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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Strengthening the Scientific Foundation
for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of

Aging in Latin America
and the Caribbean

Summary of a Workshop

Kevin Kinsella, Rapporteur

Steering Committee for the Workshop on Strengthening the
Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges
of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean

Committee on Population
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, DC

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS   500 Fifth Street, NW   Washington, DC 20001

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. This activity was supported by an unnumbered award from the Inter-American Development Bank and the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health through Contract No. HHSN26300046.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-37804-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-37804-4

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2015). Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop, K. Kinsella, Rapporteur, Steering Committee for the Workshop on Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean. Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

images

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

STEERING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON
STRENGTHENING THE SCIENTIFIC FOUNDATION
FOR POLICYMAKING TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF
AGING IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

DAVID WEIR (Cochair), Survey Research Center and Population Studies Center, University of Michigan

REBECA WONG (Cochair), Preventive Medicine and Community Health and Sealy Center on Aging, University of Texas Medical Branch

JERE BEHRMAN, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

DAVID BRAVO, Centre for Longitudinal Studies and Surveys, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago

CESAR DE OLIVEIRA, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London

WILLIAM DOW, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley

LUIS MIGUEL GUTIÉRREZ ROBLEDO, National Institute of Geriatrics, Mexico

ENRIQUE VEGA GARCIA, Aging and Health, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization

KEVIN KINSELLA, Staff Officer

MARY GHITELMAN, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

COMMITTEE ON POPULATION
2015

KATHLEEN MULLAN HARRIS (Chair), Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

JERE R. BEHRMAN, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

VICKI A. FREEDMAN, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

MARK D. HAYWARD, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin

HILLARD S. KAPLAN, Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico

SARA S. McLANAHAN, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University

EMILIO A. PARRADO, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania

DAVID R. WEIR, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

JOHN R. WILMOTH, Population Division/DESA, United Nations

THOMAS J. PLEWES, Director

TINA M. LATIMER, Program Coordinator

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

Acknowledgments

This report summarizes the proceedings of a workshop convened in May 2015 to consider priorities for strengthening the scientific foundation for policymaking regarding population aging in Latin America and the Caribbean. The workshop was sponsored by the U.S. National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the Mexican National Academy of Medicine, with additional financial and/or logistical support provided by the University of Texas Medical Branch, the University of Michigan, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the Pan American Health Organization. The meeting was convened in Mexico City by the Mexican National Academy of Medicine.

The workshop was organized by an eight-member steering committee composed of experts in the fields of economics, demography, population health, and survey research. The committee provided indispensable guidance in developing the workshop agenda, securing expert presentations, and facilitating the conduct of the workshop. The committee would like to thank Enrique Graue Weichers, president of the Mexican National Academy of Medicine, and Eduardo Sojo Garza-Aldape, president of the Mexican National Institute of Statistics and Geography, for their remarks during the workshop’s opening session. The committee also extends thanks to NIA staff member Georgeanne Patmios for her opening remarks and planning meeting input prior to the workshop; to Olivia Mitchell, University of Pennsylvania, for chairing a workshop session; and to Alberto Palloni, University of Wisconsin, for his prior involvement in and development of

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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this project. Although the steering committee members played a central role throughout, they did not actively participate in writing this summary.

The presentations during the workshop provided the basis for lively and informative discussions. We greatly appreciate the contributions of Emma Aguila, Cecilia Albala, Soham Al-Snih, David Bravo, Maria Teresa Calzada, Carlos Cano, Somnath Chatterji, Eileen Crimmins, Carmen Garcia-Peña, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez, Roberto Ham Chande, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Rafael Lozano, Timothy Miller, Luis Rosero-Bixby, Paulo Saad, Rafael Samper-Ternent, James Smith, Florencia Torche, Cassio Turra, Victor Garcia Vilchis, and Rebeca Wong.

The steering committee acknowledges the work of the staff of several organizations in planning and executing the workshop. We are especially grateful to Angelica Carmona, Mexican National Institute of Geriatrics, for handling the myriad logistical arrangements and for ensuring a smooth meeting process. We thank Adrienne Mitchell, University of Texas Medical Branch; Linda Castagnola and Jenny Valencia, Pan American Health Organization; and Mary Cheatham and Catherine Liebowitz, University of Michigan, for assisting with travel arrangements. Within the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (the Academies), we thank Thomas Plewes, director of the Committee on Population, who provided overall direction and guidance for the project. Mary Ghitelman provided invaluable assistance with many aspects of the project, including logistical details and report preparation. Kevin Kinsella assisted with organizing the steering committee and setting the agenda for the study and served as rapporteur for the workshop. Paula Whitacre edited the report, Kirsten Sampson Snyder orchestrated the review process, and Yvonne Wise managed the production process.

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the Academies. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that assist the institution in making its report as sound as possible, and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Soham Al Snih, Division of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston; Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Demography of Health and Aging, University of Wisconsin; William Dow,

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley; and Paulo Saad, El Centro Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Demografía (CELADE), División de Población de la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Mark D. Hayward, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin. Appointed by the Academies, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of the report rests entirely with the author and the institution.

David Weir and Rebeca Wong, Cochairs
   Steering Committee for the Workshop on
   Strengthening the Scientific Foundation
   for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of
   Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21800.
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Recent demographic trends in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region will shape the growth and age composition of its populations for decades to come. The rapid mortality decline that began during the 1950s, and the more recent and even sharper reduction in fertility, will produce unusually high rates of growth of the older population, a large change in overall population age composition, and significant increases in the ratio of older to younger population. According to the 2013 United Nations projections, the number of people aged 60 and over in LAC is expected to increase from 59 million in 2010 to 196 million in 2050, and the number of people aged 80 and over will increase from 8.6 million to more than 44 million during the same period.

To explore the process of rapid aging in the LAC, a workshop took place at the National Academy of Medicine in May 2015. Participants of the workshop presented scientific research emphasizing what is unique about aging in LAC and what is similar to other processes around the world, highlighted the main areas where knowledge of the aging process in LAC is insufficient and new research is required, and proposed data collection that will produce information for policymaking while being responsive to the needs of the research community for harmonized, highly comparable information. The workshop afforded participants an opportunity to consider strategies for articulating data collection and research in the region so that country-based teams can reap the benefits from being part of a larger enterprise while simultaneously maintaining their own individuality and responding to the particular needs of each country. Strengthening the Scientific Foundation for Policymaking to Meet the Challenges of Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop.

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