National Academies Press: OpenBook

Nursing, Health, and the Environment (1995)

Chapter: Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

INTRODUCTION

For those interested in learning more about environmental health and the resources available that are related to environmental health, Appendix D presents names, addresses, and phone numbers of relevant government agencies and professional associations and organizations, as well as information about computerized information services, and a listing of general references. Agencies, associations, and organizations related to nursing and/or the environment are specifically highlighted. Finally, three tables are presented (pp. 214–240) that describe (1) selected environmental agents and their associated sources and potential exposures, (2) selected work-related diseases, disorders, and conditions associated with various agents, and (3) selected job categories, exposures, and associated work-related diseases and conditions for use in actual nursing practice.

The information presented in this appendix is not intended to be comprehensive or exhaustive, but rather supplemental and complementary.

GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

Throughout our history, numerous federal and state agencies have been created to address the issues related to safety and health in the workplace, as well as the surrounding environment. Federal and state agencies have become increasingly involved in examining and monitoring the impact of the environment on the health of the public. The following list highlights several of the federal and state agencies currently involved in monitoring, evaluating, and protecting the environment and its relation to public health. Each agency is an invaluable source of information and can readily provide additional resources upon one's request. The agencies are listed in alphabetical order with federal organizations first, followed by state agencies.

Federal Agencies
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) was created by Superfund legislation in 1980 as a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ATSDR's mission is to prevent or mitigate adverse human health effects and diminished quality of life resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. In order to carry out its mission and to serve the needs of the American people, ATSDR conducts activities in public health assessments, health investigations,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

exposure and disease registry, emergency response, toxicological profiles, health education, and applied research.

ATSDR's Division of Health Education is mandated to assemble, develop, and distribute to the states, medical colleges, physicians, and other health professionals, educational materials on medical surveillance, screening, and methods of diagnosis and treatment of injury or disease related to exposure to hazardous substances. The Division also provides training and education for primary care physicians to diagnose and treat illness caused by hazardous substances and supports curriculum development and applied research in the area of environmental health.

The Division has developed a self-study series called Case Studies in Environmental Medicine which uses case studies to guide physicians through the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses related to hazardous substances exposure.

Several projects have also been developed and implemented to advance these goals. Some of the programs are described below:

  • State Cooperative Agreements offer funding and assistance to state health departments for developing educational materials and activities in environmental medicine for health care professionals;

  • National Association of County Health Officials Environmental Health Project is a cooperative agreement with ATSDR to conduct instructional sessions and develop supporting materials for local health officials and the medical community concerning the communication of health risks from exposure to hazardous substances;

  • Project EPOCH-Envi is co-sponsored by ATSDR and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Through the cooperative agreement, a consortium of medical schools works towards introducing curricula in occupational and environmental medicine in primary care residency programs;

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

1600 Clifton Road, N.E.

Mail Stop E-28

Atlanta, GA 30333

(404) 639-0501

Emergencies (404) 639-0615

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is charged with protecting the public health of the nation by providing leadership

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

and direction in the prevention and control of diseases and other preventable conditions and responding to public health emergencies.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

1600 Clifton Road, N.E.

Atlanta, GA 30333

(404) 639-3286

Consumer Product Safety Commission

The Consumer Products Safety Commission provides information on health and safety effects related to consumer products. It has direct jurisdiction over chronic and chemical hazards in consumer products; assists consumers in evaluating the comparative safety of consumer products; develops uniform safety standards for consumer products and minimizes conflicting state and local regulations; and promotes research and investigation into the causes and prevention of product-related deaths, illnesses, and injuries.

Consumer Product Safety Commission

East West Towers

4340 East West Highway

Bethesda, MD 20814

(301) 504-0580

(800) 638-2772

Department of Energy

The Department of Energy (DOE) provides the framework for a comprehensive and balanced national energy plan through the coordination and administration of the energy functions of the federal government. The Department is responsible for long-term, high-risk research and development of energy technology; the marketing of federal power; energy conservation; the nuclear weapons program; energy regulatory programs; and a central energy data collection and analysis program.

The Environment, Safety and Health Office of the DOE provides independent oversight of departmental execution of environmental, occupational safety and health, and nuclear/nonnuclear safety and security laws, regulations, and policies; ensures that departmental programs are in compliance with environmental, health, and nuclear/nonnuclear safety protection plans, regulations, and procedures; provides an independent overview and assessment of Department-controlled activities to ensure that safety-impacted programs receive management review; and carries

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

out legal functions of the nuclear safety civil penalty and criminal referral activities mandated by the Price-Anderson Amendments Act.

Department of Energy

1000 Independence Avenue, S.W.

Washington, DC 20585

(202) 586-5000

Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) is the Cabinet-level department of the federal executive branch most concerned with people and most involved with the nation's human concerns. In one way or another—whether it is mailing out social security checks or making health services more widely available—DHHS touches the lives of more Americans than any other federal agency. It is literally a department of people saving people, from newborn infants to our most elderly citizens.

Department of Health and Human Services

200 Independence Avenue, S.W.

Washington, DC 20201

(202) 679-0257

Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established in 1970 in order to permit coordinated and effective governmental action on behalf of the environment. It endeavors to abate and control pollution systematically, by proper integration of a variety of research, monitoring, standard setting, and enforcement activities. As a complement to its other activities, the Agency coordinates and supports research and antipollution activities by state and local governments, private and public groups, individuals, and educational institutions. It also reinforces efforts among other federal agencies with respect to the impact of their operations on the environment, and it is specifically charged with publishing its determinations when those hold that a proposal is unsatisfactory from the standpoint of public health or welfare or environmental quality. In all, the EPA is designed to serve as the public's advocate for a livable environment.

Environmental Protection Agency

401 M Street, S.W.

Washington, DC 20460

(202) 260-2090

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) inspects manufacturing plants and warehouses, collects and analyzes samples of foods, drugs, cosmetics, and therapeutic devices for adulteration and misbranding. Responsibilities also extend to sanitary preparation and handling of foods, waste disposal on interstate carriers, and enforcement of the Radiation Control Act as related to consumer products. Epidemiological and other investigations are conducted to determine causative factors or possible health hazards involved in adverse reactions or hazardous materials accidents. Investigators are located in resident posts in major cities throughout the country.

Food and Drug Administration

National Headquarters

200 C Street, S.W.

Washington, DC 20204

(301) 443-2410

Health Resources and Services Administration

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) is responsible for general health services and resource issues relating to issues of access, equity, quality, and cost of care. In order to accomplish this goal, the Administration supports states and communities in their efforts to deliver health care to underserved segments of the population; participates in the federal campaign against AIDS; provides leadership in improving the education, distribution, quality, and use of the health professionals needed to staff the nation's health care system; tracks the supply of and requirements for health professionals and addresses their competence through the development of a health practitioner data bank; and strengthens the public health system by working with state and local public health agencies.

Health Resources and Services Administration

5600 Fishers Lane

Rockville, MD 20857

(301) 443-2086

National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) conducts and funds research on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, and biology of cancer

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

and the rehabilitation of people with cancer. NCI also funds projects for innovative and effective approaches to preventing and controlling cancer, establishes multidisciplinary cancer care and clinical research activities in community hospitals, and supports cancer research training, clinical training, continuing education, and career development.

National Cancer Institute

National Institutes of Health

9000 Rockville Pike

Bethesda, MD 20892

(301) 496-5615

(800) 422-6237/ (800) 4-CANCER

National Center for Environmental Health

The mission of the National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) is to promote health and quality of life by preventing or controlling disease, injury, and disability related to the interactions between people and their environment outside the workplace. To achieve these goals, NCEH directs programs both to prevent the adverse health effects of exposure to toxic substances and to combat the societal and environmental factors that increase the likelihood of exposure and disease. NCEH also works to prevent injuries and diseases resulting from natural or technologic disasters and to prevent birth defects and development disabilities resulting from nutritional deficiencies or exposure to environmental toxins in utero or during early childhood.

National Center for Environmental Health

Mailstop F29

4770 Buford Highway, N.E.

Atlanta, GA 30341-3724

(404) 488-7003

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was established by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 to conduct research on occupational diseases and injuries, respond to requests for assistance by investigating problems of health and safety in the workplace, recommend standards to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), and train professionals in occupational safety and health.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

200 Independence Avenue, S.W.

Washington, DC 20201

(800) 356-4674

The NIOSH Technical Information Branch provides a toll-free technical information service (1-800-35-NIOSH) that provides convenient public access to NIOSH and its information resources. Callers may request information about NIOSH activities or about any aspect of occupational safety and health.

NIOSH Technical Information Branch

Robert A. Taft Laboratory

Mail Stop C-19

4676 Columbia Parkway Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998

(800) 35-NIOSH

Project EPOCH-Envi. In conjunction with ATSDR, NIOSH established Project EPOCH-Envi to provide support and training to medical schools from around the country who wish to implement curricula in occupational and environmental medicine in primary care residency programs. Through this cooperative agreement, Project EPOCH-Envi conducts workshops and training programs for interested medical school faculty. The sessions focus on instructing faculty members how to develop curricula in occupational and environmental medicine.

Project EPOCH-Envi

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Division of Training and Manpower Development

Curriculum Development Branch

Robert A. Taft Laboratories

4676 Columbia Parkway

Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998

(800) 356-4674

NIOSH Educational Resource Centers. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) funds Educational Resource Centers (ERCs) which conduct research and administer graduate training programs in occupational medicine, occupational health nursing, and industrial hygiene and safety. They also provide continuing education programs for safety and health professionals and outreach programs for the community.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

ALABAMA

University of Alabama in Birmingham

School of Nursing

University of Starion

Birmingham, AL 35294-1210

Kathleen Brown, RN, Ph.D.

Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: MSN, DNS

(205) 934-6858

MARYLAND

The Johns Hopkins University

School of Hygiene and Public Health

615 N. Wolfe Street

Baltimore, MD 21205

Jacqueline Agnew, RN, Ph.D.

Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program

Degree: MPH, DrPH, Ph.D.

(410) 955-4082

CALIFORNIA

UCLA School of Nursing

10833 LeConte Avenue

Los Angeles, CA 90024-1702

Linda Glazner, DrPH, RN

Program Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: MSN

(310) 206-3838

MASSACHUSETTS

Harvard University

Harvard School of Public Health

Department of Environmental Science and Physiology

665 Huntington Avenue

Boston, MA 02115

Carol Love, Ph.D.

Director, Occupational Health Nursing (Simmons)

Degree: MS

(617) 738-2255

University of California, San Francisco

School of Nursing

Department of Mental Health and Community Nursing N505Y

San Francisco, CA 94143

Julia Faucett, RN, Ph.D.

Program Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: MS, DNS

(415) 476-5312

MICHIGAN

University of Michigan

School of Nursing

Department of Community Health Nursing

400 N. Ingalls, Room 3340

Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Sally Lusk, RN, Ph.D.

Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program

Degree: MS

(313) 747-0347

ILLINOIS

University of Illinois at Chicago

College of Nursing

845 South Damen Street

Chicago, IL 60612

Karen Conrad, Ph.D., RN

Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program

Degree: MS, Ph.D.

(312) 996-7974

 

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

MINNESOTA

University of Minnesota

School of Public Health

420 Delaware Street, SE, Box 197

Minneapolis, MN 55455

Patricia McGovern, RN, MPH

Program Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: Ph.D., MS, MS/MPH

(612) 625-7429

OHIO

University of Cincinnati

College of Nursing and Health

200 Proctor Hall

3110 Vine

Cincinnati, OH 45219-0038

Sue Davis, Ph.D.

Acting Program Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: MSN, Ph.D.

(513) 558-5280

NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey

School of Nursing

30 Bergen Street

ADMC 119

Newark, NJ 07107-3000

Gail Buckler, RN, MPH, COHN

Program Director, OHN Program

Degree: MSN

(908) 445-0123

TEXAS

University of Texas

The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

School of Public Health

P.O. Box 20186

Houston, TX 77225

Mary Kay Garcia, RN, DrPH

Director, Occupational Health for Nurses Program

Degree: MPH

(713) 792-7456

NORTH CAROLINA

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

School of Public Health

Rosenau Hall

Chapel Hill, NC 27514

Bonnie Rogers, RN, DrPH

Program Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: MPH, MS

(919) 996-1030

UTAH

University of Utah

RMCOEH, Building 512

Salt Lake City, UT 84119

Darlene Meservy, RN, MPH, DrPH

Director, Occupational Health Nursing

Degree: MSPH, Ph.D., MPH

(801) 581-8214

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

WASHINGTON

University of Washington

Community Health Care Systems, SM-24

Seattle, WA 98195

Mary Salazar, Ph.D.

Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program

Degree: MN, Ph.D., MN/MPH

(206) 685-0857

 

Training Project Grants

University of Pennsylvania

School of Nursing

420 Service Drive

Philadelphia, PA 19104

Winifred Hayes, RN, Ph.D.

Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program

Degree: MSN

(215) 898-1794

University of South Florida

College of Nursing

Health Science Center

Box 22

12901 Bruce B. Downs Boulevard

Tampa, FL 33612-4799

Dr. Candace Burns

Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program

(813) 974-9160

The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is the principal federal agency for biomedical research on the effects of chemical, physical, and biological environmental agents on human health and well-being. The Institute supports research and training focused on the identification, assessment, and mechanism of action of potentially harmful agents in the environment. Research results form the basis for preventive programs for environmentally-related diseases and for action by regulatory agencies.

The NIEHS currently sponsors several programs available to the medical school community, individual researchers, and other organizations or centers interested in studying the effects of the environment on health and how to better educate medical school students, employees, and the general public about environmental health risks and hazards. Some of the awards are described below:

  • The Environmental/Occupational Medicine Academic Award Program was established by the NIEHS to address the need for increased awareness by physicians of the impact of environmental and occupational

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

conditions on illness, injury, and death. The award serves to assist in improving the quality of environmental/occupational medicine curricula and of fostering research careers in occupational medicine.

Environmental/Occupational Medicine Academic Awards

Chief, Environmental Health Resources Branch

Division of Extramural Research and Training

National Institute of Environmental Health Services

P.O. Box 12233

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

(919) 541-7825

  • Environmental Health Sciences Center Awards provide core support to universities for multidisplinary research in environmental health. Each center serves as national resources for environmental health research and manpower development. Areas of particular interest include: air, water, and food pollution; toxic mechanisms and body defense mechanisms; and the environmental aspects of cancer, birth defects, behavioral anomalies, respiratory and cardiovascular disease and diseases of other organs.

  • Superfund Hazardous Substances-Basic Research and Education Program supports research to expand the base of scientific knowledge needed for adequate assessment of exposure and health risks from the release of hazardous substances, reduction in the amount and toxicity of hazardous substances, and ultimately, to prevent adverse human health effects.

  • Hazardous Waste Worker Health and Safety Training provides grant support for the development and administration of health and safety training programs for workers and supervisors engaged in activities related to hazardous waste removal, containment, and transportation, or emergency response. In 1991, this program was expanded to include workers involved in generating and transporting hazardous materials and wastes, oil spill cleanup workers, and workers involved in the cleanup of nuclear workshops facilities.

