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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
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C

Acronyms

ACE area control error
ACOPF alternating current, optimal power flow
AEMO Australian Energy Market Operator
AGC automatic generation control
AMI advanced metering infrastructure
ARPA-E Advanced Research Products Agency-Energy
ARRA (U.S.) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (2009)
ASO Ancillary Services Operator
AVR automatic voltage regulator
BMSA Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications
BPA Bonneville Power Administration
CA contingency analysis
CAISO California Independent System Operator
CCVT coupled capacitive voltage transformer
CEII Critical Energy Infrastructure Information
CIP critical infrastructure protection
ConEdison Consolidated Edison
CT current transformer
∆-connected delta-connected
DA data assimilation
DAE differential algebraic equation
DER Direct Energy Resources
DFIG doubly fed inductions generator
DOE Department of Energy
dPIN double Pareto-log normal (distribution)
DS dynamic stability
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
DSO Distribution System Operator
EMP electromagnetic pulse
EMS Energy Management System
EP equilibrium point
E-Pro electric grid protection
ERCOT Electric Reliability Council of Texas
EV electric vehicle
FACTS Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems
FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FPC Federal Power Commission
FTR financial transmission right
GENI Global Energy Network Institute
GIC geomagnetically induced current
GMD geomagnetic disturbance
GPS Global Positioning System
GW gigawatt
HEMP high-altitude electromagnetic pulse
HILF high impact, low frequency
HVDC high-voltage direct current
Hz hertz
iBA intelligent Balancing Authority
ICAP installed capacity
ICT information and communication technology
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISO Independent System Operator
ISO-NE ISO New England
IT SCED intermediate-term security-constrained economic dispatch
KCL Kirchhoff’s current law
kV kilovolt
LFC load frequency control
LMP locational marginal cost
LOLP loss of load probability
LP linear programming
LPC locational pricing calculator
LTC load tap-changing
MCRN Mathematics Climate Research Network
MINLP mixed-integer nonlinear programming
MIP mixed-integer programming
MISO Midcontinent ISO
MPC model predictive control
Mvar megavar
MVA megavolt-ampere
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
MW/MWh megawatt
NAPSIC North American Power Systems Interconnection Committee
NDA nondisclosure agreement
NEM National Electricity Market
NEPSRC National Electric Power Systems Research Center
NERC North American Electric Reliability Corporation
NR Newton-Raphson (method)
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
NYISO New York Independent Systems Operator
ODE ordinary differential equation
OPF optimal power flow
P power
PC polynomial chaos (expansion)
PID proportional integral derivative
PJM Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection, LLC
PMU phasor measurement unit
PSERC Power Systems Engineering Research Center
PSS power system stabilizer
PT potential transformer
PTDF power transfer distribution factor
PU per unit
PV photovoltaic
Q Reactive Power
QC Quadratic Convex
QCQP Quadratically Constrained Quadratic Program
RAS Remedial Action Scheme
RTCA real-time contingency analysis
RTO Regional Transmission Organizations
RT SCED real-time security-constrained economic dispatch
RTU remote terminal unit
SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
SciDAC Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing
SCOPF security-constrained optimal power flow
SCUC security-constrained unit commitment
SDE stochastic differential equation
SDP semidefinite programming
SE state estimation
SFT simultaneous feasibility test
SPD scheduling, pricing, and dispatch
SPP Southwest Power Pool
SPS Special Protection System
SQP sequential quadratic programming
SSCI subsynchronous control instability
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
SVC static var compensator
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TCSC thyristor-controlled series capacitor
TEB transient excitation boost
TS transient stability
TVA Tennessee Valley Authority
TWh terawatt
V voltage magnitude
VSD variable speed drive
WAMS wide-area measurement system
WECC Western Interconnection
Y-connected wye-connected
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
Page 145
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
Page 146
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
Page 147
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
Page 148
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21919.
×
Page 149
Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid Get This Book
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Electricity is the lifeblood of modern society, and for the vast majority of people that electricity is obtained from large, interconnected power grids. However, the grid that was developed in the 20th century, and the incremental improvements made since then, including its underlying analytic foundations, is no longer adequate to completely meet the needs of the 21st century. The next-generation electric grid must be more flexible and resilient. While fossil fuels will have their place for decades to come, the grid of the future will need to accommodate a wider mix of more intermittent generating sources such as wind and distributed solar photovoltaics.

Achieving this grid of the future will require effort on several fronts. There is a need for continued shorter-term engineering research and development, building on the existing analytic foundations for the grid. But there is also a need for more fundamental research to expand these analytic foundations. Analytic Research Foundations for the Next-Generation Electric Grid provide guidance on the longer-term critical areas for research in mathematical and computational sciences that is needed for the next-generation grid. It offers recommendations that are designed to help direct future research as the grid evolves and to give the nation’s research and development infrastructure the tools it needs to effectively develop, test, and use this research.

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