National Academies Press: OpenBook

Nursing, Health, and the Environment (1995)

Chapter: Index

« Previous: Appendix I: Committee and Staff Biographies
Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Index

A

Absenteeism and workdays lost, 29

Accreditation of nursing programs, 18, 72, 99

Active listening, 46, 66

Activism, 17, 49, 256-258

Advanced practice nurses (APNs), 19, 20, 42, 54, 56, 71-72, 74-75

Advocacy

case, 5, 49, 63, 67, 254-255, 258

class, 5-6, 10, 48, 49, 51-52, 63, 66-67, 132-133, 253-262

education and training, 6, 49, 66, 67, 97, 143, 258

resources and references, 258-262

Age, 31, 33.

See also Children

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, 93

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), 46, 149-150, 155

Newsletter, 77

priority health conditions, 34-35

teaching modules, 64-65, 86, 94, 150

top 10 hazards list, 36-37

Agricultural chemicals, see Fertilizers;

Pesticides

Air quality and contamination, 16, 24, 25, 26, 28, 34, 147

Allergies and allergens, 28, 41

American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), 65, 71, 74-75, 174

American Association of Critical Care Nurses, 115

American Association of Diabetes Educators, 115

American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN), 51, 107, 109, 117, 175

American Board for Occupational Health Nurses, Inc. (ABOHN), 53,54, 179

American Nurses Association (ANA), 40-41, 51, 55, 76, 94, 99, 107, 109, 174, 181

Nursing Social Policy Statement, 48, 62

American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), 53, 54

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

American Public Health Association (APHA), 51, 181-182, 262

Anesthetic gases, 137

Antineoplastic agents, 136

Arsenic, 29, 36, 212-213

Asbestos, 16, 24

Assault, see Violence

Assessment and referral, 5, 6, 39, 41, 62, 75, 77, 80, 131, 143,144, 243

Assessment Protocol for Excellence in Public Health, 45-46

Associate degree (AD) programs, 19, 20, 71, 72, 73, 78, 79, 98, 146

Association of Community Health Nursing Educators (ACHNE), 71

Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC), 65, 182-189, 262

Asthma, 3, 15, 28, 39, 147

B

Baccalaureate degree programs, 6, 19-20, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75-76, 78, 79, 97, 146

Back injuries, 29, 138

Basic nursing education, 7, 19, 66, 71, 72-74, 77-79, 80-82, 98,146, 147

Behavior and lifestyle, 8, 31, 71, 105

Biological hazards, 2, 14, 25, 26.

See also Infectious diseases

Biologic sanctuaries, 34

Birth defects, 17, 35

Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, 94, 135, 136

Bureau of Health Professions, 40.

See also Division of Nursing, HRSA

Burnout, 139

C

California Public Health Foundation (CPHF), 40, 41, 43, 63

Campaign strategies, 257, 258

Cancer and carcinogens, 16, 35, 147

and children, 33, 112-113

occupational exposures, 18, 29, 231-232

radiation, 29, 31, 112-113, 138

Carbon monoxide, 3, 34, 226-227

Cardiovascular disease, 30, 33, 233

Carpal tunnel syndrome, 29

Case advocacy, 5, 49, 63, 67, 254-255, 258

Case Studies in Environmental Medicine, 150

Cataracts, 31

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 150-151

child lead screening recommendations, 34

invasive procedures recommendations, 135

research support, 109, 110

tuberculosis control recommendations, 136

Certification of nurses, 10, 53-54, 64, 95, 99

Chemicals and chemical hazards, 2, 14, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28-29, 147

and genetic susceptibility, 31, 32

listings, 36-37, 212-229

in nursing, 46, 136-137

see also Carbon monoxide;

Lead and lead poisoning;

Mercury;

