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Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2007 Symposium (2008)

Chapter: Introduction--Richard T. Elander and Vijay Singh

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Suggested Citation:"Introduction--Richard T. Elander and Vijay Singh." National Academy of Engineering. 2008. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2007 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12027.
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Introduction


RICHARD T. ELANDER

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Golden, Colorado


VIJAY SINGH

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


Recent events are once again highlighting that the United States is overly dependent upon imported petroleum for its energy and chemical feedstock supply. This is particularly true in the liquid transportation fuels and chemical production sectors of our economy. Additionally, the ever-increasing use of petroleum as a feedstock for fuels and chemicals in the worldwide economy is causing growing concerns about the availability and security of future petroleum supplies and the implications of a petrochemical-based economy on global climate change. These factors have resulted in a resurgence of interest in the development and commercial deployment of renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly, and cost-effective technologies to supply a large fraction of our liquid transportation fuels and chemical feedstock needs. Many of these technologies are now achieving or are rapidly approaching technical and economic viability in the commercial marketplace and are utilizing the most advanced biotechnology, chemical reaction, and engineering tools. In this session, we examine recent advances that are bringing “biorefineries” to commercial reality. The unique aspects of grain-based, lignocellulose-based, and integrated grain and lignocellulose biorefineries will be discussed.

Suggested Citation:"Introduction--Richard T. Elander and Vijay Singh." National Academy of Engineering. 2008. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2007 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12027.
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Suggested Citation:"Introduction--Richard T. Elander and Vijay Singh." National Academy of Engineering. 2008. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2007 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12027.
×
Page 51
Suggested Citation:"Introduction--Richard T. Elander and Vijay Singh." National Academy of Engineering. 2008. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2007 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12027.
×
Page 52
Next: Corn-Based Materials--Sanjay V. Malhotra, Vineet Kumar, Anthony East, and Michael Jaffe »
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U.S. Frontiers of Engineering (USFOE) symposia bring together 100 outstanding engineers (ages 30 to 45) to exchange information about leading-edge technologies in a range of engineering fields. The 2007 symposium covered engineering trustworthy computer systems, control of protein conformations, biotechnology for fuels and chemicals, modulating and simulating human behavior, and safe water technologies. Papers in this volume describe leading-edge research on disparate tools in software security, decoding the "mechanome," corn-based materials, modeling human cultural behavior, water treatment by UV irradiation, and many other topics. A speech by dinner speaker Dr. Henrique (Rico) Malvar, managing director of Microsoft Research, is also included. Appendixes provide information about contributors, the symposium program, summaries of break-out sessions, and a list of participants. This is the thirteenth volume in the USFOE series.

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