ALBERT R. JONSEN is professor of ethics in medicine at the School of Medicine, University of Washington, where he has taught since 1987. Prior to that he had been chief of the Division of Medical Ethics at the University of California at San Francisco since 1972. In 1969-1972 he was president of the University of San Francisco, where he taught in the departments of philosophy and theology. He has been a member of the Institute of Medicine since 1980. He served as a member of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1974-1978 and on the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine in 1979-1982. His major publications include The New Medicine and the Old Ethics (Harvard University Press, 1990), The Abuse of Casuistry (coauthored with Stephen Toulmin, University of California, 1988), Clinical Ethics, 3rd ed. (coauthored with Mark Siegler and William Winslade, MacMillan, 1992), and Ethics Consultation in Health Care (coedited with John Fletcher and Norman Quist, Health Administration Press, 1989). He holds a Ph.D. in religious studies from Yale University.
RONALD BAYER is professor at the Columbia University School of Public Health. Previously, he was at the Hastings Center. His interests center on questions of justice and health care, occupation health, and controversies in science and technology, and for the past several years his work has increasingly concerned the AIDS epidemic. He has authored and edited
several books and several dozen articles on ethical and political controversies in medicine, including Private Acts, Social Consequences: AIDS and the Politics of Public Health (Rutgers University Press, 1991) and AIDS in the Industrialized Democracies: Passions, Politics and Policies (coedited with David Kirp, Rutgers University Press, 1992). He received a B.A. degree from the University of New York at Binghamton and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Chicago.
ALLAN M. BRANDT is Amalie Moses Kass professor of the history of medicine at Harvard Medical School and professor of the history of science at Harvard University where he is a member of the Department of Social Medicine and the Department of the History of Science. Previously he taught social medicine and history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. As an historian, his work has focused on social and cultural responses to epidemic disease. He is the author of No Magic Bullet: A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States Since 1880 (Oxford, 1985), as well as several articles on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in historical perspective. He received a B.A. degree from Brandeis University and a Ph.D. in American history from Columbia University.
DAVID L. CHAMBERS is the Wade H. McCree, Jr., professor of law at the University of Michigan, where he has taught since 1969. He serves also as the codirector of the AIDS Policy Clinic of the University of Michigan Law School. He teaches and writes primarily in the field of family law. From September 1985 to August 1991 he served as a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Child Development Research and Public Policy. He has also served as president of the Society of American Law Teachers. He received a B.A. from Princeton University and an L.L.B. from Harvard Law School.
DEBORAH COTTON is assistant professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School and assistant professor of health policy and management at the Harvard School of Public Health. She is a coinvestigator in the Statistical and Data Analysis Center at the Harvard School of Public Health and in the Harvard AIDS Clinical Trials Unit, a component of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group, for which she chairs the Protocol Evaluation Subcommittee. Previously, she was a clinical associate in the Laboratory of Clinical Investigation at the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases and then senior staff fellow in the clinical oncology program at the National Cancer Institute. She also served as clinical director for AIDS at the Beth Israel Hospital in Boston, one of the first hospitals in the country to create such a position. Her current interests include the design of HIV clinical trials, alternatives to clinical trials, and the dissemination of clinical trial
results. She received an A.B. degree from Brandeis University, an M.D. degree from Boston University School of Medicine, and an M.P.H. degree in epidemiology from Johns Hopkins University.
JOHN H. GAGNON is presently professor of sociology and psychology at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he has been on the faculty since 1968. During this time he has also been an overseas fellow at Churchill College, Cambridge University, and a visiting professor at the Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, the University of Essex, England, and Princeton University. Previously, he was research sociologist and trustee of the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University. His research has focused on sexual learning of children, sociosexual development in adolescence and young adulthood, same gender sexual relations, and sexual theory. Since 1987 he has been working primarily on issues related to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and conducting collaborative research on sexuality and HIV disease. His major publications include Sex Offenders (coauthored with P.H. Gebhard, W.B. Pomeroy, and C.V. Christensen; Harper and Row, New York, 1965) and Sexual Conduct (coauthored with W. Simon; Aldine, Chicago, 1973). He received his B.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.
SHIRLEY LINDENBAUM is professor of anthropology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her research and publications have been concerned with the transmission and impact of epidemic disease—cholera in Bangladesh, Kuru in Papua New Guinea, and AIDS in New York City—and she has worked as a consultant for several international groups concerned with diarrheal disease, including the Harvard Institute for International Development's Applied Diarrheal Disease Research and with AIDS, including Family Health International. She was president of the Society for Medical Anthropology in 1990-1992 and is a member of the editorial boards for a number of publications in the field of social science and medicine.
EARL E. SHELP is executive director and a senior fellow in theological ethics, at the Foundation for Interfaith Research and Ministry. Prior to this appointment, he taught medical ethics at Baylor College of Medicine and at the Institute of Religion and ethics as visiting professor in the Department of Religion at Dartmouth College. He is a member of the AIDs Vaccine Trials Data and Safety Monitoring Board at the National Institutes of Health and two professional societies—the American Academy of Religion and the Society of Christian Ethics. His publications include five books on HIV/AIDS for religious readers and numerous articles about the epidemic for professional readers. He has been active in mobilizing religious congregations
in Houston and elsewhere to address the needs of people with HIV/AIDS. He received a B.S.C. from the University of Louisville and an M.Div. and a Ph.D. from the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
MARK D. SMITH is vice president of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and oversees the foundation's Poverty and Health Program and national initiatives in health promotion. Prior to joining the Kaiser Family Foundation, he was associate director of the AIDS Service and assistant professor of medicine and of health policy and management at Johns Hopkins University. He served as special advisor on AIDS to Pennsylvania Governor Robert P. Casey and was executive director of the Philadelphia Commission on AIDS. He has published and lectured on AIDS and health care financing, ethical issues and the impact of AIDS on minorities, and AIDS screening, public education, and research. He has an undergraduate degree in Afro-American studies from Harvard College, an M.D. degree from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, and an M.B.A. degree from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. He trained in internal medicine at the University of California at San Francisco and the University of Pennsylvania.
JEFF STRYKER, who served as the panel study director, is on the staff of the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at the University of California at San Francisco. Previously, he was on the staffs on the National Commission on AIDS, the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine, the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the National Leadership Commission on Health Care, and the Institute of Medicine. His interests are in health policy and medical ethics, and he serves as a consultant on AIDS policy to the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. He received a B.A. degree from the University of Pennsylvania.
JAMES TRUSSELL is professor of economics and public affairs at Princeton University, associate dean of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, and director of the university's Office of Population Research. He is the author or coauthor of more than 100 publications, primarily in the areas of demographic methodology and reproductive health. He received a B.S. degree in mathematics from Davidson College in 1971, an M.Phil. in economics from Oxford University in 1973, and a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University in 1975. He is currently a member of the Committee on Population of the National Research Council.