Pesticides

Children, 15, 18, 33-34, 146

asthma among, 3, 28

and lead poisoning, 3, 15, 33, 34, 147

CINAHL data base, 106

Class advocacy, 5-6, 10, 48, 49, 51-52, 63, 66-67, 132-133, 253-262

Clinical nurse specialists (CNS), 19, 54, 74, 75

Clues Course, 86, 94

Community health nursing, 17, 54, 75-76, 78, 81, 97, 112-113

Community Partnership Initiative in Health Professions Education and in Public Health , 89

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Community settings, 2, 13, 16, 17-18, 42, 63

activism and advocacy, 5-6, 10, 17, 48, 49, 51-52, 63, 66-67, 132-133, 253-262

clinics, 56, 135

education and training for, 19-20, 47, 66, 71, 146

risk communication in, 10, 46-47, 62, 66

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI), 87-88, 100

Computerized information resources, 199-207

Confidentiality, 52, 53

Conflict resolution, 47, 67, 256

Contest strategies, 257-258

Continuing education, 7, 11, 19, 64, 66, 86-88, 95, 98, 100, 101, 132

Cost containment and control, 54, 55, 56

Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH), 76

Credentialing, see Accreditation of nursing programs;

Certification of nurses;

Licensure of nurses

Curricula, see Nursing education

Cytotoxic drugs, 136

D

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 45, 152

Dermal exposure, see Skin exposure and dermal absorption

Diagnosis, 39, 41, 42, 80

Dialysis facilities and procedures, 135, 137

Diploma programs, 19, 71, 72, 73, 78, 79, 98, 146

Disadvantaged populations, 16, 28

Disasters, 133

Disease clustering, 45, 66

Disinfection, 135, 137

Distance learning, 87, 95

Division of Nursing, HRSA, 89, 92.

See also National Advisory Council for Nurse Education and Practice

Doctoral-level programs, 19, 112, 113-114, 116

Downsizing, 55

Drinking water, 18, 25-26, 60, 61

E

Ecology, 2, 14

Education, see Nursing education

Educational Resources Center (ERC) programs, 77, 94, 114, 118, 155-158

Educator and information provider roles, 16, 28-29, 31, 40, 41, 42 , 43, 46-47, 52, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 132, 242, 254

Elderly population, 16, 33

Electromagnetic radiation, 112-113

Emergency department nurses, 16, 135, 136, 139, 140, 147

Emergency Nurses Association, 155

Emergency Room Nursing Foundation, 109, 110

Environmental compatibility, 70

Environmental Council of States (ECOS) directory, 167-173

Environmental health, definition of, 2, 14

Environmental health and hazards, 2-4, 14-15, 23-25, 239-242

classification of, 2, 25, 26, 27-28

as core function of nursing, 10, 13, 15-16, 39, 64

exposure limits and standards, 26, 132, 133

nursing certification, 53-54

in nursing education curricula, 75-78, 79-85

priority areas, 34-35

see also Air quality and contamination;

Biological hazards;

Chemicals and chemical hazards;

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Food quality and contamination;

Global environmental conditions;

Housing conditions;

Mechanical hazards;

Pesticides;

Psychosocial hazards;

Radiation;

Radon;

Reproductive health hazards;

Risk communication;

Soil contamination;

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation;

Violence;

Water quality and contamination;