  • Clinical Investigator Award provides for the development of clinical investigators in the field of environmental health/human toxicology. The award of up to $35,000 per year supports the research development of physicians to work with research teams on problems arising from the exposures of human populations to environmental chemicals.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

P.O. Box 12233

104 T.W. Alexander Drive

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

(919) 541-3212

National Institutes of Health

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government. Its mission is to pursue knowledge to improve human health. To accomplish this goal, the Institute seeks to expand fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems, to apply that knowledge to extend the health of human lives, and to reduce the burdens resulting from disease and disability. In the quest of this mission, NIH supports biomedical and behavioral research around the world, trains promising young researchers, and promotes the acquisition and distribution of medical knowledge. Research activities conducted by NIH will determine much of the quality of health care for the future and reinforce the quality of health care currently available.

National Institutes of Health

9000 Rockville Pike

Bethesda, MD 20892

National Institute of Nursing Research

The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) provides leadership for nursing research, supports and conducts research and training, and disseminates information to build a scientific base for nursing practice and patient care, and to promote health and improve the effects of illness on the general public. NINR also provides grants and awards for nursing research and research training. Programs include research in health promotion and disease prevention, acute and chronic illness, and delivery of nursing care.

National Institute of Nursing Research

9000 Rockville Pike

Building 31 #5803

Bethesda, MD 20892

(301) 496-0207

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
Nuclear Regulatory Commission

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licenses and regulates civilian use of nuclear energy to protect health and safety and the environment. This is achieved by licensing persons and companies to build and operate nuclear reactors and other facilities and to own and use nuclear materials. The Commission makes rules and sets standards for these types of licenses. It also carefully inspects the activities of the persons and companies licensed to ensure that they do not violate the safety rules of the Commission.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Washington, DC 20555

(301) 492-7000

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was created within the Department of Labor under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 to enforce national occupational health and safety standards. OSHA encourages employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards, implements new or improved safety and health programs, provides research in occupational safety and health, requires a reporting and recording system to monitor job-related illnesses and injuries, training, develops mandatory job safety and health standards and enforces them effectively, and provides for the development, analysis, evaluation, and approval of state occupational safety and health programs.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Office of Administrative Services

200 Constitution Avenue, N.W.

Room N-310

Washington, DC 20210

(202) 219-4667

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
State Agencies
State Health Departments and Radon Contacts

Alabama Department of Public Health

434 Monroe Street

Montgomery, AL 36130

(205) 242-5052

Radon: Montgomery

(800) 582-1866

(205) 242-5315

California Department of Health Services

714 P Street

Sacramento, CA 95814

(916) 657-1425

Radon: Sacramento

(916) 324-2208

Alaska Division of Public Health

Department of Health and Social Services

P.O. Box H

Juneau, AK 99811

(907) 465-3090

Radon: Juneau

(800) 478-4845

(907) 465-3019

Colorado Department of Health

4210 E. 11th Avenue

Denver, CO 80220

(303) 331-4600

Radon: Denver

(800) 846-3986

(303) 692-3057

Arizona Department of Health Services

1740 W. Adams Street

Phoenix, AZ 85007

(602) 542-1024

Radon: Phoenix

(602) 255-4845

Connecticut Department of Health Services

150 Washington Street

Hartford, CT 06106

(203) 566-2038

Radon: Hartford

(203) 566-3122

Arkansas Department of Health

4815 W. Markham Street

Little Rock, AR 72205

(501) 661-2111

Radon: Little Rock

(501) 661-2301

Delaware Division of Public Health

Department of Health and Social Services

P.O. Box 637

Dover, DE 19903

(302) 739-4701

Radon: Dover

(302) 739-3787

(800) 554-4636 (In-state)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

District of Columbia Department of Human Services

Commission of Public Health

1660 L Street, N.W., 12th Floor

Washington, DC 20036

(202) 673-7700

Radon: Washington, DC

(202) 727-7221

Idaho Division of Health

Department of Health and Welfare

450 W. State Street

Boise, ID 83720

(208) 334-5945

Radon: Boise

(800) 445-8647

(208) 334-6584

Florida Health Office

Department of Health and Rehabilitation Services

1323 Winewood Blvd.

Building 1

Tallahassee, FL 32301

(904) 487-2705

Radon: Orlando

(904) 488-1525

(800) 543-8279

Illinois Department of Public Health

535 W. Jefferson Street

Springfield, IL 62761

(217) 782-4977

Radon: Springfield

(800) 325-1245

(217) 786-6384

Georgia Division of Public Health

878 Peachtree Street

Atlanta, GA 30309

(404) 894-7505

Radon: Atlanta

(404) 894-6644

Indiana Board of Health

P.O. Box 1964

1330 W. Michigan Street

Indianapolis, IN 46206

(317) 633-8400

Radon: Indianapolis

(317) 633-0150

(800) 272-9723 (In-state)

Guam Public Health and Social Services

P.O. Box 2816

Agana, Guam 96910

(671) 734-2083

Hawaii Department of Health

1250 Punchbowl Street

P.O. Box 3378

Honolulu, HI 96801

(808) 586-4410

Radon: Honolulu

(808) 543-4383

Iowa Department of Public Health

Robert Lucas State Office Building

East 12th and Walnut Streets

Des Moines, IA 50319

(515) 281-5605

Radon: Des Moines

(515) 281-7781

(800) 383-5992 (In-state)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Kansas Department of Health and Environment

900 SW Jackson

Topeka, KS 66612

(913) 296-1522

Radon: Topeka

(913) 296-1560

Massachusetts Department of Public Health

150 Tremont Street

Boston, MA 02111

(617) 727-2700

Radon: North Hampton

(413) 586-7525

Kentucky Department for Health Services

Cabinet for Human Resources

275 E. Main Street

Frankfort, KY 40621

(502) 564-3970

Radon: Frankfort

(502) 564-3700

Michigan Department of Public Health

3423 N. Logan Street

Lansing, MI 48909

(517) 335-8024

Radon: Lansing

(517) 335-8190

Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals

P.O. Box 629

Baton Rouge, LA 70821

(504) 342-9500

Radon: Baton Rouge

(800) 256-2494

(504) 925-7042

Minnesota Department of Health

717 Delaware Street, S.E.

P.O. Box 9441

Minneapolis, MN 55440

(612) 623-5460

Radon: Minneapolis

(612) 627-5012

(800) 798-9050

Maine Bureau of Health

Department of Human Services

State House Station 11

Augusta, ME 04333

(207) 289-2736

Radon: Augusta

(800) 232-0842

(207) 789-5689

Mississippi Department of Health

P.O. Box 1700

2423 N. State Street

Jackson, MS 39215

(601) 960-7634

Radon: Jackson

(800) 626-7739

(601) 354-6657

Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

201 W. Preston Street

Baltimore, MD 21201

(301) 225-6500

Radon: Baltimore

(800) 872-3666

(301) 631-3300

Missouri Department of Health

P.O. Box 570

Jefferson City, MO 65102

(314) 751-60001

Radon: Jefferson City

(314) 751-6083

(800) 669-7236 (In-state)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Montana Department of Health and Environmental Sciences

Cogswell Building

Helena, MT 59620

(406) 444-2544

Radon: Helena

(406) 444-3671

New Mexico Health and Environmental Department

1190 South Francis Drive

Santa Fe, NM 87503

(505) 827-2613

Radon: Santa Fe

(505) 827-4300

Nebraska Department of Health

301 Centennial Mall S.

P.O. Box 95007

Lincoln, NE 68509

(402) 471-4047

Radon: Lincoln

(402) 471-2168

(800) 334-9491 (In-state)

New York Department of Health

Tower Building

Empire State Plaza

Albany, NY 12237

(518) 474-2011

Radon: Albany

(518) 458-6451

Nevada Health Division

505 E. King Street

Carson City, NV 89710

(702) 687-4740

Radon: Carson City

(702) 687-5394

North Carolina Department of Environment

Health and Natural Resources

Division of Health Services

P.O. Box 27687

Raleigh, NC 27611

(919) 733-4984

Radon: Raleigh

(919) 571-4141

New Hampshire Division of Public Health Services

Health and Welfare Building

Hazen Drive

Concord, NH 03301

(603) 271-4500

Radon: Concord

(603) 271-4674

North Dakota Department of Health and Consolidated Labs

State Capitol Judicial Wing

600 E. Boulevard Avenue

Bismarck, ND 58505

(701) 224-2372

Radon: Bismarck

(701) 224-2348

New Jersey Department of Health

CN 360

Trenton, NJ 08625

(609) 292-7837

Radon: Trenton

(609) 987-6396

(800) 648-0394

Ohio Department of Health

246 N. High Street

Columbus, OH 43266

(614) 466-2253

Radon: Columbus

(614) 644-2727

(800) 523-4439 (In-state)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Oklahoma Department of Health

1000 NE 10th Street

P.O. Box 53551

Oklahoma City, OK 73152

(405) 271-4200

Radon: Oklahoma City

(405) 271-5221

South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control

2600 Bull Street

Columbia, SC 29201

(803) 735-4880

Radon: Columbia

(800) 768-0362

(803) 734-4700

Oregon State Health Division

1400 SW 5th Avenue

Portland, OR 97201

(503) 229-4032

Radon: Portland

(503) 731-4014

South Dakota Department of Health

445 E. Capitol

Pierre, SD 57501

(605) 773-3361

Radon: Pierre

(605) 773-3351

Pennsylvania Department of Health

P.O. Box 90

Harrisburg, PA 17108

(717) 787-6436

Radon: Harrisburg

(717) 787-2480

(800) 23-RADON (In-state)

Tennessee Department of Health and Environment

344 Cordell Hull Building

Nashville, TN 37247-0101

(615) 741-3111

Radon: Nashville

(800) 232-1139

(615) 741-3651

Puerto Rico Department of Health

Building A, Call Box 70184

San Juan, PR 00936

(809) 766-1616

Radon: Rio Piedras

(809) 767-3563

Texas Department of Health

1100 W. 49th Street

Austin, TX 78756

(512) 458-7111

Radon: Austin

(512) 834-6688

Rhode Island Department of Health

Cannon Health Building

3 Capitol Hill

Providence, RI 02908

(401) 277-2231

Radon: Providence

(401) 277-2438

Utah Department of Health

288 N. 1460 W.

P.O. Box 16700

Salt Lake City, UT 84116

(801) 538-6111

Radon: Salt Lake City

(801) 538-6734

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Vermont Department of Health

P.O. Box 70

60 Main Street

Burlington, VT 05402

(802) 863-7280

Radon: Montpelier

(800) 640-0601

(802) 828-2886

West Virginia Department of Public Health

Building 3, State Capital Complex

Charleston, WV 25305

(304) 348-2971

Radon: South Charleston

(304) 558-3526

(800) 922-1255 (In-state)

Virgin Island Department of Health

L18 Sugar Estate

St. Thomas, VI 00802

(809) 774-4888

Wisconsin Division of Health

Department of Health and Social Services

P.O. Box 309

Madison, WI 53707

(608) 266-1511

Radon: Madison

(608) 267-4795

Virginia Department of Health

P.O. Box 2448

Richmond, VA 23218

(804) 786-3561

Radon: Richmond

(800) 468-0138

(804) 786-5932

Wyoming Health and Medical Services

Hathaway Building

Cheyenne, WY 82002

(307) 777-6464

Radon: Cheyenne

(800) 458-5847

(307) 777-6015

Washington Department of Health

1112 S.E. Quince Street

Olympia, WA 98504-7890

(206) 753-5871

Radon: Olympia

(800) 323-9727

(206) 753-4518

 

Environmental Council of States (ECOS Member States Directory)

