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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

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Military Reports

United States

U.S. Army Reports

1923-1946

Adler FH. 1944. Report of consultant in ophthalmology on 6 cases of H vapor burns occurring at Bushnell Field Installation on April 20, 1944. Memo to Colonel C.P. Rhoads, dated May 1, 1944. Available at the National Archives, Suitland Reference Branch, Suitland, MD. Record Group 175, Group 4B, Folder 319.1.

Chemical Warfare Service (CWS). 1944. Report of Chemical Warfare Service Conference. October 10-13, 1944. Available at the National Archives, Suitland Reference Branch, Suitland, MD. Record Group 175, Group 4B, Folder 337.

DPGMR (Dugway Proving Ground Memorandum Report) No. 23. The assessment of the M47A2 and M70 bombs filled with Levinstein mustard. Dugway Proving Ground Mobile Unit, Bushnell, FL. 1945.

EAL 539. A preliminary report on the ocular action of dichlorethyl sulfide (mustard gas) in man as seen at Edgewood Arsenal. Otto CE. 1946.

EAMRD (Edgewood Arsenal Medical Research Division Report) 9. Blistering concentration of mustard gas vapors for exposures from five minutes to three hours. Temple JW. 1923.

EAMRD 11. Toxicity of certain compounds for mice and vesicant action on man. Wells WJ. 1923.

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×

EAMRD 12. Digest of the toxic effects of mustard gas. 1/31/23.

EAMRD 27. Report on pathology of animals recovered from gassing with phosgene, mustard, Lewisite, chlorine, chlorpicrin and methyldichlorarsine. Koontz AR, Witherspoon MG, Allen MS. 1925.

EAMRD 39. Persistency of mustard in living tissues. 6/16/25.

EAMRD 89. On the incidence of bacteria in gassed lungs and in pneumonia produced by war gases: a study of the bacteriology of chemical pneumonia. Koontz AR, Allen MS. 1928.

EATR (Edgewood Arsenal Technical Report) 78. Constants and physiological action of chemical warfare agents. 7/19/32.

EATR 285. Lewisite (M-1). Summary of physiologic and toxicologic data. Wardell EL. 3/15/41.

EATR 292. Pathology of heat and mustard burns: a comparison. 1/10/39.

EATR 293. Arsine as a potential chemical warfare agent. Summary of available data. 1/31/39.

MD (EA) Memorandum Report (Medical Division, Edgewood Arsenal) 22. The determination of biological methods of the length of time irritant substances remain active in the skin of living goats following application of mustard. Project MR1.1-1. 1941.

MD(EA) Memorandum Report No. 38. Treatment of conjunctivitis and laryngitis due to exposure to mustard vapor. 10/27/41.

MD(EA) Memorandum Report No. 42. Treatment of chemical casualties: eye and respiratory tract injuries due to mustard vapor. Gilpin BB. 1/19/42.

MD(EA) Memorandum Report No. 78. Effects of mustard on muscle tissue. 1/9/43.

MDR (Medical Division, Edgewood Arsenal) Report No. 22. The relation of time to the dose to produce a given physiological effect. 2/3/45.

MDR No. 36. Construction and operation of a gassing chamber for human tests. 6/28/45.

MRL(DPG) Report (Medical Research Laboratory, Dugway Proving Ground) No. 4. The effectiveness of low altitude airplane spray of Levenstein and thickened mustard (HV) against men with and without protective clothing. 1946.

MRL (DPG) Report No. 5. A study of the vesicant power of falling drops of thickened and unthickened Levinstein mustard. 1946.

MRL(EA) Report (Medical Research Laboratory, Edgewood Arsenal) No. 3. The pathology of mustard burns of human skin. Ginzler AM, Davis MI. 9/30/43.

MRL(EA) Report No. 9. Continued exposure of human eyes to H vapor (MIT subjects). 1/1/44.

MRL(EA) Report No. 18. Eye examination of factory workers handling H, CN, and CG. Laughlin RC. 4/19/44.

MRL(EA) Report No. 20. Pathological changes in tissues of victims of the Bari incident. Rich AR, Ginzler AM. 5/18/44.

MRL(EA) Report No. 23. Correlation of eye changes in rabbits with CT exposure to H. 6/12/44.

SJPR (San Jose Project Report) No. 24. Relative sensitivity to liquid mustard gas of continental U.S. troops and Puerto Rican troops in a tropical climate. 10/27/44.

SJPR No. 82. The effectiveness of standard anti-gas training as applied to jungle warfare, and the effects produced on troops by wearing impregnated clothing and gas masks in the jungle (Exercise Sandfly). 9/1/45.

TDMR (Technical Division, Edgewood Arsenal, Memorandum Report) 457. A mixture of 50% Lewisite, 50% mustard. The median lethal dosage by skin application. 10/20/42.

TDMR 462. Mustard gas: its effects on syphilis serology. 11/2/42.

TDMR 468. Distribution and rate of penetration of Lewisite in skin. 5/1/43.

TDMR 490. Memorandum report. The effect of relative humidity and temperature on the vesicant action of liquid mustard. Breazle EL, Hunt CM. 1942.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

TDMR 491. Precipitation produced by the action of mustard on human serum. 12/3/42.

TDMR 512. The comparative vesicant action of, and penetration of impregnated cloth by mustard and Lewisite airplane spray mixtures. 12/19/42.

TDMR 515. The effect of heat and humidity on the vesicant action of Lewisite and mustard. 12/24/42.

TDMR 528. The effect of mustard on the complement titers of rabbit sera. Breazle EL, Lowry JJ, Lankford E, Hunt CM. 1943.

TDMR 567. Complement fixation test for mustard sensitivity. 2/11/43.

TDMR 575. H and HT review of British and U.S. literature. Cone NM, Rouiller CA. 1943.

TDMR 632. Memorandum report. Local sensitization of human skin to HS by means of sensitive serum. Breazle EL, Lankford E. 1943.