Workplace environment and hazards

Environmental health history, 41, 43, 44-45, 55, 64, 263-270

training, 143, 146

Environmental justice, 16, 143, 146, 257

Environmental/Occupational medicine Academic Awards, 158-159

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 3, 25, 152

air quality standards, 26

drinking water standards, 25, 26, 34, 61

Epidemiology, 46, 83, 90, 112-113, 143

Ergonomics, 46, 90, 138

Ethics, 5, 10, 51-52, 62, 63, 64, 67, 240, 258

education in, 53, 80

in nursing research, 10, 53, 67

Ethylene oxide, 136, 220-221

Evaluation, 39, 42-43, 256

nursing education, 95-97

Exploratory Center Award, 117, 118

F

Family health, 41, 43, 147

Federal agencies

education support, 6, 92-94, 117

information resources, 64, 75, 93, 100, 149-161

research support, 8, 107, 109

see also under names of specific agencies

Fertilizers, 26, 60

Fish, 16, 28-29

Food quality and contamination, 13, 16, 27, 28-29, 147

Formaldehyde, 3, 34, 137, 218-219

Fruit, 28, 29

Future of Public Health, The, 88-89

G

Gases, 3, 15, 34, 137, 222-225

Generalist certification, 54, 71-72

Genetic factors, 31, 32

Gerontology nurses, 15-16

Global environmental conditions, 4, 30-31

Glutaraldehyde, 137

Gopher servers, 205

Graduate nursing education, 19, 71, 74-75, 76-77, 78, 97, 146-147

H

Halothane, 137

Hazardous substances, see Chemicals and chemical hazards

Hazardous waste sites, 3, 16, 25

Health care reform, 55-56

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), 92, 153.

See also Bureau of Health Professions;

Division of Nursing;

Maternal and Child Health Bureau;

National Advisory Council for Nurse Education and Practice

Healthy America: Practitioners for 2005, An Agenda for Action for U.S. Health Professions Schools, 69

Healthy People 2000, 73-74, 103, 104, 116

Heart disease, see Cardiovascular disease

Heat waves, 4, 30

Hepatitis, 135, 230, 236

History-taking, see Environmental health history

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), 135, 136

Holistic perspective, 8, 13, 14, 104

Hospitals, 13, 72, 75, 134

hazards in, 135, 136, 139

Housing conditions, 3, 13, 16, 18, 27, 34, 147

I

Immune function disorders, 31, 33, 35

Independent practice, 19

Individual care, 13-14, 17, 18, 41, 42

advocacy in, 5, 49, 63, 67, 254-255, 258

Indoor air quality, 26, 28, 34

Infectious diseases

and global environmental conditions, 30, 31

nursing hazards, 135-136

occupational, 230-231

Information disclosure, 52

Information resources and references, 10, 42, 47, 62, 64, 93, 100

for advocacy practice, 258-261

computerized, 199-207

general texts, 208-210

nursing education, 6, 64-65, 80-82, 83, 84-85, 86, 93, 100

organizations and foundations, 173-197

poison control centers, 175-179

state agencies, 162-163

topical listing, 197-199

Ingestion, 24, 33, 36, 37

Inhalation exposure, 24, 26, 36, 37

Intensive care units, 137, 139

Interdisciplinary approaches education, 5, 11, 50, 65-66, 88-89, 90, 99-100

nursing practice, 4-5, 10, 19, 44, 45-46, 48, 50, 62, 65-66

research, 11, 65, 105-106, 113-114, 118, 119, 120, 256

International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), 51, 191

International Council of Nurses (ICN), 51, 65, 192

environmental health competencies, 62, 131-133

Internet information resources, 199-205

Intervention, 15, 39, 41, 42, 43, 64, 105, 256

Interviewing skills, 46, 66

Investigative role, 40, 41, 43-46, 63

Ionizing radiation, 29, 138-139

J

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations, 139

K

Kellogg, W. K., Foundation, 89, 92

Kidney dysfunction, 33, 35

L

Layoffs, 55

Lead and lead poisoning, 3, 15, 16, 33, 34, 36, 39, 147, 214-215

Legislation and regulation knowledge and promotion of, 5, 62, 132, 143, 144, 145, 146, 246

nursing education, 72, 94

restricting nursing practice, 50, 75

Licensed practical nurses (LPNs), 134, 138

Licensure of nurses, 50, 53, 64

examinations, 10, 18-19, 53, 73, 78, 95, 99

and required continuing education, 86, 95

Lifting hazards, 138

List servers, 203-204

Liver dysfunction, 33, 35

Local environmental agencies, 64, 65, 94

Local health agencies, 64, 65, 94

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Locality development, 256, 257