ALABAMA

John Smith

Director

Alabama Department of Environmental Management

1751 Congressman W.L. Dickinson Drive

P.O. Box 371463

Montgomery, AL 36130-1463

(334) 271-7761

ALASKA

Gene Burden

Commissioner

Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation

410 Willoughby Avenue, Suite 105

Juneau, AK 99801-1795

(907) 465-5066

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

ARIZONA

Edward Z. Fox

Director

Arizona Department of Environmental Quality

3033 N. Central Avenue

Phoenix, AZ 85012

(602) 207-2203

CONNECTICUT

Sidney Holbrook

Commissioner

Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection

165 Capitol Avenue, Room 161

Hartford, CT 06106

(203) 424-3001

ARKANSAS

Randall Mathis

Director

Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology

8001 National Drive

P.O. Box 8913

Little Rock, AR 72219-8913

(501) 570-2130

DELAWARE

Christophe A.G. Tulou

Secretary

Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control

P.O. Box 1401

Dover, DE 19903

(302) 739-4403

CALIFORNIA

James M. Strock

Secretary

California Environmental Protection Agency

555 Capitol Mall, Suite 235

Sacramento, CA 95814

(916) 445-3846

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Ferial Bishop

Administrator

District of Columbia Environmental Regulation Administration

2100 Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue

Suite 203

Washington, DC 20020

(202) 645-6617

COLORADO

Tom Looby

Director, Office of Environment

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

4300 Cherry Creek Drive, South

Denver, CO 80222

(303) 692-3001

FLORIDA

Virginia B. Wetherell

Secretary

Florida Department of Environmental Protection

3900 Commonwealth Boulevard

Tallahassee, FL 32399

(904) 488-4805

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

GEORGIA

Harold F. Reheis

Director, Environmental Protection Division

Georgia Department of Natural Resources

205 Butler Street, SE, Suite 1152

Atlanta, GA 30334

(404) 656-4713

INDIANA

Kathy Prosser

Commissioner

Indiana Department of Environmental Management

100 North Senate Avenue

P.O. Box 6015

Indianapolis, IN 46206-6015

(317) 232-8162

HAWAII

Bruce Anderson

Director for Environmental Health

P.O. Box 3378

Honolulu, HI 96801

(808) 586-4424

KANSAS

Ron Hammerschmidt

Director, Division of Environment

Kansas Department of Health and Environment

740 Forbes Field

Topeka, KS 66620

(913) 296-1535

IDAHO

Wallace Cory

Administrator

Idaho Division of Environmental Quality

450 W. State Street

Boise, ID 83720

(208) 334-5840

KENTUCKY

Phillip J. Shepherd

Secretary

Kentucky Natural Resources and Environment Protection Cabinet

Capital Plaza Tower, 5th Floor

Frankfort, KY 40601

(502) 564-3350

ILLINOIS

Mary Gade

Director

Illinois Environmental Protection Agency

2200 Churchill Road

Springfield, IL 62706

(217) 782-9540

LOUISIANA

William Kurcharski

Secretary

Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality

P.O. Box 82263

Baton Rouge, LA 70884-2263

(504) 765-0639

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

MAINE

Edward Sullivan

Commissioner

Maine Department of Environmental Protection

State House Station 17

Augusta, ME 04333

(207) 287-2812

MICHIGAN

Russell Harding

Deputy Director

Michigan Department of Natural Resources

P.O. Box 30028

Lansing, MI 48909

(517) 373-7917

MARYLAND

Jane T. Nishida

Secretary

Maryland Department of the Environment

2500 Broening Highway

Baltimore, MD 21224

(410) 631-3084

MINNESOTA

Charles Williams

Commissioner

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

520 Lafayette Road North

St. Paul, MN 55155-4194

(612) 296-7301

John Chlada Director

Strategic Planning and Enforcement

Maryland Department of the Environment

2500 Broening Highway

Baltimore, MD 21224

(410) 631-3114

MISSISSIPPI

J.I. Palmer

Executive Director

Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality

P.O. Box 20305

2380 Highway 80 West

Jackson, MS 39289-1305

(601) 961-5000

MASSACHUSETTS

David B. Strubs

Commissioner

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection

1 Winter Street

Boston, MA 02108

(617) 292-5856

MISSOURI

David A. Shorr

Director

Missouri Department of Natural Resources

P.O. Box 176

Jefferson City, MO 65102

(314) 751-4732

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

NEBRASKA

Randolph Wood

Director

Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality

P.O. Box 98922

Lincoln, NE 68509

(402) 471-4231

NEW YORK

Michael Zagata

Commissioner

New York Department of Environmental Conservation

50 Wolf Road

Albany, NY 12233-1010

(518) 457-1162

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Robert W. Varney

Commissioner

New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services

6 Hazen Drive

P.O. Box 95

Concord, NH 03301

(603) 271-3503

NORTH CAROLINA

Jonathon Howes

Secretary

North Carolina Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources

P.O. Box 27687

Raleigh, NC 27611-7687

(919) 733-4984

NEW JERSEY

Robert Shinn

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

401 E. State Street, CN 402

Trenton, NJ 08625

(609) 292-2885

NORTH DAKOTA

Francis Schwindt

Chief

North Dakota Environmental Health Section

1200 Missouri Avenue

P.O. Box 5520

Bismarck, ND 58502-5520

(701) 328-5150

NEW MEXICO

Mark Weidler

Secretary

New Mexico Environment Department

P.O. Box 26110

Santa Fe, NM 87502

(505) 827-2855

OHIO

Donald R. Schregardus

Director

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency 1800 Watermark Drive

Columbus, OH 43266

(614) 644-2782

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

OKLAHOMA

Mark Coleman

Executive Director

Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality

1000 NE 10th Street, Suite 1212

Oklahoma City, OK 73119-1212

(405) 271-8056

RHODE ISLAND

Timothy R.E. Keeney

Director

Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management

9 Hayes Street

Providence, RI 02908

(401) 277-2234

OREGON

Langdon Marsh

Director

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

811 SW 6th Avenue

Portland, OR 97204

(503) 229-5696

SOUTH CAROLINA

R. Lewis Shaw

Deputy Commissioner

South Carolina Environmental Quality Control Division

2600 Bull Street

Columbia, SC 29201

(803) 734-5360

PENNSYLVANIA

James Seif

Secretary

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources

P.O. Box 2063

Harrisburg, PA 17105-2063

(717) 772-2724

SOUTH DAKOTA

Nettie H. Meyers

Secretary

South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Joe Foss Building

523 E. Capitol Avenue

Pierre, SD 57501

(605) 773-5559

PUERTO RICO

Hector Russe Martinez

Chairman

Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board

P.O. Box 11488

San Juan, PR 00910

(809) 767-8056

TENNESSEE

J.W. Luna

Commissioner

Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation

21st Floor, L & C Tower

401 Church Street

Nashville, TN 37243-0435

(615) 532-0109

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

TEXAS

Peggy Garner

Commissioner

Texas National Resource and Conservation Commission

P.O. Box 13087

Austin, TX 78711-3087

(512) 239-5515

WASHINGTON

Mary Riveland

Director

Washington Department of Ecology

P.O. Box 47600

Olympia, WA 98504-7600

(206) 407-7001

UTAH

Brent C. Bradford

Deputy Director

Utah Department of Environmental Quality

P.O. Box 144810

Salt Lake City, UT 84114-4810

(801) 536-4405

WISCONSIN

George E. Meyer

Secretary

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

P.O. Box 7921

Madison, WI 53707

(608) 266-2121

VERMONT

Bill Brierley

Acting Commissioner

Vermont Agency of Natural Resources

103 S. Main Street, Building 1, South

Waterbury, VT 05671

(802) 241-3800

WYOMING

Dennis Hemmer

Director

Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality

122 W. 25th Street

Cheyenne, WY 82002

(307) 777-7938

ASSOCIATIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners

The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) was established to promote high standards of health care delivered by nurse practitioners. AANP acts as a forum to enhance the identity and continuity of nurse practitioners while also addressing national and state legislative issues that affect its members.

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners

OBJ Building

P.O. Box 12846, Capital Station

Austin, TX 78711

(512) 442-4262

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
American Academy of Nursing

The American Academy of Nursing (ANA) was established in order to help facilitate the advance of new concepts in nursing and health care. ANA attempts to identify and explore issues in health, the professions, and society that concern nursing, while also examining the interrelationships among the segments within nursing and the interaction among nurses as they affect the development of the nursing profession.

American Academy of Nursing

600 Maryland Avenue, S.W.

Suite 100 W

Washington, DC 20024-2571

(202) 554-4444

American Assembly for Men in Nursing

The American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN) was originally established to help eliminate prejudice in nursing for men. Today, the AAMN provides a forum for discussion of common problems, provides incentives for continuing education and professional growth, while also furthering the need for all health professionals to be sensitive to various social needs in the pursuit of positive health care.

American Assembly for Men in Nursing

P.O. Box 31753

Independence, OH 44131

(216) 524-3504

American Association of Colleges of Nursing

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) encompasses all institutions offering baccalaureate and/or graduate degrees in nursing. AACN seeks to advance the practice of professional nursing by improving the quality of educational programs offered, promoting research and developing academic leaders. AACN also works with other professional nursing organizations and organizations in the health professions to evaluate and improve health care.

American Association of Colleges of Nursing

1 Dupont Circle, N.W.

Washington, DC 20036

(202) 463-6930

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
American Association of Occupational Health Nurses

The American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN) is an organization of registered professional nurses employed by business and industrial firms; nurse educators, nurse editors, nurse writers; and others interested in occupational health nursing.

American Association of Occupational Health Nurses

50 Lenox Pointe

Atlanta, GA 30324

(800) 241-8014

(404) 262-1162

American Association of Poison Control Centers

The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) aids in the procurement of information on the ingredients and potential acute toxicity of substances that may cause accidental poisonings and on the proper management of such poisonings. The AAPCC has established standards for the poison information and control centers, offering immediate information through hotlines around the country. The AAPCC also conducts educational programs and prepares visual aids on prevention of accidental poisonings; maintains a national poisoning database; and operates a nationwide speakers' bureau.

American Association of Poison Control Centers

3800 Reservoir Road, N.W.

Washington, DC 20007

(202) 784-4666/362-7217

(202) 784-2530 FAX

ALABAMA

Birmingham

Regional Poison Control Center

The Children's Hospital of Alabama

Emergency (205) 939-9201

(800) 292-6678 (In-state)

(205) 933-4050

ARIZONA

Phoenix

Samaritan Regional Poison Center

(602) 253-3334

Tucson

Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

Emergency (800) 362-0101 (In-state)

(602) 626-6016

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

CALIFORNIA

Fresno

Fresno Regional Poison Control Center

Valley Children's Hospital

Emergency (800) 346-5922 (In-state)

(202) 445-1222

Sacramento

University of California, Davis

Medical Center Regional Poison Control Center

Emergency (916) 734-3692

(800) 342-9293 (In-state)

San Diego

San Diego Regional Poison Control Center

University of California, San Diego Medical Center

Emergency (619) 543-6000

(800) 876-4766 (In-state)

San Francisco

San Francisco Bay Area Regional Poison Control Center

San Francisco General Hospital

Emergency (800) 523-2222

San Jose

Santa Clara Valley Medical Center Regional Poison Center

Emergency (408) 299-5112

(800) 342-9293 (In-state)

COLORADO

Denver

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

Emergency (303) 629-1123

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Washington

National Capital Poison Control Center

Georgetown University Hospital

Emergency (202) 625-3333

(202) 784-4660 (TTY)

FLORIDA

Tampa

The Florida Poison

Information Center and Toxicology Resource Center

Tampa General Hospital

Emergency (813) 253-444

(800) 282-3171 (In-state)

GEORGIA

Atlanta

Georgia Poison Center

Grady Memorial Hospital

Emergency (800) 282-5846 (In-state)

(404) 616-9000

INDIANA

Indianapolis

Indiana Poison Center

Methodist Hospital of Indiana

Emergency (800) 382-9097 (In-state)

(317) 929-2323

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

MARYLAND

Baltimore

Maryland Poison Center

(410) 528-7701 Emergency

(800) 492-2414 (In-state)

MASSACHUSETTS

Boston

Massachusetts Poison Control System

Emergency (617) 232-2120

(800) 682-9211

MICHIGAN

Detroit

Poison Control Center

Emergency (313) 745-5711

MINNESOTA

Minneapolis

Hennepin Regional Poison Center

Hennepin County Medical Center

Emergency (612) 347-3141

(612) 337-7474 (TTY)

MISSOURI

St. Louis

Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital

Regional Poison Center

Emergency (314) 772-5200

(800) 366-8888 (In-state)

MONTANA

Denver (Colorado)

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

Emergency (303) 629-1123

NEBRASKA

Omaha

The Poison Center

Emergency (402) 390-5555

(800) 955-9119 (In-state)

NEW JERSEY

Newark

New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

Emergency (800) 962-1253 (In-state)

NEW MEXICO

Albuquerque

New Mexico Poison and Drug Information Center

Emergency (505) 843-2551

(800) 432-6866 (In-state)

NEW YORK

Mineola

Long Island Regional Poison Control Center

Winthrop University Hospital

Emergency (516) 542-2323

New York

New York City Poison Control Center

New York City Department of Health

Emergency (212) 340-4494

(212) P-O-I-S-O-N-S

(212) 689-9014 (TDD)

Nyack

Hudson Valley Poison Center

Nyack Hospital

Emergency (800) 366-6997

(914) 353-1000

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

OHIO

Columbus

Central Ohio Poison Center

Emergency (614) 228-1323

(800) 682-7625

(614) 228-2272 (TTY)

Cincinnati

Cincinnati Drug and Poison

Information Center and Regional Poison Control System

Emergency (513) 558-5111

(800) 872-5111

OREGON

Portland

Oregon Poison Center

Oregon Health Sciences University

Emergency (503) 494-8968

(800) 452-7165 (In-state)

PENNSYLVANIA

Philadelphia

The Poison Control Center

One Children's Center

Emergency (215) 386-2100

Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh Poison Center

Emergency (412) 681-6669

Hershey

Central Pennsylvania Poison Center

Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Emergency (800) 521-6110

RHODE ISLAND

Providence

Rhode Island Poison Center

Emergency (401) 277-5727

(401) 277-8062 (TDD)

TEXAS

Dallas

North Texas Poison Center

Emergency (214) 590-5000

(800) 441-0040 (In-state)

Galveston

Texas State Poison Center

The University of Texas Medical Branch

Emergency (409) 765-1420

(713) 654-1701 (Houston)

(512) 478-4490 (Austin)

UTAH

Salt Lake City

Utah Poison Control Center

Emergency (801) 581-2151

(800) 456-7707 (In-state)

VIRGINIA

Charlottesville

Blue Ridge Poison Center

Emergency (804) 924-5543

(800) 451-1428

Northern Virginia

National Capital Poison Center

Georgetown University Hospital

Emergency (202) 625-3333

(202) 784-4660 (TTY)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

WEST VIRGINIA

Charleston

West Virginia Poison Center

Emergency (800) 642-3625 (In-state)

(304) 348-4211

WYOMING

Omaha (Nebraska)

The Poison Center

Emergency (402) 390-5555

(800) 955-9199 (NE and WY only)

American Board for Occupational Health Nurses

The American Board for Occupational Health Nurses (ABOHN) establishes standards and confers initial and ongoing certification in occupational health nurses. Besides conducting annual certification examinations, the ABOHN awards occupational health nurses for excellence in the field and in research. The ABOHN has also created a database with information and directories relevant to occupational health and nursing.

American Board for Occupational Health Nurses

10503 N. Cedarburg Road

Mequon, WI 53092-4403

(414) 242-0704

American Cancer Society

The American Cancer Society (ACS) is comprised of volunteers who support education and research in cancer prevention, diagnosis, detection, and treatment. ACS provides special services to cancer patients while also establishing educational programs for health professionals and communities.

American Cancer Society

1599 Clifton Road, N.E.

Atlanta, GA 30329

(800) ACS-2345

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) is dedicated to the advancement of women's health through education, advocacy, practice, and research. ACOG works to serve as a strong advocate for quality health care for women, maintain the highest standards of clinical practice and continuing education for its members, promote patient education and stimulate patient understanding of, and involvement

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

in, medical care, and increase awareness among its members and the public of the changing issues facing women's health care.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

409 12th Street, S.W.

Washington, DC 20024

(202) 638-5577

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) is an association of approximately 6,500 physicians attempting to educate members and other physicians, employers, other organizations, and the public-at-large about occupational and environmental health. The ACOEM has developed a continuing education course entitled Core Curriculum in Environmental Medicine in order to enhance physicians' critical thinking on environmental issues, improve their problem-solving skills, and make them more effective at decision-making about environmental concerns. Once the Curriculum has been fully developed, ACOEM will make the teaching materials available to other organizations, including medical schools. The ultimate goal of this project has been to enable health professionals to serve as environmental educators to all of the communities in which they are involved.

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

55 West Seegers Road

Arlington Heights, IL 60005

(708) 228-6850

American Lung Association

The American Lung Association (ALA) is a federation of state and local associations of physicians, nurses, and laymen interested in the prevention and control of lung disease. The Association works with other organizations in planning and conducting programs in community services, public, professional, and patient education, and research. The ALA also makes recommendations regarding medical care of respiratory disease, occupational health, hazards of smoking, and air conservation.

American Lung Association

1740 Broadway

New York, NY 10019-4374

(212) 315-8700

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
American Nurses Association

The American Nurses Association (ANA) is comprised of registered nurses from around the country. ANA seeks to promote the nursing profession through its sponsorship of the American Nurses Foundation (for research), American Academy of Nursing, Center for Ethics and Human Rights, International Nursing Center, Ethnic/Racial Minority Fellowship Programs, and the American Nurses Credentialing Center.

American Nurses Association

600 Maryland Avenue, S.W.

Suite 100 W

Washington, DC 20024-2571

(202) 554-4444

American Nurses Foundation

The American Nurses Foundation (ANF) was established by the American Nurses Association to conduct health policy research as it relates to nursing and the health care of the general public.

