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Appendix D Proposed List of Actions by Categories of Priority Timeframe Action Actor Partners Page Provide immediate, emergency assistance 1A-1: Establish a national task Key state and federal agencies force to prevent eviction and Executive Office NEAR that administer and coordinate mitigate its effects during the of the President major social programs pandemic and beyond. 1A-2: Use current administrative infrastructures to State and federal SHORT allocate emergency rental social service Landlords assistance toward tenant administrators arrears. U.S. Department 1A-5: Distribute federal relief of Housing and U.S. Department of Justice SHORT funds to legal aid programs for Urban (DOJ) tenant assistance. Development (HUD) 1B-2: Partner to connect with Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC), immigrants, and refugees that may not be State and local Community-based NEAR covered by public assistance governments organizations (CBOs) programs, as well as people living with disabilities and historically marginalized communities. HUD, U.S. 2B-2: Publish guidelines on Department of Health care nonprofits, housing when short-term COVID-19 Health and services, health care protections such as eviction NEAR Human Services companies, and state health moratoriums can be lifted based (HHS), U.S. care and social service on local health metrics and Department of agencies employment statistics. Labor (USDOL) 3A-1: Increase the number of Housing Choice Vouchers (HCVs) to guarantee that Congress and NEAR households with incomes below Local public housing agencies HUD 50 percent of the area median receive housing assistance during the pandemic. 46 Prepublication Copy
Secure employment and stabilize incomes 1A-4: Develop web-based tools and provide technical support MEDIUM for individuals seeking social HUD services to better connect to benefits. 1C-3: Extend eligibility for unemployment insurance to SHORT Congress USDOL and state governments workers traditionally uncovered. 1C-5: Reauthorize the WIOA SHORT and increase funding for WPA- Congress authorized job search programs. Support and assist landlords Local public housing 1A-3: Provide landlords with authorities NEAR information on tenant (PHAs), state Landlord associations assistance programs. housing agencies, local governments 1B-1: Provide support to community-based organizations State and local In consultation with landlords NEAR (CBOs) to establish automatic governments and in support of CBOs processes for tenant legal assistance. 3B-1: Expand the HCV program to include robust Congress, HUD, PHAs, property owners, and SHORT housing counseling for both state housing landlord associations tenants and landlords to agencies improve uptake. 3B-3: Implement landlord recruitment and retention strategies to increase the HUD, state Property owners and landlord SHORT number of housing units that housing agencies associations accept HCVs through education, incentives, and reduced administrative burdens. 4A-6: Incentivize rental management companies to invest private capital to preserve Low-Income Housing State and local MEDIUM Tax Credit (LIHTC), Housing housing Rental management companies Assistance Payment (HAP) authorities Section 8, and naturally occurring affordable housing (NOAH) properties. (Continued) Prepublication Copy 47
Support and assist landlords 4B-1: Expand the U.S. Treasury Departmentâs (Treasuryâs) Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund, HUDâs HOME Investments Partnership Congress, SHORT program, and the National Treasury, HUD Housing Trust Fund, which support CDFIs and for- and nonprofit housing developers to develop and invest in affordable housing. 4B-3: Initiate programs to close credit gaps and create financial Community investment MEDIUM incentives for developers to HUD organizations build or rehabilitate affordable housing. Capture and build in existing pandemic-response efforts for the longer term 1C-1: Extend federally funded support of unemployment SHORT insurance and SNAP programs, Congress State public health agencies contingent on state-by-state economic improvement. 1C-6: Consider policy options to connect unemployment insurance and Supplemental NEAR Congress Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) beneficiaries with WIOA and WPA services. 1C-4: Modernize SNAP by USDA Food and MEDIUM updating the Thrifty Food Plan. Nutrition Service USDOL, U.S. Department of 1C-8: Improve infrastructure for Agriculture bridging services and delivering (USDA), HUD, MEDIUM payments to households to Internal Revenue mitigate economic damage in Service (IRS), future crises. and state governments 2A-5: Build a publicly accessible National Housing Data scientists from the Security Dashboard, combining MEDIUM HUD private, academic, and information sought in Actions nonprofit sectors 2A-1, 2A-2, 2A-3, and 2A-4 into a usable online interface. 48 Prepublication Copy
