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133Â Â AADT annual average daily traffic ARRA Asphalt Recycling and Reclaiming Association APA asphalt pavement analyzer BSM bituminous stabilized material Caltrans California Department of Transportation CBR California bearing ratio CCPR cold central plant recycling CIR cold in-place recycling CMOD crack mouth opening displacement CSS cationic slow set (emulsion) CT cracking test DCP dynamic cone penetrometer DCT disc-shaped compact tension ER expansion ratio (ratio of the maximum volume of foam relative to the original volume) ESAL equivalent single axle load FDR full-depth reclamation FE fracture energy FIVE fracture index value for energy FLH Federal Lands Highway FM farm to market route FWD falling weight deflectometer GHG greenhouse gases GPR ground-penetrating radar HF high float HFMS high float medium set (emulsion) HL half-life (time, in seconds, needed for the foam to collapse to half of its maximum volume) HMA hot mix asphalt HWTT Hamburg wheel tracking test I Interstate highway IDEAL-CT indirect tensile asphalt cracking test IDT indirect tensile test I-FIT Illinois flexibility index test IRI international roughness index LCA life cycle assessment LWD lightweight deflectometer MEPDG Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide Abbreviations
134 Practice and Performance of Cold In-Place Recycling and Cold Central Plant Recycling MnROAD Minnesota Department of Transportation pavement test track MRI mean roughness index OWC optimum water content PCC Portland cement concrete PCI pavement condition index PCR pavement condition rating QA quality assurance QC quality control RAP reclaimed asphalt pavement RLPD repeated load permanent deformation SCB semi-circular bend SGC Superpave gyratory compactor SIP stripping inflection point SMA stone matrix asphalt SN structural number S-VECD simplified viscoelastic continuum damage TSR tensile strength ratio TSRST thermal stress restrained specimen test US U.S. highway route USCS Unified Soil Classification System
Abbreviations and acronyms used without denitions in TRB publications: A4A Airlines for America AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACIâNA Airports Council InternationalâNorth America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAST Fixing Americaâs Surface Transportation Act (2015) FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration GHSA Governors Highway Safety Association HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (2012) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TDC Transit Development Corporation TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998) TRB Transportation Research Board TSA Transportation Security Administration U.S. DOT United States Department of Transportation
NON-PROFIT ORG. U.S. POSTAGE PAID COLUMBIA, MD PERMIT NO. 88 Transportation Research Board 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED ISBN 978-0-309-67418-8 9 7 8 0 3 0 9 6 7 4 1 8 8 9 0 0 0 0