American Nurses Foundation

600 Maryland Avenue, S.W.

Suite 100 W

Washington, DC 20024-2571

(202) 554-4444

American Public Health Association

The American Public Health Association (APHA) was founded in 1872 as a professional organization of physicians, nurses, educators, academicians, environmentalists, epidemiologists, new professionals, social workers, health administrators, optometrists, podiatrists, pharmacists, dentists, nutritionists, health planners, other community and mental health specialists, and any interested consumer. The APHA seeks to protect and promote personal, mental, and environmental health through the promulgation of health standards, establishment of uniform practices and procedures, development of etiology of communicable diseases, research in public health, exploration of medical care programs and their relationships to public health.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

American Public Health Association

1015 15th Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 789-5600

Association of Black Nursing Faculty

The Association of Black Nursing Faculty (ABNF) is made up of black nursing faculty teaching in nursing programs accredited by the National League for Nursing. ABNF works to promote health-related issues and educational concerns of interest to the black community by providing forums for communication and the exchange of information among members, develops strategies to address the concerns of the community, and promotes health-related issues of legislation, government programs, and community activities.

Association of Black Nursing Faculty

5823 Queens Cove

Lisle, IL 60532

(708) 969-3809

Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

The Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics is dedicated to higher standards of patient-centered, multi-disciplinary care emphasizing prevention and total health through information sharing, quality service and collaborative research. As a national network of clinical facilities, the clinics vary greatly in orientation, physical facilities, and staff capabilities. However, every clinic does offer an on-site staff physician with either board-certification or demonstrated expertise in occupational medicine. Clinics must also have industrial hygienists and other professionals with expertise in occupational and / or environmental health such as nurses, social workers, and health educators either on staff or available through a pre-arranged referral network.

Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

1010 Vermont Avenue, #513

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 347-4976

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

ALABAMA

Birmingham

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Clinic

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Contact: Timothy J. Key, MD, MPH

Brian G. Forrester, MD, MPH

(205) 934-7303

CALIFORNIA

Davis

Occupational and Environmental Health Clinic

University of California at Davis

Contact: Stephen McCurdy, MD, MPH

Marc Schenker, MD, MPH

(916) 752-3317

Irvine

Occupational and Environmental Clinic

University of California at Irvine

Contact: Dean Baker, MD, MPH

(714) 824-8641

San Francisco

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Clinic

University of California at San Francisco

Contact: Patricia Quinlan, MPH

Diane Liu, MD, MPH

Jordan Rinker, MD, MPH

(415) 885-7770

COLORADO

Denver

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Division

National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine

Contact: Peggy Mroz, MSPH

Kathleen Kreiss, MD

Cecile Rose, MD, MPH

(303) 398-1520

CONNECTICUT

Farmington

University of Connecticut

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program

Contact: Eileen Storey, MD,

(203) 679-2893

New Haven

Yale University Occupational/Environmental Medicine Program

Yale School of Medicine

Contact: Mark Cullen, MD, MPH

(203) 785-5885

Waterbury

Waterbury Occupational Health

Contact: Gregory McCarthy, MD, MPH

(203) 573-8114

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Washington, DC

Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

George Washington University School of Medicine

Contact: Laura Welch, MD, MOH

Rosemary Sokas, MD

(202) 994-1734

GEORGIA

Atlanta

Environmental and Occupational Program

The Emory Clinic at Perimeter

Contact: Howard Frumkin, MD, DrPH

Edward Galaid, MD, MPH

(404) 727-3697

(404) 248-5478

ILLINOIS

Chicago

Managed Care Occupational Health Program

Mount Sinai Hospital Medical Center

Contact: Gene Miller, Director

Edward Mogabgab, MD

(312) 257-6480

Occupational Medicine Clinic

Cook County Hospital

Contact: Stephen Hessl, MD, MPH

(312) 633-5310

University of Illinois Occupational Medicine Program

Contact: Linda Forst, MD, MS, MPH

Stephen Hessl, MD, MPH

(312) 996-1063

IOWA

Iowa City

University of Iowa Occupational Medicine Clinic

Department of Internal Medicine College of Medicine

Contact: David Schwartz, MD, DrPH

Emma Rosenau, MPH

(319) 356-8269

KENTUCKY

Lexington

University of Kentucky Occupational Medicine Program

Contact: Terence R. Collins, MD, MPH

Chaim Cohen, MD, MPH

(606) 257-5166

LOUISIANA

New Orleans

Ochsner Center for Occupational Health

Contact: Peter G. Casten, MD, MPH

Douglas A. Swift, MD, MSPH

(504) 838-3955

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

MAINE

Portland

Center for Health Promotion

Contact: Stephen Shannon, DO, MPH

Sue Upshaw, MD, MPH

(207) 774-7751

MARYLAND

Baltimore

Johns Hopkins University

Center for Occupational and Environmental Health

Contact: Edward J. Bernacki, MD, MPH

(410) 550-2322

Occupational Health Project School of Medicine

Division of General Internal Medicine University of Maryland

Contact: James Keogh, MD

Julie Gordon, ScM

(410) 706-7464

MASSACHUSETTS

Boston

Pulmonary Associates (Occupational Medicine)

Contact: L. Christine Oliver, MD, MPH

Elisha Atkins, MD

Dean Hashimoto, MD, JD

David Christiani, MD, MPH

(617) 726-3741

Cambridge

Occupational and Environmental Health Center

Cambridge Hospital

Contact: Rose Goldman, MD, MPH

Susan Rosenwasser, MEd

(617) 498-1580

South Braintree

Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Massachusetts Respiratory Hospital

Contact: Diane Plantamura, MSW

(617) 848-2600

Worcester

Occupational Health Program

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Massachusetts

Contact: Glenn Pransky, MD, Occ. H.

Thomas Hicks, MD, MPH

(508) 856-3093

MICHIGAN

Ann Arbor

Occupational Health Program

School of Public Health

University of Michigan

Contact: David Garabrant, MD, MPH

Tom Robins, MD, MPH

Alfred Franzblau, MD, MPH

(313) 764-2594

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Detroit

Division of Occupational Health

Wayne State University

Department of Family Medicine

Contact: Raymond Demers, MD, MPH

Mark Upfal, MD, MPH

James Blessman, MD, MPH

Maryjean Schenk, MD, MPH

Robert Morris, MD, MPH

Sushil Mankani, MD, MPH

(313) 577-1420

East Lansing

Michigan State University

Department of Medicine

Contact: Kenneth Rosenman, MD, MPH

(517) 353-1846

Lansing

Occupational Health Service

St. Lawrence Hospital and Health Institute

Contact: R. Michael Kelly, MD, MPH

(517) 377-0309

Southfield

Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Contact: Margaret Green, MD, MPH

Michael Harbut, MD, MPH

(313) 559-6663

MINNESOTA

Minneapolis

Columbia Park Medical Group

Occupational Medicine Department

Contact: Donald Johnson, MD, MPH

Dorothy Quick, RN, COHN

(612) 572-5710

St. Paul

Ramsey Clinic Occupational and Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine

Residency Training

Contact: Paula Geiger, Admin. Secretary

William H. Lohman, MD

(612) 221-3771

NEW JERSEY

Piscataway

Environmental and Occupational Health Clinical Center

Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute

UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Contact: Howard Kipen, MD, MPH

Gail Buckler, RN, MPH, COHN

(908) 445-0123

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

NEW YORK

Latham

Eastern NY Occupational Health Program

Contact: Anne Tencza, RN, COHN

Eckhardt Johanning, MD, MSc

(518) 783-1518

New York

Bellevue Occupational and Environmental Health Clinic

Bellevue Hospital

Contact: George Friedman-Jimenez, MD

Rafael de la Hoz, MD, MPH

(212) 561-4572

Mount Sinai

J. Selikoff Occupational Health Clinical Center

Contact: Stephen Mooser, MPH

Stephen Levin, MD

Robin Herbert, MD

(212) 241-6173

Rochester

Finger Lakes Occupational Health Services

Contact: Julie R. Cataldo, Administrator

(716) 275-1335

Stony Brook

Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine

State University of NY School of Medicine

Contact: Wajdy Hailoo, MD, MPH

(516) 444-2167

Syracuse

Central New York Occupational Health Clinical Center

Contact: Michael B. Lax, MD, MPH

(315) 432-8899

NORTH CAROLINA

Durham

Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Duke University Medical Center

Contact: Dennis Darcey, MD, MPSH

Gary Greenberg, MD, MPH

(919) 286-3232

OHIO

Cincinnati

Center for Occupational Health

Holmes Hospital

Contact: James Donovan, MD, MS

Douglas Linz, MD, MS

Susan Pinney, PhD

(513) 558-1234

Greater Cincinnati Occupational Health Center

Jewish Hospital at Evendale

Contact: Harriet Applegate, Director

Margaret Atterbury, MD, MPH

(513) 769-0561

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Cleveland

Occupational/Environmental Health Clinic

Department of Family Medicine

MetroHealth Medical Center

Contact: Kathleen Fagan, MD, MPH

(216) 778-8087

OKLAHOMA

Oklahoma City

University Occupational Health Sciences

Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Contact: David Paul, MD, MPH

Lynn Mitchell, MD, MPH

(405) 271-6177

Tulsa

WorkMed, Inc.

Contact: James W. Small, MD, MPH

Steve Snyder, MD

Tiari A. Harris, MD, MPH

Lloyd Anderson, MD

(918) 627-4646

PENNSYLVANIA

Philadelphia

Occupational Health Service

Department of Community and Preventive Medicine

Medical College of Pennsylvania

Contact: Eddy Bresnitz, MD, MS

Harriet Rubenstein, JD, MPH

(215) 842-6540

Pittsburgh

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program

University of Pittsburgh

Contact David Tollerud, MD, MPH

(412) 624-3155

Willow Grove

Center for Occupational and Environmental Health

Abington Memorial Hospital

Contact: Jessica Herzstein, MD, MPH

(215) 881-5904

RHODE ISLAND

Pawtuckett

Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island Occupational Health Service

Brown University

Contact: David G. Kern, MD, MPH

(401) 729-2859

TEXAS

Tyler

Texas Institute of Occupational Safety and Health

Contact: Jeffrey Levin, MD, MSPH

(903) 877-7262

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

UTAH

Salt Lake City

Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health

Contact: Anthony Suruda, MD, MPH

Royce Moser, MD, MPH

(801) 581-5056

WASHINGTON

Seattle

Occupational Medicine Program

University of Washington

Harborview Medical Center

Contact: Scott Barnhart, MD, MPH

Drew Brodkin, MD, MPH

Matt Keifer, MD, MPH

(206) 223-3005

WEST VIRGINIA

Huntington

Division of Occupational and Environmental Health

Department of Family and Community Medicine

Marshall University School of Medicine

Contact: Chris McGuffin, MS

James Becker, MD

(304) 696-7045

CANADA

Edmonton, Alberta

Occupational Medicine Consultation Clinic

University of Alberta

Contact: Linda Cocchiarella, MD, MPH

Tee Guidotti, MD, MPH

(403) 492-7849

Winnipeg, Manitoba

MFL Occupational Health Centre, Inc.

Contact: Judy Cook, Executive Director

(204) 949-0811

American Organization of Nurse Executives

The American Organization of Nurses Executives (AONE) was established to provide leadership and assistance in the professional development of nursing leaders. AONE seeks to advance the practice of nursing and patient care through advocacy and research while also playing a vital role in shaping health care public policy at the state and federal levels. AONE also provides educational opportunities for the enhancement of management, leadership, educational, and professional development of nurses as leaders.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

American Organization of Nurse Executives

840 N. Lake Shore Drive

Chicago, IL 60611

(312) 280-5213

Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine

The Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine (ATPM) is a national organization for medical educators, practitioners, and students committed to advancing the teaching of all aspects of preventive medicine. The scope of knowledge and competence distinctive to preventive medicine includes biostatistics, epidemiology, administration, environmental and occupational health, the application of social and behavioral factors in health and disease, and primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention measures within clinical medicine. ATPM was founded in 1942 with three basic objectives: (1) advancing medical education; (2) developing instruction, scientific skills and knowledge in preventive medicine; and (3) exchanging experience and ideas among its members.

Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine

1015 15th Street, N.W. Suite 405

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 682-1698

Association of University Environmental Health/Sciences Centers

The Association of University Environmental Health/Sciences Centers (AUEHSC) provides a forum for all of the university-based environmental health science centers supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health. The AUEHSC enables members to exchange information, work in collaboration on projects, and promote cooperation among centers.

Association of University Environmental Health/Science Centers

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

One Gustave L. Levey Place New York, NY 10029

(212) 241-6173

Center for Safety in the Arts

The Center for Safety in the Arts (CSA) seeks to gather and disseminate

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

information about health hazards encountered by artists, craftsmen, teachers, children, and others working with art materials. The Center provides on-site assessments of the health and safety features of facilities used by artists, craftsmen, and students; responds to inquiries concerning art-related health hazards; and conducts consultation programs. CSA now offers extensive information through a gopher. To tap into gopher to tmn.com, choose the Arts Wire option, followed by the Center for Safety in the Arts options.

Center for Safety in the Arts

5 Beekman Street

New York, NY 10038

(212) 227-6220

Committees on Occupational Safety and Health

The Committees on Occupational Safety and Health are non-profit coalitions of local unions and individual workers, physicians, lawyers, and other health safety activists dedicated to the right of each worker to a safe and healthy job. Committees throughout the states provide health and safety training, technical assistance, consultations and on-site evaluations, and contract language assistance.

Committees on Occupational Safety and Health

275 Seventh Avenue

New York, NY 10001

(212) 627-3900

International Commission on Occupational Health

The International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) was founded in 1906 to study new facts in the field of occupational health, to draw the attention of all responsible to the results of study and investigation in occupational health, and to organize meetings on national and international problems in this field. The ICOH has established 26 different scientific committees including a Scientific Committee on Nursing that focus on specific occupational health problems and issues.

International Commission on Occupational Health

Department of Community, Occupational, and Family Medicine

National University Hospital

Lower Kent Ridge Road

0511 Singapore

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
International Council of Nurses

The International Council of Nurses (ICN) was founded in 1899 as an multinational nurses' association. The ICN provides a medium through which members can work together in promoting the health of people and the care of the sick across countries. The objectives of ICN are to improve the standards and status of nursing, promote the development of strong national nurses' associations, and serve as the authoritative voice for nurses and the nursing profession worldwide.

International Council of Nurses

1 place Jean-Marteau

CH-12101 Geneva, Switzerland

(22) 731-2960

MotherRisk Program

The MotherRisk Program will counsel callers about the safety of an exposure to drugs, chemicals, or radiation during pregnancy or breastfeeding. The team of physicians and information specialists gives advice on whether medications, X-rays, or chemicals in the work environment will harm the developing fetus or breast-fed baby.

