National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R12
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R13
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R14
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R15
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R16
Page xvii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R17
Page xviii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26301.
×
Page R18

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Claire Biffl, Julie Liao, Charles Minicucci, and Anna Nicholson, Rapporteurs Forum on Microbial Threats Board on Global Health Health and Medicine Division PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS   500 Fifth Street, NW   Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund (#1021631), the New Venture Fund (#NVF-NGDF- NAT10-Subgrant-013445-2021-01-01), the U.S. Agency for International Develop- ment (#7200AA18GR00003), the U.S. Department of Defense (#HU0012110002), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#75A50119C00031, #75D301- 20-Q-71879, #R13FD006897, #HHSN263201800029I/HHSN26300011), the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (#70RSAT21G00000003), and the U.S. Depart- ment of Veterans Affairs (#VA250-16-C-0012/36C2501P2314). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26301 Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Systematizing the One Health approach in preparedness and response efforts for infectious disease outbreaks: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26301. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Con- gress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the char- ter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typi- cally include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIZING THE ONE HEALTH APPROACH IN PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE EFFORTS FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASE OUTBREAKS1 CASEY BARTON-BEHRAVESH (Co-Chair), Director, One Health Office, U.S. Centers for Disease Control JONNA A. K. MAZET (Co-Chair), Professor of Epidemiology and Disease Ecology, School of Veterinary Medicine; Executive Director, One Health Institute, University of California, Davis KEVIN ANDERSON, Senior Program Manager, Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security ANDREW CLEMENTS, Deputy Director, Pandemic Influenza and Other Emerging Threats Unit, U.S. Agency for International Development PETER DASZAK, President, EcoHealth Alliance EVA HARRIS, Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology; Director, Center for Global Public Health, University of California, Berkeley KENT KESTER, Vice President and Head, Translational Science and Biomarkers, Sanofi Pasteur MAUREEN LICHTVELD, Dean, Graduate School of Public Health, Jonas Salk Professor of Population Health, Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh SALLY A. MILLER, Distinguished Professor of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University BRIANNA SKINNER, Senior Regulatory Veterinarian, Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats, Office of the Chief Scientist, U.S. Food and Drug Administration MARK S. SMOLINSKI, President, Ending Pandemics MARY E. WILSON, Clinical Professor of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 1  The planning committee’s role was limited to planning the workshop, and the Proceed- ings of a Workshop was prepared by the workshop rapporteurs as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop. Statements, recommendations, and opinions expressed are those of individual presenters and participants and are not necessarily endorsed or verified by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, and they should not be construed as reflecting any group consensus. v PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

FORUM ON MICROBIAL THREATS1 PETER DASZAK (Chair), President, EcoHealth Alliance KENT E. KESTER (Vice Chair), Vice President and Head, Translational Science and Biomarkers, Sanofi Pasteur RIMA F. KHABBAZ (Vice Chair), Director, National Center for Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention EMILY ABRAHAM, Director, External Affairs and Policy, Johnson & Johnson Global Public Health KEVIN ANDERSON, Senior Program Manager, Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security CRISTINA CASSETTI, Deputy Division Director, Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health ANDREW CLEMENTS, Senior Technical Advisor, Emerging Threats Division, U.S. Agency for International Development SCOTT F. DOWELL, Deputy Director, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation MARCOS A. ESPINAL, Director, Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis, Pan American Health Organization EVA HARRIS, Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology; Director, Center for Global Public Health, University of California, Berkeley ELIZABETH D. HERMSEN, Head, Global Antimicrobial Stewardship and Health Equity in Infectious Disease, Merck & Co., Inc. CHRISTOPHER HOUCHENS, Director, Division of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Countermeasures, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services CHANDY C. JOHN, Director, Ryan White Center for Pediatric Infectious Disease and Global Health, Indiana University School of Medicine MARK G. KORTEPETER, Director, Infectious Disease Clinical Research Program, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences MICHAEL MAIR, Acting Director, Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats, U.S. Food and Drug Administration 1  The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution. vii PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