3A-2: Permanently increase the number of HCVs after the pandemic to guarantee that SHORT Congress, HUD Local public housing agencies households with incomes below 50 percent of the area median receive housing assistance. Set research priorities and new partnerships to inform long-term improvements 2A-1: Establish a temporary Eviction Data Collection HUD, U.S. Census Bureau, SHORT Assistance Program to assess Congress and housing experts data needs and modernize electronic filing systems. PHAs, local and state 2A-2: Establish a federal governments, landlords and reporting standard and online their legal reps, sheriff's NEAR HUD reporting portal for evictions departments and law data. enforcement agencies, state and local courts Research institutes, U.S. 2A-3: Launch and coordinate a Census Bureau, philanthropies, comprehensive quantitative SHORT HUD landlords and property research program on evictions managers, nonprofits, and and housing instability. CBOs 2A-4: Launch and coordinate a comprehensive qualitative CBOs, PHAs, philanthropies, SHORT HUD research program on evictions and research institutes and housing instability. 2B-1: Fund research to compile HUD and HHS strategies and ordinances to (Centers for State health care agencies and SHORT mitigate the risk of COVID-19 Disease Control health care companies in housing unstable and Prevention populations. [CDC]) 2C-1: Perform a gap analysis of Research all programs that provide institutes funded Tenant advocates and rental housing support to identify by philanthropies MEDIUM property developers, investors, needs, overlaps, inefficiencies, and state and and operators and gaps in outreach during the federal housing pandemic and other crises. agencies 2C-2: Use the data available on the proposed eviction Research dashboard (see Action 2A) to institutes funded Tenant advocates and rental develop metrics for the MEDIUM by philanthropies, property developers, investors, evaluation of housing support state and federal and operators programs for both tenants and housing agencies property owners (in support of Action 2A-4). (Continued) Prepublication Copy 49
Set research priorities and new partnerships to inform long-term improvements 2C-3: Create interdisciplinary research agendas for the evaluation of health, social, and Research economic interventions used to institutes funded Tenant advocates and rental SHORT reduce housing instability by philanthropies, property developers, investors, during crises that reflect the state and federal and operators diversity and lived experiences housing agencies of the most affected communities. 2C-4: Support efforts to collect Research the evidence needed to fill gaps institutes funded Tenant advocates and rental SHORT in knowledge about differential by philanthropies, property developers, investors, outcomes of eviction by race state and federal and operators and ethnicity. housing agencies 3D-1: Establish a program under HUD to provide free SHORT credit counseling for renters in Congress, HUD utility or housing arrears who apply for rental assistance. 4A-7: Identify at-risk properties, and provide Local PHAs and nonprofit housing MEDIUM resources to rehabilitate and/or governments organizations purchase them. 4A-8: Increase funding for housing partnership networks Local, state, and MEDIUM that enable community-oriented federal Philanthropies financing, scaled for the governments number of rental units needed. 4B-2: Fund academic or other research institutions to study the SHORT Philanthropies Capital Magnet Fund (CMF) to understand its impacts. Promote legislative and regulatory changes to build a more resilient system for future crises 1C-7: Use the infrastructure in Action 1A-1 and the dashboard in 2A-5 to integrate State social service and labor MEDIUM unemployment insurance with USDOL agencies other social insurance programs, such as SNAP and housing assistance programs. 3B-2: Implement HUDâs Small Congress, HUD, Area Fair Market Rents to PHAs, property owners, and SHORT state housing allow the use of HCVs landlord associations agencies throughout metropolitan areas. 50 Prepublication Copy
3C-1: Amend the Fair Housing Act to include discrimination based on source of income as a prohibited factor in rental SHORT Congress screening and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) to include rental agreements as credit transactions. 3C-2: Amend federal fair housing laws to create a path to SHORT Congress prosecution for landlords who abuse the eviction process. 3C-3: Increase the internal resources available to enforce federal fair housing laws that SHORT Congress support localities in providing legal assistance and protection for tenants. 3D-2: Integrate free credit counseling services with Credit counseling agencies and HUD, USDOL, SHORT application for unemployment state and local social service HHS, USDA insurance benefits or housing administrators assistance benefits. 4A-1: Extend and improve LIHTC program to ensure that MEDIUM LIHTC units are prioritized and Congress subsidized for the lowest- income individuals and families. 4A-2: Ensure that the LIHTC expands recapitalization and Federal policy MEDIUM preservation of existing makers affordable housing nearing the end of compliance periods. 4A-3: Prioritize preservation in State MEDIUM LIHTC Qualified Allocation governments Plans. 4A-4: Continue and increase funding for the National MEDIUM Congress Housing Trust Fund that supports low-income residents. 4A-5: Expand the Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) program to allow more public housing to shift to more MEDIUM sustainable Section 8 Project- HUD Based Voucher (PBV) and Project-Based Rental Assistance (PBRA) platforms without displacing families. (Continued) Prepublication Copy 51
Promote legislative and regulatory changes to build a more resilient system for future crises 4C-1: Require that to receive competitive funding for housing, states and local governments should Federal, state, demonstrate measurable MEDIUM and local progress toward meeting governments regional housing needs and distributing affordable housing across a diverse range of communities. 4C-2: Create local incentives, combined with inclusionary Local MEDIUM zoning mandates where governments possible, to increase the affordable housing supply. 4C-3: Encourage governors, mayors, and city councils to State and local SHORT continue working to eliminate governments exclusionary land-use regulations. 4C-4: Continue enforcing MEDIUM HUD, DOJ existing fair housing legislation. 52 Prepublication Copy