TDMR 639. The effect of mustard and Lewisite on the colloidal gold curve of spinal fluid. 5/4/43.

TDMR 648. Distribution and rate of penetration of Lewisite in skin. 5/1/43.

TDMR 666. Effects of mustard on peritoneal tissue. 5/28/43.

TDMR 668. Destruction of immune antibodies by mustard vapors. 6/4/43.

TDMR 710. Studies of the mechanism of physiological action of mustard: effect on calcium ion liberation. 8/30/43.

TDMR 720. Field tests with airplane mustard spray to compare protection afforded by three types of permeable protective clothing. 8/27/43.

TDMR 731. The value of permeable protective shorts as a means of reducing the number of casualties from exposure to H vapor. Gas chamber tests. 9/9/43.

TDMR 860. Protection afforded by single-layer protective outfits against a single mustard vapor exposure. 8/19/44.

TDMR 930. The H vapor protection afforded by one and one-half layer protective outfits worn by the same men in successive exposures. Gas chamber tests. Part I. 3/1/45.

TDMR 970. Investigation of the physiological effects, protective life span, and protection afforded by protective clothing at Edgewood Arsenal. 2/8/45.

TDMR 994. Preliminary gas chamber tests of protection afforded by single layer protective outfits against successive mustard vapor exposures. 3/12/45.

TDMR 1009. Preliminary gas chamber tests of protection afforded by double-layer protective outfits against a single mustard vapor exposure. 7/4/45.

TDMR 1012. The H vapor protection afforded by various protective outfits by the same men in successive exposures. 6/27/45.

TDMR 1018. Protection afforded by one and one-half layer protective outfits against a single exposure to mustard vapor. 7/9/45.

TDMR 1042. Protection afforded by one and one-half layer protective outfits against successive exposures to H vapor. Gas chamber tests. Part V. 5/22/45.

TDMR 1062. Exposures of permeable protective fabrics on men's arms to H vapor. Preliminary gas chamber tests. 8/21/45.

TRLR (Toxicological Research Laboratory, Edgewood Arsenal, Report) 1. Lewisite. Determination of vesicant action on man by use of a continuous flow chamber. Silver SD. Project A10.3. 8/21/43.

TRLR 18. L, HN-1, H and HQ: effects of 0.1 mg drops on eyes of rabbits. Wallen LJ, Horton RG, Ferguson RL. Project A10.3. 12/20/43.

TRLR 47. Gassing chamber for human tests: construction and operation. 10/25/44.

1947-1992

Capizzi BL, Papirmeister B. The pre-clinical detection of chemical mutagens and their evaluation as genetic health hazards. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Biomedical Laboratory. 1972.

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×

Chan P, ed. Proceedings of the Vesicant Workshop, February 1987. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. AD-A188 222. 1987.

Christensen M. Optimization of a polymer-based system which reduces agent penetration into the skin. Contract No. DAMD17-85-C-5097, Final Report. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. DTIC AD-A210-157. 1988.

Cochrane RC. Medical research in chemical warfare. Available through the U.S. Army Chemical Defense Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. [1946].

Cochrane RC. U.S. Army Chemical Corps Historical Studies. Gas warfare in World War I: The 78th Division at the Kriemhilde Stellung, October 1918. AD-A955 211/8/XAB. 1957.

Cochrane RC. U.S. Army Chemical Corps Historical Studies. Gas warfare in World War I: The 89th Division in the Bois de Bantheville, October, 1918. AD-A955 210/0/XAB. 1960.

Dorsey JK, Davison CL, Gross CL, Turnbull JD, Papirmeister B. Sensitization of deoxyribonucleic acid to endonuclease by adenine alkylation. EATR 4650. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Medical Research Laboratory. AD-743 446. 1972.

Forster JS, Jacinto B, Gadson C, Mershon MM. Development of a screening procedure for use in the evaluation of topical protectants after challenge with vesicating agents. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. AD-A234-9470XSP. 1991.

Hassett CC. Study of long-term human and ecological effects of chemical weapons systems. Chemical Research and Development Laboratories Special Publication 2-52. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. 1963.

Jaeger J, Schmid P. Vesicant studies. 2. Volatility determinations of butyl 2-chloroethyl sulfide on various surfaces, including pig skin. San Francisco: Letterman Army Institute of Research. AD-175-251-8. 1986.

Joiner RL. Multiple animal studies for medical chemical defense program in soldier/patient decontamination and drug development. Contract No. DAMD17-83-C-3129, Task No. 85-01, Final Report. Fort Detrick, MD: Medical Research and Development Command. 1987.

Joiner RL. Assessment of subcutaneous lethality of mustard and efficacy of enzyme inhibitors against mustard lethality in the mouse. Contract No. DAMD17-83-C-3129, Task No. 84-8, Final Report. Fort Detrick, MD: Medical Research and Development Command. 1988.

Koon WS, Swan DJ, Simmonds JS, Oberst FW. The protective effectiveness of the E13R16 protective mask with the E33R4 hood worn by men in mustard vapor. EATM 113-3. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Medical Research Laboratory. 1966.

Lieberman MW. Development of a system to study gene activation in mammalian cells treated with bis (2-chloroethyl)sulfide. Contract No. DAMD17-86-C-6066. Annual report. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. AD-A217-974. 1986.

Maas JM, McAdams AJ, McShane WP. Mustard, Lewisite and phosgene oxime burns on the depilated skin of a heifer to determine the animal's vesicating potential. Army Chemical Center, MD: Chemical Corps Medical Labs. AD-061 556/7. 1955.

McGown EL, Van Ravenswaay T, Damlao CR. Histologic changes caused by application of Lewisite analogs to mouse skin and human skin xenografts. San Francisco: Letterman Army Institute of Research. AD-A159 554. 1985.

McGrath FP, Koon WS, Billups NB, Barry MC. Protection afforded against mustard vapor during wearing trials of permeable protective clothing. Technical Report CWLR 2173. Army Chemical Center, MD: U.S. Army Chemical Corps Research and Development Command. 1957.

