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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2014. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18488.
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Appendix B

List of Acronyms

ABC Acceptable Biological Catch, a catch that is less than the OFL to account for scientific uncertainty
ACL annual catch limit, typically specified in units of tons
ACT annual catch target
AM accountability measures
AOA Analysis of Alternatives
ASMFC Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission
 
B Generic reference to biomass (usually measured in terms of spawning stock biomass, but other units such as egg production may be preferred)
B0 The unfished equilibrium biomass
BMSY Biomass corresponding to Maximum Sustainable Yield (often determined using a proxy such as 40 percent of B0)
Bt Biomass in year t (usually measured in terms of spawning stock biomass, but other units such as egg production may be preferred)
Bx% The average biomass corresponding to fishing at a rate of Fx%.
 
CFP Common Fisheries Policy
CMFC Caribbean Fishery Management Council
CPUE catch per unit effort
CRA “Crayfish,” New Zealand management area designation for spiny red rock lobster
 
DFO Fisheries and Oceans Canada
EBFM Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management
EC European Commission
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
EFH Essential Fish Habitat
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
EU European Union
 
F Generic reference to fishing mortality
Fx% The fishing mortality rate at which spawner biomass-per-recruit is reduced to x% of its unfished level
FACL Target fishing mortality
FMSY Fishing mortality rate corresponding to Maximum Sustainable Yield
FREBUILD Fishing mortality that achieves a 50 percent probability of rebuilding by TTARGET
FTHREAT Fishing mortality that drives a component population to threatened or endangered status
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FCMA Fishery Conservation and Management Act (See also MFCMA, MSFCMA, MSA and SFA)
FIS Fishery Impact Statements
FMP Fishery Management Plan
FSRP Fish Stock Rebuilding Plan
FSSI Fish Stock Sustainability Index, a list of stocks and their status relative to being overfished and subject to overfishing.
 
GMFMC Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council
 
HCR Harvest Control Rule
HMS highly migratory species
 
IATTC Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
ICNAF International Commission for the North Atlantic Fisheries
IPHC International Pacific Halibut Commission
 
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2014. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18488.
×
M Coefficient of natural mortality
MAFMC Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council
MEY Maximum Economic Yield
MFCMA Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act (as amended in 1980)
MFMT Maximum Fishing Mortality Threshold (cannot exceed FMSY)
MSA Magnuson Stevens Act (See also FCMA, MFCMA, MSFCMA, and SFA)
MSE Management Strategy Evaluations
MSFCMA Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (as amended in 1996; see also FCMA, MFCMA, and SFA)
MSST Minimum Stock Size Threshold, the level of biomass at which a stock is declared to be overfished, often set at 50 percent of the BMSY (or its proxy).
MSY Maximum Sustainable Yield
MT metric tons
 
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NEFMC New England Fishery Management Council
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPFMC North Pacific Fishery Management Council
NRC National Research Council
NS1G National Standard 1 Guidelines
 
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OFL Overfishing Limit, the biomass of catch corresponding to a catch under a FMSY harvest strategy
OY Optimum Yield
 
PFMC Pacific Fishery Management Council
 
RFMC Regional Fishery Management Council
RIR Regulatory Impact Review
 
SAFE Stock Assessment and Fishery Evaluation
SAFMC South Atlantic Fishery Management Council
SDC Status Determination Criteria
SFA Sustainable Fisheries Act (1996), an amendment to the MFCMA
SSB spawning stock biomass
SSC Scientific and Statistical Committee
SPR Spawning Potential Ratio
SPRTARGET Target spawning potential ratio (equivalent to the target fishing mortality rate if the mix of fishing gears does not change over time)
Steepness Fraction of unfished recruitment expected when the stock is depleted to 20 percent of B0
 
T Generic reference to time
TMIN Minimum time to rebuild to BMSY (with 50 percent probability)
TMAX Maximum permissible time to rebuild to BMSY (10 years unless the biology of the species does not allow the stock to rebuild in 10 years)
TTARGET Target time for rebuilding—must lie between TMIN and TMAX
TAC Total Allowable Catch
 
UNFA United Nations Agreement on Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks
USR Upper Stock Reference
 
WPFMC Western Pacific Fishery Management Council
 
YD Year a stock was declared to be overfished
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2014. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18488.
×
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2014. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18488.
×
Page 142
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In the United States (U.S.), the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976, now known as the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA), was the first major legislation to regulate federal fisheries in the U.S. Fishery Conservation Zone (later designated as the U.S. exclusive economic zone). The re-authorization of the MSFCMA passed by Congress in 2006 included additional mandates for conserving and rebuilding fish stocks and strengthening the role of scientific advice in fisheries management. Approximately 20% of the fisheries that have been assessed are considered overfished according to the September 2012 stock status Report to Congress prepared by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Overfished refers to a stock that is below the minimum stock size threshold, commonly set to half the stock size at which maximum sustainable yield (MSY) is achieved. Under the provisions of the MSFCMA, rebuilding plans for overfished stocks should take no more than 10 years, except when certain provisions apply. Rebuilding mandates have led to substantial reductions in catch and effort for many fisheries, raising concerns about the consequent social and economic impacts to the fishing communities and industry.

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States reviews the technical specifications that underlie current federally-implemented rebuilding plans, and the outcomes of those plans. According to this report, fisheries management has evolved substantially since 1977 when the U.S. extended its jurisdiction to 8 200 miles, in the direction of being more prescriptive and precautionary in terms of preventing overfishing and rebuilding overfished fisheries. However, the trade-offs between precaution and yield have not been fully evaluated. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States discusses the methods and criteria used to set target fishing mortality and biomass levels for rebuilding overfished stocks, and to determine the probability that a particular stock will rebuild by a certain date. This report will be of interest to the fishing industry, ecology professionals, and members of Congress as they debate the renewal of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act.

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