MotherRisk Program

Hospital for Sick Children

555 University Avenue

Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G1X8

(416) 813-6780

National Association of Hispanic Nurses

The National Association of Hispanic Nurses (NAHN) was founded in 1976 for nurses on all educational levels from all Hispanic subgroups and non-Hispanic nurses concerned about the health delivery needs of the Hispanic community and nursing students. NAHN seeks to serve the nursing and health care delivery needs of the Hispanic community and the professional needs of Hispanic nurses. The association also provides forums for Hispanic nurses to analyze, research, and evaluate the health care needs of Hispanic communities and then disseminates findings of that research to local, state, and federal agencies in order to affect policy-making and resource allocation.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

National Association of Hispanic Nurses

1501 16th Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20036

(202) 387-2477

National Association of School Nurses

The National Association of School Nurses (NASN) is made up of school nurses throughout the country who conduct comprehensive school health programs in public and private schools. The objectives of the NASN are to provide national leadership in the promotion of health services for schoolchildren; to promote school health interests to the nursing and health community and the public; and to monitor legislation pertaining to school nursing. The NASN also provides continuing education programs at the national level and assistance to states for program implementation. NASN also operates the National Board for Certification of School Nurses and certifies school nurses. Besides establishing several workshops and grants for studying children, drug abuse, the female body, and skin care, NASN bestows the annual School Nurse of the Year and Lillian Wald Research Awards.

National Association of School Nurses

Lamplighter Lane

P.O. Box 1300

Scarborough, ME 04070

(207) 883-2117

National Black Nurses Association

The National Black Nurses Association (NBNA) functions as a professional support group and as an advocacy group for the black community and their health care. NBNA recruits and assists blacks interested in pursing nursing as a career and presents scholarships to student nurses who have excelled in the field.

National Black Nurses Association

1012 10th Street N.W.

Washington, DC 20001-4492

(202) 393-6870

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
National Council of State Boards of Nursing

The National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) was founded in 1978 as the national council for all state boards of nursing. The NCSBN seeks to assist member boards in administrating the National Council Licensure Examinations for Registered Nurses and Practical Nurses and works to insure relevancy of the exams to current nursing practice. The council also aids individual boards in the collection and analysis of information pertaining to the licensure and discipline of nurses. The NCSBN also provides consultative services, conducts research, and sponsors educational programs.

National Council of State Boards of Nursing

676 N. St. Clair, Suite 550

Chicago, IL 60611

(312) 787-6555

National Environmental Health Association

The National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) is a professional society of persons engaged in environmental health and protection for governmental agencies, public health and environmental protection agencies, industry, colleges, and universities. NEHA also conducts national professional registration programs and offers continuing education opportunities for interested professionals.

National Environmental Health Association

720 S. Colorado Blvd.

Suite 970, S. Tower

Denver, CO 80222

(301) 756-9090

National League for Nursing

The National League for Nursing (NLN) was established in 1952 for individuals and leaders in nursing and other health professions interested in solving health care problems. The NLN works to assess nursing needs, improve organized nursing services and nursing education, foster collaboration between nursing and other health and community services, provide tests used in the selection of applicants to schools of nursing, and prepare tests used in evaluating nursing student progress and nursing service test. On a national level, the NLN accredits nursing education

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

programs and community health agencies while collecting and disseminating data on nursing services and education.

National League for Nursing

350 Hudson Street

New York, NY 10014

(800) 669-1656

National Student Nurses' Association

The National Student Nurses' Association (NSNA) comprises students currently enrolled in state-approved nursing schools for the preparation of becoming registered nurses. NSNA seeks to aid in the development of the individual nursing student and urges students, as future health professionals, to be aware of and to contribute to improving the health care of all people. NSNA also encourages programs and activities in state groups concerning nursing, health, and the community.

National Student Nurses' Association

555 W. 57th Street

Suite 1327

New York, NY 10019

(212) 581-2211

Nurses Educational Funds

The Nurses Educational Funds (NEF) seeks to establish, maintain, and administer funds to provide financial assistance to registered nurses studying for advanced degrees. The NEF also helps formulate policies for the administration of such funds while collecting and managing all funds contributed to it.

Nurses Educational Funds

555 W. 57th Street, 13th Floor

New York, NY 10019

(212) 582-8820

Pesticide Education Center

Founded in 1933 to educate the public about the hazards and health effects of pesticides, the Pesticide Education Center works with community groups, workers, individuals, and others harmed by or concerned about risks to their health from exposure to pesticides used in agriculture,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

the home and garden, and other environmental and industrial uses. Its goal is to provide critical information about pesticides so that the public can make more informed decisions and choices. The PEC provides information, curricular materials, and help with seminars and workshops on a nationwide basis.

Pesticide Education Center

P.O. Box 420870

San Francisco, CA 94142-0870

(415) 391-8511

Sigma Theta Tau International

Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI) was founded in 1822 as a honorary society for nurses. STTI provides members with the opportunity to access information through their libraries, references, and databases, while also recognizing excellence in the field of nursing with awards and grants for research. STTI seeks to promote the profession of nursing as leaders, advocates, and pertinent players in the care of the individual and community's health.

Sigma Theta Tau International

550 W. North Street

Indianapolis, IN 46202

(317) 634-8171

Society for Occupational and Environmental Health

The Society for Occupational and Environmental Health (SOEH) includes scientists, academicians, and industry and labor representatives who seek to improve the quality of both working and living places by operating as a neutral forum for conferences involving all aspects of occupational and environmental health. SOEH's activities include studying specific categories of hazards, as well as developing methods for assessment of health effects and diseases associated with particular jobs.

Society for Occupational and Environmental Health

6728 Old McLean Village Drive

McLean, VA 22101

(703) 556-9222

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
Teratogen Exposure Registry and Surveillance

The Teratogen Exposure Registry and Surveillance (TERAS) is a network of geneticists and pathologists studying human embryos and fetuses exposed to teratogens. TERAS maintains information networks for consultation and evaluations.

Teratogen Exposure Registry and Surveillance

Department of Pathology

Brigham and Women's Hospital

75 Francis Street

Boston, MA

(617) 732-6507

World Watch Institute

The WorldWatch Institute is a research organization that aims to encourage a reflective and deliberate approach to global problem-solving. The Institute seeks to anticipate global problems and social trends and to focus attention on emerging global issues, including population growth, family planning, environmental degradation, and renewable energy options.

WorldWatch Institute

1776 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20036

(202) 452-1999

SELECTED TOPICAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

American Lung Association

(212) 315-8700

EPA Clean Air Act

(202) 382-7548

ART SUPPLIES

Center for Safety in the Arts

(212) 277-6220

ASBESTOS

EPA Asbestos Programs

(800) 368-5888

CANCER INFORMATION

National Cancer Institute

(800) 4-CANCER

EPA Carcinogen Assessment Group

(202) 382-5898

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

CHEMICAL EMERGENCIES

Chemical Spills Emergency Hotline

(800) 535-0202

EPA Hazardous Waste Hotline

(800) 535-0202

ATSDR Emergency Hotline

(404) 639-6300

CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY

Consumer Product Safety Commission

(800) 638-2772

HAZARDOUS WASTE

EPA Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Hotline

(800) 535-0202

Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

(202) 475-6743

IRIS User Support

(513) 569-7254

Superfund Records of Decision

(703) 920-9810

State Health Departments

LEAD

National Center for Environmental Health (CDC)

(404) 488-4880

National Lead Information Center

(800) LEAD-FYI

Child and Maternal Health Clearinghouse

(202) 625-8410

LUNG DISEASE

American Lung Association

(212) 315-8700

LUNGLINE/National Jewish Hospital

(800) 222-5864

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

(800) 356-4674

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

(202) 219-8151

PESTICIDES

EPA National Pesticides Hotline

(800) 535-PEST

National Pesticide Telecommunications Network

(800) 858-7378

POISONING

Poison Control Centers

PREGNANCY CONCERNS

MotherRisk Program

(416) 813-7378

RADON

EPA Office of Radon Programs

(202) 475-9605

National Radon Hotline

(800) SOS-RADON

State Health Departments

SMOKE

American Lung Association

(212) 315-8700

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

TOXIC SUBSTANCES

American Chemical Society's

Chemical Referral Center

(202) 887-1315

ATSDR Emergency Response

Branch

(404) 639-6300

ATSDR Toxicological Profiles

(404) 639-6000

EPA Toxic Substances Control Act(TSCA)

Information Line

(202) 554-1404

EPA Toxic Chemical Release Inventory System

(800) 535-0202

WATER

EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline

(800) 426-4791

COMPUTERIZED INFORMATION SERVICES

Computerized information services have become a valuable link in providing users with up-to-date information, resources, and opportunities for interaction with others interested in similar topics. The following list is by no means comprehensive, but merely provides points of access to relevant information and communication list-servers.

Internet
Department of Energy's Environment, Safety, and Health Technical Information Service

In 1993, DOE released its new computer-based information service, called the Environment, Safety, and Health Technical Information Service (TIS). TIS is designed to provide the DOE community with technical information that is reliable, current, and easy to use. Eventually, TIS will replace the current Safety Performance Measurement System (SPMS). For more information, please address any questions to the TIS Helpline at (202) 526-8955 or send e-mail to support@tis.inel.gov.

Electronic Green Journal

The ELECTRONIC GREEN JOURNAL is a professional refereed publication from the University of Idaho devoted to disseminating information concerning sources of international environmental topics including: assessment, conversation, development, disposal, education, hazards, pollution, resources, technology, and treatment. The journal serves communities as an educational environmental resource, and includes both practical and scholarly articles, bibliographies, reviews, editorial comments,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

and announcements. The journal is currently available via gopher, worldwide web, or ftp. Subscriptions are being planned for the future. To tap into the journal through gopher, type gopher.uidaho.edu and choose University of Idaho Electronic Publications; to tap in through World-Wide Web (WWW) type http://gopher.uidaho.edu/1/UI_gopher/library/egj/; or to tap in through ftp, type ftp.uidaho.edu.

EnviroLink Network

The Envirolink Network is a non-profit organization that is dedicated to facilitating communication on environmental issues. The network is composed of over 400,000 people in 93 countries. The Network has recently created a new network entitled EnviroFreenet. EnviroFreenet offers e-mail accounts, environmental billboards, chat conferences, the EnviroGopher, the EnviroWeb, and access to almost every other Internet Service available. The network can be accessed using either telnet or gopher. EnviroFreenet can be reached through telnet with the address envirolink.org. Directions then follow. If you have access to gopher, go to the main gopher list and choose international organizations and then choose ''EnviroGopher," followed by "Connect to EnviroFreenet" or gopher to: envirolink.org port 70.

HazDat

The HazDat system is a scientific and administrative database developed by ATSDR to provide rapid access to information on the release of hazardous substances from Superfund sites or from emergency events and on the effects of these substances on the health of human populations. The source documents used for the initial development of HazDat include environmental and health data contained in Agency products and in other non-Agency site characterization documents as appropriate. ATSDR's products include health assessments and supporting documentation for over 1,200 sites, toxicological profiles for over 150 substances, and more than 2,000 health consultations. ATSDR staff enter data into HazDat on a continuing basis. HazDat is available to the public over the Internet through a World-Wide Web (WWW) server. Access can be gained through: http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/atsdrhome.html.

Medical List—A Guide to On Line Medical Resources

The Medical List provides a complete listing of Internet resources connected with health, disease, therapy, and clinical medicine. This resource list is offered in text form as The Medical List and as Medical

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Matrix—a hypertest database accessible using World Wide Web browsers like Mosaic. The Medical List is the text of Healthmatrix—a Windows Help, icon drive, hypertext presentation of the database. For more information, call (209) 466-6878.

Gopher access to The Medical List is available at the URL:(Uniform Resource Locator)gopher://una.hh.lib.umich.edu:70/11/inetdirs/sciences/medclin:malet. Gopher allows key word searching and e-mail of this document to any Internet address. Access can also be gained through ftp—frp2.cc.ukans.edupub/hmatrix/ and get file medlst94.txt or medlst94.zip.

Medical Matrix is a project of the Internet Working Group of the American Medical Informatics Association. Medical Matrix uses icons and keyword searches to locate on line medical resources. Access can be gained through: http://kuhttp.cc.ukans.edu/cwis/units/medcntr/Lee/HOMEPAHE.HTML.

Nightingale

Nightingale is a gopher server dedicated to providing the nursing community with easy access to information which is unique or pertinent to the nursing profession. Resources and information is available on topics such as research, practice, education, professional nursing communications, publications, and other nursing resources. Access can be gained through: http://nightingale.con.utk.edu./00/homepage.html.

Nursing Institutes on Internet

Arizona Health Sciences Center—College of Nursing (http://www.medlib.arizona.edu)

Brigham Young University—College of Nursing (http://nurse.byu.edu)

Duke University Nursing Services (http://nursing-www.mc.duke.edu/nursing/nshomepg.htm)

East Tennessee State University—College of Nursing (http://www.east-tenn-st.edu/&223C;etsucon)

European Summerschool of Nursing Informatics (http://care4all.nursing.nl.8080/sumsch/sumhome.html)

Ohio State University—College of Nursing (http://www.con.ohio-state.edu/index.htm)

University of California at San Francisco—School of Nursing (http://nurseweb.ucsf.edu/www/ucsfson.htm)

University of Central Florida—School of Nursing (http://pegasus.cc.usf.edu/&223C;wink/nursing.department.html)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

University of Delaware—College of Nursing (http://www.udel.edu./brentt/UD_Nursing.html)

University of New Hampshire (http://pubpages.unh.edu/~tpcox/nsg.html)

University of Iowa—College of Nursing (http://coninfor.nursing.uiowa.edu/index.htm)

University of Louisville, Kentucky (http://www.louisville.edu)

University of Maryland—College of Nursing (http://www.nursing.ab.umd.edu)

University of Missouri, Columbia (http://www.missouri.edu/~nurswalk/nmwhome.html)

University of Pennsylvania—School of Nursing (http://dolphin.upenn.edu/~nursing)

University of Tennessee, Knoxville—Nursing Gopher (http://nightingale.con.utk.edu:70/01homepage.html)

University of Washington—School of Nursing (http://www.son.hs.washington.edu)

West Virginia University—School of Nursing (http://www.hsc.wvu.edu/son/index.htm)

Nursing Internet Resources

The Nursing Internet Resources provides a guide and link to nursing resources on-line. Access can be gained through: http://www.csv.warwick.ac.uk:8000/nurse-resources.html or gopher-p1papers/nurse.csv.warwick.ac.uk

Nursing Network Forum

The Nursing Network Forum is operated and managed by Mid-Atlantic Network Associates, Inc. as a resource and discussion forum for nurses around the country. Services on the Nursing Network Forum include (1) a message base for discussion of various aspects of nursing, career opportunities, and nursing school experiences; (2) a conferencing area where users talk "live" with other nurses; (3) a library area filled with resources and on-line continuing education programs provided through the University of Maryland and accredited by ANCCCA (these programs can be completed in the home while earning accredited contact hours toward continuing education units); and (4) a direct nursing gopher and usernet discussion group access. Although the forum is not free, trial periods are provided.

For additional information, please contact the Nursing Network Forum

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

at (800) 695-4002 or through internet at nurse@delphi.com or nurse@clark.net.

WHO Global Environmental Epidemiology Network, GEENET

The Network was established in 1987 as a means for the World Health Organization to strengthen education, training, and research in institutions involved in epidemiological teaching and research on the health effects of environmental hazards, and other epidemiological applications in environmental and occupational health.

