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Waste Incineration and Public Health (2000)

Chapter: List of Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
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List of Abbreviations

ACS

American Chemical Society

APCD

air pollution control device

As

arsenic

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry of the U.S. Public Health Service

BaP

benzo(a)pyrene

BIF

boiler and industrial furnace

CAA

Clean Air Act

CARB

California Air Resources Board

Cd

cadmium

CDD

chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin

CDF

chlorinated dibenzofuran

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CO

carbon monoxide

COHb

carboxyhemoglobin

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Dioxins

polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

dscm

dry standard cubic meters (at 14.7 pounds per square inch, 68°F)

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ESP

electrostatic precipitator

Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
×

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in 1 sec—amount of air an individual can exhale in 1 sec

Furans

polychlorinated dibenzofurans

FVC

forced vital capacity

g

grams

GGT

gamma-glutamyltransferase

HCB

hexachlorobenzene

HCl

hydrogen chloride

Hg

mercury

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IRIS

Integrated Risk Information System

kg

kilogram

L

liter

LCA

life cycle assessment

m

meters

MACT

maximum achievable control technology

mg

milligram

Mg

megagram

MRL

minimal risk level

MSW

municipal solid waste

MWC

municipal waste combustor

MWI

medical waste incinerator

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NOAEL

no-observed-adverse-effect level

NOx

oxides of nitrogen

NO2

nitrogen dioxide

OEL

occupational exposure limit

OSHA

U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

PAH

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

Pb

lead

PCB

polychlorinated biphenyl

PCDD

polychlorinated dibenzo(p)dioxin

PCDF

polychlorinated dibenzofuran

PEL

permissible exposure limit

PEL

product of incomplete combustion

PM

particulate matter

PM2.5

particulate matter less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter

PM10

particulate matter less than 10 µm in aerodynamic diameter

ppb

parts per billion by weight

ppm

parts per million by weight

ppmv

parts per million by volume

ppt

parts per trillion by weight

RCRA

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
×

RfD

reference dose

SMSA

standard metropolitan statistical area

SO2

sulfur dioxide

TCDD

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

TEQ

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin toxic equivalent based on the 1989 international toxic equivalency factors

TLV

threshold limit value

TSP

total suspended particulate matter

VOC

volatile organic compound

Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
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Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
×
Page 311
Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
×
Page 312
Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
×
Page 313
Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Waste Incineration and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5803.
×
Page 314
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Incineration has been used widely for waste disposal, including household, hazardous, and medical waste--but there is increasing public concern over the benefits of combusting the waste versus the health risk from pollutants emitted during combustion. Waste Incineration and Public Health informs the emerging debate with the most up-to-date information available on incineration, pollution, and human health--along with expert conclusions and recommendations for further research and improvement of such areas as risk communication. The committee provides details on:

  • Processes involved in incineration and how contaminants are released.
  • Environmental dynamics of contaminants and routes of human exposure.
  • Tools and approaches for assessing possible human health effects.
  • Scientific concerns pertinent to future regulatory actions.

The book also examines some of the social, psychological, and economic factors that affect the communities where incineration takes place and addresses the problem of uncertainty and variation in predicting the health effects of incineration processes.

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