Long-term care, 72, 134, 135, 138, 140

Love Canal, 17

Lungs, see Respiratory function and diseases

M

Master's degree programs, 19, 71, 72, 74, 76, 113

Maternal and Child Health Bureau, 93

Mechanical hazards, 25, 26

Mediation, 6, 254, 256

MEDLINE database, 106, 206

Melanomas, 31

Men, workplace injuries, 29

Mercury, 28, 36, 137, 214-215

Methemoglobinemia, 32, 57, 60, 61

Methoxyflurane, 137

Model program development, 78-86, 99

Multidisciplinary approach, see Interdisciplinary approaches

Multimedia educational methods, 87-88, 99

N

National Advisory Council for Nurse Education and Practice (NACNEP) , 92

National Association of County Health Officials Environmental Health Project, 150

National Board for Certification of School Nurses, Inc. (NBCSN), 53, 54, 193

National Center for Environmental Health, 94, 154

National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX), 18-19, 53, 73, 78, 95

National Council of State Boards of Licensing (NCSBN), 99, 194

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 6, 34, 47, 107, 109, 117, 137, 150, 154-155

Educational Resources Center (ERC) programs, 77, 94, 114, 118, 155-158

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), 107, 116, 118, 158-160

National Institute of Mental Health, 93

National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), 93, 104, 107, 109, 115, 116-117, 160

National Institute on Aging, 93

National Institutes of Health (NIH), 93-94, 117, 160

National League for Nursing (NLN), 48, 50, 71, 72, 73, 89, 99, 194-195

National Library of Medicine (NLM) databases, 205-207

National Research Service Award (NRSA), 116

NCLEX, see National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses

Needlestick injuries, 135, 136

Neighborhoods, see Community settings

Neoplasms, see Cancer and carcinogens

Networking, 259

Neurotoxicity, 35, 147, 234-235

Nightingale, Florence, 13, 49, 103

NIOSH, see National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Nitrates, 60, 61

Noise, 13

North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA), 42

Notes on Nursing, 13

Nurse anesthetists, 74

Nurse-midwives, 74

Nurse practitioners (NPs), 19, 34, 42, 74, 75, 76-77, 94

Nurses' aides, 29, 138

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Nursing education, 6-7, 14, 18-20, 55, 69-72, 246, 247-249

accreditation of programs, 18, 72, 99

advocacy practice, 6, 49, 66, 67, 97, 143, 258

basic, 7, 19, 66, 71, 72-74, 77-79, 80-82, 98, 146, 147

for community settings, 19-20, 47, 66, 71, 146

competencies in environmental health, 6, 69, 71-72, 78-79, 80-82, 84-85, 98, 142-147

continuing, 7, 11, 19, 64, 66, 86-88, 95, 98, 100, 101, 132

course recommendations, 80-82, 83, 84-85

degree levels, 19-20, 72, 73, 98

environmental health content, 6, 7, 10, 18-19, 53, 70-71, 75-78, 79-85, 98-99, 143-145

environmental health history-taking, 143, 146

ethics, 53, 80

evaluation of, 95-97

faculty development, 77, 89-92, 96, 98, 99, 119

federal support and research, 6, 92-94, 117

graduate, 19, 71, 74-75, 76-77, 78, 97, 146-147

on hazards in nursing, 138, 147

interdisciplinary approaches, 5, 11, 50, 65-66, 88-89, 90, 99-100

and licensing examination, 53, 94, 97

model program development, 78-86, 99

prerequisites, 79, 83

and professional associations, 6, 11, 51, 73, 100, 101

resources and references, 6, 64-65, 80-82, 83, 84-85, 86, 93, 100

state regulation, 72, 94

on violence, 140

workplace hazards, 30, 138, 140

Nursing Education's Agenda for the 21st Century, 71

Nursing homes, see Long-term care

Nursing practice, 4-6, 13-14, 40-41

advocacy role, 5-6, 10, 40, 41, 42, 43, 47-48, 49, 51-52, 61, 62, 63, 66-67, 80, 132-133, 242, 253-259

and changes in health care delivery, 19, 54-56, 63

competencies in environmental health, 4, 5, 62, 131-133

educator and information provider roles, 16, 28-29, 31, 40, 41, 42 , 43, 46-47, 52, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 132, 242, 254

