National Academies Press: OpenBook

Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease (2017)

Chapter: Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
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Appendix C

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AI

Adequate Intake

AICR

American Institute for Cancer Research

AMDR

Adequate Macronutrient Distribution Range

AMSTAR

A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews

AR

Army Regulation

ARI

Acceptable Range of Intakes

BMC

bone mineral content

BMD

bone mineral density

BMI

body mass index

BOND

Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development

CCHS

Canadian Community Health Survey

CD

chronic disease

CDC

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDER

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research

CHD

coronary heart disease

CI

confidence interval

CLA

conjugated linoleic acid

CVD

cardiovascular disease

DALY

disability-adjusted life year

DFE

dietary folate equivalent

DGA

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
DGAC

Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

DHA

docosahexaenoic acid

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DRI

Dietary Reference Intake

DV

daily value

EAR

Estimated Average Requirement

EER

Estimated Energy Requirement

EPA

eicosapentaenoic acid

EPC

Evidence-based Practice Center

FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FFQ

food frequency questionnaire

FNB

Food and Nutrition Board

GRADE

Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation

HHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

HR

hazard ratio

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IHD

ischemic heart disease

IOM

Institute of Medicine

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

LOAEL

Lowest-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level

MDRI

Military Dietary Reference Intake

MREs

Meals Ready-to-Eat

MUFA

monounsaturated fatty acid

NCD

noncommunicable disease

NEL

Nutrition Evidence Library

NEL BAT

Nutrition Evidence Library Bias Assessment Tool

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NICE

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NLEA

Nutrition Labeling and Education Act

NOAEL

No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level

NOFS

nutrient or other food substance

NOS

Newcastle-Ottawa Scale

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
NTD

neural tube defect

NTP

National Toxicology Program

OHAT

Office of Health Assessment and Translation

OR

odds ratio

OIS

optimal information size

PAH

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

PICO

population, intervention, comparator, and outcome

PICOTS

population, intervention, comparators, outcomes, timing, and setting

PREDIMED

Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea

PRISMA

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

PRISMA-P

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols

PROSPERO

prospective register of systematic reviews

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

PUFA

polyunsaturated fatty acid

R-AMSTAR

Revised Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews

RBC

red blood cell

RBDI

Range of Beneficial Decreased Intakes

RBII

Range of Beneficial Increased Intakes

RCT

randomized controlled trial

RDA

Recommended Dietary Allowance

RDIB

Range where Decreased Intake is Beneficial

RIIB

Range where Increased Intake is Beneficial

RNI

Recommended Nutrient Intake

ROBINS-I

Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies of Interventions

ROBIS

Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews Tool

RR

relative risk

RRR

relative risk reduction

SCD

sudden cardiac death

SEER

surveillance, epidemiology, and end results

SFA

saturated fatty acid

SR

systematic review

TEP

technical expert panel

TFA

trans fatty acid

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
UF

uncertainty factor

UL

Tolerable Upper Intake Level

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USPSTF

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

UV

ultraviolet

WCRF

World Cancer Research Fund

WHO

World Health Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
Page 295
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
Page 296
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
Page 297
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24828.
×
Page 298
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Since 1938 and 1941, nutrient intake recommendations have been issued to the public in Canada and the United States, respectively. Currently defined as the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), these values are a set of standards established by consensus committees under the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and used for planning and assessing diets of apparently healthy individuals and groups.

In 2015, a multidisciplinary working group sponsored by the Canadian and U.S. government DRI steering committees convened to identify key scientific challenges encountered in the use of chronic disease endpoints to establish DRI values. Their report, Options for Basing Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) on Chronic Disease: Report from a Joint US-/Canadian-Sponsored Working Group, outlined and proposed ways to address conceptual and methodological challenges related to the work of future DRI Committees. This report assesses the options presented in the previous report and determines guiding principles for including chronic disease endpoints for food substances that will be used by future National Academies committees in establishing DRIs.

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