McKinley MD, McKinley FR, McGown EL. Thiosulphate as an antidote to mustard

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poisoning. A review of the literature. Institute Report No. 127. San Francisco: Letterman Army Institute of Research. 1982.

McNamara BP. Medical aspects of chemical warfare. Project No. 4C08-02-023. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. 1960.

McNamara BP, Owens EJ, Christensen MK, Vocci FJ, Ford DF, Rozimarek H. Toxicological basis for controlling levels of mustard in the environment. Edgewood Arsenal Special Publication EB-SP-74030. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Armament Command, Edgewood Arsenal Biomedical Laboratory. 1975.

Musselman NP, Fencel RM, Koon WS, Oberst FW. Protection afforded by combination of sateen fatigues with chloramide-treated protective liner worn by men exposed to mustard vapor. Technical Report CRDLR 3225. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. 1964.

Oberst FW, Koon WS, Musselman NP, Wilinski FT, Fencel RM. Mustard vapor tests on several chloramide-treated clothing materials worn by men in chamber tests. Technical Report CRDLR 3210. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. 1964.

Oberst FW, Musselman NP, Graf CH, Trapp GA, Dawson PB. Protection afforded by experimental XXCC3-impregnated Navy work/combat clothing worn by men exposed to mustard vapor. Technical Report CRDLR 3254. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. 1965.

Oberst FW, Swan DJ, Koon WS, Musselman NP, Billups NB, Drew DA, Simmonds JS, Vancil ME. Protection afforded by an experimental zippered hood (E33R4) and the standard M6A1 hood worn by men in mustard vapor. EATR 4031. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Medical Research Laboratory. 1966.

O'Connor RJ, McGown EL, Dill K. Interaction of phenyldichloroarsine with biological molecules. San Francisco: Letterman Army Institute of Research. AD-A175 296. 1986.

O'Connor RJ, McGown EL, Adams ER, Dill K. Nuclear magnetic resonance study of the interaction of phenyldichloroarsine with calf thymus DNA. San Francisco: Letterman Army Institute of Research. AD-A203 463. 1988.

Papirmeister B. On the mechanism of inhibition of T2 bacteriophage by mustard gas. EA Special Publication No. 2-45. Edgewood Arsenal, MD. DTIC AD-267 365. 1961.

Papirmeister B, Davison CL. Unbalanced growth and latent killing of Escherichia coli following exposure to sulfur mustard. Technical Report CRDLR 3257. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. DTIC AD-614-284. 1965.

Papirmeister B, Westling AW, Schroer J. Mustard: the relevance of DNA damage to the development of the skin lesion. EATR 4294. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Medical Research Laboratory. DTIC 688-866. 1969.

Papirmeister B, Gilbert RM, Rowland S, Davison CL. Involvement of separate pathways in the repair of mutational and lethal lesions induced by a monofunctional sulfur mustard. B-TR-74052. AD-787 315/1. 10/74.

Penski E. An expanded model for the hydrolysis of mustard and its applications. Technical Report No. ARCLS-TR-83021. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Chemical Systems Laboratory. AD-B075-118. 1983.

Petrali JP, Oglesby SB, Mills KR. Ultrastructural correlates of sulfur mustard toxicity. USAMRICD-TR-89-15. Fort Detrick, MD: U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command. 1989.

Rosenblatt DH, Miller TA, Dacre JC, Muul I, Cogley DR, eds. Preliminary assessment of ecological hazards and toxicology of environmental pollutants at Rocky Mountain Arsenal. Fort Detrick, MD: U.S. Army Medical Bioengineering Research and Development Laboratory. 1975.

Rosenblatt DH, Miller TA, Dacre JC, Muul I, Cogley DR. Problem definition studies on

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potential environmental pollutants. II. Physical, chemical, toxicological, and biological properties of 16 substances. TR-7509. Fort Detrick, MD: U.S. Army Medical Bioengineering Research and Development Laboratory. AD-A030. 1975.

Rudin DO. A review of the biological action of mustard as a basis for therapy. Special Report No. 21. Army Chemical Center, MD: U.S. Army Chemical Corps Medical Laboratories. DTIC AD-15 565. 1953.

Sidell FR. Clinical notes on chemical casualty care. USAMRICD Technical Memorandum 90-1. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. 1990.

Sidell FR. Clinical notes on chemical casualty care. USAMRICD Technical Memorandum 90-2. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. 1990.

Smith GP, Schumchyk MJ. Performance evaluation of gas filters. June 1971-March 1976. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Chemical Systems Laboratory. ARCSL-SP-78004. 1978.

Taylor JR, Johnson WN. Research report concerning the use of volunteers in chemical agent research. DAIG-IN 21-75. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, Office of the Inspector General and Auditor General. 1975.

U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development, and Engineering Center. Lewisite. Material safety data sheet. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development, and Engineering Center. 1988.

U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development, and Engineering Center. HD and THD. Material safety data sheet. HCSDS No. 20058A. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center. 1990.

U.S. Department of the Army. Chemical agent data sheets, Vol. 1. Technical Report EO-SR-74001. Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland. 1974.

U.S. Department of the Army. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. 1988.

Williamson CE, Witten B. Reactivity of some nitrogen and sulfur mustards in biologic media. EATR 4587. Edgewood Arsenal, MD: Medical Research Laboratory. AD-734 828. 1971.

Yaverbaum S. 14C-sulfur mustard adducts of calf thymus DNA. USAMRICD-TR-91-02. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. AD-A233 313/6/XAB. 1991.

U.S. Navy Reports

Naval Research Laboratory, Anacostia Station, Washington DC

Report No. P-1898. Prophylaxis and treatment of burns caused by chemical warfare agents. I. Treatment of mustard burns with S-461 ointment in a series of controlled experiments on human subjects. 4/24/42.

Report No. P-1899. Prophylaxis and treatment of burns caused by chemical warfare agents. II. Prophylaxis, as applied to prevention of burns by liquid mustard with S-461 ointment. 5/26/42.