environmental health as core of, 10, 13, 15-16, 39, 64

environmental health history-taking, 41, 43, 44-45, 55, 64, 263-270

ethics, 5, 10, 51-52, 62, 63, 64, 67, 240, 258

as first contact point for health care, 1, 15, 16

hazards of, 29, 44, 46, 55, 134-140, 147

interdisciplinary approaches, 4-5, 10, 19, 44, 45-46, 48, 50, 62, 65-66

investigative role, 40, 41, 43-46, 63

reimbursement mechanisms, 14, 56, 75

see also Advanced practice nurses;

Assessment and referral;

Diagnosis;

Evaluation;

Intervention;

Licensed practical nurses;

Licensure of nurses;

Nurse practitioners;

Nursing process;

Planning;

Professional associations;

Registered nurses

Nursing process, 40, 41-43

Nursing research, 7-9, 14, 19, 44, 103-105, 133

dissemination of, 11, 120

ethics, 10, 53, 67

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

funding sources, 8, 106-108, 115-117, 118, 119

interdisciplinary approach, 11, 65, 105-106, 113-114, 118, 119, 120, 256

principle investigators, 8-9, 106, 108, 109, 111, 119

professional development in, 11, 81, 85, 112-115, 116-117, 118-119

program evaluation, 256

study design and priorities, 9, 11, 110, 111-112, 119-120

Nursing's Agenda for Health Care Reform, 70

O

Obstetrics and gynecology, 16, 137

Occupational hazards, see Workplace environment and hazards

Occupational health nursing, 4, 16, 17, 50, 54

education in, 19, 76

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 161

Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, 94, 135, 136

research support, 109, 110

standards for health settings, 135, 136, 137, 139

Older persons, see Elderly population

Oncology nursing, 16, 147

Oncology Nursing Society, 107, 115

Organizations and foundations listing, 173-197

and nursing education, 11, 92, 100, 101

and nursing research, 8, 106, 107, 109

policy advocacy, 262

see also Professional associations;

and under names of specific organizations

Outpatient facilities, 135, 136

Ozone depletion, 4, 30-31

P

Parent-child courses, 80, 146, 147

Particulates, 3, 15, 34

Pathways of exposure, 24

see also Air quality and contamination;

Soil contamination;

Water quality and contamination

Pediatric nursing, 15, 34, 54, 80, 135, 140, 146

Pesticides, 3, 26, 28, 29, 34, 147, 226-229

Pew Commission, 71, 92

Physical hazards, 2, 14, 25, 26

see also Mechanical hazards;

Radiation

Planning, 39, 41, 42, 256, 257

Poison control centers, 175-179

Policy-level (class) advocacy, 5-6, 10, 48, 49, 51-52, 63, 66-67, 132-133, 253-262

Pollution, see Air quality and contamination;

Soil contamination;

Water quality and contamination

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 28, 36, 222-223

Population-based practice, 17-19, 45, 74, 89

Practice, see Nursing practice

Prenatal care, 17, 31, 146, 147

Prenursing education, 79, 83

Prevention and preventive care, 13, 14, 18, 39, 40, 42, 55, 56, 58-60

education in, 70, 74

and nursing research, 8, 105

workplace violence, 30, 140

Prisons, 135, 136

Professional associations, 40, 63, 64, 65

and interdisciplinary approaches, 48, 50, 65

listing, 173-197 passim

and nursing education, 6, 11, 51, 73, 100, 101

state, 55, 65

toxic substance handling guidelines, 136

see also under names of specific organizations

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Project EPOCH-Envi, 150, 155

Promotive nursing practices, 40, 56, 144, 254

Psychosocial hazards, 2, 15, 25, 26, 146, 240.