JONNA A. K. MAZET, Distinguished Professor of Epidemiology and Disease Ecology; Founding Executive Director, One Health Institute, University of California, Davis VICTORIA McGOVERN, Senior Program Officer, Burroughs Wellcome Fund SALLY A. MILLER, Distinguished Professor of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, The Ohio State University SUERIE MOON, Director of Research, Global Health Centre; Visiting Lecturer, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva; Adjunct Lecturer, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health RAFAEL OBREGON, Chief of Communication for Development, United Nations Children’s Fund KUMANAN RASANATHAN, Health Systems Coordinator, Office of the WHO Representative in Cambodia, World Health Organization GARY A. ROSELLE, Chief of Medical Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center; Director, National Infectious Disease Services, Veterans Health Administration; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs PETER A. SANDS, Executive Director, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria THOMAS W. SCOTT, Distinguished Professor of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis MATTHEW ZAHN, Medical Director, Division of Epidemiology and Assessment, Orange County Health Care Agency National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff JULIE LIAO, Associate Program Officer (from August 2020) CHARLES MINICUCCI, Research Assistant (from July 2020) CLAIRE BIFFL, Senior Program Assistant (from March 2021) JULIE PAVLIN, Director, Forum on Microbial Threats; Senior Director, Board on Global Health viii PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Reviewers T his Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by indi- viduals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engi- neering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review com- ments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: ELIZABETH MUMFORD, World Health Organization A. ALONSO AGUIRRE, George Mason University LINDA A. McMAULEY, Emory University Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive com- ments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by M. KARIUKI NJENGA, Washington State University. He was responsible for making certain that an indepen- dent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies. ix PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Contents ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS xv 1 INTRODUCTION 1 Organization of the Proceedings of the Workshop, 2 2 KEYNOTE: ONE HEALTH AND PREVENTING PANDEMICS 7 The One Health Approach, 7 One Health Pandemic Response Framework, 9 Global Interconnectedness, 14 Discussion, 14 3 ONE HEALTH IN PRAXIS 19 Operationalizing One Health at a Local Level, 20 Multi-Sectoral Engagement in the COVID-19 Outbreak Response in Thailand, 25 COVID-19 Response: Lessons Learned to Reinforce the Relevance of One Health Principles, 29 Discussion, 34 Reflections from Day 1, 39 4 CURRENT ONE HEALTH EFFORTS AND OPPORTUNITIES 41 What Is Being Done Now?, 41 Opportunities for Improvement, 53 xi PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

xii CONTENTS 5 BUILDING THE FUTURE ONE HEALTH WORKFORCE 63 The One Health Workforce: Reconciling Competencies with Opportunities, 63 University Networks on the Front Lines for Community Engagement and One Health Innovation, 69 Discussion, 73 Reflections on Day 2, 78 6 LEARNING FROM THE PAST AND PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE OF ONE HEALTH 81 Precision Epidemiology, Human Behavior, and the Future of One Health, 82 Collaborative Effort in Outbreak Preparedness: FDA’s Approach to ASF, 86 Paradox of Global Policies for Pandemic Prediction and Prevention, 91 Taking Pandemic Threats Off the Table, 96 Discussion, 100 7 BUILDING A BETTER SYSTEM FOR OUTBREAK RESPONSE, SURVEILLANCE, DETECTION, AND FORECASTING 107 Breakout Session Highlights, 107 Discussion, 112 REFERENCES 119 APPENDIXES A Workshop Statement of Task 125 B Workshop Agenda 127 C Speaker and Moderator Biographies 135 PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Boxes and Figures BOXES 3-1 Fast-Tracked COVID-19 Emergency Management Efforts in Rwanda, 32 3-2 Lessons Learned from Rwanda’s COVID-19 Response, 35 4-1 Actionable Evidence for the One Health Approach, 60 5-1 Uganda Students One Health Innovations Club, 72 7-1 Highlights from Discussion on Response Capacities, 108 7-2 Highlights from Discussion on Surveillance and Detection Mecha- nisms, 109 7-3 Highlights from Discussion on Surveillance and Detection Mecha- nisms, 111 FIGURES 3-1 Harris County Public Health Department’s response to West Nile Virus: before and after the One Health approach, 22 6-1 Critical actions and response actors involved in outbreak contain- ment, 85 xiii PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Acronyms and Abbreviations AFROHUN Africa One Health University Network ALERRT African Coalition for Epidemic Research, Response, and Training AMR antimicrobial resistance ASF African Swine Fever BARDA U.S. Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEPI Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations CMC chemistry, manufacturing, and controls COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019 CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine DART during-action review and tabletop DCCP disease control and clinical prevention DDC Department of Disease Control DMSc Department of Medical Science DNP Department of National Parks, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation DOD U.S. Department of Defense EPH Environmental Public Health EPI epidemiology xv PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

xvi ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration GDP gross domestic product HCPH Harris County Public Health HIV human immunodeficiency virus IAR intra-action reviews IFTF Institute for the Future IHR International Health Regulations IMF International Monetary Fund IPBES Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services IPE interprofessional practice and education MERS Middle East respiratory syndrome MOH Ministry of Health MRNA messenger ribonucleic acid MVCD Mosquito and Vector Control Division NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIH National Institutes of Health NTD neglected tropical disease OHW-NG One Health Workforce—Next Generation OIE World Organisation for Animal Health PCR polymerase chain reaction PREP Portal for Readiness Exercises and Planning ProMED Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases RT-PCR reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS-CoV-2 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 SEAOHUN Southeast Asia One Health University Network SOHIC Students One Health Innovations Club TB tuberculosis TRC-EID Thai Red Cross Emerging Infectious Diseases Health Science Centre PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVATIONS xvii UC Davis University of California, Davis UN United Nations UHC universal health coverage USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture VPH Veterinary Public Health WHO World Health Organization WTO World Trade Organization PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Next: 1 Introduction »
Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $45.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

A planning committee convened by the Forum on Microbial Threats of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a virtual workshop on February 23-25, 2021, titled Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks. The workshop gave particular consideration to research opportunities, multisectoral collaboration mechanisms, community-engagement strategies, educational opportunities, and policies that speakers have found effective in implementing the core capacities and interventions of One Health principles to strengthen national health systems and enhance global health security. This Proceedings of a Workshop summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!