Report No. P-2208. Report on chamber tests with human subjects. I. Design and operation of chamber. II. Initial tests of Navy issue protective clothing against H vapor. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Daily LE. AD 223752. 12/22/43.

Report No. P-2219. Chamber tests with human subjects. III. Design, operation and calibration of a chamber for exposing forearms to H vapor. 1/22/44.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

Report No. P-2239. Chamber tests with human subjects. IV. Tests of carbon clothing against H vapor. Carhart HW, Taylor WH, Daily LE. 2/25/44.

Report No. P-2322. The evaluation of activated carbon as an anti-vesicant agent in protective clothing. Billica HR, Gantz GM. AD B-953304L. 7/3/44.

Report No. P-2364. A controlled laboratory experiment to compare lesions resulting from application of mustard, Lewisite and nitrogen mustards to the skin of the forearms of humans 9/1/44.

Report No. P-2406. Report on wearing trials of protective clothing at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. 11/13/44.

Report No. P-2464. Chamber tests with human subjects. V. Arm chamber exposures to HN vapors. Carhart HW, Taylor WH. AD B953306L. 3/45.

Report No. P-2483. Chamber tests with human subjects. VI. Arm chamber exposures to L vapor. Taylor WH, Carhart HW. AD B-968917. 5/31/45.

Report No. P-2528. Chamber tests with human subjects. VII. The effect of concentration of H vapor and time of exposure on the protection afforded by CC-2 impregnated clothing. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Heinen JH. AD 471548. 7/5/45.

Report No. P-2579. Chamber tests with human subjects. IX. Basic tests with H vapor. Heinen JH, Carhart HW, Taylor WH, Stolp BN, Conner JC Jr, Clausen NM. AD 396275L. 8/14/45.

Report No. P-2590. Chamber tests with human subjects. X. Protection afforded by CC-2 impregnated clothing under various conditions of exposure. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Heinen JH. 9/7/45.

Report No. P-2597. Chamber tests with human subjects. VIII. Evaluation of worn CC-2 impregnated clothing. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Heinen JH. AD B-968912. 9/5/45.

Report No. P-2602. Chamber tests with human subjects. XI. Evaluation of modified aqueous CC-2 impregnation systems. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Heinen JH. 8/18/45.

Report No. P-2603. Chamber tests with human subjects. XII. Suit and man ''breaks" with CC-2 impregnated clothing. Carhart HW, Taylor WH, Heinen JH. 8/31/45.

Report No. P-2604. Chamber tests with human subjects. XIII. Special tests of CC-2 and carbon protective clothing. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Heinen JH. AD 223227. 8/18/45.

Report No. P-2682. Second wearing trial of protective clothing at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. 11/26/45.

Report No. P-2688. Chamber tests with human subjects. XVII. Supplementary tests of CC-2 protective clothing. Taylor WH, Carhart HW, Heinen JH. 11/15/45.

Report No. P-2695. A summary of wearing trials of permeable protective clothing. 11/26/45.

Report No. P-2701. Chamber tests with human subjects. XIV. Tests of new carbon clothing. Carhart HW, Taylor WH, Heinen JH. AD 223534. 12/3/45.

Report No. P-2702. Chamber tests with human subjects. XV. Tests of worn carbon clothing. Carhart HW, Taylor WH, Heinen JH. AD 223228. 1/16/46.

Report No. P-2703. Chamber tests with human subjects. XVI. Tests of regenerated and contaminated carbon clothing.

Report No. P-2729. Chamber tests with human subjects. XIX. Studies of clothing design. Gantz GM, Taylor WH, Carhart HW. 12/10/45.

Report No. P-2734. Chamber tests with human subjects. XVIII. Tests with HN vapors. Heinen JH, Taylor WH, Stolp BN, Conner JC Jr, Clausen NM. 1/9/46.

Report No. P-2760. Chamber tests with human subjects. XX. Hypersensitivity to H as demonstrated by patch tests before and after chamber exposure to H vapor. Heinen JH, Carhart HW, Taylor WH, Stolp BN, Conner JC Jr, Clausen NM. 5/15/46.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

Other U.S. Military Reports

Augerson WS, Sivak A, Marley WS. Chemical casualty treatment protocol developmenttreatment approaches: mustards. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: U.S. Air Force Systems Command. DTIC AD-B112-915. 1986.

U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force. Military chemistry and chemical compounds. Field Manual No. FM3-9, Regulation No. AFR 355-7. 1975.

U.S. Department of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force. Treatment of Chemical Warfare Casualties. Technical Manual No. 8-285; NAVMED P-5041; Air Force Manual No. 160-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1956.

United Kingdom

Chemical Defence Experimental Station, Porton Down

Porton Report No. 483. The effects of the vapor of H on the human skin. Goodwin GS. 5/31/27.

Porton Report No. 930. Sensitivity to mustard gas. 7/22/31.

Porton Report No. 948. Further report on sensitivity to mustard gas. 9/23/31.

Porton Report No. 2150. Lewisite shock. 12/21/40.

Porton Report No. 2201. Assessment of danger of systemic poisoning by Lewisite. 4/29/41.

Porton Report No. 2246. Systemic effects induced by mustard gas poisoning. First report. 7/30/41.

Porton Report No. 2297. Effect of mustard gas vapour on the eyes. 11/8/41.

Porton Report No. 2320. Systemic effects produced by mustard gas poisoning. Sedimentation rate, corpuscular fragility, and coagulation time of blood after mustard gas poisoning, with a note on Lewisite. 12/26/41.

Porton Report No. 2343. Medical report on casualties produced by airburst mustard gas shells. 3/10/42.

Porton Report No. 2354. The protective value of carbon impregnated fabrics against H vapour. 5/20/42.

Porton Report No. 2374. The protection of vulnerable areas of the body against H vapour in hot climates. 5/22/42.

Porton Report No. 2383. Third report on mustard gas. 6/11/42.

