As noted in Chapter 1, this National Academy of Sciences study is one of many investigations or assessments initiated in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. The reports from these activities have informed this committee’s thinking about potential lessons learned for the United States. Key recommendations from these investigations/assessments have been captured and generalized in Table E.1 and compared with the recommendations from the present study.
The nuclear industry and its regulators have taken additional actions to implement lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi accident since the reports referenced in this table were published. Those actions are not reflected in this table.
TABLE E.1 Common recommendations from investigations and assessments of the Fukushima accident. Recommendations resulting from this report are shown with a star.
NOTES: ANS = American Nuclear Society (ANS, 2012); CNSC = Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC, 2011); DIET = Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission, The National Diet of Japan (NAIIC, 2012); ENSI = Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI, 2011); IAEA = International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, 2011); IC = Investigation Committee on the Accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company (Investigation Committee, 2012); INPO = Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO, 2012); JANTI = Japan Nuclear Technology Institute (JANTI, 2011); ONR = Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR, 2011); TEPCO = Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc. (TEPCO, 2012b); UCS = Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS, 2011a); USNRC = U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Near-Term Task Force (USNRC NTTF, 2011); NAS = National Academy of Sciences Committee on Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving the Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants (this report).