The Network aims at improved communication and collaboration between institutions in this field in developed and developing countries. A series of documents with information of value for training and research development is prepared for the Network and lists of Network members are distributed on a regular basis. Training and research promotion workshops are organized in collaboration with national and international agencies.

For more information, write: WHO GEENET, Environmental Epidemiology, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.

List Servers
Air Pollution and Biology

The address is mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk; and you can join by sending the message join air pollution-biology Firstname Lastname and your address.

EHS-L Environmental Health Systems

The address is listserv@ALBNYDH2; and you can join by sending the message subscribe EHS-L Firstname Lastname and your address.

ENVBEH-L Environment and Human Behavior

The address is listserv@POLYVM; and you can join by sending the message subscribe ENVBEH-L Firstname Lastname and your address.

Enviroethics

The address is mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk; and you can join by sending the message join enviroethics Firstname Lastname and your address.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
NURSENE

NURSENET provides discussion about pertinent nursing issues facing the profession. To subscribe send your Firstname Lastname to listserv@vm.utcc.utoronto.ca sub nursenet.

NURSERES Nurses Research List

NURSERES allows discussion of research being conducted in the field of nursing. To join send your Firstname Lastname to listserv@kentvm.kent.edu with a message of SUB NURSERES.

NRSINGED Nursing Educators List

NRSINGED is a discussion group of nursing educators concerning the various issues and aspects of nursing education. To join send your Firstname Lastname with the message SUB NRSINGED to listserv@ulkyvm.louisville.edu.

Occup-Env Med List (Occupational and Environmental Medicine Listing on Internet)

Occupational and environmental medicine represents a growing clinical and public health discipline, seeking to evaluate and prevent the diseases and health effects that may be related to exposures at work and from other environments. The Occup-Env Med Mail-list provides a moderated forum for announcements, dissemination of text files and academic discussion. The forum is designed to allow presentation of clinical vignettes, synopses of new regulatory issues and reports of interesting items from publication elsewhere (both the medical and the non-medical journals).

To subscribe, send a message of: subscribe occ-env-med-l "first name last name" to occ-env-med-l@mc.duke.edu.

To post a message send the message to: occ-env-med-l@duke.edu

SNURSE-L

SNURSE-L is a list server for undergraduate nursing students. To join send mail to listserv@ubvm.cc.buffalo.edu with the message SUB SNURSE-L Firstname Lastname.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
Other Gophers/Internet Relevant to Environmental Health and Nursing
Division of Environmental Health and Safety

gopher://romulus.ehs.uiuc.edu:70/11

The Environmental Magazine

gopher://gopher.internet.com:2100/11/collected/d

NCLEX Nursing Careers

http://www.kaplan.com/etc/nclex_index.html

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

gopher://gopher.niehs.nih.gov/1

NURSE at Warwick University

gopher://gopher.nurse.csv.warwick.ac.uk

http://www.csv.warwick.ac.uk:8000/

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

gopher://gopher.rtpnc.epa.gov/1

Computer-Based Databases(*)

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is the world's largest research library in a single scientific or professional field. The library collects materials in all major areas of the health sciences, as well as in such areas as chemistry, physics, botany, and zoology.

The Library's computer-based Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLARS) and toxicology (TOXLINE) databases provide on-line bibliographic access to the Library's store of biomedical information. For information about access to MEDLARS and TOXLINE services, contact: MEDLARS Management Section, National Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894, (301) 496-1131, (800) 638-8480 (outside Maryland).

*  

 Adapted from Murdock, BS, ed. 1991. Environmental Issues in Primary Care. Minnesota: Minnesota Department of Health.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×
Primary biomedical data bases included on the MEDLARS system are:

MEDLINE indexes articles from over 3200 biomedical journals published in the United States and abroad. MEDLINE is indexed using NLM's controlled vocabulary, MESH (Medical Subject Headings), and contains all citations indexed in INDEX MEDICUS. Produced by the National Library of Medicine.

TOXLINE is designed to offer comprehensive bibliographic coverage of toxicological information. It covers the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, environmental, and toxicological effects of chemicals and drugs. Produced by Specialized Information Services of the National Library of Medicine.

TOXNET (Toxicology Data Network) is a computerized system of toxicological data banks operated by the National Library of Medicine, and is part of the broader MEDLARS system.

The TOXNET software consists of modules to build, edit, and review the records of constituent data banks.

CCRIS (Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System) is a factual data bank sponsored by the National Cancer Institute. It contains data derived from both short- and long-term bioassays on approximately 1200 chemicals.

ETICBACK (Environmental Teratology Information Center Backfile) is a bibliographic data base covering teratology and development toxicology.

TRI (Toxic Chemical Release Inventory) contains information on the annual estimated releases of toxic chemicals to the environment in the United States. These data include the names and addresses of the facilities and the amounts of certain toxic chemicals they release to the air, water, or land or transfer to waste sites.

HSDB (Hazardous Substances Data Bank) is a comprehensive data base containing records for over 4100 toxic or potentially toxic chemicals. It contains information in such areas as toxicity, environmental fate, human exposure, chemical safety, waste disposal, emergency handling, and regulatory requirements.

IRIS (Integrated Risk Information System) is an on-line data base built

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It contains EPA carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic health risk and regulatory information on about 400 chemicals. For more information, call (513) 569-7254.

RTECS (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances) contains toxic effects data for approximately 100,000 chemicals. It is built and maintained by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Acute and chronic effects are covered in such areas as skin/eye irritation, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and reproductive consequences. Contact: (800) 35-NIOSH

DIRLINE (NLM's Directory of Information Resources on-line) is an online database containing information on approximately 15,000 organizations that provide information and services directly to requesters. DIRLINE is available on-line through the MEDLARS system and can also be searched with GRATEFUL MED software. Contact: (301) 496-1131

Various software packages are available for access to MEDLARS, including:

GRATEFUL MED, a microcomputer software interface that assists users in performing on-line searches of NLM's databases. GRATEFUL MED can be bought from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS).

CHEMLEARN (NTIS), an interactive, microcomputer-based training package for CHEMLINE. Produced by Specialized Information Services of the National Library of Medicine, it runs on IBM-PC / XT / AT / PS / 2 compatibles. CHEMLEARN is available from NTIS, product number PB88-218144. For more information on the contents of the software, call (301) 496-1131.

TOXLEARN is an interactive, microcomputer-based training package for TOXLINE. Its menu-driven structure allows users to make choices in learning about basic aspects of TOXLINE. It contains approximately four hours of interactive instruction and is produced by the Specialized Information Services of the National Library of Medicine. TOXLEARN runs on IBM-PC compatibles and is available from NTIS, product number PB88-155766. For more information on the contents of the software, call (301) 496-1131.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

GENERAL REFERENCES

Aldrich, T., and Griffith, J. 1993. Environmental Epidemiology and Risk Assessment. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Anderson, E.T., and McFarlane, J.M. 1995. Community as Partner: Theory and Practice of Nursing. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.


Bullough, B., and Bullough, V. 1990. Nursing in the Community. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby.

Burgess, W.A. 1981. Recognition of Health Hazards in Industry: A Review of Materials and Processes. New York: John Wiley and Sons.


California Public Health Foundation. 1992. Kids and the Environment: Toxic Hazards. Berkeley: California Public Health Foundation.

Chivian, E., McCally, M., Hu, H., and Haines, A., eds. 1993. Critical Condition: Human Health and the Environment. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Clemen-Stone, S., Eigsti, D.G., and McGuire, S.L. 1995. Comprehensive Family and Community Health Nursing. 4th ed. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby.


Davis, A.J., and Aroskar, M.A. 1991. Ethical Dilemnas in Nursing Practice. 3rd ed. Norwalk, CT: Appleton and Lange.


Gary, F., and Kavanagh, C.T. 1991. Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.

Girdando, D.A. 1986. Occupational Health Promotion: A Practical Guide to Program Development. New York: MacMillian Publishing Co.

Gorall, A.H., May, L.A., and Mulley, A.G. 1995. Primary Care Medicine . 3rd ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.

Green, L.W. 1990. Community Health. 6th ed. St. Louis: Times Mirror/Mosby.

Guidotti, T.L. 1989. Occupational Health Services: A Practical Approach . Chicago: American Medical Association.


Hansen, D.F., ed. 1991. The Work Environment. Chelsea, MI: Lews Publishers, Inc.

Hersey, P., and Blanchard, K. 1993. Management of Organizational Behavioral: Utilizing Human Resources. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.


Institute of Medicine (IOM). 1993. Indoor Allergens: Assessing and Controlling Adverse Health Effects. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 1995. Environmental Medicine: Integrating a Missing Element into Medical Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

International Labour Office (ILO). 1983. Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety . 3rd ed., 2 volumes. Geneva: ILO.


Kornberg, J.P. 1992. The Workplace Walkthrough(Vol. 1). Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers.


LaDou, J. 1990. Occupational Medicine. Norwalk, CT: Appleton and Lange.

Last, J.M., and Wallace, R.B., eds. 1992. Public Health and Human Ecology. Norwalk: Appleton and Lange.

Levy, B., and Wegman, D. 1995. Occupational Health: Recognizing and Preventing Work-related Disease. 3rd ed. Boston: Little, Brown.

Lindberg, J.B., Hunter, M.L., and Kruszewski, A.Z. 1994. Introduction to Nursing: Concepts, Issues and Opportunities . 2nd ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.

Lybarger, J.A., Spengler, R.F., and DeRosa, C.T. 1993. Priority Health Conditions. Washington, DC: ATSDR.


Marquis, B.L., and Huston, C.J. 1992. Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.

Mason, D.J., Talbott, S.W., and Leavitt, J.K. 1993. Policy and Politics for Nurses: Action and Change in the Workplace, Government, Organizations, and Community. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

McCunney, R.J., ed. 1994. A Practical Approach to Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Boston: Little, Brown.

McLaughlin, F.E., and Marasuilo, L.A. 1990. Advanced Nursing and Health Care Research. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Murdock, B.S. 1991. Environmental Issues in Primary Care. Minneapolis: Freshwater Foundation's Health and the Environment Digest.

Murray, R.B., and Zentner, J.P. 1989. Nursing Assessment and Health Promotion: Strategies Through the Life Span. 4th ed. Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.

National Library of Medicine. 1989. Improving Health Professionals' Access to Information: Challenges and Opportunities for the National Library of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Library of Medicine.

National Research Council (NRC). 1989. Improving Risk Communication. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1991. Environmental Epidemiology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Paul, M., ed. 1993. Occupational and Environmental Reproductive Hazards: A Guide for Clinicians. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.

Polit, D.F., and Hungler, B.P. 1995. Nursing Research: Principles and Methods. 5th ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.


Rogers, B. 1994. Occupational Health Nursing: Concepts and Practice. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Rogers, B., Mastroianni, K., and Randolph, S.A. 1992. Occupational Health Nursing Guidelines: Primary Clinical Conditions. Boston: OEM Press.

Rom, W, ed. 1992. Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Second Edition. Boston: Little, Brown.

Rosenstock, L., and Cullen, M. 1986. Clinical Occupational Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Rosenstock, L., and Cullen, M. 1994. Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.


Sandman, P., Chess, C., and Hance, B.J. 1991. Improving Dialogue with Communities: A Risk Communication Manual for Government. New Brunswick: Rutgers University and New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy.

Saucier, K.A. 1991. Perspectives on Family and Community Health. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby.

Silbergeld, E.K. 1993. Investing in Prevention: Opportunities to Reduce Disease and Health Care Costs Through Identifying and Reducing Environmental Contributions to Preventable Disease. Washington, DC: Environmental Defense Fund.

Smith, C.M., and Maure, F.A. 1995. Community Health Nursing: Theory and Practice. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Stanhope, M., and Lancaster, J. 1992. Community Health Nursing: Process and Practice for Promoting Health. 3rd ed. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby.

Stritter, F.T. 1992. Faculty Evaluation and Development. Handbook of Health Professionals Education 13:294-318.

Sullivan, J.B., and Krieger, G.R. 1992. Hazardous Materials Toxicology: Clinical Principles in Environmental Health. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.


Tarcher, AB, ed. 1992. Principles and Practice of Environmental Medicine. New York: Plenum Medical Book Co.


Upton, A.C., and Graber, E. 1993. Staying Healthy in a Risky Environment: The New York University Medical Center Family Guide. New York: Simon and Schuster.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1988a. Proposed Guidelines for Assessing Female Reproductive Risk. Federal Register 53:24834-24847.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1988b. Proposed Guidelines for Assessing Male Reproductive Risk. Federal 53:24850-24869.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1992. Guidelines for Exposure Assessment. Federal Register 57:22888-22938.

Waltz, C., Strickland, O.L., and Lenz, E. 1991. Measurement in Nursing Research. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

Weeks, J. 1991. Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.

Wilkinson, J.M. 1992. Nursing Process in Action. Redwood City, CA: Addison Wesley.

Williams, P.L., and Burson, J.L. 1985. Industrial Toxicology: Safety and Health Applications in the Workplace. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Wold, S.J. 1990. Community Health Nursing: Issues and Topics. Norwalk, CT: Appleton and Lange.

World Health Organization: Our Planet, Our Health. 1992. Report of the WHO Commission on Health and Environment. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Tables of Environmental Agents and Health Effects, Work-Related Diseases and Conditions, and Selected Job Categories and Associated Diseases and Conditions

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

TABLE D-1: Environmental Agents, Their Sources and Potential Exposures, and Adverse Health Effects: Metals and Metallic Compounds, Hydrocarbons, Irritant Gases, Chemical Asphyxiates, and Pesticides

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Metals and Metallic Compounds

Arsenic

Alloyed with lead and copper for hardness; manufacturing of pigments, glass, pharmaceuticals; byproduct in copper smelting; insecticides; fungicides; rodenticides; tanning

Inhalation and ingestion of dust and fumes

Neuromuscular Gastrointestinal Skin

Pulmonary

Arsine

Accidental byproduct of reaction of arsenic with acid; used in semi-conductor industry

Inhalation of gas

Hematopoietic

Beryllium

Hardening agent in metal alloys; special use in nuclear energy production; metal refining or recovery

Inhalation of fumes or dust

Pulmonary (and other systems)

Cadmium

Electroplating; solder for aluminum; metal alloys, process engraving; nickel-cadmium batteries

Inhalation or ingestion of fumes or dust

Pulmonary Renal

Chromium

In stainless and heat-resistant steel and alloy steel; metal plating; chemical and pigment manufacturing; photography

Percutaneous absorption, inhalation, ingestion

Pulmonary Skin

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Peripheral neuropathy, sensory-motor

Nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, constipation

Dermatitis, finger and toenail striations, skin cancer, nasal septum perforation

Lung cancer

Arsenic in urine

 

Intravascular hemolysis: hemoglobinuria, jaundice, oliguria or anuria

Arsenic in urine

 

Granulomatosis and fibrosis

Beryllium in urine (acute); Beryllium m tissue (chronic); chest x ray; immunologic tests (such as lymphocyte transformation) may also be useful

Pulmonary changes virtually indistinguishable from sarcoid on chest x ray

Pulmonary edema (acute); Emphysema (chronic)

 

Also a respiratory tract carcinogen

Nephrosis

Urinary protein

 

Lung cancer

Dermatitis, skin ulcers, nasal septum perforation

Urinary chromate (questionable value)

 

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

 

Storage batteries; manufacturing of paint, enamel, ink, glass, rubber ceramics, chemical industry

Ingestion of dust, inhalation of dust or fumes

Hematologic Renal Gastrointestinal Neuromuscular CNS Reproductive

Mercury (Elemental)

Electronic equipment; paint; metal and textile production; catalyst in chemical manufacturing; pharmaceutical production

Inhalation of vapor; slight percutaneous absorption

Pulmonary CNS

(Inorganic)

 

Some inhalation and GI and percutaneous absorption

Pulmonary Renal CNS

(Organic)

Agricultural and industrial poisons

Efficient Gl absorption, percutaneous absorption, and inhalation

Skin CNS

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Anemia

Nephropathy

Abdominal pain (''colic")

Palsy ("wrist drop")

Encephalopathy, behavioral abnormalities Spontaneous abortions

Blood lead

Urinary ALA

Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP); free erythrocyte protophyrin (FEP)

Lead toxicity, unlike that of mercury, is believed to be reversible, with the exception of late renal and some CNS effects.