Porton Report No. 2398. Fourth report on mustard gas. General systemic effects of mustard gas applied to the skin. 8/7/42.

Porton Report No. 2429. The relative insensitivity to mustard gas of the skin of the hand. 9/21/42.

Porton Report No. 2460. Blood changes due to S derivatives. 12/1/42.

Porton Report No. 2483. Chemical studies on the mode of action of mustard gas on proteins. Part 1. The nature of the combination of H with proteins. 2/19/43.

Porton Report No. 2508. Lymph drainage in Lewisite poisoning. 6/2/43.

Porton Report No. 2526. The behavior in vitro of serum and bone marrow from H poisoned animals. 8/14/43

Porton Report No. 2543. Capillary permeability factors related to the action of CW agents. Part I. 9/21/43.

Porton Report No. 2553. Effect of Lewisite vapor on small animals and on man. 10/29/43.

Porton Report No. 2560. Some further studies on the treatment of mustard gas blisters and a comparison of the healing of mustard gas and Lewisite burns. 11/10/43.

Porton Report No. 2587. Treatment of systemic effects of H. Part I. A preliminary survey of therapeutic agents of high competition factor. 3/10/44.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

Porton Report No. 2590. Bone marrow cultures as test objects for the treatment of injury due to CW agents. 1/29/44.

Porton Report No. 2596. Toxicity of H in droplet form. 2/3/44.

Porton Report No. 2626. The treatment of the leucopenia of vesicant poisoning. 6/20/44.

Porton Report No. 2635. Capillary permeability factors related to the action of CW agents. Part II. 7/21/44.

Porton Report No. 2638. Anti-gas ointments for use in the tropics. Part 1. Exploratory experiments. 8/14/44.

Porton Report No. 2647. The mode of penetration of the skin by mustard gas. 9/8/44.

Porton Report No. 2658. The treatment of the systemic effects of H. Part II. Dithiocarbamates as therapeutic agents. Burgess F, Call F, Cameron GR, Rydon HN. 1944.

Porton Report No. 2680. The effect of mustard gas upon binary fistula animals. 5/29/45.

Porton Departmental Report No. 76. Report on the skin burning power of various vesicant mixtures through service dress.

Ptn. (Porton Letters) 1200 (R.12035 and R.14727). Comparative vesicant properties of vesicant compounds. 12/19/41.

Ptn. 1601A (V.1358). Effects of H vapour on man. 2/7/45.

Ptn. 2800 (T.12752 and T.12908). The biochemical mode of action of mustard gas. A review. 10/2/43.

Ptn. 2809 (U.672). A clinicopathological report of human eyes splashed with mustard gas. 2/3/44.

Ptn. 2820 (T.9506A). Comparison of the effects of H and Lewisite on living tissues. 7/10/43.

CDE Technical Paper No. 522. The reaction between sulphur and nitrogen mustards and collagen. Goodlad GAJ. DTIC AD-70 757. 1956.

CDE Technical Paper No. 573. Cross-linking of collagen by S- and N-mustards. Goodlad GAJ. DTIC AD-119 934. 1956.

CDE Technical Paper No. 575. Esterification of amino acids by S-mustards. Goodlad GAJ. DTIC AD-123 274. 1956.

CDE Technical Note No. 840. A literature review on the toxicology, mechanism of action and treatment of sulphur and nitrogen mustard poisoning. Whitfield D. 1987.

Other British Military Reports

Great Britain War Office. Medical Manual of Chemical Warfare. Admiralty BR/235/1954, War Office Code No. 10562, Air Ministry AP3326. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1955.

Australia

CD (Chemical Defence, Australia) Note No. 21. The effects of exposure to mustard vapor on the blood coagulation time in man. 5/23/44.

CD (Australia) Note No. 41. The effect of high and low mustard vapour concentrations on the dosage required to penetrate impregnated clothing. 5/16/45.

CD (Australia) Note No. 50. Exposure of subjects to mustard vapor dosages of 50, 120, 125, and 220 mg. min./m under tropical conditions. 1945.

CD (Australia) Note No. 56. The effect of cumulative exposures to mustard vapour. 7/2/45.

CD (Australia) Report No. 15. The differential white count in man following exposure to mustard vapor. 1/24/44.

CD (Australia) Report No. 20. The differential white count in man following exposure to mustard vapor. Second report. 3/29/44.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

CD (Australia) Report No. 30. An attack on a small island with the M.47 bomb charged Levinstein mustard. Final report. 4/1/44.

CD (Australia) Report No. 37. The systemic effects of mustard gas under tropical conditions as seen in four cases of liquid contamination. 5/8/44.

CD (Australia) Report No. 40. Effect of varying humidity and temperature upon the sensitivity of human skin to mustard vapor. 5/22/44.

CD (Australia) Report No. 41. Effect of varying activity of subjects during exposure on the sensitivity of human skin to mustard vapor. 5/22/44.

CD (Australia) Report No. 55. A clinical analysis of a series of mustard burns occurring under tropical conditions. 10/18/44.

CD (Australia) Report No. 78. A further comparison between physiological effects of mustard vapour in the chamber and in the field. 5/25/45.

CD (Australia) Report No. 85. Estimation of the dose-lesion relationship for human exposure to mustard vapour. 2/28/46.

Gillis RG. Australian field tests with mustard gas 1942-1945. Department of Defence, Australia. 1985.

Gray PJ. A literature review on the mechanism of action of sulphur and nitrogen mustard. MRL-TR-89-24. Maribyrong, Australia: DSTO Materials Research Laboratory. ADA125 070. 1989.

Canada

Experimental Station, Suffield, Alberta

Suffield Field Report No. 133. The physiological effects of mustard vapour at low temperatures. 8/9/45.

Suffield Technical Minute No. 72. A comparison of the erythema and vesicle producing capacity of HT/MM and HT. 9/15/44.

Suffield Technical Minute No. 92. Vapour damage from gross mustard contamination (Field Experiment 141). 10/8/43.