See also Violence

Public health, 17-18, 39, 45-46, 50, 56, 94

education in, 19, 71, 72, 78, 89, 147

funding, 55-56, 63

Public Health in America, 56

Q

Quality of care standards, 55, 56, 64

R

Radiation, 28

and cancer, 29, 31, 112-113, 138

nursing hazards, 138-139

see also Radon;

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation

Radon, 2, 3, 14, 34

state contacts, 162-167

Referral, 5, 62, 64, 75, 77, 81, 143

Registered nurses (RNs), 1, 2, 14, 53, 55, 134

education and training, 7, 18-20, 66, 73, 98

injuries, 138

Repetitive motion injury, 3, 15, 29

Reproductive health hazards, 16, 35, 146, 147

Research, see Nursing research

Resources, see Information resources and references

Respiratory function and diseases, 30, 33, 35, 233-234

Restorative nursing practices, 40

Right to know, 52

Risk communication, 5, 10, 46-47, 62, 66, 75, 77, 80, 143, 256

RNs, see Registered nurses

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 92

Routes of exposure, 24, 36-37, 143

S

Satellite-based telecommunication, 87

School clinics, 94

Seafood, 16, 28-29

Secondary care, 8, 42, 58, 60, 105

Sentinel health events, 45, 62, 112, 143, 144

Shifts and work schedules, 139

Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI), 107, 109, 115, 196

Skin exposure and dermal absorption, 24, 36, 37

and aging, 33

cancer, 29, 31

Smoking, see Tobacco smoke and smoking

Social action, 256-257

Social planning, 256, 257

Soil contamination, 16, 24, 25, 147

Specialty courses and certification, 4, 19, 97, 146-147

State boards of nursing, 72, 94, 99

State Cooperative Agreements, 150

State environmental agencies, 64, 65, 93, 94

listing, 167-173

State health agencies, 64, 65

listing, 162-167

nurse employment, 94

Sterilization procedures and chemicals, 135, 136, 137

Stress, 55, 139

Superfund sites, 3, 25

Supportive nursing practices, 40, 254

Susceptibility, see Vulnerability and susceptibility

T

Teleconferencing, 87

Tertiary care, 8, 19, 42, 58, 60, 105

Tobacco smoke and smoking, 3, 15, 34, 139, 147

Toxicology, 83, 88, 90, 143, 146

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
×

Toxic substances, see Chemicals and chemical hazards

Training, see Nursing education

Trauma nursing, 16, 147

Tuberculosis, 135-136, 230

U

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation, 2-3, 4, 14, 31

Unlicensed assistant personnel (UAPs), 55

V

Vegetables, 28, 29

Violence, 15, 28

in health care settings, 140

in workplace, 29, 30, 140

Vulnerability and susceptibility, 31-34

age as factor, 31, 33

genetic factors, 31, 32

W

Water quality and contamination, 16, 24, 25-26, 27, 28-29, 60, 61, 147

Women

health courses, 147

workplace injuries and deaths, 29, 30

Workplace environment and hazards

cancer and carcinogens, 18, 29, 231-232

exposure limits and standards, 26, 137

infectious agents, 230-231

listing, 230-238

for nurses, 29, 44, 46, 55, 134-140, 147

violence, 29, 30, 140

Suggested Citation:"Index." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4986.
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Nursing, Health, and the Environment Get This Book
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America's nurses, an estimated 2 million strong, are often at the frontlines in confronting environmental health hazards. Yet most nurses have not received adequate training to manage these hazards.

Nursing, Health, and the Environment explores the effects that environmental hazards (including those in the workplace) have on the health of patients and communities and proposes specific strategies for preparing nurses to address them.

The committee documents the magnitude of environmental hazards and discusses the importance of the relationship between nursing, health, and the environment from three broad perspectives

  • Practice--The authors address environmental health issues in the nursing process, potential controversies over nurses taking a more activist stance on environmental health issues, and more.
  • Education--The volume presents the status of environmental health content in nursing curricula and credentialing, and specific strategies for incorporating more environmental health into nursing preparation.
  • Research--The book includes a survey of the available knowledge base and options for expanding nursing research as it relates to environmental health hazards.
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