Acute pneumonitis; Neuropsychiatric changes (erethism); tremor

Acute pneumonitis

Proteinuria

Variable

Dermatitis

Sensorimotor changes, visual field

constriction, tremor

Urinary mercury

Urinary mercury

Blood and urine mecury, but ? sensitivity

Mercury illustrates several principles. The chemical form has a profound effect on its toxicology, as is the case for many metals. Effects of mercury are highly variable. Though inorganic mercury poisoning is primarily renal, elemental and organic poisoning are primarily neurological. The responses are difficult to quantify, so dose-response data are generally unavailable. Classic tetrad of gingivitis, sialorrhea, irritability, and tremor is associated with both elemental and inorganic mercury poisoning; the four signs are not generally seen together. Many effects of mercury toxicity, especially those in CNS, are irreversible.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Nickel

Corrosion-resistant alloys; electroplating; catalyst production; nickel-cadmium batteries

Inhalation of dust or fumes

skin

Skin

Pulmonary

Zinc oxideb

Welding byproduct; rubber manufacturing

Inhalation of dust or fumes that are freshly generated

 

Hydrocarbons

Benzene

Manufacturing of organic chemicals, detergents, pesticides, solvents, paint removers; used as a solvent

Inhalation of vapor; slight percutaneous absorption

CNS

Hematopoietic

Skin

Toluene

Organic chemical manufacturing; solvent; fuel component

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption of liquid

CNS

Skin

Xylene

A wide variety of uses as a solvent; an ingredient of paints, lacquers, varnishes, inks, dyes, adhesives, cements; an intermediate in chemical manufacturing

Inhalation of vapor; slight percutaneous absorption of liquid

Pulmonary

Eyes, nose, throat

CNS

Ketones (Acetone) (Methylethyl ketone—MEK) (Methyl n-propyl ketone—MPK) (Methyl n-butyl ketone—MBK) (Methyl iso-butyl ketone—MIBK)

A wide variety of uses as solvents and intermediates in chemical manufacturing

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption of liquid

CNS

PNS

Skin

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Sensitization dermatitis ("nickel itch")

Lung and paranasal sinus cancer

 

 

"Metal fume fever" (fever, chills, and other symptoms)

Urinary zinc (useful as an indicator of with exposure, not for acute diagnosis)

A self-limiting syndrome of 24–48 h apparently no sequelae.

Acute CNS depression

Leukemia, aplastic anemia

Dermatitis

Urinary phenol

Note that benzene, as with toluene and other solvents, can be monitored via its principal metabolite.

Acute CNS depression Chronic CNS problems such as memory loss

Urinary hippuric acid

 

Irritation dermatitis

 

 

Irritation, pneumonitis, acute pulmonary edema (at high doses)

Irritation

Acute CNS depression

Methylhippuric acid in urine, xylene in expired air, xylene in blood

 

Acute CNS depression

MBK has been linked with peripheral neuropathy

Dermatitis

Acetone in blood, urine, expired air (used as an index for exposure, not for diagnosis)

The ketone family demonstrates how a pattern of toxic responses (that is, CNS narcosis) may feature exceptions (i.e., MBK peripheral neuropathy).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Formaldehyde

Widely used as a germicide and a disinfectant in embalming and histopathology, for example, and in the manufacture of textiles, resins, and other products

Inhalation

Skin

Eye

Pulmonary

Trichloroethylene (TCE)

Solvent in metal degreasing, dry cleaning, food extraction; ingredient of paints, adhesives, varnishes, inks

Inhalation, percutaneous absorption

Nervous

Skin

Cardiovascular

Carbon tetrachloride

Solvent for oils, fats, lacquers, resins, varnishes, other materials; used as a degreasing and cleaning agent

Inhalation of vapor

Hepatic

Renal

CNS

Skin

Carbon disulfide

Solvent for lipids, sulfur, halogens, rubber, phosphorus, oils, waxes, and resins; manufacturing of organic chemicals, paints, fuels, explosives, viscose rayon

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption of liquid or vapor

Nervous

Renal

Cardiovascular

Skin Reproductive

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Irritant and contact dermatitis Eye irritation Respiratory tract irritation, asthma

Patch testing may be helpful for dermatitis

Recent animal tests have shown it to be a respiratory carcinogen. Confirmatory epidemiologic studies are in progress.

Acute CNS depression

Peripheral and cranial neuropathy

Irritation, dermatitis

Arrhythmias

Breath analysis for TCE

TCE is involved in an important pharmacological interaction. Within hours of ingesting alcoholic beverages, TCE workers experience flushing of the face, neck, shoulders, and back. Alcohol may also potentiate the CNS effects of TCE. The probable mechanism is competition for metabolic enzymes.

Toxic hepatitis

Oliguria or anuria

Acute CNS depression

Dermatitis

Expired air and blood levels

Carbon tetrachloride is the prototype for a wide variety of solvents that cause hepatic and renal damage. This solvent, like trichloroethylene, acts synergistically with ethanol.

Parkinsonism, psychosis, suicide

Peripheral neuropathies

Chronic nephritic and nephrotic syndromes Acceleration or worsening of atherosclerosis; hypertension

Irritation; dermatitis

Menorrhagia and metrorrhagia

Iodine-azide reaction with urine (nonspecific since other bivalent sulfur compounds give a positive test); CS2 in expired air, blood, and urine

A solvent with unusual multisystem effects, especially noted for its cardiovascular, renal, and nervous system actions.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Stoddard solvent

Degreasing, paint thinning

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption of liquid

Skin

CNS

Ethylene glycol ethers

(Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate—Cellosolve acetate)

The ethers are used as solvents for resins, paints, lacquers, varnishes, gum, perfume, dyes, and inks; the acetate derivatives are widely used as solvents and ingredients of lacquers, enamels, and adhesives. Exposure occurs in dry cleaning, plastic, ink, and lacquer manufacturing, and textile dying, among other processes.

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption of liquid

Reproductive, CNS, renal, liver

(Methyl- and butyl-substituted compounds such as ethylene glycol monomethyl ether—Methyl Cellosolve®

 

 

Hematopoietic

CNS

Ethylene oxide

Used in the sterilization of medical equipment, in the fumigation of spices and other foodstuffs, and as a chemical intermediate

Inhalation

Skin

Eye

Respiratory tract

Nervous system

Dioxane

Used as solvent sterilization of medical equipment, in the fumigation of spices and other foodstuffs, and as a chemical intermediate

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption of liquid

CNS

Renal

Liver

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Dryness and scaling from defatting; dermatitis

Dizziness, coma, collapse (at high levels)

 

A mixture of primarily aliphatic hydrocarbons, with some benzene derivatives and naphthenes.

Pancytopenia Fatigue, lethargy, nausea, headaches, anorexia, tremor, stupor (from encephalopathy)

 

Ethylene glycol ethers, as a class of chemicals, have been shown in animals to have adverse reproductive effects, including reduced sperm count and spontaneous abortion, as well as CNS, renal, and liver effects.

Effects primary associated with ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (Methyl Cellosolve ®)

Dermatitis and frostbite

Severe irritation; possibly cataracts with prolonged exposure

Irritation

Peripheral neuropathy

 

Recent animal tests have shown it to be carcinogenic and to cause reproductive abnormalities. Epidemiologic studies indicate that it may cause leukemia in exposed workers.

Drowsiness, dizziness, anorexia, headaches, nausea, vomiting, coma

Nephritis

Chemical hepatitis

 

Dioxane has caused a variety of neoplasms in animals.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

Formerly used as a di-electric fluid in electrical equipment and as a fire retardant coating on tiles and other products. New uses were banned in 1976, but much of the electrical equipment currently used still contains PCBs

Inhalation, ingestion, skin absorption

Skin

Eye

Liver

Irritant Gasesc

Ammonia

Refrigeration; petroleum refining; manufacturing of nitrogen-containing chemicals, synthetic fibers, dyes, and optics

Inhalation of gas

Upper respiratory tract

Hydrochloric acid

Chemical manufacturing; electroplating; tanning; metal pickling; petroleum extraction; rubber, photographic, and textile industries

Inhalation of gas or mist

Upper respiratory tract

Hydrofluoric acid

Chemical and plastic manufacturing; catalyst m petroleum refining; aqueous solution for frosting, etching, and polishing glass

Inhalation of gas or mist

Upper respiratory tract

Sulfur dioxide

Manufacturing of sulfur-containing chemicals; food and textile bleach; tanning; metal casting

Inhalation of gas, direct contact of gas or liquid phase on skin or mucosa

Middle respiratory tract

Chlorine

Paper and textile bleaching; water disinfection; chemical manufacturing; metal fluxing; detinning and dezincing iron

Inhalation of gas

Middle respiratory tract

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Chloracne

Irritation

Toxic hepatitis

Serum PCBs levels for chronic exposure

Animal studies have demonstrated that PCBs are carcinogenic. Epidemiologic studies of exposed workers are inconclusive.

Upper respiratory irritation

 

Also irritant of eyes and moist skin.

Upper respiratory irritation

 

Strong irritant of eyes, mucous membranes, and skin.

Upper respiratory irritation

 

In solution, causes severe and painful burns of skin and can be fatal.

Bronchospasm (pulmonary edema or chemical pneumonitis in high dose)

Chest x ray, pulmonary function testsd

Strong irritant of eyes, mucous membranes, and skin.

Tracheobronchitis, pulmonary edema, pneumonitis

Chest x ray, pulmonary function tests

Chlorine combines with body moisture to form acids, which irritate tissues from nose to alveoli.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Ozone

Inert gas-shielded arc welding; food, water, and air purification; food and textile bleaching; emitted around high-voltage electrical equipment

Inhalation of gas

Lower respiratory tract

Nitrogen oxides

Manufacturing of acids, nitrogen-containing chemicals, explosives, and more; byproduct of many industrial processes

Inhalation of gas

Lower respiratory tract

Phosgene

Manufacturing and burning of isocyanates, and manufacturing of dyes and other organic chemicals; in metallurgy for ore separation; burning or heat source near trichloroethylene

Inhalation of gas

Lower respiratory tract

Isocyanates

TDI (toluene diisocyanate)

Polyuredhane manufacture; resin-binding systems in foundries; coating materials for wires; used certain types of paint

Inhalation of vapor

Predominantly lower respiratory tract

MDI (methylene diphenyldiisocyanate)

 

 

 

Hexamethylene diisocyanate and others

 

 

 

Asphyxiant gases

Simple asphyxiants: nitrogen hydrogen, methane, and others

Enclosed spaces in a variety of industrial settings

Inhalation of gas

CNS

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Delayed pulmonary edema (generally 6–8 h following exposure)

Chest x ray, pulmonary function tests

Ozone has a free radical structure and can produce experimental chromosome aberrations; it may thus have carcinogenic potential.

Pulmonary irritation, bronchiolitis fibrosa obliterans (''silo filler's disease"), mixed obstructive-restrictive changes

Chest x ray, pulmonary function tests

 

Delayed pulmonary edema (delay seldom longer than 12 h)

Chest x ray, pulmonary function tests

 

Asthmatic reaction and accelerated loss of pulmonary function

Chest x ray, pulmonary function tests

Isocyanates are both respiratory tract "sensitizers" and irritants in the conventional sense.

Anoxia

O2 in environment

No specific toxic effect; acts by displacing O2.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Chemical Asphyxiants

Carbon monoxide

Incomplete combustion in foundries, coke ovens, refineries, furnaces, and more

Inhalation of gas

Blood (hemoglobin)

Hydrogen sulfide

Used in manufacturing of sulfur-containing chemicals; produced in petroleum production; byproduct of petroleum product use; decay of organic matter

Inhalation of gas

CNS Pulmonay

Cyanides

Metallurgy, electroplating

Inhalation of vapor, percutaneous absorption, ingestion

Cellular metabolic enzymes (especially cytochrome oxidase)

Pesticides

Organo-phophates: malathion, parathion, and others

 

Inhalation, ingestions, percutaneous absorption

Neuromuscular

Carbamates: carbaryl (Sevin) and others

 

Inhalation, ingestion, percutaneous absorption

Neuromuscular

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Headache; dizziness, double vision

Carboxy-hemoglobin

 

Respiratory center paralysis, hypoventilation

PaO2

 

Respiratory tract irritation

 

 

Enzyme inhibition with metabolic asphyxia and death

SCN¯ in urine

 

Cholinesterase inhibition, cholinergic symptoms: nausea and vomiting, salivation, diarrhea, headache , seating, meiosis, muscle fasciculations, seizures, unconsciousness, death

Refractoriness to atropine; plasma or red cell cholinesterase

As with many acute toxins, rapid treatment of organophosphate toxicity is imperative. Thus, diagnosis is often made based on history and a high index of suspicion rather than on biochemical tests. Tre atment is atropine to block cholinergic effects and 2-PAM (2-pyridine-alsoxine methiodide) to reactivate cholinesterase.

Same as organophosphates

Plasma cholinesterase; urinary 1-naphthol (index of exposure)

Treatment of carbamate poisoning is the same as that of organophosphate poisoning except that 2-PAM is contraindicated.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Agent

Exposure

Route of Entry

Systems(s) Affected

Chlorinated hydrocarbons: chlordane, DDT, heptachlor, chlor-decone (Kepone), aldrin, dieldrin, uridine

 

Ingestion, inhalation, percutaneous absorption

CNS

Bipyridyls: paraquat, diquat

 

Inhalation, ingestion, percutaneous absorption

Pulmonary

a Occupational and medical histories are in most instances, the most important aids in diagnosis.

b Zinc oxide is a prototype of agents that cause metal fume fever.

c The less water-soluble the gas, the deeper and more delayed its irritant effect.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Primary Manifestations

Aids in Diagnosisa

Remarks

Stimulation or depression

Urinary organic chlorine, or p-chloro-phenol acetic acid

The chlorinated hydro-carbons may accumulate in body lipid stores in large amounts.

