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B Background Papers The committee commissioned 10 papers on specialized topics in order to broaden its perspective and knowledge on human performance. Each of these papers is available from the National Academy Press through the Publication-on-Demand program. Evaluation Issues INTERPERSONAL EXPECTANCY EFFECTS AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE RESEARCH Monica J. Harris and Robert Rosenthal, Harvard University INTUITIVE JUDGMENT AND THE EVALUATION OF EVIDENCE Dale Griffin, Stanford University Learning LEARNING DURING SLEEP Eric Eich, University of British Columbia PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION Robert E. Slavin, The Johns Hopkins University 246
APPENDIX B 247 Strategies to Improve Performance A REVISED META-ANAEYSIS OF THE MENTAL PRACTICE LITERATURE ON MOTOR SKILL LEARNING Deborah L. Feltz, Michigan State University, Daniel M. Landers, Arizona State University, and Betsy J. Becker, Michigan State Uni- versity Stress Management STRESS AND PERFORMANCE Seymour Levine, Stanford University STRESS REDUCTION AND THE MILITARY Raymond W. Novaco, University of California, Irvine Social Processes MATCHING AND OTHER INFLUENCE STRATEGIES Dean G. Pruitt, Jennifer Crocker, and Deborah Hanes State University of New York, Buffalo CULTURE AND MILITARY PERFORMANCE Boaz Tamir and Gideon Kunda, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Parapsychological Techniques A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF MAJOR EMPIRICAL STUDIES IN PARA- PSYCHOLOGY INVOLVING RANDOM EVENT GENERATORS AND REMOTE VIEWING James E. Alcock, York University, Toronto