Suffield Technical Minute No. 103. Effectiveness of given Ct's of mustard gas vapour for long exposure periods under tropical conditions. 8/13/45.

Chemical Warfare Laboratories, Ottawa

Physiological Section Report No. 27. Observations on the treatment of experimentally produced mustard lesions. 12/21/43.

Physiological Section Report No. 35. Studies on the immunological behavior of H. II. The production of immune bodies by the use of H-serum protein complexes. 2/22/44.

India

CDRE (Chemical Defence Research Establishment, Rawalpindi, India) Report No. 245. The effect of mustard gas vapour on eyes under Indian hot weather conditions. 11/9/42.

CDRE (India) Report No. 255. The appearances and treatment of mustard gas burns of the skin under Indian conditions. 7/15/43.

CDRE (India) Report No. 285. Report on two cases of severe skin burns from mustard gas vapor under tropical conditions in India. 11/29/44.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

Other Military Reports

Alexander SF. Final report of Bari mustard casualties. Allied Force Headquarters. Director of Medical Services. Surgeon NATO. 1944.

Project Coordination Staff. Part 1. Technical aspects of chemical warfare in the field. 1946.

Project Coordination Staff. Part 2. Discussion of experimental data. Technical aspects of chemical warfare in the field. 1946.

Technical Reports

1942-1946

Office of Scientific Research and Development

OSRD 451. The study of the mechanism of the physiological action of mustard by means of radioactive mustard. Moritz AR, Henriques FC Jr, Schneider WG, Halford RS. Harvard University. 3/16/42.

OSRD 527. The toxicity of mustard (redistilled Levinstein). Coon JM, Last JH, Lushbaugh CC, Rotariu GC. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 4/21/42.

OSRD 823. Report on toxic effects of various arsine derivatives. Geiling EMK, McLean FC. University of Chicago. 8/24/42.

OSRD 1199. Comparison of the lethal effects of several dichloroarsines on mice exposed to the vapors at low relative humidity. Hutchens JO, Doyle WL, Merrill R, Glass HG, Lushbaugh CC. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 2/16/43.

OSRD 1248. The inactivation of enzymes by mustard gas. Cannan RK. New York University. 3/10/43.

OSRD 1253. Toxic effects of various arsine derivatives. Hutchens JO, Glass HG, Gurney HW, Merrill R. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 3/11/43.

OSRD 1313. A study of the hematological changes following exposure to certain war gases. Lusbaugh CC. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 4/3/43.

OSRD 1439. Some reactions of mustard gas with proteins and proteolytic enzymes. Bergmann M, Fruton JS, Irving GW, Moore S, Stein WH. Rockefeller Institute. 5/21/43.

OSRD 1630. A study of the reaction between mustard gas and proteins. Davis SB, Ross WF, Ball EG. Harvard University. 7/22/43.

OSRD 1717. Review of the literature on the systemic action of mustard gas to August 1, 1943. Smith HW. New York University. 8/16/43.

OSRD 1824. The action of mustard gas on certain enzymatic reactions. McKee RW, Marston EL, Ormsbee RA, Ball EG. Harvard University. 9/21/43.

OSRD 1825. A study of the "fixed mustard" in skin tissues. Ormsbee RA, Henriques FC Jr. Harvard University. 9/21/43.

OSRD 1855. The reactions of amine mustards with chemical constituents of biological systems. 9/28/43.

OSRD 1911. Determination of the distribution of H and L in skin and eye tissues by radio-autographic techniques. Hamilton G, Axelrod D. University of California. 10/13/43.

OSRD 3249. Preparation and testing of substances as neutralizing or therapeutic agents for H burns. Folkers K, Phillips RF, Shunk CH, Molitor H, Kuna S. Merck and Company. 2/15/44.

OSRD 3269. Induced hypersensitivity to bis(b-chloroethyl)sulphide (mustard gas) and 2,3-dimercaptopropanol (BAL) in guinea pigs. Kidd JG, Landsteiner K. Rockefeller Institute. 3/4/44.

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

OSRD 3366. A study of the ability of compounds with high competition factors to counteract the injurious effects of mustard gas. Buchanan JM, Doering WE, Marston EL, McKee RW, Ormsbee RA. Harvard University. 3/16/44.

OSRD 3386. Tests of chloroamide-containing ointments for protection and decontamination of human skin against vesicants. Savit J, Thomson JF, Goldwasser E, Debruyn P, Bloom MA. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 3/21/44.

OSRD 3437. A. Investigation of detoxicants or decontaminants for mustard gas. B. Enzyme studies and other chemical studies bearing upon the action of certain vesicants. Hellerman L, Porter CC, Irvin JL, Presta UA, Lindsay A. Johns Hopkins University. 4/4/44.

OSRD 3467. Studies on the cause of death after systemic intoxication with the ß-chloroethyl vesicants. Smith HW, Crawford B, Houck CR. New York University. 4/12/44.

OSRD 3620. The mechanism of cutaneous injury by mustard gas. An experimental study using mustard prepared with radioactive sulfur. Henriques FC, Moritz AR, Breyfogle HS, Patterson LA. Harvard University. 5/9/44.

OSRD 3653. Reactions of H with enzymes and proteins. Herriott RM, Anson ML, Northrop JH. Rockefeller Institute. 5/20/44.

OSRD 3942. Protective clothes. I. Irritancy of vapor-contaminated samples on human skin. II. Penetration of vapor and liquid vesicants. University of Chicago. 8/30/44.

OSRD 3943. Analysis of variations in size of blister after applications of H. Wright S. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 7/27/44.

OSRD 3944. A vapor-train study of the comparative vesicancy of mustard and several related amines and sulfides on human skin. Black S, DuBois KP, Lipton MA. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 8/30/44.

OSRD 4176. Toxicity and vesicant tests of compounds referred to the University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. Young HD. 10/3/44.

