National Academies Press: OpenBook

Training of Traffic Incident Responders (2012)

Chapter: Chapter 1 - Background

« Previous: Executive Summary
Page 3
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 - Background." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Training of Traffic Incident Responders. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22810.
×
Page 3

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

3Background SHRP 2 Reliability Project L12, Improving Traffic Incident Scene Management, was designed to establish the founda- tion for and promote certification of responders to achieve the three objectives of the traffic incident management (TIM) national unified goal (NUG). The intent is to motivate responders from different stakeholder groups—law enforce- ment, EMS, fire and rescue, U.S. DOT, towing and recovery, and notification and dispatch—to acquire a common set of core competencies to promote a shared understanding of the requirements for achieving the safety of responders and motorists, quick response, and effective communications at traffic incident scenes. The impact of traffic incidents on high- way operations, reliability, and safety is well documented: • According to the Texas Transportation Institute, conges- tion costs continue to rise. 44 Measured in constant 2009 dollars, the cost of conges- tion has risen from $24 billion in 1982 to $115 billion in 2009. 44 The total amount of wasted fuel in 2009 topped 3.9 bil- lion gallons—equal to 130 days of flow in the Alaska Pipeline. 44 Cost to the average commuter was $808 in 2009, com- pared to an inflation-adjusted $351 in 1982. 44 Yearly peak delay for the average commuter was 34 hours in 2009, up from 14 hours in 1982 (1). • According to a report published by FHWA, it is estimated that one-quarter of the traffic congestion in the United States is caused by nonrecurring traffic incidents (2). For every minute that an Interstate lane is blocked during non- peak congestion, 4 to 5 minutes of travel delay result (3). • From 2003 through 2007, 59 law enforcement, 12 fire and rescue, and 54 highway maintenance personnel died after being struck by vehicles along the highway (4). Data on towing and recovery industry occupational fatalities are not well tracked. However, TRAA anecdotally reports a loss upward of 100 towing operators in the line of service annually (5). A significant body of research has shown that improving incident response activities offers substantial benefits for reducing the adverse impact of traffic incidents (6). The National Traffic Incident Management Coalition (NTIMC) developed the NUG for TIM to help encourage state and local government agencies to adopt the unified, multidisci- plinary programs and policies that in turn have enabled state and local governments to realize the benefits of improved TIM. C h a p t e r 1

Next: Chapter 2 - Research Approach »
Training of Traffic Incident Responders Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

TRB’s second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) Report S2-L12-RW-1: Training of Traffic Incident Responders presents the results of a project that developed a training program for traffic incident responders and managers.

The training program described in the report contains two components: training of trainers and incident responder training.

This report is available only in electronic format.

For more information on traffic incident responder training, contact your state's FHWA division office.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!