Rapid massive fibrosis, only following paraquat ingestion

 

An interesting toxin in that the major toxicity, pulmonary fibrosis, apparently occurs only after in gestion.

d Pulmonary function tests are useful aids in diagnosis of irritant effects if the patient is subacutely or chronically ill.

SOURCE: Reprinted, with permission, from Principles and Practice of Environmental Health, A.B. Tarcher, ed. Copyright 1992 by Plenum Publishing Co.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

TABLE D-2: Selected Work-Related Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions Associated with Various Agents, Industries, or Occupations: Infections, Malignant Neoplasms, and Hematological, Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, Neurological, and Miscellaneous Disorders

Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Infections

Anthrax

Shepherds, farmers, butchers, handlers of imported hides or fibers, veterinarians, veterinarian pathologists, weavers

Bacillus anthraces

Brucellosis

Farmers, shepherds, vets, lab and slaughterhouse workers

Brucella abortus, suis

Plague

Shepherds, farmers, ranchers, hunters, field geologists

Yersinia pestis

Hepatitis A

Day-care center, orphanage, and mental retardation institution staff, medical personnel

Hepatitis A virus

Hepatitis B

Nurses and aides, anesthesiologists, orphanage and mental institution staffs, medical lab workers, general dentists, oral surgeons, physicians

Hepatitis B virus

Hepatitis C (formerly included in non-A, non-B)

Same as hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis C virus

Ornithosis

Psittacine bird breeders, pet shop and zoo workers, poultry producers, vets

Chlamydia psittaci

Rabies

Veterinarians, game wardens, lab workers, farmers, ranchers, trappers

Rabies virus

Rubella

Medical personnel

Rubella virus

Tetanus

Farmers, ranchers

Clostridium tetani

Tuberculosis Pulmonary

Physicians, medical personnel, medical lab workers

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Tuberculosis Silicotuberculosis

Quarrymen, sandblasters, silica processors, miners, foundry workers, ceramic industry

Silicon dioxide (silica), M. tuberculosis

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Tularemia

Hunters, fur handlers, sheep industry, cooks, veterinarians, ranchers, veterinarian pathologists

Francisella tularensis

Malignant Neoplasms

Bladder

Rubber and dye workers

Benzidine, 1- and 2-naphthylamine, auramine, magenta, 4-aminobiphenyl, 4-nitrophenyl

Bone

Dial painters, radium chemists and processors

Radium

Kidney and other urinary organs

Coke oven workers

Coke oven emissions

Liver

Vinyl chloride polymerization industry

Vinyl chloride monomer

Liver hemangiosarcoma

Vintners

Arsenical pesticides

Lung, bronchial, tracheal

Asbestos industry, users Topside coke oven workers

Uranium and fluorspar miners Chromium producers, processors, users Smelters Mustard gas formulators Ion-exchange resin makers, chemists

Asbestos Coke oven emissions

Radon daughters Chromates

Arsenic

Mustard gas

Bis(chloromethyl)-ether, chloromethyl methyl ether

Nasal cavity

Woodworkers, furniture makers

Boot and shoe industry

Radium chemists and processors, dial painters

Chromium producers, processors, users Nickel smelting and refining

Hardwood dusts

Unknown

Radium

Chromates

Nickel

Asbestos

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Peritoneal, pleural mesothelioma

Asbestos industry, users

Asbestos

Scrotal

Automatic lathe operators, metalworkers

Coke oven workers, petroleum refiners, tar distillers

Mineral, cutting oils

Soots and tars, tar distillates

Hematological Disorders

Agranulocytosis or neutropenia

Workers exposed to benzene

Explosives, pesticide industries

Pesticide, pigment, pharmaceutical industries

Benzene

Phosphorus

Inorganic arsenic

Anemia

Aplastic

Explosives manufacturing

Worker exposed to benzene

Radiologists, radium chemists, dial painters

TNT

Benzene

Ionizing radiation

Anemia Hemolytic, nonautoimmune

Whitewashing and leather industry

Electrolytic processes, arsenical ore smelting

Plastics industry

Plastics industry

Dye, celluloid, resin industries

Copper sulfate

Arsine

Trimellitic anhydride

Naphthalene

Leukemia

Acute lymphoid

Rubber industry

Radiologists

Unknown

Ionizing radiation

Leukemia

Acute myeloid

Workers exposed to benzene

Radiologists

Benzene

Leukemia

Erythroleukemia

Workers exposed to benzene

Benzene

Methemoglobinemia

Explosives, dye industries

Aromatic amino and nitro compounds (e.g., aniline, TNT, nitroglycerin)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Cardiovascular Disorders

Angina

Auto mechanics, foundry workers, wood finishers, traffic control, driving in heavy traffic

Carbon monoxide

Arrhythmias

Metal cleaning, solvent use, refrigerator maintenance

Solvents, fluorocarbons

Raynaud's phenomenon (secondary)

Lumberjacks, chain sawyers, grinders, chippers

Vinyl chloride polymerization

Whole-body or segmental vibration

Vinyl chloride monomer

Pulmonary Disorders

Alveolitis (extrinsic, allergic)

Farmer's lung bagassosis, bird-breeder's lung, suberosis, maltworker's lung, mushroom worker's lung, maple bark disease, cheese-washer's lung, coffee-worker's lung, fish-meal-worker's lung, furrier's lung, sequoiosis, woodworker's lung, miller's lung

Various agents

Asbestosis

Asbestos workers, users

Asbestos

Asthma (extrinsic)

Jewelry, alloy, catalyst makers

Polyurethane, adhesive, paint workers

Alloy, catalyst, refinery workers

Solderers

Plastic, dye, insecticide makers

Foam workers, latex makers, biologists

Printing industry

Nickel platers

Bakers

Plastics industry

Woodworkers, furniture makers

Detergent formulators

Animal handlers

Platinum

Isocyanates

Chromium, cobalt

Aluminum soldering flux

Phthalic anhydride

Formaldehyde

Gum arabic

Nickel sulfate

Flour

Trimellitic anhydride

Red cedar, wood dusts

Bacillus-derived exoenzymes

Animal dander

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Beryllium disease (chronic)

Beryllium alloy, ceramic, cathode-ray tube, nuclear reactor workers

Beryllium

Bronchitis, pneumonitis, pulmonary edema (acute)

Refrigeration, fertilizer, oil-refining industries

Alkali, beach industries

Silo fillers, arc welders, nitric acid workers

Paper, refrigeration, oil-refining industries

Cadmium smelters, processors

Plastics industry

Ammonia

Chlorine

Nitrogen oxides

Sulfur dioxide

Cadmium

Trimellitic anhydride

Byssinosis

Cotton industry

Cotton, flax, hemp, cotton-synthetic dusts

Pneumoconiosis

Coal miners, bauxite workers

Coal dust, bauxite fumes

Silicosis

Mining, metal, and ceramic industries, quarrymen, sand blasters, silica processors

Silica

Talcosis

Talc processors

Talc

Neurological Disorders

Cerebellar ataxia

Chemical industry

Electrolytic chlorine production, battery manufacturing, fungicide formulators

Toluene

Organic mercury

Encephalitis (toxic)

Battery, smelter, foundry workers

Electrolytic chlorine production, battery manufacturing, fungicide formulators

Lead

Organic, inorganic mercury

Neuropathy (toxic and inflammatory)

Pesticide, pigment, pharmaceutical industries

Furniture refinishers, degreasers

Plastic-coated fabric workers

Explosives industry

Rayon manufacturing

Plastics, hyrdraulics, coke industries

Arsenic, arsenic compounds

Hexane

Methyl butyl ketone

TNT

Carbon disulfide

Tri-o-cresyl phosphate

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Neuropathy (toxic and inflammatory)

Battery, smelter, foundry workers

Dentists, chloralkali workers

Chloralkali, fungicide, battery workers

Plastics, paper manufacture

Inorganic lead

Inorganic mercury

Organic mercury

Acrylamide

Parkinson's disease (secondary)

Manganese processors, battery manufacturing, welders

Internal combustion engine industries

Manganese

Carbon monoxide

Miscellaneous

Abdominal pain

Battery manufacturing, enamelers, smelter, painters, ceramics workers, plumbers, welders

Lead

Cataract

Microwave, radar technicians

Explosive industry

Radiologists

Blacksmiths, glass blowers, bakers

Moth repellant formulators, fumigators

Explosives, dye, herbicide, pesticide industries

Microwaves

TNT

Ionizing radiation

Infrared radiation

Naphthalene

Dinitrophenol, dinitro-o-cresol

Dermatitis (contact, allergic)

Adhesives, sealants, and plastics industries, leather tanning, poultry dressing, fish packing, boat building and repair, electroplating, metal cleaning, machining, housekeeping

Irritants (cutting oils, solvents, phenol, acids, alkalies, detergents, fibrous glass), allergens (nickel, epoxy resins, chromates, formaldehyde, dyes, rubber products)

Headache

Firefighters, foundry workers, wood finishers, dry cleaners, traffic control, driving in heavy traffic

Carbon monoxide, solvents

Hepatitis (toxic)

Solvent users, dry cleaners, plastics industry

Carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, tetrachloroethane trichloroethylene

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

Industry or Occupation

Agent

Hepatitis (toxic)

Explosives and dye industries

Fire and waterproofing additive formulators

Plastics formulators

Fumigators, gasoline and fire-extinguisher formulators

Disinfectant, fumigant, synthetic resin formulators

Phosphorus, TNT

Chloronaphthalene

4,4-Methylene-dianiline

Ethylene dibromide

Cresol

Inner ear damage

Various

Excessive noise

Infertility (male)

Formulators

Producers, formulators, applicators

Kepone

1, 2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane

Psychosis (acute)

Gasoline, seed, and fungicide workers, wood preservation, rayon manufacturing

Lead (especially organic), mercury, carbon disulfide

Renal failure (acute, chronic)

Battery manufacturing, plumbers, solderers

Electrolytic processes, arsenical ore smelting

Battery manufacturing, jewelers, dentists

Fluorocarbon, fire-extinguisher formulators

Antifreeze manufacturing

Inorganic lead

Arsine

Inorganic mercury

Carbon tetrachloride

Ethylene glycol

 

SOURCE: Reprinted, with permission, from Principles and Practice of Environmental Medicine, Tarcher, AB, ed. Copyright 1992 by Plenum Publishing Co.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

TABLE D-3: Selected Job Categories, Exposures, and Associated Work-Related Diseases and Conditions

Job Categories

Exposures

Work-Related Diseases and Conditions

Agricultural workers

Pesticides, infectious agents, gases, sunlight

Pesticide poisoning, ''farmer's lung," skin cancer

Anesthetists

Anesthetic gases

Reproductive effects, cancer

Animal handlers

Infectious agents, allergens

Asthma

Automobile workers

Asbestos, plastics, lead, solvents

Asbestosis, dermatitis

Bakers

Flour

Asthma

Battery makers

Lead, arsenic

Lead poisoning, cancer

Butchers

Vinyl plastic fumes

"Meat wrappers' asthma"

Caisson workers

Pressurized work environments

"Caisson disease," "the bends"

Carpenters

Wood dust, wood preservatives, adhesives

Nasopharyngeal cancer, dermatitis

Cement workers

Cement dust, metals

Dermatitis, bronchitis

Ceramic workers

Talc, clays

Pneumoconiosis

Demolition workers

Asbestos, wood dust

Asbestosis

Drug manufacturers

Hormones, nitroglycerin, etc.

Reproductive effects

Dry cleaners

Solvents

Liver disease, dermatitis

Dye workers

Dyestuffs, metals, solvents

Bladder cancer, dermatitis

Embalmers

Formaldehyde, infectious agents

Dermatitis

Felt makers

Mercury, polycyclic hydrocarbons

Mercuralism

Foundry workers

Silica, molten metals

Silicosis

Glass workers

Heat, solvents, metal powders

Cataracts

Hospital workers

Infectious agents, cleansers, radiation

Infections, accidents

Insulators

Asbestos, fibrous glass

Asbestosis, lung cancer, mesothelioma

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Job Categories

Exposures

Work-Related Diseases and Conditions

Jack hammer operators

Vibration

Raynaud phenomenon

Lathe operators

Metal dusts, cutting oils

Lung disease, cancer

Laundry workers

Bleaches, soaps, alkalies

Dermatitis

Lead burners

Lead

Lead poisoning

Miners (coal, hard rock, metals, etc.)

Talc, radiation, metals, coal dust, silica

Pneumoconiosis, lung cancer

Natural gas workers

Polycyclic hydrocarbons

Lung cancer

Nuclear workers

Radiation, plutonium

Metal poisoning, cancer

Office workers

Poor lighting, poorly designed equipment

Joint problems, eye problems

Painters

Paints, solvents, spackling compounds

Neurologic problems

Paper makers

Acids, alkalies, solvents, metals

Lung disorders, dermatitis

Petroleum workers

Polycyclic hydrocarbons, catalysts, zeolites

Cancer, pneumoconiosis

Plumbers

Lead, solvents, asbestos

Lead poisoning

Railroad workers

Creosote, sunlight, oils, solvents

Cancer, dermatitis

Seamen

Sunlight, asbestos

Cancer, accidents

Smelter workers

Metals, heat, sulfur dioxide, arsenic

Cancer

Steel workers

Heat, metals, silica

Cataracts, heat stroke

Stone cutters

Silica

Silicosis

Textile workers

Cotton dust, fabrics, finishers, dyes, carbon disulfide

Byssinosis, dermatitis, psychosis

Varnish makers

Solvents, waxes

Dermatitis

Vineyard workers

Arsenic, pesticides

Cancer, dermatitis

Welders

Fumes, nonionizing radiation

Lead poisoning, cataracts

 

SOURCE: Reprinted, with permission, from Principles and Practice of Environmental Medicine, A.B. Tarcher, ed. Copyright 1992 by Plenum Publishing Co.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Page 234
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Page 235
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Page 236
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Page 237
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Page 238
Next: Appendix E: Focus Group Summary and List of Participants »
Nursing, Health, and the Environment Get This Book
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America's nurses, an estimated 2 million strong, are often at the frontlines in confronting environmental health hazards. Yet most nurses have not received adequate training to manage these hazards.

Nursing, Health, and the Environment explores the effects that environmental hazards (including those in the workplace) have on the health of patients and communities and proposes specific strategies for preparing nurses to address them.

The committee documents the magnitude of environmental hazards and discusses the importance of the relationship between nursing, health, and the environment from three broad perspectives

  • Practice--The authors address environmental health issues in the nursing process, potential controversies over nurses taking a more activist stance on environmental health issues, and more.
  • Education--The volume presents the status of environmental health content in nursing curricula and credentialing, and specific strategies for incorporating more environmental health into nursing preparation.
  • Research--The book includes a survey of the available knowledge base and options for expanding nursing research as it relates to environmental health hazards.
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