OSRD 4638. Tests for decontamination of mustard and nitrogen mustard on human skin. Goldwasser E, DeBruyn PPH, Thomson JF, Savit J. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 12/12/44.

OSRD 4841. Biochemistry of the action of sulfur containing vesicants. du Vigneaud V, Carpenter FH, McDuffie HF, McKennis H, Melville OB, Rachele JR, Stevens CM, Wood LJ. Cornell University. 3/20/45.

OSRD 4852. I. The necrotizing action of certain substances related to mustard gas, H, or to the nitrogen mustards. II. A comparison of the vesicant action exerted on human skin by mustard gas, H, and by mixtures of H with wetting agents or solvents. Hogeboom GH, McMaster PD, Sulzberger MB, Baer RL, Kanof A. Rockefeller Institute. 3/25/45.

OSRD 4853. The development of methods for testing the abilities of agents to combat the effects of mustard gas, H, and other vesicants upon the skin. McMaster PD, Hogeboom GH, Sulzberger MB, Baer RL, Kanof A. Rockefeller Institute. 3/24/45.

OSRD 4854. A search for decontaminating and treatment agents for skin exposed to mustard gas. McMaster PD, Hogeboom GH, Sulzberger MB, Baer RL, Kanof A. Rockefeller Institute. 3/24/45.

OSRD 4855. The penetration of vesicant vapors into human skin. Bergmann M, Fruton JS, Golumbic C, Nagy SM, Stahmann MA, Stein WH. Rockefeller Institute. 3/24/45.

OSRD 5000. The effect of flow rate on the toxicities of H, Q, HN1, HN3 and L by inhalation, by total exposure, and by body exposure. Albaum HG, Benedict D, DuBois KP, Glass HS, Henderson JH, Hutchens JO. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 4/28/45.

OSRD 5026. Changes in the circulation and in the permeability of vessels within and about mustard gas and Lewisite lesions of rabbit skin. McMaster PD, Hogeboom GH. Rockefeller Institute. 5/3/45.

OSRD 5027. The inhibition of vesiculation in mustard gas, H, lesions of human skin by

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

BAL. McMaster PD, Hogeboom G, Sulzberger MB, Baer RL, Kanof A. Rockefeller Institute. 5/3/45.

OSRD 5032. A formal analysis of the action of liquid vesicants on bare skin. Landahl HD. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 5/5/45.

OSRD 5169. Observations on the role of water in the susceptibility of human skin to vesicant vapors. Renshaw B. 6/1/45.

OSRD 5180. The comparative systemic effects of mustard and the nitrogen mustards (HN1, HN2, HN3) in rats. Graef I, Jager VB, Karnofsky DA. New York University. 5/1/45.

OSRD 5181. The penetration of vesicant vapors into human skin (Supplement to OSRD No. 4855). Bergmann M, Fruton JS, Nagy SM, Stein WH. Rockefeller Institute. 6/6/45.

OSRD 5194. Tests for vesicancy on human skin. Thomson JF, Young HD, Savit J, Goldwasser E, Murray RG, DeBruyn P. University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. 6/1/45.

OSRD 5245. Effects of bis(ß-chloroethyl) sulfide (H) and bis(ß-chloroethyl) methylamine (HN2) on enzymes in vitro and in vivo. Cori CF, Colowick SP, Berger L, Slein MW. Washington University School of Medicine. 6/20/45.

OSRD 5527. Final technical report, University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory. Cannan RK, Geiling EMK. 9/11/45.

OSRD 5979. Protective and therapeutic agents for war gases: therapeutic agents for mustard and nitrogen mustards II. Salzberg PL, Lazier WA, Pavlic AA, Rigby GW, Vinton WH. 1/10/46.

OSRD 6084. The NDRC method for laboratory evaluation of permeable protective fabrics. Guss WI, Adkins H, University of Wisconsin. 10/17/45.

OSRD 6325. Summary report on the systemic pharmacology and pathology of the sulfur and nitrogen mustards. Anslow WP, Houck CR. New York University. 10/1/45.

OSRD 6664. The effects of vesicants on cell division in Arbacia punctulata. Cannan RK, Levy M. New York University. 6/1/46.

Office of Scientific Research and Development. National Defense Research Committee. Chemical Warfare Agents, and Related Chemical Problems. 2 vols. Summary Technical Report of Division 9, NDRC. Washington, DC: NDRC. AD-234 249. 1946.

1947-1992

Anders MW. Glutathione-dependent toxicity: biosynthesis and bioactivation of cytotoxic S-conjugates. Rochester, NY: Rochester University. School of Medicine and Dentistry. AD-A247-1126XSP. 1988.

Aposhian HV. Prevention and treatment of vesication and poisoning caused by arsenicals. Annual summary report, Feb. 1980-Jan. 1981. Tucson: Arizona University. AD-A1203850XSP. 1981.

Back KC, Thomas AA, MacEwen JD. 1972. Reclassification of material listed as transportation health hazards. Office of Hazardous Materials of the Assistant Secretary for Safety and Consumer Affairs, U.S. Department of Transportation. TSA-2072-3. PB-214 270/1.

Benschop HP. Verification, dosimetry and biomonitoring of mustard gas exposure via immunochemical detection of mustard gas adducts to DNA and proteins. Midterm report 15 May 1988-14 Nov. 1989. Rijswijk, Netherlands: Prins Maurits Lab. AD-A240471-3XSP. 1990.

Bernstein IA, Brabec MJ, Conolly RC, Gray RH, Kulkarni A, Mitra R, Vaughan FL. Chemical blistering: cellular and macromolecular components. AD-A190 313. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. 1985.

Dannenberg AM Jr. Pathogenesis and treatment of skin lesions caused by sulfur mustard:

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
×

inflammatory mediators and modulators released from organ-cultured inflammatory lesions produced in vivo in rabbit skin by sulfur mustard. Final report. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University. AD-A207 976. 1987.

Dannenberg AM Jr. Sulfur mustard (SM) lesions in organ-cultured human skin: markers of injury and inflammatory mediators. Final report. DTIC AD-B134-651. 1990.

