Evaluating the Effectiveness of
Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans
in the United States
Committee on Evaluating the Effectiveness of Stock Rebuilding Plans of the
2006 Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act
Ocean Studies Board
Division on Earth and Life Studies
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.
This study was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under contract number DG133R08CQ0062. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-29230-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-29230-1
Library of Congress Control Number: 2013956472
Cover art by Ben Miller, “Abstract Fish,” at www.bighousedesign.com.
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COMMITTEE ON EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STOCK REBUILDING PLANS OF THE 2006 FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT REAUTHORIZATION ACT
ANA M. PARMA (Co-Chair), Centro Nacional Patagonico, Chubut, Argentina
PATRICK J. SULLIVAN (Co-Chair), Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
JEREMY COLLIE, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett
TROY W. HARTLEY, College of William & Mary, Gloucester Point, Virginia
WILLIAM HEYMAN, Texas ADM University, College Station
ROBERT JOHNSTON, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts
ANDRE E. PUNT, University of Washington, Seattle
KENNETH A. ROSE, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge
JAMES SANCHIRICO, University of California, Davis
MICHAEL P. SISSENWINE, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts
GEORGE SUGIHARA, University of California, San Diego
KIM WADDELL, Study Director
SHERRIE FORREST, Associate Program Officer
HEATHER CHIARELLO, Senior Program Assistant
CONSTANCE KARRAS, Postgraduate Fellow
OCEAN STUDIES BOARD
ROBERT A. DUCE (Chair), Texas ADM University, College Station, Texas
E. VIRGINIA ARMBRUST, University of Washington, Seattle
CLAUDIA BENITEZ-NELSON, University of South Carolina, Columbia
EDWARD A. BOYLE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
RITA R. COLWELL, University of Maryland, College Park
SARAH W. COOKSEY, State of Delaware, Dover
CORTIS K. COOPER, Chevron Corporation, San Ramon, California
ROBERT HALLBERG, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Princeton University, New Jersey
DAVID HALPERN, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California
BARBARA A. KNUTH, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
GEORGE I. MATSUMOTO, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California
STEVEN A. MURAWSKI, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg
JOHN A. ORCUTT, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California
H. TUBA ÖZKAN-HALLER, Oregon State University, Corvallis
STEVEN E. RAMBERG, Penn State Applied Research Lab, Washington, DC
ANDREW A. ROSENBERG, Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, Massachusetts
DANIEL L. RUDNICK, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California
MARTIN D. SMITH, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
PETER L. TYACK, University of Saint Andrews, United Kingdom
DON WALSH, International Maritime Incorporated, Myrtle Point, Oregon
DAWN J. WRIGHT, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, California
JAMES A. YODER, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts
MARY (MISSY) H. FEELEY, ExxonMobil Exploration Company, Houston, Texas
SUSAN ROBERTS, Director
DEBORAH GLICKSON, Senior Program Officer
CLAUDIA MENGELT, Senior Program Officer
KIM WADDELL, Senior Program Officer
PAMELA LEWIS, Administrative Coordinator
SHERRIE FORREST, Associate Program Officer
HEATHER CHIARELLO, Senior Program Assistant
CONSTANCE KARRAS, Postgraduate Fellow (from September 2012)
This report was greatly enhanced by the participants of the meetings held as part of this study. The committee would like to acknowledge the efforts of those who gave presentations at the committee meetings: John Brodziak (NOAA Pacific Islands Fishery Science Center), Merrick Burden (Marine Conservation Center), Tony Chatwin (National Fish and Wildlife Foundation), Benny Galloway (LGL Ecological Research Associates), Sally McGee (The Nature Conservancy), Bill Gerencer (M.F. Foley Company), Chad Hansen (Pew Environmental Group), Dan Holland (NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center), Chris Kellogg (Northeast Fisheries Management Council), Chris Legault (NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center), Heather Mann (Community Seafood Initiative), Richard Merrick (NOAA Fisheries), Tom Nies (Northeast Fisheries Management Council), Richard Pollnac (University of Rhode Island), Suzanne Russell (NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center), Brad Sewell (Natural Resources Defense Council), Peter Shelley (Conservation Law Foundation), Eric Thunberg (NOAA Office of Science and Technology), and John Walter (NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center). The stock assessment data and management parameters used in this review were assembled thanks to the help of many NOAA scientists and staff from NOAA and the councils. In particular, the committee would like to thank Kristan Blackhart and Richard Methot from NOAA and Tom Nies from Northeast Fisheries Management Council for their dedicated efforts to assemble data and respond to questions by the committee.
This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
Keith Criddle, University of Alaska, Fairbanks
Lee Crockett, Pew Charitable Trusts
Josh Eagle, University of South Carolina
Ray Hilborn, University of Washington Ilene Kaplan, Union College
Simon Levin, Princeton University
Andrew Rosenberg, Union of Concerned Scientists
Brian Rothschild, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Andrew Solow, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, appointed by the Divison on Earth and Life Studies, and Bonnie McCay, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Appointed by the Report Review Committee, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.