plans. 4A-4: Continue and increase funding MEDIUM for the National Housing Trust Fund Congress that supports low-income residents. 4A-5: Expand the Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) program to allow more public housing to shift to MEDIUM more sustainable Section 8 Project- HUD Based Voucher (PBV) and Project- Based Rental Assistance (PBRA) platforms without displacing families. 4A-6: Incentivize rental management companies to invest private capital to preserve LIHTC, Housing Assistance State and local Rental management MEDIUM Payment (HAP) Section 8, and housing authorities companies naturally occurring affordable housing (NOAH) properties. 4A-7: Identify at-risk properties, and PHAs and nonprofit MEDIUM provide resources to rehabilitate and/or Local governments housing organizations purchase them. 4A-8: Increase funding for housing partnership networks that enable Local, state, and MEDIUM Philanthropies community-oriented financing, scaled federal governments for the number of rental units needed. 44 Prepublication Copy

4B-3: Initiate programs to close credit gaps and create financial incentives for Community investment MEDIUM HUD developers to build or rehabilitate organizations affordable housing. 4C-1: Require that to receive competitive funding for housing, states and local governments should Federal, state, and MEDIUM demonstrate measurable progress local governments toward meeting regional housing needs and distributing affordable housing across a diverse range of communities. 4C-2: Create local incentives, combined with inclusionary zoning MEDIUM Local governments mandates where possible, to increase the affordable housing supply. 4C-4: Continue enforcing existing fair MEDIUM HUD, DOJ housing legislation. Prepublication Copy 45

Next: Appendix D: Proposed List of Actions by Categories of Priority »
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As the federal moratorium on rental eviction is set to expire on July 31st, 2021, actionable guidance is urgently needed on how to ensure that renters can stay in their homes and housing aid reaches the communities that need it most. This report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends that the Executive Office of the President of the United States should consider establishing a task force to prevent rental evictions and mitigate housing instability caused by the pandemic. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis recommends actions to be taken both urgently and over the next three years aimed at addressing the immediate crisis as well as long-standing needs related to housing choice, affordability, and security across the United States. These include: building on existing social programs that support those struggling with poverty and housing instability; efficiently channeling emergency relief to renters and landlords; increasing the availability of housing choice vouchers; reforming unemployment insurance; and reducing discriminatory practices and systemic inequities.

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