Dannenberg AM Jr, Vogt RF Jr. Pathogenesis and treatment of skin lesions caused by sulfur mustard. Inflammatory mediators and modulators released in organ culture from rabbit skin lesions produced in vivo by sulfur mustard. Annual report. AD-A182 786. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University. 1986.

Feister A, Papirmeister B, Robinson S, Kiebzak G, McNally R, Ford R, Baggett J, Gottlieb J, Bareis D. Sulfur mustard and Lewisite: current perspectives and future directions. Prepared by Science Applications International Corporation for U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. Unpublished. 1989.

Hackett PL, Rommereim RL, Burton FG, Buschbom RL, Sasser LB. Teratology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: effects of sulfur mustard in rats and rabbits. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A187 495. 1987.

Hackett PL, Rommereim RL, Burton FG, Buschbom RL, Sasser LB. Teratology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents. effects of sulfur mustard in rats and rabbits. Part 2. Appendices. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. NTIS AD-A189-161. 1987.

Hackett PL, Sasser LB, Rommereim RL, Cushing JA, Buschbom  RL, Kalkwarf DR. Teratology studies of Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: effects of Lewisite in rats and rabbits. PNL-6408, Pt. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. 1987.

Jostes RF Jr, Sasser LB, Rausch RJ. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: genetic toxicity of sulfur mustard (HD) in Chinese hamster ovary cells. PNL-6922. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A215 475. 1989.

Koppikar A, McGaughy R, Rhomberg L. Upper-bound quantitative cancer risk estimates for populations adjacent to sulfur mustard incineration facilities. EPA 600891053, OHEAC291. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. PB 921-372-07XSP. 1991.

Landry L. Develop a biomedical database on the medical aspects of chemical defense. Final report. Washington, DC: Associate Consultants. NTIS-AD-A206 941-7. 1986.

Ludlum D. Protection against the acute and delayed toxicity of mustards and mustard-like compounds. Final Report. Sept. 1, 1982-February 28, 1987. Albany Medical College, NY. AD-A183-573-5. 1987.

Monteiro-Riviere NA, King JR, Riviere JE. Cutaneous toxicity of mustard and Lewisite on the isolated perfused porcine skin flap. Raleigh: North Carolina State University, School of Veterinary Medicine. AD-A229-9220XSP. 1990.

Opresko DM. Occupational criteria documents for chemical agents. Review of methodologies used for establishing occupational health criteria with particular reference to chemical agents. ORNL-6387. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. AD-A233 858/0/XAB. 1988.

Sasser LB, Cushing JA, Kalkwarf DR, Buschbom RL. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: modified dominant lethal study of sulfur mustard in rats. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A214 556. 1989.

Sasser LB, Miller RA, Kalkwarf DR, Buschbom RL, Cushing JA. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: subchronic toxicity of sulfur mustard (HD) in rats. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A214-555. 1989.

Sasser LB, Cushing JA, Kalkwarf DR, Mellick PW, Buschbom RL. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: subchronic toxicity study of Lewisite in rats. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A217 886. 1989.

Sasser LB, Cushing JA, Kalkwarf DR, Mellick PW, Buschbom RL. Toxicology studies on

Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2058.
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Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: two-generation reproduction study of Lewisite in rats. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A214 311. 1989.

Sasser LB, Miller RA, Kalkwarf DR, Buschbom RL, Cushing JA. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: two-generation reproduction study of sulfur mustard (HD) in rats. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A216 423. 1989.

Smulson ME. Molecular biology basis for the response of poly(ADP-Rib) polymerase and NAD metabolism to DNA damage caused by mustard alkylating agents. Washington, DC: Georgetown University. AD-A235 314/2/XAB. 1991.

Stewart DL, Sass EJ, Fritz LK, Sasser LB. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: mutagenicity of Lewisite in the Salmonella histidine reversion assay. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A213-146. 1989.

Stewart DL, Sass EJ, Fritz LK, Sasser LB. Toxicology studies on Lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: mutagenicity of sulfur mustard in the Salmonella histidine reversion assay. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest Laboratory. AD-A213 102. 1989.

Watson AP, Munro NB. Reentry planning: the technical basis for offsite recovery following warfare agent contamination. ORNL-6628. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 1990.

Watson AP, Adams JD, Cerar RJ, Hess TL, Kistner SL, Leffingwell SS, MacIntosh RG, Ward JR. Estimated general population control limits for unitary agents in drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items. ORNL/TM-12035. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 1992.

Availability Information

The following addresses and information are provided for those persons interested in obtaining copies of the military and technical reports listed in the bibliography. Consult the listed repositories for fees and availability.

Office of Scientific and Research Development (OSRD) reports:

Including National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) and Committee on Medical Research (CMR) reports.

Civil Reference Branch

National Archives and Records Administration

Washington, DC 20408

Records are stored in Record Group 227, Series 29.

Committee on Treatment of Gas Casualties (CTGC) reports:

Office of Archives and Information Services

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

National Technical Information Service (NTIS):

For unclassified reports listing an AD number:

National Technical Information Service

5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161-0001

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Naval Research Laboratory reports:

Reports with AD numbers can be ordered through the National Technical Information Service. Other reports can be requested from the NRL Public Affairs Office.

Public Affairs Office

Naval Research Laboratory

4555 Overlook Avenue, S.W.

Washington, DC 20375-5000

Chemical Warfare Service reports:

  1. Administrative records and correspondence:

    National Archives and Records Administration

    Suitland Reference Branch

    Washington, DC 20409

    Records are stored in Record Group 175 at the Suitland, MD facility.

  2. Reports can be requested through the Freedom of Information Act from: Commander U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development, and Engineering Center

    Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5423

British reports:

Chemical and Biological Defence Establishment

Porton Down

Salisbury, Wiltshire

United Kingdom SP4 OJQ

A subject bibliography, entitled Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite: Subject Bibliography, is available through the National Technical Information Service.

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